Abstract

The vacuum field’s role in the radiative properties of two-level atoms located externally to a phase-conjugate mirror (PCM) is investigated. The basic result of Gaeta and Boyd [ Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2618 ( 1988)], that the PCM emits an average of R (where R is reflectivity) noise photons per mode of the radiation field, is modified. Stimulated emission of the combined PCM–atom system takes place when the atom is in its ground state; this emission is caused by a scattering–conjugation process of virtual photons. The expression for the power emitted by a system of N (N > 1) two-level atoms also contains terms that are the expectation values of products of two atomic raising or lowering operators in addition to the usual superradiant terms. The case N = 2 is solved exactly in the limit of a vanishing separation-to-wavelength ratio. The expectation values of individual and pair-product operators are derived from the Heisenberg equations of motion, and the solutions are classified according to the value of an integral of motion. When R < 1, the time evolution is characterized by four real-time constants, of which two are a complex-conjugate pair for R > 1, indicating relaxation by damped oscillations.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (6)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (132)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription