Abstract

A two-photon interference experiment is presented in which an entangled pair of photons generated from a parametric down-conversion was incident on two input ports of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer. The experiment was carried out using two photon coincidence detection with two detectors at the two output ports of the interferometer. The measured coincidence counts exhibit an interference effect with visibility of 0.75 at simultaneous inputs and 0.38 at inputs with different arrival times according to the degree of photon number entanglement.

© 2003 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. C. H. Bennett and D. P. Divincenzo, “Quantum information and computation,” Nature (London), vol. 404, pp. 247-255, 2000.
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. Knill, R. Laflamme, R. Martinez, and C. Negrevergne, “Benchmarking Quantum Computers: The Five-Qubit Error Correcting Code,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 86, no. 25, pp. 5811-5814, 2001.
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Linden and S. Popescu, “Good Dynamics versus Bad Kinematics: Is Entanglement Needed for Quantum Computation?,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 87, no. 4, pp. 0479011-0479014, 2001.
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature (London), vol. 390, pp. 575-579, 1997.
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, P. G. Kwiat, and A. Zeilinger, “Dense coding in experimental quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 76, no. 25, pp. 4656-4659, 1996.
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum cryptography with entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 84, no. 20, pp. 4729-4732, 2000.
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. F. Pereira, Z. Y. Ou, and H. J. Kimble, “Quantum communication with correlated nonclassical states,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 62, pp. 0423111-0423117, 2000.
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, “Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?,” Phys. Rev., vol. 47, pp. 777-780, 1935.
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. S. Bell, “On the Einstein Podolsky Rosen paradox,” Physics (long Island City, N.Y.), vol. 1, pp. 195-200, 1964.
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    [CrossRef]
  11. J. D. Franson, “Bell Inequality for Position and Time,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 62, no. 19, pp. 2205-2208, 1989.
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. Mohler, J. Brendel, R. Lange, and W. Martienssen, “Finesse and Resolution Enhancement in Two-Photon Interferometry,” Europhys. Lett., vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 511-516, 1989.
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Brendel, E. Mohler, and W. Martienssen, “Time- Resolved Dual-Beam Two-Photon Interferences with High Visibility,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 66, no. 9, pp. 1142-1145, 1991.
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Brendel, W. Dultz, and W. Martienssen, “Geometric phases in two-photon interference experiments,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 2551-2556, 1995.
    [CrossRef]
  15. Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Experiment on nonclassical fourth-order interference,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 2957-2965, 1990.
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, E. Jakeman, T. Larchuk, R. A. Campos, M. C. Teich, and B. E. A. Saleh, “Two- Photon Interference in a Mach-Zehnder Interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 65, no. 11, pp. 1348-1351, 1990.
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, M. H. Rubin, T. E. Kiess, and C. O. Alley, “Two- photon interference in a standard Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 49, no. 5, pp. 4243-4245, 1994.
    [CrossRef]
  18. T. S. Larchuk, R. A. Compos, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, E. Jakeman, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Interfering Entangled Photons of Different Colors,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 70, no. 11, pp. 1603-1606, 1993.
    [CrossRef]
  19. K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, “New High- Efficiency Source of Photon Pairs for Engineering Quantum Entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 86, no. 24, pp. 5620-5623, 2001.
    [CrossRef]
  20. Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Observation of Nonlocal Interference in Separated Photon Channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 321-324, 1990.
    [CrossRef]
  21. P. G. Kwiat, W. A. Vareka, C. K. Hong, H. Nathel, and R. Y. Chiao, “Correlated two-photon interference in a dual-beam Michelson interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 2910-2913, 1990.
    [CrossRef]
  22. Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and M. H. Rubin, “Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen state for space-time variables in a two-photon interference experiment,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 1288-1293, 1992.
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. Brendel, E. Mohler, and W. Martienssen, “Experimental Test of Bell"s Inequality for Energy and Time,” Europhys. Lett., vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 575-580, 1992.
    [CrossRef]
  24. P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, and R. Y. Chiao, “Highvisibility interference in a Bell-inequality experiment for energy and time,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. R2472-R2475, 1993.
    [CrossRef]
  25. T. Kim, J. Shin, Y. Ha, H. Kim, G. Park, T. G. Noh, and C. K. Hong, “The phase-sensitivity of a MachZehnder interferometer for the Fock state inputs,” Opt. Comm., vol. 156, pp. 37-42, 1998.
    [CrossRef]
  26. C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of Subpicosecond Time Intervals between Two Photons by Interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 59, no. 18, pp. 2044-2046, 1987.
    [CrossRef]
  27. K. Edamatsu, R. Shimizu, and T. Itoh, “Measurement of the Photonic de Broglie Wavelength of Entangled Photon Pairs Generated by Spontaneous Parametric Down-Conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 89, no. 21, pp. 2136011-2136014, 2002.
    [CrossRef]
  28. M. D"Angelo, M. V. Chekhova, and Y. Shih, "-Photon Diffraction and Quantum Lithography," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 87, no. 1, pp. 0136021-0136024, 2001
    [CrossRef]
  29. A. Zeilinger, “Experiment and the foundations of quantum physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys., vol. 71, no. 2, pp. S288-297, 1999.
    [CrossRef]

