Abstract

A model of the photorefractive effect is presented that includes a shallow-trap level (hole or electron trap) as well as a species of deep traps with electron and hole excitation. It is shown that, if the shallow traps can trap a significant density of charge carriers, the electron–hole competition factor ξ and the photorefractive grating can switch signs as a function of intensity. This effect may be realized in BaTiO3 crystals, in which the photorefractive effect is strongly affected by electron–hole competition as well as by shallow traps. As in the case of the single-charge-carrier model, it is shown that each of the charge gratings in the shallow and deep levels consists of in-phase gratings and a screening grating. It is shown that part of the screening gratings remains nonzero at infinitly large grating spacings.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (7)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (27)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription