Abstract

We conducted an experimental investigation of beam combination of two beams by stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) to determine the conditions under which good phase locking, piston conjugation, and aberration correction could be achieved. Test parameters that were varied included bandwidth, f-number, near- and far-field separation between beams, power ratio between beams, beam aberrations, and polarization mismatch between the beams. The experiments were performed at 532 nm with n-hexane as the SBS medium. Piston-conjugation accuracy was measured by using fringe stability with conventional interferometry and by using extinction in a wave-front-reversing interferometer. The best piston conjugation was obtained when we maximized the overlap of the SBS interaction volumes of the two beams by minimizing the beam separation in the near and the far fields.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. M. Pepper, ed., special issue on nonlinear optical phase conjugation, Opt. Eng.21, 156–283 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. A. Fisher, ed., Optical Phase Conjugation (Academic, New York, 1983).
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    [CrossRef]
  4. N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, A. V. Kotov, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, “Influence of certain radiation parameters on wavefront reversal of a pump wave in a Brillouin mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 6, 765–771 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 455–458 (1979)].
  5. A. F. Vasil’ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit’kin, V. A. Serebryakov, V. E. Yashin, “Correction of thermally induced optical aberrations and coherent phasing of beams during stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 56, 312–316 [Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 31, 191–193 (1986)].
  6. M. Valley, G. Lombardi, R. Aprahamian, “Beam combination by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1492–1497 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. A. Rockwell, C. R. Giuliano, “Coherent coupling of laser gain media using phase conjugation,” Opt. Lett. 11, 147–149 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. K. V. Gratsianov, A. F. Kornev, V. V. Lyubimov, A. A. Mak, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, “Investigation of an amplifier with a composite active element and a stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 2337–2339 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1544–1546 (1986)].
  9. V. M. Leontev, V. G. Novoselov, Yu. P. Rudnitskii, L. V. Chernysheva, “Solid-state laser with a composite active element and diffraction-limit divergence,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 14, 364–368 (1987) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 220–223 (1987)].
  10. R. H. Moyer, M. Valley, M. Cimolino, “Beam combination through stimulated Brillouin scattering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 2473–2489 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Munch, R. F. Wuerker, M. J. LeFebvre, “Interaction length for optical phase conjugation by stimulated Brillouin scattering: an experimental investigation,” Appl. Opt. 28, 3099–3105 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Y. Okulov, “Laser interferometer with wavefront-reversing mirrors,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 79, 1678–1686 (1980) [Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 847–851 (1980)].
  13. M. LeFebvre, S. Pfeifer, R. Johnson, “Dependence of stimulated-Brillouin-scattering phase-conjugation correction on the far-field intensity distribution of the pump light,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 121–131 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. V. Lyubimov, A. A. Mak, V. E. Yashin, “Some problems in using wavefront reversal in laser systems,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 51, 330–339 (1987) [Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Sci. 51, 330–339 (1987)].
  15. S. Sternklar, D. Chomsky, S. Jackel, A. Zigler, “Misalignment sensitivity of beam combining by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 15, 469–470 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. V. I. Bespalov, A. A. Betin, G. A. Pasmanik, A. A. Shilov, “Observation of transient field oscillations in the radiation of stimulated Mandel’shtam–Brillouin scattering,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 668–672 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 630–638 (1980)].
  17. M. V. Vasil’ev, A. L. Gyulameryan, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Ragul’skii, P. M. Semenov, V. G. Sidorovich, “Recording of phase fluctuations of stimulated scattered light,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 673–677 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 634–638 (1980)].
  18. N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Y. Okulov, “Phase fluctuations of the Stokes wave produced as a result of stimulated scattering of light,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 685–689 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 645–649 (1980)].
  19. J. Falk, M. Kanefsky, P. Suni, “Limits to the efficiency of beam combination by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 13, 39–41 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Falk, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (personal communication, 1988).
  21. M. LeFebvre, Thermo Electron Technology Corporation, San Diego, Calif., (personal communication, 1987).
  22. N. G. Basov, V. F. Efmikov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, “Inversion of wavefront in SMBS of a depolarized pump,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 28, 215–219 (1978) [JETP Lett. 28, 197–201 (1978)].