2002

K. Edamatsu, R. Shimizu, and T. Itoh, “Measurement of the Photonic de Broglie Wavelength of Entangled Photon Pairs Generated by Spontaneous Parametric Down-Conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 89, no. 21, pp. 2136011-2136014, 2002.
[CrossRef]

2001

M. D"Angelo, M. V. Chekhova, and Y. Shih, "-Photon Diffraction and Quantum Lithography," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 87, no. 1, pp. 0136021-0136024, 2001
[CrossRef]

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, R. Martinez, and C. Negrevergne, “Benchmarking Quantum Computers: The Five-Qubit Error Correcting Code,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 86, no. 25, pp. 5811-5814, 2001.
[CrossRef]

N. Linden and S. Popescu, “Good Dynamics versus Bad Kinematics: Is Entanglement Needed for Quantum Computation?,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 87, no. 4, pp. 0479011-0479014, 2001.
[CrossRef]

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, “New High- Efficiency Source of Photon Pairs for Engineering Quantum Entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 86, no. 24, pp. 5620-5623, 2001.
[CrossRef]

2000

T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum cryptography with entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 84, no. 20, pp. 4729-4732, 2000.
[CrossRef]

S. F. Pereira, Z. Y. Ou, and H. J. Kimble, “Quantum communication with correlated nonclassical states,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 62, pp. 0423111-0423117, 2000.
[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett and D. P. Divincenzo, “Quantum information and computation,” Nature (London), vol. 404, pp. 247-255, 2000.
[CrossRef]

1999

L. Mandel, “Quantum effects in one-photon and twophoton interference,” Rev. Mod. Phys., vol. 71, no. 2, pp. S274-S282, 1999
[CrossRef]

A. Zeilinger, “Experiment and the foundations of quantum physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys., vol. 71, no. 2, pp. S288-297, 1999.
[CrossRef]

1998

T. Kim, J. Shin, Y. Ha, H. Kim, G. Park, T. G. Noh, and C. K. Hong, “The phase-sensitivity of a MachZehnder interferometer for the Fock state inputs,” Opt. Comm., vol. 156, pp. 37-42, 1998.
[CrossRef]

1997

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature (London), vol. 390, pp. 575-579, 1997.
[CrossRef]

1996

K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, P. G. Kwiat, and A. Zeilinger, “Dense coding in experimental quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 76, no. 25, pp. 4656-4659, 1996.
[CrossRef]

1995

J. Brendel, W. Dultz, and W. Martienssen, “Geometric phases in two-photon interference experiments,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 2551-2556, 1995.
[CrossRef]

1993

Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, M. H. Rubin, T. E. Kiess, and C. O. Alley, “Two- photon interference in a standard Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 49, no. 5, pp. 4243-4245, 1994.
[CrossRef]

T. S. Larchuk, R. A. Compos, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, E. Jakeman, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Interfering Entangled Photons of Different Colors,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 70, no. 11, pp. 1603-1606, 1993.
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, and R. Y. Chiao, “Highvisibility interference in a Bell-inequality experiment for energy and time,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. R2472-R2475, 1993.
[CrossRef]

1992

Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and M. H. Rubin, “Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen state for space-time variables in a two-photon interference experiment,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 1288-1293, 1992.
[CrossRef]

J. Brendel, E. Mohler, and W. Martienssen, “Experimental Test of Bell"s Inequality for Energy and Time,” Europhys. Lett., vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 575-580, 1992.
[CrossRef]

1991

J. Brendel, E. Mohler, and W. Martienssen, “Time- Resolved Dual-Beam Two-Photon Interferences with High Visibility,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 66, no. 9, pp. 1142-1145, 1991.
[CrossRef]

1990

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Observation of Nonlocal Interference in Separated Photon Channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 321-324, 1990.
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, W. A. Vareka, C. K. Hong, H. Nathel, and R. Y. Chiao, “Correlated two-photon interference in a dual-beam Michelson interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 2910-2913, 1990.
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Experiment on nonclassical fourth-order interference,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 2957-2965, 1990.
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, E. Jakeman, T. Larchuk, R. A. Campos, M. C. Teich, and B. E. A. Saleh, “Two- Photon Interference in a Mach-Zehnder Interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 65, no. 11, pp. 1348-1351, 1990.
[CrossRef]

1989

J. D. Franson, “Bell Inequality for Position and Time,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 62, no. 19, pp. 2205-2208, 1989.
[CrossRef]

E. Mohler, J. Brendel, R. Lange, and W. Martienssen, “Finesse and Resolution Enhancement in Two-Photon Interferometry,” Europhys. Lett., vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 511-516, 1989.
[CrossRef]

1987

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of Subpicosecond Time Intervals between Two Photons by Interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 59, no. 18, pp. 2044-2046, 1987.
[CrossRef]

1964

J. S. Bell, “On the Einstein Podolsky Rosen paradox,” Physics (long Island City, N.Y.), vol. 1, pp. 195-200, 1964.

1935

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, “Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?,” Phys. Rev., vol. 47, pp. 777-780, 1935.
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett.

