Abstract

Gordon and Mollenauer [ Opt. Lett. 15, 1351 ( 1990)] have shown that the nonlinear Kerr effect limits the range of coherent communications systems using laser amplifiers. We show that parametric amplifiers avoid this limitation. Our method is novel in that we use quantum-optical master equations to model the communications systems. These are solved numerically for systems with either laser amplifiers or parametric amplifiers, with and without the nonlinear Kerr effect. Parametric amplifiers perform better because they preserve the signal-to-noise ratio and decrease the phase noise.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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