Abstract

Amorphous silica films doped with porphine derivatives were prepared by the sol-gel method with a dip-coating technique. The films doped with tetrakis(1-methylpyridinium-4-yl)-porphine p-toluenesulfonate (TMPyP) or tetraphenylporphine tetrasulfonic acid (TPPS) were heat treated at various temperatures, and the changes in the optical spectra were observed as a function of temperature. It was found that the porphins in the films could be heat treated up to ~200°C. A photochemical hole was formed in the lowest transition of the Q band of TMPyP in the silica film at ~20 K.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Avnir, D. Levy, R. Reisfeld, J. Phys. Chem. 88, 5956 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Avnir, V. R. Kaufman, R. Reisfeld, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 74, 395 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Tani, H. Namikawa, K. Arai, A. Makishima, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 3559 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Makishima, T. Tani, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 69, C72 (1986).
  5. J. Friedrich, H. Wolfrum, D. Haarer, J. Chem. Phys. 77, 2309 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Furusawa, K. Horie, K. Kuroki, I. Mita, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6041 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Furusawa, K. Horie, I. Mita, Chem. Phys. Lett. 161, 227 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Furusawa, K. Horie, I. Mita, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 247 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. E. Moerner, M. Gehrtz, A. L. Huston, J. Phys. Chem. 88, 6459 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Locher, A. Renn, U. P. Wild, Chem. Phys. Lett. 138, 405 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. J. Brinker, A. J. Hurd, K. J. Ward, in Ultrastructure Processing of Advanced Ceramics, J. D. Mackenzie, D. R. Ulrich, eds. (Wiley, New York, 1988), p. 223.
  12. C. J. Brinker, A. J. Hurd, G. C. Frye, K. J. Ward, C. S. Ashley, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 121, 294 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. McKiernan, J. C. Pouxviel, B. Dunn, J. I. Zink, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2129 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. C. Pouxviel, B. Dunn, J. I. Zink, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2134 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

1990 (1)

C. J. Brinker, A. J. Hurd, G. C. Frye, K. J. Ward, C. S. Ashley, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 121, 294 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (5)

J. McKiernan, J. C. Pouxviel, B. Dunn, J. I. Zink, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2129 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Pouxviel, B. Dunn, J. I. Zink, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2134 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Furusawa, K. Horie, K. Kuroki, I. Mita, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6041 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Furusawa, K. Horie, I. Mita, Chem. Phys. Lett. 161, 227 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Furusawa, K. Horie, I. Mita, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 247 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

R. Locher, A. Renn, U. P. Wild, Chem. Phys. Lett. 138, 405 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

A. Makishima, T. Tani, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 69, C72 (1986).

1985 (2)

D. Avnir, V. R. Kaufman, R. Reisfeld, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 74, 395 (1985).
[CrossRef]

T. Tani, H. Namikawa, K. Arai, A. Makishima, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 3559 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (2)

W. E. Moerner, M. Gehrtz, A. L. Huston, J. Phys. Chem. 88, 6459 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. Avnir, D. Levy, R. Reisfeld, J. Phys. Chem. 88, 5956 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

J. Friedrich, H. Wolfrum, D. Haarer, J. Chem. Phys. 77, 2309 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Arai, K.

T. Tani, H. Namikawa, K. Arai, A. Makishima, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 3559 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Ashley, C. S.

C. J. Brinker, A. J. Hurd, G. C. Frye, K. J. Ward, C. S. Ashley, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 121, 294 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Avnir, D.

D. Avnir, V. R. Kaufman, R. Reisfeld, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 74, 395 (1985).
[CrossRef]

D. Avnir, D. Levy, R. Reisfeld, J. Phys. Chem. 88, 5956 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Brinker, C. J.

C. J. Brinker, A. J. Hurd, G. C. Frye, K. J. Ward, C. S. Ashley, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 121, 294 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Brinker, A. J. Hurd, K. J. Ward, in Ultrastructure Processing of Advanced Ceramics, J. D. Mackenzie, D. R. Ulrich, eds. (Wiley, New York, 1988), p. 223.

Dunn, B.

J. C. Pouxviel, B. Dunn, J. I. Zink, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2134 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. McKiernan, J. C. Pouxviel, B. Dunn, J. I. Zink, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2129 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Friedrich, J.

J. Friedrich, H. Wolfrum, D. Haarer, J. Chem. Phys. 77, 2309 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Frye, G. C.

C. J. Brinker, A. J. Hurd, G. C. Frye, K. J. Ward, C. S. Ashley, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 121, 294 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Furusawa, A.

A. Furusawa, K. Horie, I. Mita, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 247 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Furusawa, K. Horie, I. Mita, Chem. Phys. Lett. 161, 227 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Furusawa, K. Horie, K. Kuroki, I. Mita, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6041 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gehrtz, M.

W. E. Moerner, M. Gehrtz, A. L. Huston, J. Phys. Chem. 88, 6459 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Haarer, D.

J. Friedrich, H. Wolfrum, D. Haarer, J. Chem. Phys. 77, 2309 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Horie, K.

A. Furusawa, K. Horie, I. Mita, Chem. Phys. Lett. 161, 227 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Furusawa, K. Horie, I. Mita, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 247 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Furusawa, K. Horie, K. Kuroki, I. Mita, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6041 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hurd, A. J.

