Abstract

Potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) is a unique nonlinear-optical material that is being widely used for second-harmonic generation of Nd lasers emitting near 1 μm. KTP is also attractive for various sum- and difference-frequency and optical parametric applications over its entire transparency range from 0.35 to 4.5 μm. Its combination of large electro-optic coefficients and low dielectric constants makes KTP potentially useful for various electro-optic applications, and, in particular, it has a figure of merit for an optical waveguide modulator that is nearly a factor of 2 larger than that for any other inorganic material. Low-loss optical waveguides can be formed in KTP, and several electro-optic and nonlinear-optic devices have been fabricated that confirm that KTP is also a superior material for many optical waveguide applications.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. D. Bierlein and T. D. Gier, U.S. Patent3,949,323 (April6, 1976).
  2. F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. E. Gier, “Kx Rb1−x TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. D. Bierlein and C. B. Arweiler, “Electro-optic and dielectric properties of KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 917 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, L. H. Brixner, and W. Y. Hsu, “Fabrication and characterization of optical waveguides in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1216 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  5. I. Tordjman, R. Masse, and J. C. Guitel, “Structure cristalline du monophosphate KTiPO5,” Z. Kristallogr. 139, 103 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  6. G. Gashurov and R. F. Belt, “Growth of KTP,” in Tunable Solid State Lasers for Remote Sensing, R. L. Byer, E. K. Gustafson, and R. Frebino, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1985), p. 119.
    [Crossref]
  7. R. A. Laudise, R. J. Cava, and A. J. Caporaso, “Phase relations, solubility and growth of potassium titanyl phosphate, KTP,” J. Crystal Growth 74, 275 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  8. D. F. Cai and Z. T. Yang, “Investigation on some properties of KTiOPO4crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 79, 974 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  9. D. Z. Shen and C. E. Huang, “A new nonlinear optical crystal KTP,” Prog. Crystal Growth Characterization 11, 269 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. C. Jacco, G. M. Loiacono, M. Jaso, G. Mizell, and B. Greenberg, “Flux growth and properties of KTiOPO4,” J. Crystal Growth 70, 484 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  11. Y. G. Liui, B. Xu, J. R. Han, X. Y. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth of KTiOPO4crystal for high efficiency SHG devices and its main properties,” Chin. J. Lasers 13, 438 (1986).
  12. A. A. Ballman, H. Brown, D. H. Olson, and C. E. Rice, “Growth of potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) from molten tungstate melts,” J. Crystal Growth 75, 390 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  13. P. F. Bordui, J. C. Jacco, G. M. Loiacono, R. A. Stolzenberger, and J. J. Zola, “Growth of large single crystals of KTiOPO4(KTP) from high-temperature solution using heat pipe based furnace system,” J. Crystal Growth 84, 403 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. D. Bierlein and F. Ahmed, “Observation and poling of ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  15. G. M. Loiacono and R. A. Stolzenberger, “Observations of complex domain walls in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1498 (1988); V. I. Voronkova, R. S. Gvozdover, and V. K. Vanovskii, “Ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4and RbTiOPO4crystals,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 390 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  16. R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, and Y. S. Liu, “KTP as a harmonic generator for Nd:YAG lasers,” Laser Focus 21, 110 (1985).
  17. F. C. Zumsteg, E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Wilmington, Delaware 19880 (personal communicaton).
  18. T. E. Gier and F. C. Zumsteg, “KTP crystals for second harmonic generation,” written for contract F33615-77-C-1131 (E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Wilmington, Del., November1978).
  19. J. Q. Yao and T. S. Fahlen, “Calculations of optimum phase match parameters for the biaxial crystal KTiOPO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  20. Y. S. Liu, L. Drafall, D. Dentz, and R. Belt, “Nonlinear optical phase-matching properties of KTiOPO4,” (General Electric, Schenectady, N.Y., 1982).
  21. D. T. Hon, “High average power, efficient second harmonic generation,” in Laser Handbook, M. L. Stitch, ed. (North-Holland, New York, 1979), Vol. 3, p. 421.
  22. Y. S. Liu, D. Dentz, and R. Belt, “High-average-power intracavity second-harmonic generation using KTiOPO4in an acousto-optically Q-switched Nd:YAG laser oscillator at 5 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 9, 76 (1984).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. P. E. Perkins and T. S. Fahlen, “20-W average-power KTP intracavity-doubled Nd:YAG laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1066 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  24. T. A. Driscoll, H. J. Hoffman, R. E. Stone, and P. E. Perkins, “Efficient second-harmonic generation in KTP crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 683 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  25. H. Vanherzeele, “Optimization of a cw mode-locked and frequency-doubled Nd:YLF laser,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3608 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. G. Huth and D. Kuizenga, “Green light from doubled Nd:YAG lasers,” Lasers Optron. 6, 59 (1987).
  27. See, e.g., D. A. Auston and K. B. Eisenthal eds., Proceedings of the Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena IV, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984); G. R. Fleming and A. E. Siegman, eds., Proceedings of the Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena V (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