1992 (1)

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

1988 (2)

1987 (2)

V. V. Lyubimov, A. A. Mak, V. E. Yashin, “Some problems in using wavefront reversal in laser systems,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 51, 330–339 (1987) [Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Sci. 51, 330–339 (1987)].

V. M. Leontev, V. G. Novoselov, Yu. P. Rudnitskii, L. V. Chernysheva, “Solid-state laser with a composite active element and diffraction-limit divergence,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 14, 364–368 (1987) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 220–223 (1987)].

1986 (3)

M. Valley, G. Lombardi, R. Aprahamian, “Beam combination by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1492–1497 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Rockwell, C. R. Giuliano, “Coherent coupling of laser gain media using phase conjugation,” Opt. Lett. 11, 147–149 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. V. Gratsianov, A. F. Kornev, V. V. Lyubimov, A. A. Mak, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, “Investigation of an amplifier with a composite active element and a stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 2337–2339 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1544–1546 (1986)].

1980 (4)

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Y. Okulov, “Laser interferometer with wavefront-reversing mirrors,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 79, 1678–1686 (1980) [Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 847–851 (1980)].

V. I. Bespalov, A. A. Betin, G. A. Pasmanik, A. A. Shilov, “Observation of transient field oscillations in the radiation of stimulated Mandel’shtam–Brillouin scattering,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 668–672 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 630–638 (1980)].

M. V. Vasil’ev, A. L. Gyulameryan, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Ragul’skii, P. M. Semenov, V. G. Sidorovich, “Recording of phase fluctuations of stimulated scattered light,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 673–677 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 634–638 (1980)].

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Y. Okulov, “Phase fluctuations of the Stokes wave produced as a result of stimulated scattering of light,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 685–689 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 645–649 (1980)].

1979 (1)

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, A. V. Kotov, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, “Influence of certain radiation parameters on wavefront reversal of a pump wave in a Brillouin mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 6, 765–771 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 455–458 (1979)].

1978 (1)

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efmikov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, “Inversion of wavefront in SMBS of a depolarized pump,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 28, 215–219 (1978) [JETP Lett. 28, 197–201 (1978)].

Aprahamian, R.

Basov, N. G.

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Y. Okulov, “Laser interferometer with wavefront-reversing mirrors,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 79, 1678–1686 (1980) [Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 847–851 (1980)].

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Y. Okulov, “Phase fluctuations of the Stokes wave produced as a result of stimulated scattering of light,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 685–689 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 645–649 (1980)].

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, A. V. Kotov, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, “Influence of certain radiation parameters on wavefront reversal of a pump wave in a Brillouin mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 6, 765–771 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 455–458 (1979)].

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efmikov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, “Inversion of wavefront in SMBS of a depolarized pump,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 28, 215–219 (1978) [JETP Lett. 28, 197–201 (1978)].

Bespalov, V. I.

V. I. Bespalov, A. A. Betin, G. A. Pasmanik, A. A. Shilov, “Observation of transient field oscillations in the radiation of stimulated Mandel’shtam–Brillouin scattering,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 668–672 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 630–638 (1980)].

Betin, A. A.

V. I. Bespalov, A. A. Betin, G. A. Pasmanik, A. A. Shilov, “Observation of transient field oscillations in the radiation of stimulated Mandel’shtam–Brillouin scattering,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 668–672 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 630–638 (1980)].

Chernysheva, L. V.

V. M. Leontev, V. G. Novoselov, Yu. P. Rudnitskii, L. V. Chernysheva, “Solid-state laser with a composite active element and diffraction-limit divergence,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 14, 364–368 (1987) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 220–223 (1987)].

Chomsky, D.

Cimolino, M.

