Abstract

Using the external cavity spectroscopy method, we have observed the saturated absorption spectrum of the P(16) line of the v<TEX>$_1$</TEX>+v<TEX>$_3$</TEX> band of <TEX>$^{13}C<TEX>$_2$</TEX>H<TEX>$_2$</TEX>$</TEX>. The frequency of a laser has been stabilized to the saturated absorption spectrum. The relative contrast of the saturation spectrum is about 7% with respect to the linear absorption and the linewidth is about 1.8 MHz. The frequency fluctuation of the stabilized LD is about <TEX>$\pm$</TEX> 20 KHz for a sampling time of 100 ms.

© 2004 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. L.-S. Ma and J. L. Hall, "Optical heterodyne spectros-copy enhanced by an external optical cavity," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. vol. 26, no. 11, pp. 2006-2012, 1990
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Ye, L.-S. Ma and J. L. Hall, "Ultrasensitive detec-tions in atomic and molecular physics: demonstration in molecular overtone spectroscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 6-15, 1998
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. de Labachelerie, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, "Ultranarrow <TEX>$^{13}C_2H_2$</TEX> saturated-absorption lines at 1.5 <TEX>${\mu}m$</TEX>," Opt. Lett., vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 840-842, 1994
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Nakagawa, M. de Labachelerie, Y. Awaji, M. Kourogi, T. Enami, and M. Ohtsu, "Highly precise 1 THz optical frequency difference measurement of 1.5 um molecular absorption lines", Opt. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 410-412, (1995)
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Nakagawa, M. de Labachelerie, Y. Awaji, and M. Kourogi, "Accurate optical frequency atlas of the 1.5-<TEX>${\mu}um$</TEX> bands of acetylene," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 2708-2714, 1996
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Onae, K. Okumura, Y. Miki, T. Kurosawa, E. Sakuma, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa,."Saturation spectros-copy of an acetylene molecule in the 1550 nm region using an erbium doped fiber amplifier," Opt. Comm. vol. 142, pp. 41-44, 1997
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Onae, K. Okumura, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M Kourogi, K. Imai, and B. Widiyatomako, "Toward an Accurate Frequency Standard at 1.5 <TEX>${\mu}$</TEX>m Based on the Acetylene Overtone Band Transition," IEEE Trans. Instru. Meas., vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 563-566, 1999
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida, and S. Harada, "Optical frequency link between an acetylene stabilized laser at 1542 nm and an Rb stabilized laser at 778 um using a two-color mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Comm. vol. 183, pp. 181-187, 2000
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Svelto, G. Galzerano, A. Onae, and E. Bava, "Nonlinear spectroscopy of isotopic acetylene at 1.5 <TEX>${\mu}m$</TEX> for absolute frequency stabilization of diode-pumped Er-Yb:glass laser," IEEE Trans. Instru. Meas., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 497-499, 2001
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Galzerano, C. Svelto, F. Ferrario, A. Onae, M. Marano, E. Bava, "Nonlinear spectroscopy of isotopic acetylene at 1.5 <TEX>${\mu}m$</TEX> for absolute frequency stabilization of diode-pumped Er-Yb:glass laser," Opt. Comm. vol. 209, pp. 411-416, 2002
  11. A. S. Czajkowski, A. A Made, P. Dube, K. J. Siemsen, and J. E. Bernard, "Optical references for telecom wavelengths and measurement of their absolute fre-quency," LEOS2002, 2002
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. J. Quinn, "Practical realization of the definition of the metre, including recommended radiations of other optical frequency standards (2001)," Metrologia, vol. 40, pp. 103-133, 2003
    [CrossRef]
  13. Feng-Lei Hong, Atsushi Onae, Jie Jiang, Ruixiang Guo, Hajime Inaba, Kaoru Minoshima, Thomas R. Schibli, and Hirokazu Matsumoto, and Ken"ichi Nakagawa, "Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene-stabilized laser at 1542 nm," Opt. Lett. vol. 28, no. 23, pp. 2324-2326, 2003
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. C. Swann and S. L. Gilbert, "Pressure-induced shift and broadening of 1510-1540 nm acetylene wavelength calibration," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 1263-1270, 2000
    [CrossRef]
  15. Motoichi Ohtsu, in Frequency Control of Semiconductor Lasers, (John Wiley & Sons, Ins., New York, 1996), pp. 1-232
  16. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M.Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B, vol. 31, pp. 97-105, 1983
    [CrossRef]

