Abstract

Direct experimental evidence shows that the low-power optical phase-conjugation efficiencies and decay times of semiconductor-doped glasses are strongly influenced by the sample temperature. The decay time of the phase-conjugate signal is found to be a single exponential at room temperature and a biexponential at 100 K. A mechanism that is commensurate with the experimental data is discussed.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. K. Jain and R. C. Lind, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 647 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. T. Remillard and D. G. Steel, Opt. Lett. 13, 30 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, and D. G. Steel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 408 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  4. B. Van Wontergham, S. M. Saltiel, and P. M. Rentzepis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1823 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  5. B. Van Wonterghem, S. M. Saltiel, and P. M. Rentzepis, in Proceedings of Lasers ’90, D. G. Harris and T. M. Shay, eds. (STS, McLean, Va., 1990), p. 953; J. Appl. Phys. 66, 4935 (1989).
  6. J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, and D. G. Steel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 857 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. Dutton, A. Dvornikov, B. Van Wonterghem, and P. M. Rentzepis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1952 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  8. Estimates show that the contribution to the phase-conjugate signal from the thermal effects is negligible.6 For this experiment the decay time of the thermal grating will be less then 6 μ s.
  9. P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasic, and C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  10. B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, and V. V. Shkunov, Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985).
    [Crossref]
  11. P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, and C. Flytzanis, Appl. Phys. A 44, 285 (1987); S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wontergham, and P. M. Rentzepis, Opt. Lett. 14, 183 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. M. Mitsunaga, H. Shinojima, and K. Kubodera, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1445 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. Tomita, T. Matsumoto, and M. Matsuoka, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 165 (1989).
    [Crossref]

1990 (2)

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, and D. G. Steel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 857 (1990).
[Crossref]

T. Dutton, A. Dvornikov, B. Van Wonterghem, and P. M. Rentzepis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1952 (1990).
[Crossref]

1989 (3)

1988 (2)

J. T. Remillard and D. G. Steel, Opt. Lett. 13, 30 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, H. Shinojima, and K. Kubodera, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1445 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (2)

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasic, and C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
[Crossref]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, and C. Flytzanis, Appl. Phys. A 44, 285 (1987); S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wontergham, and P. M. Rentzepis, Opt. Lett. 14, 183 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

Dutton, T.

T. Dutton, A. Dvornikov, B. Van Wonterghem, and P. M. Rentzepis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1952 (1990).
[Crossref]

Dvornikov, A.

T. Dutton, A. Dvornikov, B. Van Wonterghem, and P. M. Rentzepis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1952 (1990).
[Crossref]

Flytzanis, C.

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasic, and C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
[Crossref]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, and C. Flytzanis, Appl. Phys. A 44, 285 (1987); S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wontergham, and P. M. Rentzepis, Opt. Lett. 14, 183 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jain, R. K.

Kubodera, K.

M. Mitsunaga, H. Shinojima, and K. Kubodera, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1445 (1988).
[Crossref]

Lind, R. C.

Lukasic, J.

Matsumoto, T.

Matsuoka, M.

Mitsunaga, M.

M. Mitsunaga, H. Shinojima, and K. Kubodera, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1445 (1988).
[Crossref]

Pilipetsky, N. F.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, and V. V. Shkunov, Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985).
[Crossref]

Remillard, J. T.

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, and D. G. Steel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 857 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, and D. G. Steel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 408 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. T. Remillard and D. G. Steel, Opt. Lett. 13, 30 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rentzepis, P. M.

T. Dutton, A. Dvornikov, B. Van Wonterghem, and P. M. Rentzepis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1952 (1990).
[Crossref]

B. Van Wontergham, S. M. Saltiel, and P. M. Rentzepis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1823 (1989).
[Crossref]

B. Van Wonterghem, S. M. Saltiel, and P. M. Rentzepis, in Proceedings of Lasers ’90, D. G. Harris and T. M. Shay, eds. (STS, McLean, Va., 1990), p. 953; J. Appl. Phys. 66, 4935 (1989).

