Abstract

We report cascade Raman generation of 313-nm radiation by second Stokes Raman shifting 248-nm pulses in H2. A single seed generator was used to produce the first and second Stokes seed beams. Both collinear- and crossed-beam amplifier configurations were investigated. A peak conversion efficiency of 43% was obtained in a 2-m amplifier cell containing 16 atm of hydrogen. Under optimized conditions, the phase front of the second Stokes beam exhibited only a fraction of a wave of aberration. We find that a trade-off between high beam quality and high conversion efficiency exists in a system that relies on a single seed generator.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. P. R. Peterson, D. A. Cardimona, A. Gavrielides, “Anti-Stokes generation in focused geometries,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1970 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Z. W. Li, C. Radzewicz, M. G. Raymer, “Cancellation of laser phase fluctuations in Stokes and anti-Stokes generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 2340 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. Bobs, C. Warner, “Closed-form solutions for parametric second Stokes generation in Raman amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 660 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. A. P. Hickman, W. K. Bischel, “Theory of Stokes and anti-Stokes generation by Raman frequency conversion in the transient limit,” Phys. Rev. A 37, 2516 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Y. R. Shen, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of stimulated Brillouin and Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. 137, A1787 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. R. Ackerhalt, “Novel analytic solutions to general four-wave-mixing problems in a Raman medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 922 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Eimerl, R. S. Hargrove, J. A. Paisner, “Efficient frequency conversion by stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 651 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. D. Duncan, Optical Sciences Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 20375 (personal communication, 1989).
  16. X. Cheng, T. Kobayashi, “Raman wave front of higher-order Stokes and four-wave mixing process,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 5, 2363 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of Stokes pulse shapes in transient Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  18. T. D. Raymond, C. Reiser, P. Esherick, R. B. Michie, “Quenched-laser operation of a Littman dye oscillator,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 912, 67 (1988); T. D. Raymond, C. Reiser, R. G. Adams, R. B. Michie, C. Woods, “Pulse-train amplification of subnanosecond near-transform-limited KrF pulses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 912, 122 (1988).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. M. G. Raymer, K. Rzazewski, J. Mostowski, “Pulse-energy statistics in stimulated Raman scattering,” Opt. Lett. 7, 71 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M. D. Duncan, R. Mahon, L. L. Tankersley, J. Reintjes, “Control of transient Raman amplifiers,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 874, 200 (1988).
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    [CrossRef]
  24. S. A. Akhmanov, Yu. E. D’yakov, L. I. Pavlov, “Statistical phenomena in Raman scattering stimulated by broad-band pump,” Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 249 (1974).
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    [CrossRef]
  26. J. Goldhar, J. R. Murray, “Intensity averaging and four-wave mixing in Raman amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 399 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  27. J. Goldhar, M. W. Taylor, J. R. Murray, “An efficient double-pass Raman amplifier with pump intensity averaging in a light guide,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-20, 772 (1984).
    [CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1988 (7)

M. D. Duncan, R. Mahon, L. L. Tankersley, J. Reintjes, “Transient stimulated Raman amplification in hydrogen,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 37 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Li, C. Radzewicz, M. G. Raymer, “Cancellation of laser phase fluctuations in Stokes and anti-Stokes generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 2340 (1988).
[CrossRef]

B. Bobs, C. Warner, “Closed-form solutions for parametric second Stokes generation in Raman amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 660 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Hickman, W. K. Bischel, “Theory of Stokes and anti-Stokes generation by Raman frequency conversion in the transient limit,” Phys. Rev. A 37, 2516 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Cheng, T. Kobayashi, “Raman wave front of higher-order Stokes and four-wave mixing process,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 5, 2363 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Raymond, C. Reiser, P. Esherick, R. B. Michie, “Quenched-laser operation of a Littman dye oscillator,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 912, 67 (1988); T. D. Raymond, C. Reiser, R. G. Adams, R. B. Michie, C. Woods, “Pulse-train amplification of subnanosecond near-transform-limited KrF pulses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 912, 122 (1988).