Efimkov, V. F.

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, A. V. Kotov, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, “Influence of certain radiation parameters on wavefront reversal of a pump wave in a Brillouin mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 6, 765–771 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 455–458 (1979)].

Efmikov, V. F.

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efmikov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, “Inversion of wavefront in SMBS of a depolarized pump,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 28, 215–219 (1978) [JETP Lett. 28, 197–201 (1978)].

Falk, J.

J. Falk, M. Kanefsky, P. Suni, “Limits to the efficiency of beam combination by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 13, 39–41 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Falk, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (personal communication, 1988).

Giuliano, C. R.

Gratsianov, K. V.

K. V. Gratsianov, A. F. Kornev, V. V. Lyubimov, A. A. Mak, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, “Investigation of an amplifier with a composite active element and a stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 2337–2339 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1544–1546 (1986)].

Gyulameryan, A. L.

M. V. Vasil’ev, A. L. Gyulameryan, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Ragul’skii, P. M. Semenov, V. G. Sidorovich, “Recording of phase fluctuations of stimulated scattered light,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 673–677 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 634–638 (1980)].

Jackel, S.

Johnson, R.

Kanefsky, M.

Kornev, A. F.

K. V. Gratsianov, A. F. Kornev, V. V. Lyubimov, A. A. Mak, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, “Investigation of an amplifier with a composite active element and a stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 2337–2339 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1544–1546 (1986)].

Kotov, A. V.

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, A. V. Kotov, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, “Influence of certain radiation parameters on wavefront reversal of a pump wave in a Brillouin mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 6, 765–771 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 455–458 (1979)].

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efmikov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, “Inversion of wavefront in SMBS of a depolarized pump,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 28, 215–219 (1978) [JETP Lett. 28, 197–201 (1978)].

LeFebvre, M.

LeFebvre, M. J.

Leontev, V. M.

V. M. Leontev, V. G. Novoselov, Yu. P. Rudnitskii, L. V. Chernysheva, “Solid-state laser with a composite active element and diffraction-limit divergence,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 14, 364–368 (1987) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 220–223 (1987)].

Lombardi, G.

Lyubimov, V. V.

V. V. Lyubimov, A. A. Mak, V. E. Yashin, “Some problems in using wavefront reversal in laser systems,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 51, 330–339 (1987) [Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Sci. 51, 330–339 (1987)].

K. V. Gratsianov, A. F. Kornev, V. V. Lyubimov, A. A. Mak, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, “Investigation of an amplifier with a composite active element and a stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 2337–2339 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1544–1546 (1986)].

Mak, A. A.

V. V. Lyubimov, A. A. Mak, V. E. Yashin, “Some problems in using wavefront reversal in laser systems,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 51, 330–339 (1987) [Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Sci. 51, 330–339 (1987)].

K. V. Gratsianov, A. F. Kornev, V. V. Lyubimov, A. A. Mak, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, “Investigation of an amplifier with a composite active element and a stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 2337–2339 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1544–1546 (1986)].

A. F. Vasil’ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit’kin, V. A. Serebryakov, V. E. Yashin, “Correction of thermally induced optical aberrations and coherent phasing of beams during stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 56, 312–316 [Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 31, 191–193 (1986)].

Mamaev, A. V.

M. V. Vasil’ev, A. L. Gyulameryan, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Ragul’skii, P. M. Semenov, V. G. Sidorovich, “Recording of phase fluctuations of stimulated scattered light,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 673–677 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 634–638 (1980)].

Mikhailov, S. I.

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Y. Okulov, “Phase fluctuations of the Stokes wave produced as a result of stimulated scattering of light,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 685–689 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 645–649 (1980)].

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Y. Okulov, “Laser interferometer with wavefront-reversing mirrors,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 79, 1678–1686 (1980) [Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 847–851 (1980)].

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, A. V. Kotov, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, “Influence of certain radiation parameters on wavefront reversal of a pump wave in a Brillouin mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 6, 765–771 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 455–458 (1979)].

