Abstract

A novel mode analysis method and differential mode delay measurement technique for a multimode optical fiber based on optical frequency domain reflectometry has been proposed for the first time. We have used a conventional OFDR with a tunable external cavity laser and a Michelson interferometer. A few-mode optical multimode fiber was prepared to test our proposed measurement technique. The differential mode delay (DMD) of the sample fiber was measured to be 16.58 ps/m with a resolution of 1.5 ps/m. We have also compared the OFDR measurement results with those obtained using a traditional time-domain measurement method.

© 2005 Optical Society of Korea

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. P. F. Kolesar and D. J. Mazzarese, "Understanding Multimode Bandwidth and Differential Mode Delay Measurements and Their Applications," in Proc. of the 51st International Wire and Cable Symposium of IWCS Inc., Lake Buena Vista, FL, pp. 453-460, 2002
  2. C.-A. Bunge, J.-R. Kropp, and K. Petermann, "Applicability of DMD-Measurements to New 10-Gigabit-Ethernet Fibres," in Proc. 27th Eur. Conf. on Opt. Comm. (ECOC"01), Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 362-363, 2001
    [CrossRef]
  3. TIA-455-220-A, Differential Mode Delay Measurement of Multirnode Fiber in the Time Domain, Telecommunication Industry Association, 2003
  4. S. D. Personick, "Photon probe: An optical-fiber timedomain reflectometer," Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 56, pp. 355-366, Mar. 1977
  5. D. Derickson, Fiber optic test and measurement, Hewlett- Packard professional books, Prentice Hall PTR, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA, Chapter 11, 1998
  6. R. Pass, N. Gisin, J. P. von der Weid, and H. H. Gilgen, "Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of Coherent OFDR with Semiconductor Laser Sources," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 12, no. 19, pp. 1622-1630, 1994
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Yoshida, K. Nakamura, and H. Ito, "A New Method for Measurement of Group Velocity Dispersion of Optical Fibers by Using a Frequency- Shifted Feedback Fiber Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 3, pp.. 227-229, 2001
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Zou, M. Yoshida, Y. Namibhira and H. Ito, "PMD measurement based on delayed self-heterodyne OFDR and experimental comparison with ITU-T round robin measurements," Electron. Lett. vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 115-116, 2002
    [CrossRef]
  9. U. Glombitza and E. Brinkmeyer, "Coherent Frequency-Domain Reflectometry for Characterization of Single-Mode Integrated-Optical Waveguides," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 1377-1384, 1993
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, and M. C. Nowell, "An Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Offset Launch Technique for the Enhancement of the Bandwidth of Multimode Fiber Links," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 324-331, 1998
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Shimizu, T. Horiguchi and Y. Koyamada, "Measurement of Rayleigh Backscattering in Single-Mode Fibers Based on Coherent OFDR Employing a DFB Laser Diode." IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 3, no.11, pp. 1039-1041, 1991
    [CrossRef]

2003

TIA-455-220-A, Differential Mode Delay Measurement of Multirnode Fiber in the Time Domain, Telecommunication Industry Association, 2003

2002

P. F. Kolesar and D. J. Mazzarese, "Understanding Multimode Bandwidth and Differential Mode Delay Measurements and Their Applications," in Proc. of the 51st International Wire and Cable Symposium of IWCS Inc., Lake Buena Vista, FL, pp. 453-460, 2002

N. Zou, M. Yoshida, Y. Namibhira and H. Ito, "PMD measurement based on delayed self-heterodyne OFDR and experimental comparison with ITU-T round robin measurements," Electron. Lett. vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 115-116, 2002
[CrossRef]

2001

C.-A. Bunge, J.-R. Kropp, and K. Petermann, "Applicability of DMD-Measurements to New 10-Gigabit-Ethernet Fibres," in Proc. 27th Eur. Conf. on Opt. Comm. (ECOC"01), Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 362-363, 2001
[CrossRef]