    [Crossref]
  28. H. Vanherzeele, L. De Vos, and P. Muys, “Tunable dye laser pumped by a frequency-doubled high power cw Nd:YAG laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3(13), P65 (1986).
  29. P. E. Perkins and T. S. Fahlen, “Half watt average power at 25 kHz from fourth harmonic of Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1636 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  30. P. E. Perkins and T. A. Driscoll, “Efficient intracavity doubling in flash-lamp pumped Nd:YLF,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1281 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  31. S. E. Moody, J. M. Eggleston, and J. F. Seamans, “Long-pulse second harmonic generation in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 335 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  32. T. Baer, “Frequency-doubled, diode pumped Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 610, 45 (1986).
  33. P. Kortz, Adlas GmbH, Lubeck, Federal Republic of Germany (personal communication).
  34. A. L. Aleksandrovskii, S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. D’yakov, N. I. Zheludev, and V. I. Pryalkin, “Efficient nonlinear optical converters made of potassium titanyl phosphate crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 885 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  35. S. Reynaud, C. Fabre, and E. Giacobino, “Quantum fluctuations in a two-mode parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1520 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  36. A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, and C. Fabre, “Observation of quantum noise reduction of twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, “Squeezed light-enhanced polarization interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, “Pulsed squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  39. K. H. Hellwege, ed., Landolt–Bornstein Tables, Nonlinear Dielectric Susceptibilities (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1979), Vol. 2, Group 3, Sec. 6.; Sellmeier equations in this reference are constructed from only a limited refractive-index data set from Ref. 2 for hydrothermally grown KTP.
  40. T. Y. Fan, C. E. Huang, B. Q. Hu, R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, and R. S. Feigelson, “Second harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux-grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2390 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  41. K. Kato, “Second harmonic and sum-frequency generation to 4950 and 4589 Å in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 3 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  42. D. W. Anthon and C. D. Crowder, “Wavelength dependent phase matching in KTP,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2650 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  43. H. Vanherzeele, J. D. Bierlein, and F. C. Zumsteg, “Index of refraction measurements and parametric generation in hydrothermally-grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3314 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  44. H. Vanherzeele, “Optical parametric conversion of picosecond pulses in KTiOPO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5(13), P87 (1988).
  45. I. Ledoux, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, “Generation of high-peak power tunable infrared femtosecond pulses in an organic crystal: application to time resolution of weak infrared signals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 987 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  46. J.-C. Baumert, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, W. P. Risk, and G. C. Bjorklund, “Generation of blue cw coherent radiation by sum frequency mixing in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 2192 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  47. W. P. Risk, J.-C. Baumert, G. C. Bjorklund, F. M. Schellenberg, and W. Lenth, “Generation of blue light by intracavity frequency mixing of the laser and pump radiation of a miniature neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 85 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  48. A. Seilmeier and W. Kaiser, “Generation of tunable picosecond light pulses covering the frequency range between 2,700 and 32,000 cm−1,” Appl. Phys. 23, 113 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  49. D. W. Anthon, H. Nathel, D. M. Guthals, and J. H. Clark, “Scanning picosecond optical parametric source using potassium dihydrogen phosphate in the visible and near infrared,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 2054 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  50. L. L. Chase, R. Adair, and S. A. Payne, “Influence of structure and composition of the third-order susceptibility of inorganic optical materials,” Mat. Res. Soc. EA-12, 13 (1987).
  51. G. A. Massey, T. M. Loehr, L. J. Willis, and J. C. Johnson, “Raman and electrooptic properties of potassium titanate phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 19, 4136 (1980).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  52. R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, and R. A. Laudise, “Low temperature hydrothermal growth of KTiOPO4(KTP),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 968, 100 (1988).
  53. V. K. Yanovskii and V. I. Voronkova, “Ferroelectric phase transitions and properties of crystals of the KTiOPO4family,” Phys. Status Solidi A 93, 665 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  54. J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, and M. Roelofs, “KTiOPO4(KTP): a new material for optical waveguide applications,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 994, 160 (1989).
  55. D. B. Laubacher, V. L. Guerra, M. P. Chouinard, J.-Y. Liou, and P. H. Wyat, “Fabrication and performance of KTP optoelectronic modulators,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 993, 80 (1988).
  56. J. D. Bierlein, “Nonlinear wavelength conversion in KTiOPO4waveguides,” in Proceedings of the International Meeting on Advanced Materials (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1989).

