Abstract

Direct experimental evidence shows that the low-power optical phase-conjugation efficiencies and decay times of semiconductor-doped glasses are strongly influenced by the sample temperature. The decay time of the phase-conjugate signal is found to be a single exponential at room temperature and a biexponential at 100 K. A mechanism that is commensurate with the experimental data is discussed.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. K. Jain, R. C. Lind, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 647 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. T. Remillard, D. G. Steel, Opt. Lett. 13, 30 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, D. G. Steel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 408 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Van Wontergham, S. M. Saltiel, P. M. Rentzepis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1823 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Van Wonterghem, S. M. Saltiel, P. M. Rentzepis, in Proceedings of Lasers ’90, D. G. Harris, T. M. Shay, eds. (STS, McLean, Va., 1990), p. 953; J. Appl. Phys. 66, 4935 (1989).
  6. J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, D. G. Steel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 857 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Dutton, A. Dvornikov, B. Van Wonterghem, P. M. Rentzepis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1952 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Estimates show that the contribution to the phase-conjugate signal from the thermal effects is negligible.6 For this experiment the decay time of the thermal grating will be less then 6 μ s.
  9. P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasic, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Appl. Phys. A 44, 285 (1987); S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wontergham, P. M. Rentzepis, Opt. Lett. 14, 183 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Mitsunaga, H. Shinojima, K. Kubodera, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1445 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Tomita, T. Matsumoto, M. Matsuoka, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 165 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

1990 (2)

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, D. G. Steel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 857 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Dutton, A. Dvornikov, B. Van Wonterghem, P. M. Rentzepis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1952 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (3)

1988 (2)

J. T. Remillard, D. G. Steel, Opt. Lett. 13, 30 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, H. Shinojima, K. Kubodera, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1445 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasic, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Appl. Phys. A 44, 285 (1987); S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wontergham, P. M. Rentzepis, Opt. Lett. 14, 183 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

Dutton, T.

T. Dutton, A. Dvornikov, B. Van Wonterghem, P. M. Rentzepis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1952 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dvornikov, A.

T. Dutton, A. Dvornikov, B. Van Wonterghem, P. M. Rentzepis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1952 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Flytzanis, C.

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Appl. Phys. A 44, 285 (1987); S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wontergham, P. M. Rentzepis, Opt. Lett. 14, 183 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasic, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Jain, R. K.

Kubodera, K.

M. Mitsunaga, H. Shinojima, K. Kubodera, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1445 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lind, R. C.

Lukasic, J.

Matsumoto, T.

Matsuoka, M.

Mitsunaga, M.

M. Mitsunaga, H. Shinojima, K. Kubodera, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1445 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Pilipetsky, N. F.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985).
[CrossRef]

Remillard, J. T.

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, D. G. Steel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 857 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, D. G. Steel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 408 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Remillard, D. G. Steel, Opt. Lett. 13, 30 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rentzepis, P. M.

T. Dutton, A. Dvornikov, B. Van Wonterghem, P. M. Rentzepis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1952 (1990).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Wontergham, S. M. Saltiel, P. M. Rentzepis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1823 (1989).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Wonterghem, S. M. Saltiel, P. M. Rentzepis, in Proceedings of Lasers ’90, D. G. Harris, T. M. Shay, eds. (STS, McLean, Va., 1990), p. 953; J. Appl. Phys. 66, 4935 (1989).

Ricard, D.

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Appl. Phys. A 44, 285 (1987); S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wontergham, P. M. Rentzepis, Opt. Lett. 14, 183 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasic, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Roussignol, P.

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasic, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Appl. Phys. A 44, 285 (1987); S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wontergham, P. M. Rentzepis, Opt. Lett. 14, 183 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saltiel, S. M.

B. Van Wontergham, S. M. Saltiel, P. M. Rentzepis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1823 (1989).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Wonterghem, S. M. Saltiel, P. M. Rentzepis, in Proceedings of Lasers ’90, D. G. Harris, T. M. Shay, eds. (STS, McLean, Va., 1990), p. 953; J. Appl. Phys. 66, 4935 (1989).

Shinojima, H.

M. Mitsunaga, H. Shinojima, K. Kubodera, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1445 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Shkunov, V. V.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985).
[CrossRef]

Steel, D. G.

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, D. G. Steel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 857 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, D. G. Steel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 408 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Remillard, D. G. Steel, Opt. Lett. 13, 30 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomita, M.

Van Wontergham, B.

Van Wonterghem, B.

T. Dutton, A. Dvornikov, B. Van Wonterghem, P. M. Rentzepis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1952 (1990).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Wonterghem, S. M. Saltiel, P. M. Rentzepis, in Proceedings of Lasers ’90, D. G. Harris, T. M. Shay, eds. (STS, McLean, Va., 1990), p. 953; J. Appl. Phys. 66, 4935 (1989).

Wang, H.

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, D. G. Steel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 857 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, D. G. Steel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 408 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Webb, M. D.

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, D. G. Steel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 857 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, D. G. Steel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 408 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Zel’dovich, B. Ya.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A (1)

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Appl. Phys. A 44, 285 (1987); S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wontergham, P. M. Rentzepis, Opt. Lett. 14, 183 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Dutton, A. Dvornikov, B. Van Wonterghem, P. M. Rentzepis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1952 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, D. G. Steel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 408 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

B. Van Wonterghem, S. M. Saltiel, P. M. Rentzepis, in Proceedings of Lasers ’90, D. G. Harris, T. M. Shay, eds. (STS, McLean, Va., 1990), p. 953; J. Appl. Phys. 66, 4935 (1989).

Estimates show that the contribution to the phase-conjugate signal from the thermal effects is negligible.6 For this experiment the decay time of the thermal grating will be less then 6 μ s.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Time development of the phase-conjugate signal at a pump intensity of 0.5 W/cm2 and various temperatures: curve 1, 290 K; 2, 210 K; 3, 100 K; 4, probe pulse.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temperature dependence of the decay time (FWHM) of the phase-conjugate signal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Decay time (FWHM) of the phase-conjugate signal as a function of pump intensity at 100 K.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temperature dependence of the phase-conjugate (PC) pulse energy at pump intensities of 0.5 W/cm2 and 2 W/cm2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Fit of the decay time of the phase-conjugate (PC) signal (curves 1 and 3 of Fig. 1) with exponential functions.

Equations (3)

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f ( t ) = exp ( - t / t 1 ) ,
F ( t ) = 0.64 exp ( - t / t 1 ) + 0.36 exp ( - t / t 2 ) ,
t 1 = 0.15 ms ,             t 2 = 0.5 ms .

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