Abstract

A synchrotron light source is useful in the vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) regime for olecular spectroscopy, such as photo absorption, photoionization, and dissociative hotoionization. In this research, we used a double-ion chamber (DIC) to measure hotoabsorption cross sections of a NO molecule in the wavelength range from 90 to 135 nm of 3B1 beam-line of the Pohang synchrotron light source with the resolution of the onochromator being 0.06 nm. The appearance wavelength for ionization was measured to be <TEX>$134.19{\pm}0.09nm$</TEX> that is placed in the middle of the reported values though they don't agree with each other within the relative error limits. The auxiliary experimental works ave been done to test if there are any systematic error sources. The resultant ross-sections agree with previous results in general.

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  1. J. W. Gallagher, C. E. Brion, J. A. R. Samson, and P. W. Langhoff, "Absolute cross sections for molecular photoabsorption, partial photoionization and ionic photofragmentation processes," J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, vol. 17, pp. 9-153, 1988
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. E. Smith, R. R. Lucchese, and V. J. McKoy, "Studies of the photoionization cross section of the 2<TEX>$\pi$</TEX> level of nitric oxide," J. Chem. Phys., vol. 79, pp. 1360-1363, 1983
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. A. Guest and L. C. Lee, "Quantitative absorption and fluorescence studies of NO between 1060 and 2000 <TEX>$\AA$</TEX>," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys., vol. 14, no. 18, pp. 3401-3413, 1981
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Hatano, "Interaction of vacuum ultraviolet photons with molecules. Formation and dissociation dynamics of molecular superexcited states," Phys. Rep., vol. 313, pp. 109-169, 1999
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. A. R. Samson and L. Yin, "Precision measurements of photoabsorption cross sections of Ar, Kr, Xe, and selected molecules at 58.4, 73.6, and 74.4 nm," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, vol. 6, pp. 2326-2333, 1989
    [CrossRef]
  6. Eparvier F. G., Barth, and C. A., "Self absorption theory applied to rocket measurements of the nitric-oxide (1, 0) gamma-band in the daytime thermosphere," J. Geophys. Res., vol. 97, pp. 13723-13731, 1992
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. P. Wayne, Chemistry of Atmospheres, 3rd ed. (Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, 2000), pp. 165-172
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    [CrossRef]
  9. M. R. Herman, C. W. Bauschlicher, W. M. Huo, S. R. Langhoff, and P. W. Langhoff, "Theoretical-studies of valence-shell photoexcitation and ionization cross-sections in nitric-oxide," Chem. Phys. vol. 109, pp. 1-23, 1986
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. A. R. Samson, "Atomic photoionization," in Handbuch der Physik, edited by S. Flugge (Springer, Berlin, Germany, 1982), vol. 31, pp. 187-213
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    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Erman, A. Karawajczyk, E. Rachlew-Kallne, and C. Stromholm, "Photoionization and photodisociation of nitric oxide in the range 9-35 eV," J. Chem. Phys., vol. 102, pp. 3064-3076, 1995
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. Reiser, W. Habenicht, K. Muller-Dethlefs, and E. W. Schlag, "The ionization energy of nitric oxide," Chem. Phys. Lett., vol. 152, pp. 119-123, 1988
    [CrossRef]
  14. N. Sander, L. A. Chewter, K. Muller-Dethlefs, and E. W. Schlag, "High-resolution zero-kinetic-energy photoelectron-spectroscopy of nitric-oxide," Phys. Rev. A, vol. 36, pp. 4543-4546, 1987
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. Muller-Dethlefs, M. Sander, and E. W. Schlag, "Two-colour photoionization resonance spectroscopy of NO: Complete separation of rotational levels of <TEX>$NO^+$</TEX> at the ionization threshold," Chem. Phys. Lett., vol. 112, pp. 291-294, 1984
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. Ebata, Y. Anezaki, M. Fujii, N. Mikami, and M. Ito, "High Rydberg states of NO studied by 2-color multiphoton spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem., vol. 87, pp. 4773-4776, 1983
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. Fantoni, A. Giardni-Guidoni, and R. Tiribelli, "(e, 2e) spectroscopy of valence states of the no molecule, J. EIectron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., vol. 26, pp. 99-105, 1982
    [CrossRef]
  18. K. Kimura, S. Katsumata, Y. Achiba, T. Yamazaki, and S. Iwata, Handbook of He I Photoelectron Spectra of Fundamental Organic Compounds (Japan Scientific Society Press, Tokyo, Japan, 1981), pp. 276-283

2000 (1)

