Abstract

Optical transparency and high diffraction efficiency are two essential factors for high performance of the photopolymer. Optical transparency mainly depends on the miscibility between polymer binder and photopolymerized polymer, while diffraction efficiency depends on the refractive index modulation between polymer binder and photopolymerized polymer. For most of organic materials, the large refractive index difference between two polymers accompanies large structural difference that leads to the poor miscibility and thus poor optical quality via light scattering. Therefore, it is difficult to design a high-performance photopolymer satisfying both requirements. In this work, first, we prepared a new phase-stable photopolymer (PMMA) with large refractive index modulation and investigated the optical properties. Our photopolymer is based on modified poly (methyl methacrylate) as a polymer binder, acryl amide as a photopolymerizable monomer, triethanolamine as initiator, and yellow eosin as a photosensitizer at 532 nm. Diffraction efficiency over 85% and optical transmittance over 90% were obtained for the photopolymer. Second, Organic-inorganic nanocomposite films were prepared by dispersing an aromatic methacrylic monomer and a photo- initiator in organic-inorganic hybrid sol-gel matrices. The film properties could be controlled by optimizing the content of an organically modified silica precursor (TSPEG) in the sol-gel matrices. The photopolymer film modified with the organic chain (TSPEG) showed high diffraction efficiency (> 90%) under an optimized condition. High diffraction efficiency could be ascribed to the fast diffusion and efficient polymerization of monomers under interference light to generate refractive index modulation. The TSPEG modified photopolymer film could be successfully used for holographic memory.

© 2006 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. W. Chao and S. Chi, "Diffraction properties of windshield laminated photopolymer holograms," J. Opt., vol. 29, pp. 95-103, 1998
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Pu and D. Psaltis, "High-density recording in photopolymer based holographic three-dimensional disks," Appl. Opt., vol. 35, pp. 2389-2398, 1996
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. Gambogi, K. Steijn, S. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, and J. Kelly, "HOE imaging in Dupont holographic photopolymer," in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology, I. Cindrich and S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE., vol. 3294, pp. 207-214, 1998
  4. J. E. Ludman, J. R. Riccobono, N. O. Reinhand, I. V. Semenova, Y. L. Korzinin, S. M. Shahriar, H. J. Caulfield, J. M. Fournier, and P. Hemmer, "Very thick holographic nonspatial filtering of laser beams," Opt. Eng., vol. 36, pp. 1700-1705, 1997
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. J. Trout, J. J. Schmieg, W. J. Gambogi, and A. M. Weber, "Optical photopolymers: design and application," Adv. Mat., vol. 10, pp. 1219-1224, 1998
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. T. Gallo and C. M. Verber, "Model for the effects of material shrinkage on volume holograms," Appl. Opt., vol. 33, pp. 6797-6804, 1994
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Dhar, M. G. Schnoes, T. L. Wysocki. H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, "Temperature induced changes in photopolymer volume holograms," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 73, pp. 1337-1339, 1998
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Dhar, K. Curtis, M. Tackitt, M. Schilling, S. Campbell, W. Wilson, A. Hill, C. Boyd, N. Levinos, and A. Harris, "Holographic storage of multiple high capacity digital data pages in thick photopolymer systems," Opt. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 1710-1712, 1998
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. L. Colvin, R. G. Larson, A. L. Harris, and M. L. Schilling, "Quantitative model of volume hologram formation in photopolymers," J. Appl. Phys., vol. 81, pp. 5913-5923, 1997
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Park and E. Kim, "Preparation and holographic recording of an organic-inorganic hybrid type photopolymer film," J. Kor. Soc. Imaging. Sci, vol. 8 (2002), 22
  11. H. J. Kim, Y. B. Han, W. N. Kim, and E. Kim, "Electrochromic Poly (aniline-N-butylsulfonate)s and Their Application to Electrochromic devices," J. Jap. Soc. Colour Mater., vol. 72 (1999), 11
  12. W. L. F. Armarego and D. D. Perrin, Purification of Laboratory Chemicals (Butterworth Heinemann Publications, Oxford (1996)
  13. E. Kim, J. Park, S. Y. Cho, J. H. Kim, and N. Kim, "Preparation and holographic recording of diarylethene doped photochromic films," ETRI Journal, vol. 25 (2003), 253
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Barbastathis and D. Psaltis, "Volume holographic multiplexing methods," Holographic Data Storage, pp. 21-62, 2000
  15. Ducdung Do, Junwon An, and Nam Kim "Gaussian Apodization Technique in Holographic Demultiplexer Based on Photopolymer," J. Optical Society of Korea, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 269-274, 2003
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Fimia, F. Mateos, A. Belendenz, R. Mallavia, F. Amat-Guerri, and R. Sastre, "New photopolymer with tri-functional monomer for holographic application," Appl. Phys. B., vol. 63, pp. 151-153, 1996
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. Kogelnik, "Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 48, pp. 2909-2947, 1969

