Abstract

The hyperfine structures of the weak lines R(69) in the 3–4 band and P(84) in the 5–5 band of the BX electronic transition in molecular 127I2 at λ = 657 nm have been detected by the method of FM saturation spectroscopy. Frequency separations between the hyperfine components were measured, and the hyperfine coupling constants for the electric quadrupole interaction and the magnetic spin-rotation interaction were determined. For low vibrational levels of the B state, eQqB depends linearly on the vibrational energy of the level υB according to eQqB (MHz) = −0.01721G(υB) (cm−1) −484.89. ΔC is almost constant for υB values smaller than 6.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. R. Hanes and C. E. Dahlstrom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 362 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Documents concerning the new definition of the meter, Metrologia 19, 163 (1984).
  3. M. Kroll, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 631 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Broyer, J. Vigué, and J. C. Lehmann, J. Phys. (Paris) 39, 506 (1971).
  5. R. P. Hackel, L. A. Hackel, and S. Ezekiel, Phys. Rev. A 21, 1342 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. D. Levenson and A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. A 6, 10 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  7. ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 1393 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. J. Foth and F. Spieweck, Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 347 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Yokozeki and J. S. Muenter, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 3796 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Morinaga, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23, 774 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Gläser, Opt. Commun. 54, 335 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. G. Zhao, J. Blabla, and J. Helmcke, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-34, 252 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Vigué, M. Broyer, and J. C. Lehmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 883 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, R. Bacis, S. Churassy, and J. B. Koffend, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 267 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, S. Churassy, and R. Bacis, J. Phys. (Paris) 47, 1909, 1917 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. E. M. Goldsmith, E. W. Weber, F. V. Kowalski, and A. L. Schawlow, Appl. Opt. 18, 1983 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, in Atlas du Spectre d’Absorption de la Molécule d’Iode, Editions du CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, 1978).
  18. G. C. Bjorklund, M. D. Levenson, W. Lenth, and C. Ortiz, Appl. Phys. B 32, 145 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, and H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  20. K. Sugiyama, S. Iwasaki, and A. Morinaga, Opt. Lett. 13, 556 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Morinaga, F. Riehle, J. Ishikawa, and J. Helmcke, Appl. Phys. B 48, 165 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  22. P. Luc, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 80, 41 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  23. P. R. Bevington, Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1969), p. 208.
  24. R. P. Hackel and S. Ezekiel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 1736 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  25. R. Bacis, M. Broyer, S. Churassy, J. Verges, and J. Vigué, J. Chem. Phys. 73, 2641 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  26. V. Spirko and J. Blabla, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 129, 59 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  27. S. Churassy, G. Grenet, M. L. Gaillard, and R. Bacis, Opt. Commun. 30, 41 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  28. M. Wakasugi, T. Horiguchi, M. Koizumi, and Y. Yoshizawa, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 2298 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  29. J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, R. Bacis, and S. Churassy, Opt. Commun. 36, 354 (1981).
    [CrossRef]

1989 (1)

A. Morinaga, F. Riehle, J. Ishikawa, and J. Helmcke, Appl. Phys. B 48, 165 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (3)

1986 (1)

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, S. Churassy, and R. Bacis, J. Phys. (Paris) 47, 1909, 1917 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (2)

M. Gläser, Opt. Commun. 54, 335 (1985).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Zhao, J. Blabla, and J. Helmcke, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-34, 252 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (3)

A. Morinaga, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23, 774 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Documents concerning the new definition of the meter, Metrologia 19, 163 (1984).