E. Mohler, J. Brendel, R. Lange, and W. Martienssen, “Finesse and Resolution Enhancement in Two-Photon Interferometry,” Europhys. Lett., vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 511-516, 1989.
[CrossRef]

J. Brendel, E. Mohler, and W. Martienssen, “Experimental Test of Bell"s Inequality for Energy and Time,” Europhys. Lett., vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 575-580, 1992.
[CrossRef]

Nature

C. H. Bennett and D. P. Divincenzo, “Quantum information and computation,” Nature (London), vol. 404, pp. 247-255, 2000.
[CrossRef]

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature (London), vol. 390, pp. 575-579, 1997.
[CrossRef]

Optics Communications

T. Kim, J. Shin, Y. Ha, H. Kim, G. Park, T. G. Noh, and C. K. Hong, “The phase-sensitivity of a MachZehnder interferometer for the Fock state inputs,” Opt. Comm., vol. 156, pp. 37-42, 1998.
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev.

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, “Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?,” Phys. Rev., vol. 47, pp. 777-780, 1935.
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

S. F. Pereira, Z. Y. Ou, and H. J. Kimble, “Quantum communication with correlated nonclassical states,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 62, pp. 0423111-0423117, 2000.
[CrossRef]

J. Brendel, W. Dultz, and W. Martienssen, “Geometric phases in two-photon interference experiments,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 2551-2556, 1995.
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Experiment on nonclassical fourth-order interference,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 2957-2965, 1990.
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, M. H. Rubin, T. E. Kiess, and C. O. Alley, “Two- photon interference in a standard Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 49, no. 5, pp. 4243-4245, 1994.
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, and R. Y. Chiao, “Highvisibility interference in a Bell-inequality experiment for energy and time,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. R2472-R2475, 1993.
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, W. A. Vareka, C. K. Hong, H. Nathel, and R. Y. Chiao, “Correlated two-photon interference in a dual-beam Michelson interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 2910-2913, 1990.
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and M. H. Rubin, “Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen state for space-time variables in a two-photon interference experiment,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 1288-1293, 1992.
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of Subpicosecond Time Intervals between Two Photons by Interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 59, no. 18, pp. 2044-2046, 1987.
[CrossRef]

K. Edamatsu, R. Shimizu, and T. Itoh, “Measurement of the Photonic de Broglie Wavelength of Entangled Photon Pairs Generated by Spontaneous Parametric Down-Conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 89, no. 21, pp. 2136011-2136014, 2002.
[CrossRef]

M. D"Angelo, M. V. Chekhova, and Y. Shih, "-Photon Diffraction and Quantum Lithography," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 87, no. 1, pp. 0136021-0136024, 2001
[CrossRef]

T. S. Larchuk, R. A. Compos, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, E. Jakeman, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Interfering Entangled Photons of Different Colors,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 70, no. 11, pp. 1603-1606, 1993.
[CrossRef]

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, “New High- Efficiency Source of Photon Pairs for Engineering Quantum Entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 86, no. 24, pp. 5620-5623, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Observation of Nonlocal Interference in Separated Photon Channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 321-324, 1990.
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, E. Jakeman, T. Larchuk, R. A. Campos, M. C. Teich, and B. E. A. Saleh, “Two- Photon Interference in a Mach-Zehnder Interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 65, no. 11, pp. 1348-1351, 1990.
[CrossRef]

J. Brendel, E. Mohler, and W. Martienssen, “Time- Resolved Dual-Beam Two-Photon Interferences with High Visibility,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 66, no. 9, pp. 1142-1145, 1991.
[CrossRef]

J. D. Franson, “Bell Inequality for Position and Time,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 62, no. 19, pp. 2205-2208, 1989.
[CrossRef]

K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, P. G. Kwiat, and A. Zeilinger, “Dense coding in experimental quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 76, no. 25, pp. 4656-4659, 1996.
[CrossRef]

T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum cryptography with entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 84, no. 20, pp. 4729-4732, 2000.
[CrossRef]

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, R. Martinez, and C. Negrevergne, “Benchmarking Quantum Computers: The Five-Qubit Error Correcting Code,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 86, no. 25, pp. 5811-5814, 2001.
[CrossRef]

N. Linden and S. Popescu, “Good Dynamics versus Bad Kinematics: Is Entanglement Needed for Quantum Computation?,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 87, no. 4, pp. 0479011-0479014, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Physics

J. S. Bell, “On the Einstein Podolsky Rosen paradox,” Physics (long Island City, N.Y.), vol. 1, pp. 195-200, 1964.

Rev. Mod. Phys.

L. Mandel, “Quantum effects in one-photon and twophoton interference,” Rev. Mod. Phys., vol. 71, no. 2, pp. S274-S282, 1999
[CrossRef]

A. Zeilinger, “Experiment and the foundations of quantum physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys., vol. 71, no. 2, pp. S288-297, 1999.
[CrossRef]

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