Abstract

We report, for the first time to our knowledge, observation of polarization bistability from 1.55-<i>µ</i>m wavelength single-mode VCSELs of a conventional cylinder-shape under control of their driving current, and demonstration of all-optical flip-flop (AOFF) operations based on the bistability with optical set and reset pulse injection at a 50 MHz switching frequency. The injection pulse energy was less than 14 fJ. The average on-off contrast ratio of the flip-flopped signals was about 7 dB. These properties of the VCSELs will be potentially useful for future high-speed all-optical signal processing applications.

© 2010 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. J. Wang, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, L. Poti, and A. Bogoni, “All-optical clocked flip-flops and binary counting operation using soa-based sr latch and logic gates,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. To be published in 2010.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Kehayas, D. Tsiokos, P. Bakopoulos, D. Apostolopoulos, D. Petrantonakis, L. Stampoulidis, A. Poustie, R. McDougall, G. Maxwell, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, H. J. S. Dorren, J. Seoane, P. van Holm-Nielsen, P. Jeppesen, and H. Avramopoulos,“40-Gb/s all-optical processing systems using hybrid photonic integration technology,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4903-4911 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Kawaguchi, “Polarization-bistable vertical-cavity surfaceemitting lasers: application for optical bit memory,” Optoelectronics Review 17, 265-274 (2009).
  7. N. L. Hoang, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, and Y. D. Jeong, “All-optical flip-flop with high on-off contrast ratio using two injection-locked single-mode Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Exp. 15, 5166-5171 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. W. D"Oosterlinck, F. Ohman, J. Buron, S. Sales, A. P. Pardo, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, G. Puerto, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “All-optical flip-flop operation using a SOA and DFB laser diode optical feedback combination,” Opt. Exp. 15, 6190-6199 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5-<TEX>$\mu$</TEX>m wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 779-781 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switchingenergy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surfaceemitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101102 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Katayama, T. Ooi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Experimental demonstration of multi-bit optical buffer memory using 1.55-<TEX>$\mu$</TEX>m polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1495-1504 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, and M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999-3001 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M.-R. Park, O.-K. Kwon, W.-S. Han, K.-H. Lee, S.-J. Park, and B.-S. Yoo, “All-epitaxial InAlGaAs-InP VCSELs in the 1.3-1.6-<TEX>$\mu$</TEX>m wavelength range for CWDM band applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1717-1719 (2006).

2010 (2)

J. Wang, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, L. Poti, and A. Bogoni, “All-optical clocked flip-flops and binary counting operation using soa-based sr latch and logic gates,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. To be published in 2010.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E. J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nature Photonics 4,182-187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

T. Katayama, T. Ooi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Experimental demonstration of multi-bit optical buffer memory using 1.55-<TEX>$\mu$</TEX>m polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1495-1504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Kaplan, G. P. Agrawal, and D. N. Maywar, “Alloptical flip-flop operation of VCSOA,” Electron. Lett. 45, 127-129 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Huybrechts, T. Tanemura, Y. Nakano, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “40-Gb/s all-optical packet switching with a distributed-feedback laser as all-optical flip-flop,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 703-705 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawaguchi, “Polarization-bistable vertical-cavity surfaceemitting lasers: application for optical bit memory,” Optoelectronics Review 17, 265-274 (2009).

2008 (3)

K. Huybrechts, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “Fast all-optical flip-flop based on a single distributed feedback laser diode,” Opt. Exp. 16, 11405-11410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, M. T. Hill, J. H. C. van Zantvoort, J. H. den Besten, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, X. J. M. Leijtens, M. K. Smit, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Ultrafast all-optical wavelength routing of data packets utilizing an SOA-based wavelength converter and a monolithically integrated optical flip-flop,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 801-807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5-<TEX>$\mu$</TEX>m wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 779-781 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