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efmikov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, “Inversion of wavefront in SMBS of a depolarized pump,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 28, 215–219 (1978) [JETP Lett. 28, 197–201 (1978)].

Mironov, A. B.

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Y. Okulov, “Phase fluctuations of the Stokes wave produced as a result of stimulated scattering of light,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 685–689 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 645–649 (1980)].

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Y. Okulov, “Laser interferometer with wavefront-reversing mirrors,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 79, 1678–1686 (1980) [Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 847–851 (1980)].

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, A. V. Kotov, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, “Influence of certain radiation parameters on wavefront reversal of a pump wave in a Brillouin mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 6, 765–771 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 455–458 (1979)].

Mit’kin, V. M.

A. F. Vasil’ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit’kin, V. A. Serebryakov, V. E. Yashin, “Correction of thermally induced optical aberrations and coherent phasing of beams during stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 56, 312–316 [Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 31, 191–193 (1986)].

Moyer, R. H.

Munch, J.

Novoselov, V. G.

V. M. Leontev, V. G. Novoselov, Yu. P. Rudnitskii, L. V. Chernysheva, “Solid-state laser with a composite active element and diffraction-limit divergence,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 14, 364–368 (1987) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 220–223 (1987)].

Okulov, A. Y.

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Y. Okulov, “Laser interferometer with wavefront-reversing mirrors,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 79, 1678–1686 (1980) [Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 847–851 (1980)].

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Y. Okulov, “Phase fluctuations of the Stokes wave produced as a result of stimulated scattering of light,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 685–689 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 645–649 (1980)].

Pankov, V. G.

K. V. Gratsianov, A. F. Kornev, V. V. Lyubimov, A. A. Mak, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, “Investigation of an amplifier with a composite active element and a stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 2337–2339 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1544–1546 (1986)].

Pasmanik, G. A.

V. I. Bespalov, A. A. Betin, G. A. Pasmanik, A. A. Shilov, “Observation of transient field oscillations in the radiation of stimulated Mandel’shtam–Brillouin scattering,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 668–672 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 630–638 (1980)].

Pfeifer, S.

Pilipetsky, N. F.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1985).
[CrossRef]

Ragul’skii, V. V.

M. V. Vasil’ev, A. L. Gyulameryan, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Ragul’skii, P. M. Semenov, V. G. Sidorovich, “Recording of phase fluctuations of stimulated scattered light,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 673–677 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 634–638 (1980)].

Rockwell, D. A.

Rudnitskii, Yu. P.

V. M. Leontev, V. G. Novoselov, Yu. P. Rudnitskii, L. V. Chernysheva, “Solid-state laser with a composite active element and diffraction-limit divergence,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 14, 364–368 (1987) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 220–223 (1987)].

Semenov, P. M.

M. V. Vasil’ev, A. L. Gyulameryan, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Ragul’skii, P. M. Semenov, V. G. Sidorovich, “Recording of phase fluctuations of stimulated scattered light,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 673–677 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 634–638 (1980)].

Serebryakov, V. A.

A. F. Vasil’ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit’kin, V. A. Serebryakov, V. E. Yashin, “Correction of thermally induced optical aberrations and coherent phasing of beams during stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 56, 312–316 [Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 31, 191–193 (1986)].

Shilov, A. A.

V. I. Bespalov, A. A. Betin, G. A. Pasmanik, A. A. Shilov, “Observation of transient field oscillations in the radiation of stimulated Mandel’shtam–Brillouin scattering,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 668–672 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 630–638 (1980)].

Shkunov, V. V.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1985).
[CrossRef]

Sidorovich, V. G.

M. V. Vasil’ev, A. L. Gyulameryan, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Ragul’skii, P. M. Semenov, V. G. Sidorovich, “Recording of phase fluctuations of stimulated scattered light,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 673–677 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 634–638 (1980)].

Smirnov, M. G.