2003 (2)

T. J. Quinn, "Practical realization of the definition of the metre, including recommended radiations of other optical frequency standards (2001)," Metrologia, vol. 40, pp. 103-133, 2003
[CrossRef]

Feng-Lei Hong, Atsushi Onae, Jie Jiang, Ruixiang Guo, Hajime Inaba, Kaoru Minoshima, Thomas R. Schibli, and Hirokazu Matsumoto, and Ken"ichi Nakagawa, "Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene-stabilized laser at 1542 nm," Opt. Lett. vol. 28, no. 23, pp. 2324-2326, 2003
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

G. Galzerano, C. Svelto, F. Ferrario, A. Onae, M. Marano, E. Bava, "Nonlinear spectroscopy of isotopic acetylene at 1.5 <TEX>${\mu}m$</TEX> for absolute frequency stabilization of diode-pumped Er-Yb:glass laser," Opt. Comm. vol. 209, pp. 411-416, 2002

A. S. Czajkowski, A. A Made, P. Dube, K. J. Siemsen, and J. E. Bernard, "Optical references for telecom wavelengths and measurement of their absolute fre-quency," LEOS2002, 2002
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

C. Svelto, G. Galzerano, A. Onae, and E. Bava, "Nonlinear spectroscopy of isotopic acetylene at 1.5 <TEX>${\mu}m$</TEX> for absolute frequency stabilization of diode-pumped Er-Yb:glass laser," IEEE Trans. Instru. Meas., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 497-499, 2001
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

W. C. Swann and S. L. Gilbert, "Pressure-induced shift and broadening of 1510-1540 nm acetylene wavelength calibration," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 1263-1270, 2000
[CrossRef]

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida, and S. Harada, "Optical frequency link between an acetylene stabilized laser at 1542 nm and an Rb stabilized laser at 778 um using a two-color mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Comm. vol. 183, pp. 181-187, 2000
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

A. Onae, K. Okumura, Y. Miki, T. Kurosawa, E. Sakuma, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa,."Saturation spectros-copy of an acetylene molecule in the 1550 nm region using an erbium doped fiber amplifier," Opt. Comm. vol. 142, pp. 41-44, 1997
[CrossRef]

A. Onae, K. Okumura, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M Kourogi, K. Imai, and B. Widiyatomako, "Toward an Accurate Frequency Standard at 1.5 <TEX>${\mu}$</TEX>m Based on the Acetylene Overtone Band Transition," IEEE Trans. Instru. Meas., vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 563-566, 1999
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. Ye, L.-S. Ma and J. L. Hall, "Ultrasensitive detec-tions in atomic and molecular physics: demonstration in molecular overtone spectroscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 6-15, 1998
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

K. Nakagawa, M. de Labachelerie, Y. Awaji, and M. Kourogi, "Accurate optical frequency atlas of the 1.5-<TEX>${\mu}um$</TEX> bands of acetylene," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 2708-2714, 1996
[CrossRef]

Motoichi Ohtsu, in Frequency Control of Semiconductor Lasers, (John Wiley & Sons, Ins., New York, 1996), pp. 1-232

1995 (1)

K. Nakagawa, M. de Labachelerie, Y. Awaji, M. Kourogi, T. Enami, and M. Ohtsu, "Highly precise 1 THz optical frequency difference measurement of 1.5 um molecular absorption lines", Opt. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 410-412, (1995)
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. de Labachelerie, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, "Ultranarrow <TEX>$^{13}C_2H_2$</TEX> saturated-absorption lines at 1.5 <TEX>${\mu}m$</TEX>," Opt. Lett., vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 840-842, 1994
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