W. D"Oosterlinck, F. Ohman, J. Buron, S. Sales, A. P. Pardo, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, G. Puerto, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “All-optical flip-flop operation using a SOA and DFB laser diode optical feedback combination,” Opt. Exp. 15, 6190-6199 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. L. Hoang, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, and Y. D. Jeong, “All-optical flip-flop with high on-off contrast ratio using two injection-locked single-mode Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Exp. 15, 5166-5171 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

E. Kehayas, D. Tsiokos, P. Bakopoulos, D. Apostolopoulos, D. Petrantonakis, L. Stampoulidis, A. Poustie, R. McDougall, G. Maxwell, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, H. J. S. Dorren, J. Seoane, P. van Holm-Nielsen, P. Jeppesen, and H. Avramopoulos,“40-Gb/s all-optical processing systems using hybrid photonic integration technology,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4903-4911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switchingenergy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surfaceemitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M.-R. Park, O.-K. Kwon, W.-S. Han, K.-H. Lee, S.-J. Park, and B.-S. Yoo, “All-epitaxial InAlGaAs-InP VCSELs in the 1.3-1.6-<TEX>$\mu$</TEX>m wavelength range for CWDM band applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1717-1719 (2006).

2004 (1)

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, and M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999-3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switchingenergy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surfaceemitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, and M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999-3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. M. Kaplan, G. P. Agrawal, and D. N. Maywar, “Alloptical flip-flop operation of VCSOA,” Electron. Lett. 45, 127-129 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

E. Kehayas, D. Tsiokos, P. Bakopoulos, D. Apostolopoulos, D. Petrantonakis, L. Stampoulidis, A. Poustie, R. McDougall, G. Maxwell, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, H. J. S. Dorren, J. Seoane, P. van Holm-Nielsen, P. Jeppesen, and H. Avramopoulos,“40-Gb/s all-optical processing systems using hybrid photonic integration technology,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4903-4911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Katayama, T. Ooi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Experimental demonstration of multi-bit optical buffer memory using 1.55-<TEX>$\mu$</TEX>m polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1495-1504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. (2)

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, M. T. Hill, J. H. C. van Zantvoort, J. H. den Besten, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, X. J. M. Leijtens, M. K. Smit, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Ultrafast all-optical wavelength routing of data packets utilizing an SOA-based wavelength converter and a monolithically integrated optical flip-flop,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 801-807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, L. Poti, and A. Bogoni, “All-optical clocked flip-flops and binary counting operation using soa-based sr latch and logic gates,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. To be published in 2010.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

K. Huybrechts, T. Tanemura, Y. Nakano, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “40-Gb/s all-optical packet switching with a distributed-feedback laser as all-optical flip-flop,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 703-705 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5-<TEX>$\mu$</TEX>m wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 779-781 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M.-R. Park, O.-K. Kwon, W.-S. Han, K.-H. Lee, S.-J. Park, and B.-S. Yoo, “All-epitaxial InAlGaAs-InP VCSELs in the 1.3-1.6-<TEX>$\mu$</TEX>m wavelength range for CWDM band applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1717-1719 (2006).

Nature (1)

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature Photonics (1)

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E. J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nature Photonics 4,182-187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Exp. (3)

N. L. Hoang, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, and Y. D. Jeong, “All-optical flip-flop with high on-off contrast ratio using two injection-locked single-mode Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Exp. 15, 5166-5171 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Huybrechts, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “Fast all-optical flip-flop based on a single distributed feedback laser diode,” Opt. Exp. 16, 11405-11410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. D"Oosterlinck, F. Ohman, J. Buron, S. Sales, A. P. Pardo, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, G. Puerto, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “All-optical flip-flop operation using a SOA and DFB laser diode optical feedback combination,” Opt. Exp. 15, 6190-6199 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Optoelectronics Review (1)

H. Kawaguchi, “Polarization-bistable vertical-cavity surfaceemitting lasers: application for optical bit memory,” Optoelectronics Review 17, 265-274 (2009).

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