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, A. V. Kotov, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, “Influence of certain radiation parameters on wavefront reversal of a pump wave in a Brillouin mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 6, 765–771 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 455–458 (1979)].

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efmikov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, “Inversion of wavefront in SMBS of a depolarized pump,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 28, 215–219 (1978) [JETP Lett. 28, 197–201 (1978)].

Stepanov, A. I.

K. V. Gratsianov, A. F. Kornev, V. V. Lyubimov, A. A. Mak, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, “Investigation of an amplifier with a composite active element and a stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 2337–2339 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1544–1546 (1986)].

Sternklar, S.

Suni, P.

Valley, M.

Vasil’ev, A. F.

A. F. Vasil’ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit’kin, V. A. Serebryakov, V. E. Yashin, “Correction of thermally induced optical aberrations and coherent phasing of beams during stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 56, 312–316 [Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 31, 191–193 (1986)].

Vasil’ev, M. V.

M. V. Vasil’ev, A. L. Gyulameryan, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Ragul’skii, P. M. Semenov, V. G. Sidorovich, “Recording of phase fluctuations of stimulated scattered light,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 673–677 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 634–638 (1980)].

Wuerker, R. F.

Yashin, V. E.

V. V. Lyubimov, A. A. Mak, V. E. Yashin, “Some problems in using wavefront reversal in laser systems,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 51, 330–339 (1987) [Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Sci. 51, 330–339 (1987)].

A. F. Vasil’ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit’kin, V. A. Serebryakov, V. E. Yashin, “Correction of thermally induced optical aberrations and coherent phasing of beams during stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 56, 312–316 [Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 31, 191–193 (1986)].

Zel’dovich, B. Ya.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1985).
[CrossRef]

Zigler, A.

Zubarev, I. G.

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Y. Okulov, “Phase fluctuations of the Stokes wave produced as a result of stimulated scattering of light,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 685–689 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 645–649 (1980)].

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Y. Okulov, “Laser interferometer with wavefront-reversing mirrors,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 79, 1678–1686 (1980) [Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 847–851 (1980)].

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efmikov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, “Inversion of wavefront in SMBS of a depolarized pump,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 28, 215–219 (1978) [JETP Lett. 28, 197–201 (1978)].

Appl. Opt. (1)

Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. (1)

V. V. Lyubimov, A. A. Mak, V. E. Yashin, “Some problems in using wavefront reversal in laser systems,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 51, 330–339 (1987) [Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Sci. 51, 330–339 (1987)].

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) (3)

K. V. Gratsianov, A. F. Kornev, V. V. Lyubimov, A. A. Mak, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, “Investigation of an amplifier with a composite active element and a stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 2337–2339 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1544–1546 (1986)].

V. M. Leontev, V. G. Novoselov, Yu. P. Rudnitskii, L. V. Chernysheva, “Solid-state laser with a composite active element and diffraction-limit divergence,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 14, 364–368 (1987) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 220–223 (1987)].

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, A. V. Kotov, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, “Influence of certain radiation parameters on wavefront reversal of a pump wave in a Brillouin mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 6, 765–771 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 455–458 (1979)].

Opt. Lett. (3)

Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. (4)

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efmikov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, “Inversion of wavefront in SMBS of a depolarized pump,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 28, 215–219 (1978) [JETP Lett. 28, 197–201 (1978)].

V. I. Bespalov, A. A. Betin, G. A. Pasmanik, A. A. Shilov, “Observation of transient field oscillations in the radiation of stimulated Mandel’shtam–Brillouin scattering,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 668–672 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 630–638 (1980)].

M. V. Vasil’ev, A. L. Gyulameryan, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Ragul’skii, P. M. Semenov, V. G. Sidorovich, “Recording of phase fluctuations of stimulated scattered light,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 673–677 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 634–638 (1980)].

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Y. Okulov, “Phase fluctuations of the Stokes wave produced as a result of stimulated scattering of light,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 685–689 (1980) [JETP Lett. 31, 645–649 (1980)].

Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. (1)

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Y. Okulov, “Laser interferometer with wavefront-reversing mirrors,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 79, 1678–1686 (1980) [Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 847–851 (1980)].

Zh. Tekh. Fiz. (1)

A. F. Vasil’ev, A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit’kin, V. A. Serebryakov, V. E. Yashin, “Correction of thermally induced optical aberrations and coherent phasing of beams during stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 56, 312–316 [Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 31, 191–193 (1986)].

Other (5)

D. M. Pepper, ed., special issue on nonlinear optical phase conjugation, Opt. Eng.21, 156–283 (1982).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Fisher, ed., Optical Phase Conjugation (Academic, New York, 1983).

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, Principles of Phase Conjugation (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Falk, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (personal communication, 1988).

M. LeFebvre, Thermo Electron Technology Corporation, San Diego, Calif., (personal communication, 1987).

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Figures (17)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Block diagram of the SBS beam-combination experiment. FF BQ, far-field beam quality.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the Mach–Zehnder interferometers. Beams 1 and 2 interfere with a spatially filtered beam 2. Piston conjugation was monitored through fringe stability in beam 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Wave-front-reversing interferometer configuration.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Equivalent phase error of the wave-front-reversing interferometer ghost-beam energy compared with the Mach–Zehnder interferometer measurements.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Launched and (b) SBS return temporal profiles of both beams with the laser in 100-MHz operation.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

SBS reflected power as a function of launched-beam power in 100-MHz operation.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Beam-coupling geometry.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Piston correction versus NFS (measured center to center in beam diameters) and FFS (measured in diffraction-limited spot diameters, i.e., Airy diameters) with unaberrated pump beams at 100 MHz.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Statistical data on piston correction for unaberated pump beams at 100 MHz for far-field separations of 0, 2, 3, and 5 spot (Airy) diameters in (a), (b), (c), and (d), respectively. The dashed curves indicate the fractional number of pulses with less than the phase error indicated.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(a) Launched and (b) SBS return near-field phase interferograms.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Far-field intensity distributions from CCD camera beam-quality diagnostics. Shown are distributions for (a) the aberrated launched beam, (b) the unaberrated launched beam, and (c) and (d) the conjugated returns of beams 1 and 2, respectively.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Piston correction versus NFS and FFS with aberration in one pump beam (bandwidth, 100 MHz); results with (a) ghost beam and (b) Mach–Zehnder diagnostics.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Piston conjugation versus energy ratio between launched beams.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Piston conjugation versus f-number at 100-MHz bandwidth.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Piston conjugation versus spatially uniform polarization mismatch.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Piston correction versus NFS and FFS with unaberrated pump beams at 15-GHz bandwidth.

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

Piston conjugation versus f-number at 15-GHz band width.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Error Budget for the Ghost-Beam Diagnosticsa

Equations (4)

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ϕ 2 ( x , y , t ) = ϕ 1 ( x , y , t ) + 2 π σ ( x , y , t ) + π .
E g = 0 τ d t a / 2 a / 2 d y a / 2 a / 2 d x I ( x , y ) = 0 τ d t a / 2 a / 2 d y a / 2 a / 2 d x | A 1 exp ( i ϕ 1 ) + A 2 exp ( i ϕ 2 ) | 2 = 0 τ d t a / 2 a / 2 d y a / 2 a / 2 d x × { A 1 2 + A 2 2 2 A 1 A 2 cos [ 2 π σ ( x , y , t ) ] } = E 1 + E 2 2 0 τ d t a / 2 a / 2 d y a / 2 a / 2 d x × { A 1 ( x , y , t ) A 2 ( x , y , t ) cos [ 2 π σ ( x , y , t ) ] } ,
E g E 1 + E 2 2 ( E 1 E 2 ) 1 / 2 cos ( 2 π σ ) .
σ = 1 2 π cos 1 [ E 1 + E 2 E g 2 ( E 1 E 2 ) 1 / 2 ] .

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