M. D. Duncan, R. Mahon, L. L. Tankersley, J. Reintjes, “Control of transient Raman amplifiers,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 874, 200 (1988).

1987 (4)

1986 (5)

1984 (1)

J. Goldhar, M. W. Taylor, J. R. Murray, “An efficient double-pass Raman amplifier with pump intensity averaging in a light guide,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-20, 772 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

J. Goldhar, J. R. Murray, “Intensity averaging and four-wave mixing in Raman amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 399 (1982).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Raymer, K. Rzazewski, J. Mostowski, “Pulse-energy statistics in stimulated Raman scattering,” Opt. Lett. 7, 71 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1981 (3)

M. G. Raymer, J. Mostowski, “Stimulated Raman scattering: unified treatment of spontaneous initiation and spatial propagation,” Phys. Rev. A 24, 1980 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Ackerhalt, “Novel analytic solutions to general four-wave-mixing problems in a Raman medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 922 (1981).
[CrossRef]

D. Eimerl, R. S. Hargrove, J. A. Paisner, “Efficient frequency conversion by stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 651 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

S. A. Akhmanov, Yu. E. D’yakov, L. I. Pavlov, “Statistical phenomena in Raman scattering stimulated by broad-band pump,” Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 249 (1974).

1970 (1)

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of Stokes pulse shapes in transient Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

Y. R. Shen, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of stimulated Brillouin and Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. 137, A1787 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Ackerhalt, J. R.

J. R. Ackerhalt, “Novel analytic solutions to general four-wave-mixing problems in a Raman medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 922 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Akhmanov, S. A.

S. A. Akhmanov, Yu. E. D’yakov, L. I. Pavlov, “Statistical phenomena in Raman scattering stimulated by broad-band pump,” Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 249 (1974).

Bischel, W. K.

A. P. Hickman, W. K. Bischel, “Theory of Stokes and anti-Stokes generation by Raman frequency conversion in the transient limit,” Phys. Rev. A 37, 2516 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bloembergen, N.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of Stokes pulse shapes in transient Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Y. R. Shen, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of stimulated Brillouin and Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. 137, A1787 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Bobs, B.

B. Bobs, C. Warner, “Closed-form solutions for parametric second Stokes generation in Raman amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 660 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Brosnan, S. J.

Calame, G.

Cardimona, D. A.

Carman, R. L.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of Stokes pulse shapes in transient Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. S. F.

Cheng, X.

X. Cheng, T. Kobayashi, “Raman wave front of higher-order Stokes and four-wave mixing process,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 5, 2363 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D’yakov, Yu. E.

S. A. Akhmanov, Yu. E. D’yakov, L. I. Pavlov, “Statistical phenomena in Raman scattering stimulated by broad-band pump,” Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 249 (1974).

Duignan, M. T.

Duncan, M. D.

M. D. Duncan, R. Mahon, L. L. Tankersley, J. Reintjes, “Transient stimulated Raman amplification in hydrogen,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 37 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Duncan, R. Mahon, L. L. Tankersley, J. Reintjes, “Control of transient Raman amplifiers,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 874, 200 (1988).

M. D. Duncan, R. Mahon, J. Reintjes, L. L. Tankersley, “Parametric Raman gain suppression in D2and H2,” Opt. Lett. 11, 803 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Duncan, Optical Sciences Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 20375 (personal communication, 1989).

Eimerl, D.

D. Eimerl, R. S. Hargrove, J. A. Paisner, “Efficient frequency conversion by stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 651 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Esherick, P.

T. D. Raymond, C. Reiser, P. Esherick, R. B. Michie, “Quenched-laser operation of a Littman dye oscillator,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 912, 67 (1988); T. D. Raymond, C. Reiser, R. G. Adams, R. B. Michie, C. Woods, “Pulse-train amplification of subnanosecond near-transform-limited KrF pulses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 912, 122 (1988).

