Abstract

We suggest that supercontinuum can be used for absorption spectroscopy to observe the exciton levels of a semiconductor nano-structure. Exciton absorption spectrum of a GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well was observed using supercontinuum generated by a microstructrured fiber pumped by a femtosecond (fs) pulsed laser. Significantly narrower peaks were observed in the absorption spectrum from 11 K up to room temperature than photoluminescence (PL) spectrum peaks. Because supercontinuum is coherent light and can readily provide high enough intensity, this method can provide a coherent ultra-broad band light source to identify exciton levels in semiconductors, and be applicable to coherent nonlinear spectroscopy such as electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT), lasing without inversion (LWI) and coherent photon control in semiconductor quantum structures.

© 2007 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. Lene Vestergaard Hau, S. E. Harris, Zachary Dutton, and Cyrus H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature, vol. 397, pp. 594-598, 1999
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoglu, "Controlling photons with Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Nature, vol. 413, pp. 273-276, 2001
    [CrossRef]
  3. Vlatko Balic, Danielle A. Braje, Pavel Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of Paired Photons with Controllable Waveforms," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 94, pp. 183601, 2005
  4. Hoonsoo Kang and Yifu Zhu, "Observation of Large Kerr Nonlinearity at Low Light Intensities," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 91, pp. 93601, 2003
    [CrossRef]
  5. Hoonsoo Kang, Gessler Hernandez, and Yifu Zhu, "Slow-Light Six-Wave Mixing at Low Light Intensities," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 93, pp. 73601, 2004
    [CrossRef]
  6. Hoonsoo Kang, Gessler Hernandez, Jiepeng Zhang, and Yifu Zhu, "Phase-controlled light switching at low light levels," Phys. Rev. A, vol. 73, pp. 11801, 2006
    [CrossRef]
  7. Michler P, Imamoglu A, Mason MD, Carson PJ, Strouse GF, and Buratto SK, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature, vol. 406, pp. 968-970, 2000
    [CrossRef]
  8. Mark C. Phillips and Hailin Wang, "Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in Semiconductors via Biexciton Coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 91, pp. 183602, 2003
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. P. B. Corkum and Claude Polland, "Supercontinuum generation in gases," Phy. Rev. Lett., vol. 57, pp. 2268-2271, 1986
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Brodeur, Fa Ilkov, and S. L. Chin, "Beam filamentation and the white light continuum divergence," Optics Communication, vol. 129, pp. 193-198, 1996
    [CrossRef]
  14. Jonathan C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibres," Nature, vol. 424, pp. 847-851, 2003
    [CrossRef]
  15. Jinendra K. Ranka, Robert S. Windeler, and Andrew J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm." Opt. Lett., vol. 25, pp. 25-27, 2000
    [CrossRef]
  16. N. Peyghambarian, S. W. Koch, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Introduction to Semiconductor Optics," Prentics-Hall International, Inc., pp. 132-134, 1993

2006 (2)

Hoonsoo Kang, Gessler Hernandez, Jiepeng Zhang, and Yifu Zhu, "Phase-controlled light switching at low light levels," Phys. Rev. A, vol. 73, pp. 11801, 2006
[CrossRef]

M. D. Frogley, J. F. Dynes, M. Beck, J. Faist, and C. C. Phillips, "Gain without inversion in semiconductor nanostructures," Nature materials, vol. 5, pp. 175-178, 2006
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Vlatko Balic, Danielle A. Braje, Pavel Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of Paired Photons with Controllable Waveforms," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 94, pp. 183601, 2005

2004 (1)

Hoonsoo Kang, Gessler Hernandez, and Yifu Zhu, "Slow-Light Six-Wave Mixing at Low Light Intensities," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 93, pp. 73601, 2004
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

Mark C. Phillips and Hailin Wang, "Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in Semiconductors via Biexciton Coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 91, pp. 183602, 2003
[CrossRef]

Hoonsoo Kang and Yifu Zhu, "Observation of Large Kerr Nonlinearity at Low Light Intensities," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 91, pp. 93601, 2003
[CrossRef]