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, R. Bacis, S. Churassy, and J. B. Koffend, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 267 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

G. C. Bjorklund, M. D. Levenson, W. Lenth, and C. Ortiz, Appl. Phys. B 32, 145 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (3)

J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, and H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
[CrossRef]

ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 1393 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, R. Bacis, and S. Churassy, Opt. Commun. 36, 354 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (4)

P. Luc, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 80, 41 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. Bacis, M. Broyer, S. Churassy, J. Verges, and J. Vigué, J. Chem. Phys. 73, 2641 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Hackel, L. A. Hackel, and S. Ezekiel, Phys. Rev. A 21, 1342 (1980).
[CrossRef]

A. Yokozeki and J. S. Muenter, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 3796 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (5)

J. Vigué, M. Broyer, and J. C. Lehmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 883 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. E. M. Goldsmith, E. W. Weber, F. V. Kowalski, and A. L. Schawlow, Appl. Opt. 18, 1983 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Foth and F. Spieweck, Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 347 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Hackel and S. Ezekiel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 1736 (1979).
[CrossRef]

S. Churassy, G. Grenet, M. L. Gaillard, and R. Bacis, Opt. Commun. 30, 41 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

M. D. Levenson and A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. A 6, 10 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

M. Broyer, J. Vigué, and J. C. Lehmann, J. Phys. (Paris) 39, 506 (1971).

1969 (2)

G. R. Hanes and C. E. Dahlstrom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 362 (1969).
[CrossRef]

M. Kroll, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 631 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Bacis, R.

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, S. Churassy, and R. Bacis, J. Phys. (Paris) 47, 1909, 1917 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, R. Bacis, S. Churassy, and J. B. Koffend, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 267 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, R. Bacis, and S. Churassy, Opt. Commun. 36, 354 (1981).
[CrossRef]

R. Bacis, M. Broyer, S. Churassy, J. Verges, and J. Vigué, J. Chem. Phys. 73, 2641 (1980).
[CrossRef]

S. Churassy, G. Grenet, M. L. Gaillard, and R. Bacis, Opt. Commun. 30, 41 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Baer, T.

J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, and H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Bevington, P. R.

P. R. Bevington, Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1969), p. 208.

Bjorklund, G. C.

G. C. Bjorklund, M. D. Levenson, W. Lenth, and C. Ortiz, Appl. Phys. B 32, 145 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Blabla, J.

V. Spirko and J. Blabla, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 129, 59 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Zhao, J. Blabla, and J. Helmcke, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-34, 252 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Bordé, ch. J.

ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 1393 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Broyer, M.

R. Bacis, M. Broyer, S. Churassy, J. Verges, and J. Vigué, J. Chem. Phys. 73, 2641 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Vigué, M. Broyer, and J. C. Lehmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 883 (1979).
[CrossRef]

M. Broyer, J. Vigué, and J. C. Lehmann, J. Phys. (Paris) 39, 506 (1971).

Camy, G.

ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 1393 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Churassy, S.

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, S. Churassy, and R. Bacis, J. Phys. (Paris) 47, 1909, 1917 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, R. Bacis, S. Churassy, and J. B. Koffend, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 267 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, R. Bacis, and S. Churassy, Opt. Commun. 36, 354 (1981).
[CrossRef]

R. Bacis, M. Broyer, S. Churassy, J. Verges, and J. Vigué, J. Chem. Phys. 73, 2641 (1980).
[CrossRef]

S. Churassy, G. Grenet, M. L. Gaillard, and R. Bacis, Opt. Commun. 30, 41 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Dahlstrom, C. E.

G. R. Hanes and C. E. Dahlstrom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 362 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Decomps, B.

ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 1393 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Descoubes, J.-P.

ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 1393 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ezekiel, S.

R. P. Hackel, L. A. Hackel, and S. Ezekiel, Phys. Rev. A 21, 1342 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Hackel and S. Ezekiel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 1736 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Foth, H. J.

H. J. Foth and F. Spieweck, Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 347 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Gaillard, M. L.

S. Churassy, G. Grenet, M. L. Gaillard, and R. Bacis, Opt. Commun. 30, 41 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Gerstenkorn, S.

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, in Atlas du Spectre d’Absorption de la Molécule d’Iode, Editions du CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, 1978).

Gläser, M.