2003 (2)

E. Kim, J. Park, S. Y. Cho, J. H. Kim, and N. Kim, "Preparation and holographic recording of diarylethene doped photochromic films," ETRI Journal, vol. 25 (2003), 253
[CrossRef]

Ducdung Do, Junwon An, and Nam Kim "Gaussian Apodization Technique in Holographic Demultiplexer Based on Photopolymer," J. Optical Society of Korea, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 269-274, 2003
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. Park and E. Kim, "Preparation and holographic recording of an organic-inorganic hybrid type photopolymer film," J. Kor. Soc. Imaging. Sci, vol. 8 (2002), 22

2000 (1)

G. Barbastathis and D. Psaltis, "Volume holographic multiplexing methods," Holographic Data Storage, pp. 21-62, 2000

1999 (1)

H. J. Kim, Y. B. Han, W. N. Kim, and E. Kim, "Electrochromic Poly (aniline-N-butylsulfonate)s and Their Application to Electrochromic devices," J. Jap. Soc. Colour Mater., vol. 72 (1999), 11

1998 (5)

W. Chao and S. Chi, "Diffraction properties of windshield laminated photopolymer holograms," J. Opt., vol. 29, pp. 95-103, 1998
[CrossRef]

W. Gambogi, K. Steijn, S. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, and J. Kelly, "HOE imaging in Dupont holographic photopolymer," in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology, I. Cindrich and S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE., vol. 3294, pp. 207-214, 1998

T. J. Trout, J. J. Schmieg, W. J. Gambogi, and A. M. Weber, "Optical photopolymers: design and application," Adv. Mat., vol. 10, pp. 1219-1224, 1998
[CrossRef]

L. Dhar, M. G. Schnoes, T. L. Wysocki. H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, "Temperature induced changes in photopolymer volume holograms," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 73, pp. 1337-1339, 1998
[CrossRef]

L. Dhar, K. Curtis, M. Tackitt, M. Schilling, S. Campbell, W. Wilson, A. Hill, C. Boyd, N. Levinos, and A. Harris, "Holographic storage of multiple high capacity digital data pages in thick photopolymer systems," Opt. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 1710-1712, 1998
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

V. L. Colvin, R. G. Larson, A. L. Harris, and M. L. Schilling, "Quantitative model of volume hologram formation in photopolymers," J. Appl. Phys., vol. 81, pp. 5913-5923, 1997
[CrossRef]

J. E. Ludman, J. R. Riccobono, N. O. Reinhand, I. V. Semenova, Y. L. Korzinin, S. M. Shahriar, H. J. Caulfield, J. M. Fournier, and P. Hemmer, "Very thick holographic nonspatial filtering of laser beams," Opt. Eng., vol. 36, pp. 1700-1705, 1997
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

A. Pu and D. Psaltis, "High-density recording in photopolymer based holographic three-dimensional disks," Appl. Opt., vol. 35, pp. 2389-2398, 1996
[CrossRef]

W. L. F. Armarego and D. D. Perrin, Purification of Laboratory Chemicals (Butterworth Heinemann Publications, Oxford (1996)

A. Fimia, F. Mateos, A. Belendenz, R. Mallavia, F. Amat-Guerri, and R. Sastre, "New photopolymer with tri-functional monomer for holographic application," Appl. Phys. B., vol. 63, pp. 151-153, 1996
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. T. Gallo and C. M. Verber, "Model for the effects of material shrinkage on volume holograms," Appl. Opt., vol. 33, pp. 6797-6804, 1994
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, "Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 48, pp. 2909-2947, 1969