Fabricius, N.

K. Nattermann, N. Fabricius, D. von der Linde, “Observation of transverse effects on quantum fluctuations in stimulated Raman scattering,” Opt. Commun. 57, 212 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Flusberg, A.

Gavrielides, A.

Goldhar, J.

J. Goldhar, M. W. Taylor, J. R. Murray, “An efficient double-pass Raman amplifier with pump intensity averaging in a light guide,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-20, 772 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Goldhar, J. R. Murray, “Intensity averaging and four-wave mixing in Raman amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 399 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hargrove, R. S.

D. Eimerl, R. S. Hargrove, J. A. Paisner, “Efficient frequency conversion by stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 651 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Hickman, A. P.

C. Reiser, T. D. Raymond, R. B. Michie, A. P. Hickman, “Efficient anti-Stokes Raman conversion in collimated beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1859 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Hickman, W. K. Bischel, “Theory of Stokes and anti-Stokes generation by Raman frequency conversion in the transient limit,” Phys. Rev. A 37, 2516 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, T.

X. Cheng, T. Kobayashi, “Raman wave front of higher-order Stokes and four-wave mixing process,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 5, 2363 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Komine, H.

Korf, D.

Lehmberg, R. H.

Li, Z. W.

Long, W. H.

Luches, A.

Mahon, R.

Michie, R. B.

C. Reiser, T. D. Raymond, R. B. Michie, A. P. Hickman, “Efficient anti-Stokes Raman conversion in collimated beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1859 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Raymond, C. Reiser, P. Esherick, R. B. Michie, “Quenched-laser operation of a Littman dye oscillator,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 912, 67 (1988); T. D. Raymond, C. Reiser, R. G. Adams, R. B. Michie, C. Woods, “Pulse-train amplification of subnanosecond near-transform-limited KrF pulses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 912, 122 (1988).

Mostowski, J.

M. G. Raymer, K. Rzazewski, J. Mostowski, “Pulse-energy statistics in stimulated Raman scattering,” Opt. Lett. 7, 71 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Raymer, J. Mostowski, “Stimulated Raman scattering: unified treatment of spontaneous initiation and spatial propagation,” Phys. Rev. A 24, 1980 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Murray, J. R.

J. Goldhar, M. W. Taylor, J. R. Murray, “An efficient double-pass Raman amplifier with pump intensity averaging in a light guide,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-20, 772 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Goldhar, J. R. Murray, “Intensity averaging and four-wave mixing in Raman amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 399 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Nassisi, V.

Nattermann, K.

K. Nattermann, N. Fabricius, D. von der Linde, “Observation of transverse effects on quantum fluctuations in stimulated Raman scattering,” Opt. Commun. 57, 212 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Paisner, J. A.

D. Eimerl, R. S. Hargrove, J. A. Paisner, “Efficient frequency conversion by stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 651 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Paranen, J. P.

Pavlov, L. I.

S. A. Akhmanov, Yu. E. D’yakov, L. I. Pavlov, “Statistical phenomena in Raman scattering stimulated by broad-band pump,” Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 249 (1974).

Perrone, M. R.

Peterson, P. R.

Radzewicz, C.

Raymer, M. G.

Raymond, T. D.

C. Reiser, T. D. Raymond, R. B. Michie, A. P. Hickman, “Efficient anti-Stokes Raman conversion in collimated beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1859 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Raymond, C. Reiser, P. Esherick, R. B. Michie, “Quenched-laser operation of a Littman dye oscillator,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 912, 67 (1988); T. D. Raymond, C. Reiser, R. G. Adams, R. B. Michie, C. Woods, “Pulse-train amplification of subnanosecond near-transform-limited KrF pulses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 912, 122 (1988).

Reintjes, J.

