Abstract

Single pulse laser excitation at 656 nm and successive pulse excitation at 635.2 and 648.4 nm produced blue emission at 480 nm by two-step upconversion process in Tm/sup 3+/:LaF/sub 3/. The excited-state absorption cross-section of the /sup 3/F/sub 4/ to /sup 1/G/sub 4/ transition was estimated by a looping mechanism with cross-relaxation processes. The dynamics of up-conversion andthe possibility of the photon avalanche by a pulse laser excitation were studied by numerical simulation with the rate equation model.

© 1997 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. B. Di Bartolo, Optical Properties of Excited States in Solids (Plenum Press, New York, 1992)
  2. F. Auzel, Phys. Rev. B 13, 2809 (1976)
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. M. Macfarlane, J. Phys. IV 4, 289 (1994)
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. P. Scott, F. Zhao, R. S. F. Chang and N. Djeu, Opt. Lett. 18, 113 (1993)
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Hebert, R. Wannemacher, R. M. Macfarlane, and W. Lenth, Appl, Phys, Lett. 60, 2592 (1992)
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Dulick, G. E. Faulkner, N. J. Cockroft, and D.C. Nguyen, J. Lumin. 48/49, 517 (1991)
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Tanabe, K. Tamai, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, Phys. Rev. B 47,2507 (1993)
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. W. Kueny, W. E. Case and M. E. Koch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1834 (1993)
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Ni and S. C. Rand, Opt. Lett. 16, 1424 (1991)
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. Francois, F. Pelle, P. Goldner, D. Simkin, J. Lumin. 65, 57 (1995)
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. Lenth and R. M. Mactarlane, J. Lumin. 45, 346 (1990)
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Huang, S. T. Lai, L. Lou, W. Jia, and W. M. Yen, Phys. Rev. B 24,59 (1981)
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. C. Collings and A. J. Silversmith, J. Lumin. 62, 271 (1994)
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, T. Morrison, and R. Samp, J. Chern. Phys. 52,4054 (1970)
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Brenier, C. Garapon, C. Madej, C. Pedrini, G. Boulton, J. Phys. IV 4. 431 (1994)
    [CrossRef]

1995 (1)

V. Francois, F. Pelle, P. Goldner, D. Simkin, J. Lumin. 65, 57 (1995)
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

B. C. Collings and A. J. Silversmith, J. Lumin. 62, 271 (1994)
[CrossRef]

A. Brenier, C. Garapon, C. Madej, C. Pedrini, G. Boulton, J. Phys. IV 4. 431 (1994)
[CrossRef]

R. M. Macfarlane, J. Phys. IV 4, 289 (1994)
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

B. P. Scott, F. Zhao, R. S. F. Chang and N. Djeu, Opt. Lett. 18, 113 (1993)
[CrossRef]

S. Tanabe, K. Tamai, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, Phys. Rev. B 47,2507 (1993)
[CrossRef]

A. W. Kueny, W. E. Case and M. E. Koch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1834 (1993)
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

B. Di Bartolo, Optical Properties of Excited States in Solids (Plenum Press, New York, 1992)

T. Hebert, R. Wannemacher, R. M. Macfarlane, and W. Lenth, Appl, Phys, Lett. 60, 2592 (1992)
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

M. Dulick, G. E. Faulkner, N. J. Cockroft, and D.C. Nguyen, J. Lumin. 48/49, 517 (1991)
[CrossRef]

H. Ni and S. C. Rand, Opt. Lett. 16, 1424 (1991)
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

W. Lenth and R. M. Mactarlane, J. Lumin. 45, 346 (1990)
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

S. Huang, S. T. Lai, L. Lou, W. Jia, and W. M. Yen, Phys. Rev. B 24,59 (1981)
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

F. Auzel, Phys. Rev. B 13, 2809 (1976)
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, T. Morrison, and R. Samp, J. Chern. Phys. 52,4054 (1970)
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Hebert, R. Wannemacher, R. M. Macfarlane, and W. Lenth, Appl, Phys, Lett. 60, 2592 (1992)
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, T. Morrison, and R. Samp, J. Chern. Phys. 52,4054 (1970)
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. IV France (2)

A. Brenier, C. Garapon, C. Madej, C. Pedrini, G. Boulton, J. Phys. IV 4. 431 (1994)
[CrossRef]

R. M. Macfarlane, J. Phys. IV 4, 289 (1994)
[CrossRef]

JOSA B (1)

A. W. Kueny, W. E. Case and M. E. Koch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1834 (1993)
[CrossRef]

Journal of Luminescence (4)

M. Dulick, G. E. Faulkner, N. J. Cockroft, and D.C. Nguyen, J. Lumin. 48/49, 517 (1991)
[CrossRef]

V. Francois, F. Pelle, P. Goldner, D. Simkin, J. Lumin. 65, 57 (1995)
[CrossRef]

W. Lenth and R. M. Mactarlane, J. Lumin. 45, 346 (1990)
[CrossRef]

B. C. Collings and A. J. Silversmith, J. Lumin. 62, 271 (1994)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

F. Auzel, Phys. Rev. B 13, 2809 (1976)
[CrossRef]

S. Tanabe, K. Tamai, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, Phys. Rev. B 47,2507 (1993)
[CrossRef]

S. Huang, S. T. Lai, L. Lou, W. Jia, and W. M. Yen, Phys. Rev. B 24,59 (1981)
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

B. Di Bartolo, Optical Properties of Excited States in Solids (Plenum Press, New York, 1992)

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