R. P. Wayne, Chemistry of Atmospheres, 3rd ed. (Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, 2000), pp. 165-172

1999 (1)

Y. Hatano, "Interaction of vacuum ultraviolet photons with molecules. Formation and dissociation dynamics of molecular superexcited states," Phys. Rep., vol. 313, pp. 109-169, 1999
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

P. Erman, A. Karawajczyk, E. Rachlew-Kallne, and C. Stromholm, "Photoionization and photodisociation of nitric oxide in the range 9-35 eV," J. Chem. Phys., vol. 102, pp. 3064-3076, 1995
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Shematovich, V. I, Bisikalo, and D. V., "A kinetic-model of the formation of the hot oxygen geocorona .1. quiet geomagnetic conditions," J. Geophys. Res. vol. 99, pp. 23217-23228, 1994
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Eparvier F. G., Barth, and C. A., "Self absorption theory applied to rocket measurements of the nitric-oxide (1, 0) gamma-band in the daytime thermosphere," J. Geophys. Res., vol. 97, pp. 13723-13731, 1992
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

J. A. R. Samson and L. Yin, "Precision measurements of photoabsorption cross sections of Ar, Kr, Xe, and selected molecules at 58.4, 73.6, and 74.4 nm," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, vol. 6, pp. 2326-2333, 1989
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

J. W. Gallagher, C. E. Brion, J. A. R. Samson, and P. W. Langhoff, "Absolute cross sections for molecular photoabsorption, partial photoionization and ionic photofragmentation processes," J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, vol. 17, pp. 9-153, 1988
[CrossRef]

G. Reiser, W. Habenicht, K. Muller-Dethlefs, and E. W. Schlag, "The ionization energy of nitric oxide," Chem. Phys. Lett., vol. 152, pp. 119-123, 1988
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

N. Sander, L. A. Chewter, K. Muller-Dethlefs, and E. W. Schlag, "High-resolution zero-kinetic-energy photoelectron-spectroscopy of nitric-oxide," Phys. Rev. A, vol. 36, pp. 4543-4546, 1987
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

Y. Iida, F. Carnovale, S. Daviel, and C. E. Brion, "Absolute oscillator strengths for photoabsorption and the molecular and dissociative photoionization of nitric oxide," Chem. Phys., vol. 105, pp. 211-225, 1986
[CrossRef]

M. R. Herman, C. W. Bauschlicher, W. M. Huo, S. R. Langhoff, and P. W. Langhoff, "Theoretical-studies of valence-shell photoexcitation and ionization cross-sections in nitric-oxide," Chem. Phys. vol. 109, pp. 1-23, 1986
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

K. Muller-Dethlefs, M. Sander, and E. W. Schlag, "Two-colour photoionization resonance spectroscopy of NO: Complete separation of rotational levels of <TEX>$NO^+$</TEX> at the ionization threshold," Chem. Phys. Lett., vol. 112, pp. 291-294, 1984
[CrossRef]

1983 (2)

T. Ebata, Y. Anezaki, M. Fujii, N. Mikami, and M. Ito, "High Rydberg states of NO studied by 2-color multiphoton spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem., vol. 87, pp. 4773-4776, 1983
[CrossRef]

M. E. Smith, R. R. Lucchese, and V. J. McKoy, "Studies of the photoionization cross section of the 2<TEX>$\pi$</TEX> level of nitric oxide," J. Chem. Phys., vol. 79, pp. 1360-1363, 1983
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

J. A. R. Samson, "Atomic photoionization," in Handbuch der Physik, edited by S. Flugge (Springer, Berlin, Germany, 1982), vol. 31, pp. 187-213

R. Fantoni, A. Giardni-Guidoni, and R. Tiribelli, "(e, 2e) spectroscopy of valence states of the no molecule, J. EIectron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., vol. 26, pp. 99-105, 1982
[CrossRef]

1981 (2)

K. Kimura, S. Katsumata, Y. Achiba, T. Yamazaki, and S. Iwata, Handbook of He I Photoelectron Spectra of Fundamental Organic Compounds (Japan Scientific Society Press, Tokyo, Japan, 1981), pp. 276-283

J. A. Guest and L. C. Lee, "Quantitative absorption and fluorescence studies of NO between 1060 and 2000 <TEX>$\AA$</TEX>," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys., vol. 14, no. 18, pp. 3401-3413, 1981
[CrossRef]

Chemical Physics (2)

M. R. Herman, C. W. Bauschlicher, W. M. Huo, S. R. Langhoff, and P. W. Langhoff, "Theoretical-studies of valence-shell photoexcitation and ionization cross-sections in nitric-oxide," Chem. Phys. vol. 109, pp. 1-23, 1986
[CrossRef]