C. J. Brinker, A. J. Hurd, G. C. Frye, K. J. Ward, C. S. Ashley, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 121, 294 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Brinker, A. J. Hurd, K. J. Ward, in Ultrastructure Processing of Advanced Ceramics, J. D. Mackenzie, D. R. Ulrich, eds. (Wiley, New York, 1988), p. 223.

Huston, A. L.

W. E. Moerner, M. Gehrtz, A. L. Huston, J. Phys. Chem. 88, 6459 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kaufman, V. R.

D. Avnir, V. R. Kaufman, R. Reisfeld, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 74, 395 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Kuroki, K.

A. Furusawa, K. Horie, K. Kuroki, I. Mita, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6041 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Levy, D.

D. Avnir, D. Levy, R. Reisfeld, J. Phys. Chem. 88, 5956 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Locher, R.

R. Locher, A. Renn, U. P. Wild, Chem. Phys. Lett. 138, 405 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Makishima, A.

A. Makishima, T. Tani, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 69, C72 (1986).

T. Tani, H. Namikawa, K. Arai, A. Makishima, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 3559 (1985).
[CrossRef]

McKiernan, J.

J. McKiernan, J. C. Pouxviel, B. Dunn, J. I. Zink, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2129 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mita, I.

A. Furusawa, K. Horie, K. Kuroki, I. Mita, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6041 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Furusawa, K. Horie, I. Mita, Chem. Phys. Lett. 161, 227 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Furusawa, K. Horie, I. Mita, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 247 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Moerner, W. E.

W. E. Moerner, M. Gehrtz, A. L. Huston, J. Phys. Chem. 88, 6459 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Namikawa, H.

T. Tani, H. Namikawa, K. Arai, A. Makishima, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 3559 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Pouxviel, J. C.

J. C. Pouxviel, B. Dunn, J. I. Zink, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2134 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. McKiernan, J. C. Pouxviel, B. Dunn, J. I. Zink, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2129 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Reisfeld, R.

D. Avnir, V. R. Kaufman, R. Reisfeld, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 74, 395 (1985).
[CrossRef]

D. Avnir, D. Levy, R. Reisfeld, J. Phys. Chem. 88, 5956 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Renn, A.

R. Locher, A. Renn, U. P. Wild, Chem. Phys. Lett. 138, 405 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Tani, T.

A. Makishima, T. Tani, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 69, C72 (1986).

T. Tani, H. Namikawa, K. Arai, A. Makishima, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 3559 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Ward, K. J.

C. J. Brinker, A. J. Hurd, G. C. Frye, K. J. Ward, C. S. Ashley, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 121, 294 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Brinker, A. J. Hurd, K. J. Ward, in Ultrastructure Processing of Advanced Ceramics, J. D. Mackenzie, D. R. Ulrich, eds. (Wiley, New York, 1988), p. 223.

Wild, U. P.

R. Locher, A. Renn, U. P. Wild, Chem. Phys. Lett. 138, 405 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Wolfrum, H.

J. Friedrich, H. Wolfrum, D. Haarer, J. Chem. Phys. 77, 2309 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Zink, J. I.

J. C. Pouxviel, B. Dunn, J. I. Zink, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2134 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. McKiernan, J. C. Pouxviel, B. Dunn, J. I. Zink, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2129 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Furusawa, K. Horie, I. Mita, Chem. Phys. Lett. 161, 227 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. Locher, A. Renn, U. P. Wild, Chem. Phys. Lett. 138, 405 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

A. Makishima, T. Tani, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 69, C72 (1986).

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

T. Tani, H. Namikawa, K. Arai, A. Makishima, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 3559 (1985).
[CrossRef]

A. Furusawa, K. Horie, K. Kuroki, I. Mita, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6041 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. Friedrich, H. Wolfrum, D. Haarer, J. Chem. Phys. 77, 2309 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

D. Avnir, V. R. Kaufman, R. Reisfeld, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 74, 395 (1985).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Brinker, A. J. Hurd, G. C. Frye, K. J. Ward, C. S. Ashley, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 121, 294 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. (4)

J. McKiernan, J. C. Pouxviel, B. Dunn, J. I. Zink, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2129 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Pouxviel, B. Dunn, J. I. Zink, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2134 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Moerner, M. Gehrtz, A. L. Huston, J. Phys. Chem. 88, 6459 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. Avnir, D. Levy, R. Reisfeld, J. Phys. Chem. 88, 5956 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Furusawa, K. Horie, I. Mita, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 247 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

C. J. Brinker, A. J. Hurd, K. J. Ward, in Ultrastructure Processing of Advanced Ceramics, J. D. Mackenzie, D. R. Ulrich, eds. (Wiley, New York, 1988), p. 223.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Molecular structure of porphine derivatives.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectra of TMPyP-doped amorphous silica films prepared from the starting solution at (a) pH 4.5 and (b) pH 2.5.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Change of absorbance at the Soret band of TMPyP-doped (open circles) and TPPS-doped (filled circles) amorphous silica films heat treated at various temperatures.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Photochemical hole of TMPyP in a sol-gel thin film at ~20 K.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Ratio of absorbance and fluorescence intensities of TMPyP-doped amorphous silica films as a function of TMPyP concentration.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Equilibrium Constants for TPPS, TCPP, and TMPyP

Equations (1)

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Φ = [ d ( A / A 0 ) / d t ] t = 0 A 0 10 3 I 0 ( 1 - 10 A 0 ) R ,

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