M. Gläser, Opt. Commun. 54, 335 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Goldsmith, J. E. M.

Grenet, G.

S. Churassy, G. Grenet, M. L. Gaillard, and R. Bacis, Opt. Commun. 30, 41 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hackel, L. A.

R. P. Hackel, L. A. Hackel, and S. Ezekiel, Phys. Rev. A 21, 1342 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hackel, R. P.

R. P. Hackel, L. A. Hackel, and S. Ezekiel, Phys. Rev. A 21, 1342 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Hackel and S. Ezekiel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 1736 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, and H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Hanes, G. R.

G. R. Hanes and C. E. Dahlstrom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 362 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, F.

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, S. Churassy, and R. Bacis, J. Phys. (Paris) 47, 1909, 1917 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, R. Bacis, S. Churassy, and J. B. Koffend, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 267 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, R. Bacis, and S. Churassy, Opt. Commun. 36, 354 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Helmcke, J.

A. Morinaga, F. Riehle, J. Ishikawa, and J. Helmcke, Appl. Phys. B 48, 165 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Zhao, J. Blabla, and J. Helmcke, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-34, 252 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, and H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Horiguchi, T.

Ishikawa, J.

A. Morinaga, F. Riehle, J. Ishikawa, and J. Helmcke, Appl. Phys. B 48, 165 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Iwasaki, S.

Koffend, J. B.

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, R. Bacis, S. Churassy, and J. B. Koffend, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 267 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Koizumi, M.

Kowalski, F. V.

Kroll, M.

M. Kroll, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 631 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Lehmann, J. C.

J. Vigué, M. Broyer, and J. C. Lehmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 883 (1979).
[CrossRef]

M. Broyer, J. Vigué, and J. C. Lehmann, J. Phys. (Paris) 39, 506 (1971).

Lenth, W.

G. C. Bjorklund, M. D. Levenson, W. Lenth, and C. Ortiz, Appl. Phys. B 32, 145 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, M. D.

G. C. Bjorklund, M. D. Levenson, W. Lenth, and C. Ortiz, Appl. Phys. B 32, 145 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Levenson and A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. A 6, 10 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Luc, P.

P. Luc, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 80, 41 (1980).
[CrossRef]

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, in Atlas du Spectre d’Absorption de la Molécule d’Iode, Editions du CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, 1978).

Morinaga, A.

A. Morinaga, F. Riehle, J. Ishikawa, and J. Helmcke, Appl. Phys. B 48, 165 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. Sugiyama, S. Iwasaki, and A. Morinaga, Opt. Lett. 13, 556 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. Morinaga, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23, 774 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Muenter, J. S.

A. Yokozeki and J. S. Muenter, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 3796 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ortiz, C.

G. C. Bjorklund, M. D. Levenson, W. Lenth, and C. Ortiz, Appl. Phys. B 32, 145 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Pique, J. P.

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, S. Churassy, and R. Bacis, J. Phys. (Paris) 47, 1909, 1917 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, R. Bacis, S. Churassy, and J. B. Koffend, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 267 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, R. Bacis, and S. Churassy, Opt. Commun. 36, 354 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Riehle, F.

A. Morinaga, F. Riehle, J. Ishikawa, and J. Helmcke, Appl. Phys. B 48, 165 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, H. G.

J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, and H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Schawlow, A. L.

Spieweck, F.

H. J. Foth and F. Spieweck, Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 347 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Spirko, V.

V. Spirko and J. Blabla, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 129, 59 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sugiyama, K.

Verges, J.

R. Bacis, M. Broyer, S. Churassy, J. Verges, and J. Vigué, J. Chem. Phys. 73, 2641 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Vigué, J.

ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 1393 (1981).
[CrossRef]

R. Bacis, M. Broyer, S. Churassy, J. Verges, and J. Vigué, J. Chem. Phys. 73, 2641 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Vigué, M. Broyer, and J. C. Lehmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 883 (1979).
[CrossRef]

M. Broyer, J. Vigué, and J. C. Lehmann, J. Phys. (Paris) 39, 506 (1971).

Wakasugi, M.