Y. Iida, F. Carnovale, S. Daviel, and C. E. Brion, "Absolute oscillator strengths for photoabsorption and the molecular and dissociative photoionization of nitric oxide," Chem. Phys., vol. 105, pp. 211-225, 1986
[CrossRef]

Chemical Physics Letters (2)

G. Reiser, W. Habenicht, K. Muller-Dethlefs, and E. W. Schlag, "The ionization energy of nitric oxide," Chem. Phys. Lett., vol. 152, pp. 119-123, 1988
[CrossRef]

K. Muller-Dethlefs, M. Sander, and E. W. Schlag, "Two-colour photoionization resonance spectroscopy of NO: Complete separation of rotational levels of <TEX>$NO^+$</TEX> at the ionization threshold," Chem. Phys. Lett., vol. 112, pp. 291-294, 1984
[CrossRef]

Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena (1)

R. Fantoni, A. Giardni-Guidoni, and R. Tiribelli, "(e, 2e) spectroscopy of valence states of the no molecule, J. EIectron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., vol. 26, pp. 99-105, 1982
[CrossRef]

Journal of Geophysical Research Space Physics (2)

Eparvier F. G., Barth, and C. A., "Self absorption theory applied to rocket measurements of the nitric-oxide (1, 0) gamma-band in the daytime thermosphere," J. Geophys. Res., vol. 97, pp. 13723-13731, 1992
[CrossRef]

Shematovich, V. I, Bisikalo, and D. V., "A kinetic-model of the formation of the hot oxygen geocorona .1. quiet geomagnetic conditions," J. Geophys. Res. vol. 99, pp. 23217-23228, 1994
[CrossRef]

Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data (1)

J. W. Gallagher, C. E. Brion, J. A. R. Samson, and P. W. Langhoff, "Absolute cross sections for molecular photoabsorption, partial photoionization and ionic photofragmentation processes," J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, vol. 17, pp. 9-153, 1988
[CrossRef]

Journal of Physics B: Atomic and Molecular Physics (1)

J. A. Guest and L. C. Lee, "Quantitative absorption and fluorescence studies of NO between 1060 and 2000 <TEX>$\AA$</TEX>," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys., vol. 14, no. 18, pp. 3401-3413, 1981
[CrossRef]

Journal of the Optical Society of America B (1)

J. A. R. Samson and L. Yin, "Precision measurements of photoabsorption cross sections of Ar, Kr, Xe, and selected molecules at 58.4, 73.6, and 74.4 nm," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, vol. 6, pp. 2326-2333, 1989
[CrossRef]

Physical Review A (1)

N. Sander, L. A. Chewter, K. Muller-Dethlefs, and E. W. Schlag, "High-resolution zero-kinetic-energy photoelectron-spectroscopy of nitric-oxide," Phys. Rev. A, vol. 36, pp. 4543-4546, 1987
[CrossRef]

Physics Reports (1)

Y. Hatano, "Interaction of vacuum ultraviolet photons with molecules. Formation and dissociation dynamics of molecular superexcited states," Phys. Rep., vol. 313, pp. 109-169, 1999
[CrossRef]

The Journal of Chemical Physics (2)

M. E. Smith, R. R. Lucchese, and V. J. McKoy, "Studies of the photoionization cross section of the 2<TEX>$\pi$</TEX> level of nitric oxide," J. Chem. Phys., vol. 79, pp. 1360-1363, 1983
[CrossRef]

P. Erman, A. Karawajczyk, E. Rachlew-Kallne, and C. Stromholm, "Photoionization and photodisociation of nitric oxide in the range 9-35 eV," J. Chem. Phys., vol. 102, pp. 3064-3076, 1995
[CrossRef]

The Journal of Physical Chemistry (1)

T. Ebata, Y. Anezaki, M. Fujii, N. Mikami, and M. Ito, "High Rydberg states of NO studied by 2-color multiphoton spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem., vol. 87, pp. 4773-4776, 1983
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

J. A. R. Samson, "Atomic photoionization," in Handbuch der Physik, edited by S. Flugge (Springer, Berlin, Germany, 1982), vol. 31, pp. 187-213

R. P. Wayne, Chemistry of Atmospheres, 3rd ed. (Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, 2000), pp. 165-172

K. Kimura, S. Katsumata, Y. Achiba, T. Yamazaki, and S. Iwata, Handbook of He I Photoelectron Spectra of Fundamental Organic Compounds (Japan Scientific Society Press, Tokyo, Japan, 1981), pp. 276-283

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