Abstract

In this paper, we designed and fabricated an input-output coupler system using two or three volume gratings at 632.8nm wavelength. The additional third grating is added at the output coupler to enhance the overall efficiency. The experimental results show that the total system throughput reaches 63% with two-grating and 75% with three-grating input-output coupler. We also present a design method to obtain the desired output power ratio between the gratings.

© 2009 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. C. H. Shin et al., "Holographic polarization-selective module based on a small Dove prism coupler for magnetooptical pickup heads," Appl. Opt. 44, 4248-4254 (2005)
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Driemeier, "Bragg-effect grating couplers integrated in multi-component polymeric waveguides," Opt. Lett. 15, 725-727 (1990)
    [CrossRef]
  3. Q. Huang and R. R. Ashley, "Holographic Bragg grating input-output couplers for polymer waveguides at an 850-nm wavelength," Appl. Opt. 36, 1198-1203 (1997)
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. L. Jones, R. P. Kenan, and C. M. Verber, "Rectangular characteristic gratings for waveguide input and output coupling," Appl. Opt. 34, 4149-4158 (1995)
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw Hill, New York, 1996)
  6. R. A. Villalaz, "Volume grating couplers for optical interconnects: analysis, design, fabrication and test," (Georgia Institute of Technology, Thesis, 2004)
  7. M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, "Rigorous coupledwave analysis of planar-grating diffraction," J. Opt. Soc. Am 71, 811-818 (1981)
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Kogelnik, "Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2947 (1969)

2005 (1)

C. H. Shin et al., "Holographic polarization-selective module based on a small Dove prism coupler for magnetooptical pickup heads," Appl. Opt. 44, 4248-4254 (2005)
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

R. A. Villalaz, "Volume grating couplers for optical interconnects: analysis, design, fabrication and test," (Georgia Institute of Technology, Thesis, 2004)

1997 (1)

Q. Huang and R. R. Ashley, "Holographic Bragg grating input-output couplers for polymer waveguides at an 850-nm wavelength," Appl. Opt. 36, 1198-1203 (1997)
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw Hill, New York, 1996)

1995 (1)

M. L. Jones, R. P. Kenan, and C. M. Verber, "Rectangular characteristic gratings for waveguide input and output coupling," Appl. Opt. 34, 4149-4158 (1995)
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

W. Driemeier, "Bragg-effect grating couplers integrated in multi-component polymeric waveguides," Opt. Lett. 15, 725-727 (1990)
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, "Rigorous coupledwave analysis of planar-grating diffraction," J. Opt. Soc. Am 71, 811-818 (1981)
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, "Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2947 (1969)

Applied Optics (3)

Q. Huang and R. R. Ashley, "Holographic Bragg grating input-output couplers for polymer waveguides at an 850-nm wavelength," Appl. Opt. 36, 1198-1203 (1997)
[CrossRef]

M. L. Jones, R. P. Kenan, and C. M. Verber, "Rectangular characteristic gratings for waveguide input and output coupling," Appl. Opt. 34, 4149-4158 (1995)
[CrossRef]

C. H. Shin et al., "Holographic polarization-selective module based on a small Dove prism coupler for magnetooptical pickup heads," Appl. Opt. 44, 4248-4254 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, "Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2947 (1969)

JOSA (1)

M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, "Rigorous coupledwave analysis of planar-grating diffraction," J. Opt. Soc. Am 71, 811-818 (1981)
[CrossRef]

Optics Letters (1)

W. Driemeier, "Bragg-effect grating couplers integrated in multi-component polymeric waveguides," Opt. Lett. 15, 725-727 (1990)
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw Hill, New York, 1996)

R. A. Villalaz, "Volume grating couplers for optical interconnects: analysis, design, fabrication and test," (Georgia Institute of Technology, Thesis, 2004)

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