Advanced Materials (1)

T. J. Trout, J. J. Schmieg, W. J. Gambogi, and A. M. Weber, "Optical photopolymers: design and application," Adv. Mat., vol. 10, pp. 1219-1224, 1998
[CrossRef]

Applied Optics (2)

J. T. Gallo and C. M. Verber, "Model for the effects of material shrinkage on volume holograms," Appl. Opt., vol. 33, pp. 6797-6804, 1994
[CrossRef]

A. Pu and D. Psaltis, "High-density recording in photopolymer based holographic three-dimensional disks," Appl. Opt., vol. 35, pp. 2389-2398, 1996
[CrossRef]

Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics (1)

A. Fimia, F. Mateos, A. Belendenz, R. Mallavia, F. Amat-Guerri, and R. Sastre, "New photopolymer with tri-functional monomer for holographic application," Appl. Phys. B., vol. 63, pp. 151-153, 1996
[CrossRef]

Applied Physics Letters (1)

L. Dhar, M. G. Schnoes, T. L. Wysocki. H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, "Temperature induced changes in photopolymer volume holograms," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 73, pp. 1337-1339, 1998
[CrossRef]

ETRI Journal (1)

E. Kim, J. Park, S. Y. Cho, J. H. Kim, and N. Kim, "Preparation and holographic recording of diarylethene doped photochromic films," ETRI Journal, vol. 25 (2003), 253
[CrossRef]

J. Jap. Soc. Colour Mater. (1)

H. J. Kim, Y. B. Han, W. N. Kim, and E. Kim, "Electrochromic Poly (aniline-N-butylsulfonate)s and Their Application to Electrochromic devices," J. Jap. Soc. Colour Mater., vol. 72 (1999), 11

J. Kor. Soc. Imaging. Sci (1)

J. Park and E. Kim, "Preparation and holographic recording of an organic-inorganic hybrid type photopolymer film," J. Kor. Soc. Imaging. Sci, vol. 8 (2002), 22

Journal of Applied Physics (1)

V. L. Colvin, R. G. Larson, A. L. Harris, and M. L. Schilling, "Quantitative model of volume hologram formation in photopolymers," J. Appl. Phys., vol. 81, pp. 5913-5923, 1997
[CrossRef]

Journal of Optics (1)

W. Chao and S. Chi, "Diffraction properties of windshield laminated photopolymer holograms," J. Opt., vol. 29, pp. 95-103, 1998
[CrossRef]

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea (1)

Ducdung Do, Junwon An, and Nam Kim "Gaussian Apodization Technique in Holographic Demultiplexer Based on Photopolymer," J. Optical Society of Korea, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 269-274, 2003
[CrossRef]

Optical Engineering (1)

J. E. Ludman, J. R. Riccobono, N. O. Reinhand, I. V. Semenova, Y. L. Korzinin, S. M. Shahriar, H. J. Caulfield, J. M. Fournier, and P. Hemmer, "Very thick holographic nonspatial filtering of laser beams," Opt. Eng., vol. 36, pp. 1700-1705, 1997
[CrossRef]

Optics Letters (1)

L. Dhar, K. Curtis, M. Tackitt, M. Schilling, S. Campbell, W. Wilson, A. Hill, C. Boyd, N. Levinos, and A. Harris, "Holographic storage of multiple high capacity digital data pages in thick photopolymer systems," Opt. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 1710-1712, 1998
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE. (1)

W. Gambogi, K. Steijn, S. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, and J. Kelly, "HOE imaging in Dupont holographic photopolymer," in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology, I. Cindrich and S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE., vol. 3294, pp. 207-214, 1998

The Bell System Technical Journal (1)

H. Kogelnik, "Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 48, pp. 2909-2947, 1969

Other (2)

G. Barbastathis and D. Psaltis, "Volume holographic multiplexing methods," Holographic Data Storage, pp. 21-62, 2000

W. L. F. Armarego and D. D. Perrin, Purification of Laboratory Chemicals (Butterworth Heinemann Publications, Oxford (1996)

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