Weber, E. W.

Yokozeki, A.

A. Yokozeki and J. S. Muenter, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 3796 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Yoshizawa, Y.

Zhao, K. G.

K. G. Zhao, J. Blabla, and J. Helmcke, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-34, 252 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

G. C. Bjorklund, M. D. Levenson, W. Lenth, and C. Ortiz, Appl. Phys. B 32, 145 (1983).
[CrossRef]

A. Morinaga, F. Riehle, J. Ishikawa, and J. Helmcke, Appl. Phys. B 48, 165 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, and H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Hanes and C. E. Dahlstrom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 362 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. J. Foth and F. Spieweck, Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 347 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Documents concerning the new definition of the meter, Metrologia (1)

Documents concerning the new definition of the meter, Metrologia 19, 163 (1984).

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

K. G. Zhao, J. Blabla, and J. Helmcke, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-34, 252 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

A. Yokozeki and J. S. Muenter, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 3796 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. Bacis, M. Broyer, S. Churassy, J. Verges, and J. Vigué, J. Chem. Phys. 73, 2641 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (2)

V. Spirko and J. Blabla, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 129, 59 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. Luc, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 80, 41 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. (Paris) (3)

M. Broyer, J. Vigué, and J. C. Lehmann, J. Phys. (Paris) 39, 506 (1971).

ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 1393 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, S. Churassy, and R. Bacis, J. Phys. (Paris) 47, 1909, 1917 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Morinaga, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23, 774 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

M. Gläser, Opt. Commun. 54, 335 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, R. Bacis, and S. Churassy, Opt. Commun. 36, 354 (1981).
[CrossRef]

S. Churassy, G. Grenet, M. L. Gaillard, and R. Bacis, Opt. Commun. 30, 41 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

R. P. Hackel, L. A. Hackel, and S. Ezekiel, Phys. Rev. A 21, 1342 (1980).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Levenson and A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. A 6, 10 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

M. Kroll, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 631 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Vigué, M. Broyer, and J. C. Lehmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 883 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Pique, F. Hartmann, R. Bacis, S. Churassy, and J. B. Koffend, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 267 (1984).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Hackel and S. Ezekiel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 1736 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

P. R. Bevington, Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1969), p. 208.

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, in Atlas du Spectre d’Absorption de la Molécule d’Iode, Editions du CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, 1978).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the FM saturation spectroscopy of molecular iodine. EOM, electro-optic modulator; RF’s, rf oscillators; AOM, acousto-optic modulator; DBM, doubly balanced mixer; OSC, audio oscillator; AMP, amplifier; L.I.A., lock-in amplifier; PB, polarizing beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Hyperfine structures detected by the FM saturation spectroscopy. Upper curve, the P(84) line in the 5–5 band; lower curve, the R(69) line in the 3–4 band.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Observed electric quadrupole coupling constants of low-lying vibrational state in the B state as a function of the vibrational energy.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Observed difference in magnetic spin–rotation coupling constants as a function of low vibrational energy near the minimum of the B state.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Frequency Separations of Components of the R(69) Line in the 3–4 Banda

Tables Icon

Table 2 Frequency Separations of Components of the P(84) Line in the 5–5 Banda

Tables Icon

Table 3 Hyperfine Coupling Constants for Various Vibrational Levels in the B state of 127I2

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

H = H NEQ + H SR + H TSS + H SSS .
Δ e Q q = 1961.0 ± 1.0 MHz , Δ C = 21.6 ± 1.2 kHz ,
Δ e Q q = 1955.8 ± 1.3 MHz , Δ C = 21.9 ± 1.5 kHz .
e Q q B ( MHz ) = 0.01721 G ( υ B ) ( cm 1 ) 484.89.
Δ C = 1.41 × 10 5 D e G ( υ B ) ( cm 1 ) 17.0 ,

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