M. Yoshida, K. Nakamura, and H. Ito, "A New Method for Measurement of Group Velocity Dispersion of Optical Fibers by Using a Frequency- Shifted Feedback Fiber Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 3, pp.. 227-229, 2001
[CrossRef]

1998

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, and M. C. Nowell, "An Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Offset Launch Technique for the Enhancement of the Bandwidth of Multimode Fiber Links," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 324-331, 1998
[CrossRef]

D. Derickson, Fiber optic test and measurement, Hewlett- Packard professional books, Prentice Hall PTR, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA, Chapter 11, 1998

1994

R. Pass, N. Gisin, J. P. von der Weid, and H. H. Gilgen, "Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of Coherent OFDR with Semiconductor Laser Sources," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 12, no. 19, pp. 1622-1630, 1994
[CrossRef]

1993

U. Glombitza and E. Brinkmeyer, "Coherent Frequency-Domain Reflectometry for Characterization of Single-Mode Integrated-Optical Waveguides," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 1377-1384, 1993
[CrossRef]

1991

K. Shimizu, T. Horiguchi and Y. Koyamada, "Measurement of Rayleigh Backscattering in Single-Mode Fibers Based on Coherent OFDR Employing a DFB Laser Diode." IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 3, no.11, pp. 1039-1041, 1991
[CrossRef]

1977

S. D. Personick, "Photon probe: An optical-fiber timedomain reflectometer," Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 56, pp. 355-366, Mar. 1977

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

S. D. Personick, "Photon probe: An optical-fiber timedomain reflectometer," Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 56, pp. 355-366, Mar. 1977

Electronics Letters

N. Zou, M. Yoshida, Y. Namibhira and H. Ito, "PMD measurement based on delayed self-heterodyne OFDR and experimental comparison with ITU-T round robin measurements," Electron. Lett. vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 115-116, 2002
[CrossRef]

Lightwave Technology, Journal of

U. Glombitza and E. Brinkmeyer, "Coherent Frequency-Domain Reflectometry for Characterization of Single-Mode Integrated-Optical Waveguides," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 1377-1384, 1993
[CrossRef]

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, and M. C. Nowell, "An Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Offset Launch Technique for the Enhancement of the Bandwidth of Multimode Fiber Links," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 324-331, 1998
[CrossRef]

R. Pass, N. Gisin, J. P. von der Weid, and H. H. Gilgen, "Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of Coherent OFDR with Semiconductor Laser Sources," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 12, no. 19, pp. 1622-1630, 1994
[CrossRef]

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE

M. Yoshida, K. Nakamura, and H. Ito, "A New Method for Measurement of Group Velocity Dispersion of Optical Fibers by Using a Frequency- Shifted Feedback Fiber Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 3, pp.. 227-229, 2001
[CrossRef]

K. Shimizu, T. Horiguchi and Y. Koyamada, "Measurement of Rayleigh Backscattering in Single-Mode Fibers Based on Coherent OFDR Employing a DFB Laser Diode." IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 3, no.11, pp. 1039-1041, 1991
[CrossRef]

Proc. 27th Eur. Conf. on Opt. Comm. (ECOC'01)

C.-A. Bunge, J.-R. Kropp, and K. Petermann, "Applicability of DMD-Measurements to New 10-Gigabit-Ethernet Fibres," in Proc. 27th Eur. Conf. on Opt. Comm. (ECOC"01), Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 362-363, 2001
[CrossRef]

Proc. of the 51st International Wire and Cable Symposium of IWCS Inc.

P. F. Kolesar and D. J. Mazzarese, "Understanding Multimode Bandwidth and Differential Mode Delay Measurements and Their Applications," in Proc. of the 51st International Wire and Cable Symposium of IWCS Inc., Lake Buena Vista, FL, pp. 453-460, 2002

Other

TIA-455-220-A, Differential Mode Delay Measurement of Multirnode Fiber in the Time Domain, Telecommunication Industry Association, 2003

D. Derickson, Fiber optic test and measurement, Hewlett- Packard professional books, Prentice Hall PTR, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA, Chapter 11, 1998

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.