Abstract

High-order harmonic generation from a solid surface affected by the contrast of a laser pulse was studied using an oscillating mirror model. High-order harmonics generated from solid surfaces have unusual properties such as spectral redshift, and an intensity difference between even- and odd-order harmonics which is not reported for high-order harmonics generated by a gas medium. We confirmed that high-order harmonics from solid surfaces have selectivity of polarization as well as cut-off extension and the enhancement of conversion efficiency proportional to laser intensity. And the principle of operation and the characteristics of a plasma mirror system developed for achieving high contrast laser pulses to pursue the experimental realization of high-harmonic generation from solid surfaces are reported. Energy fluence on the plasma mirrors is tunable between <TEX>$10\;J/cm^2$</TEX> and <TEX>$1000\;J/cm^2$</TEX> and around 1000 shots are available before the plasma mirrors require replacement.

© 2009 Optical Society of Korea

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2009 (1)

Y. Nomura, R. Horlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas," Nat. Phys. 5, 124 (2009)
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

M. Nishiuchi, H. Daido, A. Yogo, S. Orimo, K. Ogura, J. Ma, A. Sagisaka, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, H. Kiriyama, S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, I. W. Choi, C. M. Kim, T. M. Jeong, T. J. Yu, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, N. Hafz, K. H. Pae, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, Y. Oishi, K. Nemoto, H. Nagatomo, K. Nagai, and H. Azuma, "Efficient production of a collimated MeV proton beam from a ployimide target driven by an intense femtosecond laser pulse," Phys. Plasmas 15, 053104 (2008)

N. A. M. Hafz, T. M. Jeong, I. W. Choi, S. K. Lee, K. H. Pae, V. V. Kulagin, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. Hosokai, J. R. Cary, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, "Stable generation of GeV-class electron beams from self-guided laser-plasma shannels," Nat. Photonics 2, 571 (2008)
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

B. Dromey, S. Kar, C. Bellei, D. C. Carroll, R. J. Clarke, J. S. Green, S. Kneip, K. Markey, S. R. Nage, P. T. Simpson, L. Willingale, P. McKenna, D. Neely, Z. Najmudin, K. Krushelnick, P. A. Norreys, and M. Zepf, "Bright multi-keV harmonic generation form relativistically oscillating plasma surfaces," Phy. Rev. Lett. 99, 085001 (2007)
[CrossRef]

A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. D"Oliveira, F. Reau, M. Perdrix, F. Quere, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, H. Lagadec, and P. Martin, "Double plasma mirror for ultrahigh temporal contrast ultraintense laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 32, 310 (2007)
[CrossRef]

C. Thaury, F. Quere, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Reau, P. D"oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, "Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics," Nat. Phys. 3, 424 (2007)
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

G. D Tsakiris, K. Eidmann, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and F. Krausz, "Route to intense single attosecond pulses," New. J. Phys. 8, 19 (2006)
[CrossRef]

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, "High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit," Nat. Phys. 2, 456 (2006)
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

K. Lee, B. H. Lee, and D. Kim, "Coherent radiation of relativistic nonlinear thomson scattering," Phys. Plasmas 12, 043107 (2005)
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

M. Kaluza, J. Schreiber, M. I. K. Santala, G. D. Tsakiris, K. Eidmann, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and K. J. Witte, "Influence of the laser prepulse on proton acceleration in thin-foil experiments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 045003 (2004)
[CrossRef]

B. Dromey, S. Kar, M. Zepf, and P. Foster, "The plasma mirror-A subpicosecond optical switch for ultrahigh power lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 645 (2004)
[CrossRef]

S. Gordienko, A. Pukhov, O. Shorokhov, and T. Beava, "Relativistic doppler effect: universal spectra and zeptosecond pulses," Phy. Rev. Lett. 93, 115002 (2004)
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

K. Lee, Y. H. Cha, M. S. Shin, B. H. Kim, and D. Kim, "Relativistic nonlinear thomson scattering as attosecond x-ray source," Phys. Rev. E 67, 026502 (2003)
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. J. Shin, D. G. Lee, Y. H. Cha, K. H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of nanadiabatic blueshift of high harmonics in an intense femtosecond laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2544 (1999)
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

D. von der Linde and K. Rzazewski, "High-order optical harmonic generation from solid surfaces," Appl. Phys. B 63, 499 (1996)
[CrossRef]

R. Lichters, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and A. Pukhov, "Shortpulse laser harmonics from oscillating plasma surfaces driven at relativistic intensity," Phys. Plasmas 3, 3425 (1996)
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, "Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses," Opt. Comm. 56, 219 (1985)
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz, The Classical Theory of Fields, vol. 2 of Landau and Lifshitz Course of Theoretical Physics (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1975)