L.-S. Ma and J. L. Hall, "Optical heterodyne spectros-copy enhanced by an external optical cavity," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. vol. 26, no. 11, pp. 2006-2012, 1990
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M.Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B, vol. 31, pp. 97-105, 1983
[CrossRef]

Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M.Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B, vol. 31, pp. 97-105, 1983
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron (1)

L.-S. Ma and J. L. Hall, "Optical heterodyne spectros-copy enhanced by an external optical cavity," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. vol. 26, no. 11, pp. 2006-2012, 1990
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instru. Meas. (1)

C. Svelto, G. Galzerano, A. Onae, and E. Bava, "Nonlinear spectroscopy of isotopic acetylene at 1.5 <TEX>${\mu}m$</TEX> for absolute frequency stabilization of diode-pumped Er-Yb:glass laser," IEEE Trans. Instru. Meas., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 497-499, 2001
[CrossRef]

Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on (1)

A. Onae, K. Okumura, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M Kourogi, K. Imai, and B. Widiyatomako, "Toward an Accurate Frequency Standard at 1.5 <TEX>${\mu}$</TEX>m Based on the Acetylene Overtone Band Transition," IEEE Trans. Instru. Meas., vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 563-566, 1999
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Journal of the Optical Society of America B (2)

K. Nakagawa, M. de Labachelerie, Y. Awaji, and M. Kourogi, "Accurate optical frequency atlas of the 1.5-<TEX>${\mu}um$</TEX> bands of acetylene," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 2708-2714, 1996
[CrossRef]

J. Ye, L.-S. Ma and J. L. Hall, "Ultrasensitive detec-tions in atomic and molecular physics: demonstration in molecular overtone spectroscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 6-15, 1998
[CrossRef]

LEOS 2002. The 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE (1)

A. S. Czajkowski, A. A Made, P. Dube, K. J. Siemsen, and J. E. Bernard, "Optical references for telecom wavelengths and measurement of their absolute fre-quency," LEOS2002, 2002
[CrossRef]

Metrologia (1)

T. J. Quinn, "Practical realization of the definition of the metre, including recommended radiations of other optical frequency standards (2001)," Metrologia, vol. 40, pp. 103-133, 2003
[CrossRef]

Optics Communications (3)

G. Galzerano, C. Svelto, F. Ferrario, A. Onae, M. Marano, E. Bava, "Nonlinear spectroscopy of isotopic acetylene at 1.5 <TEX>${\mu}m$</TEX> for absolute frequency stabilization of diode-pumped Er-Yb:glass laser," Opt. Comm. vol. 209, pp. 411-416, 2002

A. Onae, K. Okumura, Y. Miki, T. Kurosawa, E. Sakuma, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa,."Saturation spectros-copy of an acetylene molecule in the 1550 nm region using an erbium doped fiber amplifier," Opt. Comm. vol. 142, pp. 41-44, 1997
[CrossRef]

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida, and S. Harada, "Optical frequency link between an acetylene stabilized laser at 1542 nm and an Rb stabilized laser at 778 um using a two-color mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Comm. vol. 183, pp. 181-187, 2000
[CrossRef]

Optics Letters (3)

M. de Labachelerie, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, "Ultranarrow <TEX>$^{13}C_2H_2$</TEX> saturated-absorption lines at 1.5 <TEX>${\mu}m$</TEX>," Opt. Lett., vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 840-842, 1994
[CrossRef]

K. Nakagawa, M. de Labachelerie, Y. Awaji, M. Kourogi, T. Enami, and M. Ohtsu, "Highly precise 1 THz optical frequency difference measurement of 1.5 um molecular absorption lines", Opt. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 410-412, (1995)
[CrossRef]

Feng-Lei Hong, Atsushi Onae, Jie Jiang, Ruixiang Guo, Hajime Inaba, Kaoru Minoshima, Thomas R. Schibli, and Hirokazu Matsumoto, and Ken"ichi Nakagawa, "Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene-stabilized laser at 1542 nm," Opt. Lett. vol. 28, no. 23, pp. 2324-2326, 2003
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Motoichi Ohtsu, in Frequency Control of Semiconductor Lasers, (John Wiley & Sons, Ins., New York, 1996), pp. 1-232

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