Jonathan C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibres," Nature, vol. 424, pp. 847-851, 2003
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoglu, "Controlling photons with Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Nature, vol. 413, pp. 273-276, 2001
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

Michler P, Imamoglu A, Mason MD, Carson PJ, Strouse GF, and Buratto SK, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature, vol. 406, pp. 968-970, 2000
[CrossRef]

Jinendra K. Ranka, Robert S. Windeler, and Andrew J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm." Opt. Lett., vol. 25, pp. 25-27, 2000
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Lene Vestergaard Hau, S. E. Harris, Zachary Dutton, and Cyrus H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature, vol. 397, pp. 594-598, 1999
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. Brodeur, Fa Ilkov, and S. L. Chin, "Beam filamentation and the white light continuum divergence," Optics Communication, vol. 129, pp. 193-198, 1996
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

N. Peyghambarian, S. W. Koch, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Introduction to Semiconductor Optics," Prentics-Hall International, Inc., pp. 132-134, 1993

1986 (1)

P. B. Corkum and Claude Polland, "Supercontinuum generation in gases," Phy. Rev. Lett., vol. 57, pp. 2268-2271, 1986
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Saphiro, "Observation of selfphase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses," Phy. Rev. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 592-594, 1970
[CrossRef]

Nature (4)

Lene Vestergaard Hau, S. E. Harris, Zachary Dutton, and Cyrus H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature, vol. 397, pp. 594-598, 1999
[CrossRef]

M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoglu, "Controlling photons with Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Nature, vol. 413, pp. 273-276, 2001
[CrossRef]

Michler P, Imamoglu A, Mason MD, Carson PJ, Strouse GF, and Buratto SK, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature, vol. 406, pp. 968-970, 2000
[CrossRef]

Jonathan C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibres," Nature, vol. 424, pp. 847-851, 2003
[CrossRef]

Optics Communications (1)

A. Brodeur, Fa Ilkov, and S. L. Chin, "Beam filamentation and the white light continuum divergence," Optics Communication, vol. 129, pp. 193-198, 1996
[CrossRef]

Optics Letters (1)

Jinendra K. Ranka, Robert S. Windeler, and Andrew J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm." Opt. Lett., vol. 25, pp. 25-27, 2000
[CrossRef]

Phys Rev Lett. (1)

Vlatko Balic, Danielle A. Braje, Pavel Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of Paired Photons with Controllable Waveforms," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 94, pp. 183601, 2005

Physical Review A (1)

Hoonsoo Kang, Gessler Hernandez, Jiepeng Zhang, and Yifu Zhu, "Phase-controlled light switching at low light levels," Phys. Rev. A, vol. 73, pp. 11801, 2006
[CrossRef]

Physical Review Letters (5)

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Saphiro, "Observation of selfphase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses," Phy. Rev. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 592-594, 1970
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum and Claude Polland, "Supercontinuum generation in gases," Phy. Rev. Lett., vol. 57, pp. 2268-2271, 1986
[CrossRef]

Hoonsoo Kang and Yifu Zhu, "Observation of Large Kerr Nonlinearity at Low Light Intensities," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 91, pp. 93601, 2003
[CrossRef]

Hoonsoo Kang, Gessler Hernandez, and Yifu Zhu, "Slow-Light Six-Wave Mixing at Low Light Intensities," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 93, pp. 73601, 2004
[CrossRef]

Mark C. Phillips and Hailin Wang, "Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in Semiconductors via Biexciton Coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 91, pp. 183602, 2003
[CrossRef]

ure Materials (1)

M. D. Frogley, J. F. Dynes, M. Beck, J. Faist, and C. C. Phillips, "Gain without inversion in semiconductor nanostructures," Nature materials, vol. 5, pp. 175-178, 2006
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

H. Choi, C. S Kee, K. H. Hong, J. Sung, S. Kim, A. K. Ko, J. Lee, and H. Y. Park, "Dispersion and birefringence of irregularly microstructured fiber with an elliptic core," will be published in Applied Optics

N. Peyghambarian, S. W. Koch, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Introduction to Semiconductor Optics," Prentics-Hall International, Inc., pp. 132-134, 1993

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