1972 (1)

J. P. Freidberg, R. W. Mitchell, R. L. Morse, and L. I. Rudsinski, "Resonant absorption of laser light by plasma targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 795 (1972)
[CrossRef]

Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics (1)

D. von der Linde and K. Rzazewski, "High-order optical harmonic generation from solid surfaces," Appl. Phys. B 63, 499 (1996)
[CrossRef]

Nature Photonics (1)

N. A. M. Hafz, T. M. Jeong, I. W. Choi, S. K. Lee, K. H. Pae, V. V. Kulagin, J. H. Sung, T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, T. Hosokai, J. R. Cary, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, "Stable generation of GeV-class electron beams from self-guided laser-plasma shannels," Nat. Photonics 2, 571 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Nature Physics (3)

Y. Nomura, R. Horlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas," Nat. Phys. 5, 124 (2009)
[CrossRef]

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, "High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit," Nat. Phys. 2, 456 (2006)
[CrossRef]

C. Thaury, F. Quere, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Reau, P. D"oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, "Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics," Nat. Phys. 3, 424 (2007)
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

G. D Tsakiris, K. Eidmann, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and F. Krausz, "Route to intense single attosecond pulses," New. J. Phys. 8, 19 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Optics Communications (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, "Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses," Opt. Comm. 56, 219 (1985)
[CrossRef]

Optics Letters (1)

A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. D"Oliveira, F. Reau, M. Perdrix, F. Quere, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, H. Lagadec, and P. Martin, "Double plasma mirror for ultrahigh temporal contrast ultraintense laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 32, 310 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Phys. Plasmas (3)

K. Lee, B. H. Lee, and D. Kim, "Coherent radiation of relativistic nonlinear thomson scattering," Phys. Plasmas 12, 043107 (2005)
[CrossRef]

M. Nishiuchi, H. Daido, A. Yogo, S. Orimo, K. Ogura, J. Ma, A. Sagisaka, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, H. Kiriyama, S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirkepov, I. W. Choi, C. M. Kim, T. M. Jeong, T. J. Yu, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, N. Hafz, K. H. Pae, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, Y. Oishi, K. Nemoto, H. Nagatomo, K. Nagai, and H. Azuma, "Efficient production of a collimated MeV proton beam from a ployimide target driven by an intense femtosecond laser pulse," Phys. Plasmas 15, 053104 (2008)

R. Lichters, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and A. Pukhov, "Shortpulse laser harmonics from oscillating plasma surfaces driven at relativistic intensity," Phys. Plasmas 3, 3425 (1996)
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

K. Lee, Y. H. Cha, M. S. Shin, B. H. Kim, and D. Kim, "Relativistic nonlinear thomson scattering as attosecond x-ray source," Phys. Rev. E 67, 026502 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

B. Dromey, S. Kar, C. Bellei, D. C. Carroll, R. J. Clarke, J. S. Green, S. Kneip, K. Markey, S. R. Nage, P. T. Simpson, L. Willingale, P. McKenna, D. Neely, Z. Najmudin, K. Krushelnick, P. A. Norreys, and M. Zepf, "Bright multi-keV harmonic generation form relativistically oscillating plasma surfaces," Phy. Rev. Lett. 99, 085001 (2007)
[CrossRef]

M. Kaluza, J. Schreiber, M. I. K. Santala, G. D. Tsakiris, K. Eidmann, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and K. J. Witte, "Influence of the laser prepulse on proton acceleration in thin-foil experiments," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 045003 (2004)
[CrossRef]

S. Gordienko, A. Pukhov, O. Shorokhov, and T. Beava, "Relativistic doppler effect: universal spectra and zeptosecond pulses," Phy. Rev. Lett. 93, 115002 (2004)
[CrossRef]

H. J. Shin, D. G. Lee, Y. H. Cha, K. H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of nanadiabatic blueshift of high harmonics in an intense femtosecond laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2544 (1999)
[CrossRef]

J. P. Freidberg, R. W. Mitchell, R. L. Morse, and L. I. Rudsinski, "Resonant absorption of laser light by plasma targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 795 (1972)
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

B. Dromey, S. Kar, M. Zepf, and P. Foster, "The plasma mirror-A subpicosecond optical switch for ultrahigh power lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 645 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz, The Classical Theory of Fields, vol. 2 of Landau and Lifshitz Course of Theoretical Physics (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1975)

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