Ricard, D.

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasic, and C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
[Crossref]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, and C. Flytzanis, Appl. Phys. A 44, 285 (1987); S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wontergham, and P. M. Rentzepis, Opt. Lett. 14, 183 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roussignol, P.

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, and C. Flytzanis, Appl. Phys. A 44, 285 (1987); S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wontergham, and P. M. Rentzepis, Opt. Lett. 14, 183 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasic, and C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
[Crossref]

Saltiel, S. M.

B. Van Wontergham, S. M. Saltiel, and P. M. Rentzepis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1823 (1989).
[Crossref]

B. Van Wonterghem, S. M. Saltiel, and P. M. Rentzepis, in Proceedings of Lasers ’90, D. G. Harris and T. M. Shay, eds. (STS, McLean, Va., 1990), p. 953; J. Appl. Phys. 66, 4935 (1989).

Shinojima, H.

M. Mitsunaga, H. Shinojima, and K. Kubodera, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1445 (1988).
[Crossref]

Shkunov, V. V.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, and V. V. Shkunov, Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985).
[Crossref]

Steel, D. G.

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, and D. G. Steel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 857 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, and D. G. Steel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 408 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. T. Remillard and D. G. Steel, Opt. Lett. 13, 30 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tomita, M.

Van Wontergham, B.

Van Wonterghem, B.

T. Dutton, A. Dvornikov, B. Van Wonterghem, and P. M. Rentzepis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1952 (1990).
[Crossref]

B. Van Wonterghem, S. M. Saltiel, and P. M. Rentzepis, in Proceedings of Lasers ’90, D. G. Harris and T. M. Shay, eds. (STS, McLean, Va., 1990), p. 953; J. Appl. Phys. 66, 4935 (1989).

Wang, H.

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, and D. G. Steel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 857 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, and D. G. Steel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 408 (1989).
[Crossref]

Webb, M. D.

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, and D. G. Steel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 857 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, and D. G. Steel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 408 (1989).
[Crossref]

Zel’dovich, B. Ya.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, and V. V. Shkunov, Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. A (1)

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, and C. Flytzanis, Appl. Phys. A 44, 285 (1987); S. M. Saltiel, B. Van Wontergham, and P. M. Rentzepis, Opt. Lett. 14, 183 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Dutton, A. Dvornikov, B. Van Wonterghem, and P. M. Rentzepis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1952 (1990).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. T. Remillard, H. Wang, M. D. Webb, and D. G. Steel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 408 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

B. Van Wonterghem, S. M. Saltiel, and P. M. Rentzepis, in Proceedings of Lasers ’90, D. G. Harris and T. M. Shay, eds. (STS, McLean, Va., 1990), p. 953; J. Appl. Phys. 66, 4935 (1989).

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, and V. V. Shkunov, Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985).
[Crossref]

Estimates show that the contribution to the phase-conjugate signal from the thermal effects is negligible.6 For this experiment the decay time of the thermal grating will be less then 6 μ s.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Time development of the phase-conjugate signal at a pump intensity of 0.5 W/cm2 and various temperatures: curve 1, 290 K; 2, 210 K; 3, 100 K; 4, probe pulse.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temperature dependence of the decay time (FWHM) of the phase-conjugate signal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Decay time (FWHM) of the phase-conjugate signal as a function of pump intensity at 100 K.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temperature dependence of the phase-conjugate (PC) pulse energy at pump intensities of 0.5 W/cm2 and 2 W/cm2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Fit of the decay time of the phase-conjugate (PC) signal (curves 1 and 3 of Fig. 1) with exponential functions.

Equations (3)

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f ( t ) = exp ( - t / t 1 ) ,
F ( t ) = 0.64 exp ( - t / t 1 ) + 0.36 exp ( - t / t 2 ) ,
t 1 = 0.15 ms ,             t 2 = 0.5 ms .

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