Reiser, C.

C. Reiser, T. D. Raymond, R. B. Michie, A. P. Hickman, “Efficient anti-Stokes Raman conversion in collimated beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1859 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Raymond, C. Reiser, P. Esherick, R. B. Michie, “Quenched-laser operation of a Littman dye oscillator,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 912, 67 (1988); T. D. Raymond, C. Reiser, R. G. Adams, R. B. Michie, C. Woods, “Pulse-train amplification of subnanosecond near-transform-limited KrF pulses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 912, 122 (1988).

Richie, B.

B. Richie, “Theory of transient stimulated Raman scattering in H2,” Phys. Rev. A 35, 5108 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Rzazewski, K.

Shaw, M. J.

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of stimulated Brillouin and Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. 137, A1787 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, F.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of Stokes pulse shapes in transient Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Stappaerts, E. A.

Tankersley, L. L.

Taylor, M. W.

J. Goldhar, M. W. Taylor, J. R. Murray, “An efficient double-pass Raman amplifier with pump intensity averaging in a light guide,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-20, 772 (1984).
[CrossRef]

von der Linde, D.

K. Nattermann, N. Fabricius, D. von der Linde, “Observation of transverse effects on quantum fluctuations in stimulated Raman scattering,” Opt. Commun. 57, 212 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. S.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of Stokes pulse shapes in transient Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Warner, C.

B. Bobs, C. Warner, “Closed-form solutions for parametric second Stokes generation in Raman amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 660 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

B. Bobs, C. Warner, “Closed-form solutions for parametric second Stokes generation in Raman amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 660 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Goldhar, J. R. Murray, “Intensity averaging and four-wave mixing in Raman amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 399 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (1)

J. Goldhar, M. W. Taylor, J. R. Murray, “An efficient double-pass Raman amplifier with pump intensity averaging in a light guide,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-20, 772 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (8)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. (1)

X. Cheng, T. Kobayashi, “Raman wave front of higher-order Stokes and four-wave mixing process,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 5, 2363 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. Nattermann, N. Fabricius, D. von der Linde, “Observation of transverse effects on quantum fluctuations in stimulated Raman scattering,” Opt. Commun. 57, 212 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. (1)

Y. R. Shen, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of stimulated Brillouin and Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. 137, A1787 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (4)

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, N. Bloembergen, “Theory of Stokes pulse shapes in transient Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

B. Richie, “Theory of transient stimulated Raman scattering in H2,” Phys. Rev. A 35, 5108 (1987).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Hickman, W. K. Bischel, “Theory of Stokes and anti-Stokes generation by Raman frequency conversion in the transient limit,” Phys. Rev. A 37, 2516 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Raymer, J. Mostowski, “Stimulated Raman scattering: unified treatment of spontaneous initiation and spatial propagation,” Phys. Rev. A 24, 1980 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. R. Ackerhalt, “Novel analytic solutions to general four-wave-mixing problems in a Raman medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 922 (1981).
[CrossRef]

D. Eimerl, R. S. Hargrove, J. A. Paisner, “Efficient frequency conversion by stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 651 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (2)

T. D. Raymond, C. Reiser, P. Esherick, R. B. Michie, “Quenched-laser operation of a Littman dye oscillator,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 912, 67 (1988); T. D. Raymond, C. Reiser, R. G. Adams, R. B. Michie, C. Woods, “Pulse-train amplification of subnanosecond near-transform-limited KrF pulses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 912, 122 (1988).

M. D. Duncan, R. Mahon, L. L. Tankersley, J. Reintjes, “Control of transient Raman amplifiers,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 874, 200 (1988).

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

S. A. Akhmanov, Yu. E. D’yakov, L. I. Pavlov, “Statistical phenomena in Raman scattering stimulated by broad-band pump,” Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 249 (1974).

Other (1)

M. D. Duncan, Optical Sciences Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 20375 (personal communication, 1989).

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