1989 (1)

J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, and M. Roelofs, “KTiOPO4(KTP): a new material for optical waveguide applications,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 994, 160 (1989).

1988 (9)

D. B. Laubacher, V. L. Guerra, M. P. Chouinard, J.-Y. Liou, and P. H. Wyat, “Fabrication and performance of KTP optoelectronic modulators,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 993, 80 (1988).

W. P. Risk, J.-C. Baumert, G. C. Bjorklund, F. M. Schellenberg, and W. Lenth, “Generation of blue light by intracavity frequency mixing of the laser and pump radiation of a miniature neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 85 (1988).
[Crossref]

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, and R. A. Laudise, “Low temperature hydrothermal growth of KTiOPO4(KTP),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 968, 100 (1988).

G. M. Loiacono and R. A. Stolzenberger, “Observations of complex domain walls in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1498 (1988); V. I. Voronkova, R. S. Gvozdover, and V. K. Vanovskii, “Ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4and RbTiOPO4crystals,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 390 (1987).
[Crossref]

H. Vanherzeele, “Optimization of a cw mode-locked and frequency-doubled Nd:YLF laser,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3608 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kato, “Second harmonic and sum-frequency generation to 4950 and 4589 Å in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 3 (1988).
[Crossref]

D. W. Anthon and C. D. Crowder, “Wavelength dependent phase matching in KTP,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2650 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Vanherzeele, J. D. Bierlein, and F. C. Zumsteg, “Index of refraction measurements and parametric generation in hydrothermally-grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3314 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Vanherzeele, “Optical parametric conversion of picosecond pulses in KTiOPO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5(13), P87 (1988).

1987 (16)

I. Ledoux, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, “Generation of high-peak power tunable infrared femtosecond pulses in an organic crystal: application to time resolution of weak infrared signals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 987 (1987).
[Crossref]

J.-C. Baumert, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, W. P. Risk, and G. C. Bjorklund, “Generation of blue cw coherent radiation by sum frequency mixing in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 2192 (1987).
[Crossref]

S. Reynaud, C. Fabre, and E. Giacobino, “Quantum fluctuations in a two-mode parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1520 (1987).
[Crossref]

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, and C. Fabre, “Observation of quantum noise reduction of twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, “Squeezed light-enhanced polarization interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, “Pulsed squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Y. Fan, C. E. Huang, B. Q. Hu, R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, and R. S. Feigelson, “Second harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux-grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2390 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Huth and D. Kuizenga, “Green light from doubled Nd:YAG lasers,” Lasers Optron. 6, 59 (1987).

P. E. Perkins and T. A. Driscoll, “Efficient intracavity doubling in flash-lamp pumped Nd:YLF,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1281 (1987).
[Crossref]

S. E. Moody, J. M. Eggleston, and J. F. Seamans, “Long-pulse second harmonic generation in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 335 (1987).
[Crossref]

P. F. Bordui, J. C. Jacco, G. M. Loiacono, R. A. Stolzenberger, and J. J. Zola, “Growth of large single crystals of KTiOPO4(KTP) from high-temperature solution using heat pipe based furnace system,” J. Crystal Growth 84, 403 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. D. Bierlein and F. Ahmed, “Observation and poling of ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, L. H. Brixner, and W. Y. Hsu, “Fabrication and characterization of optical waveguides in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1216 (1987).
[Crossref]

D. W. Anthon, H. Nathel, D. M. Guthals, and J. H. Clark, “Scanning picosecond optical parametric source using potassium dihydrogen phosphate in the visible and near infrared,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 2054 (1987).
[Crossref]

L. L. Chase, R. Adair, and S. A. Payne, “Influence of structure and composition of the third-order susceptibility of inorganic optical materials,” Mat. Res. Soc. EA-12, 13 (1987).

P. E. Perkins and T. S. Fahlen, “20-W average-power KTP intracavity-doubled Nd:YAG laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1066 (1987).
[Crossref]

1986 (9)

T. A. Driscoll, H. J. Hoffman, R. E. Stone, and P. E. Perkins, “Efficient second-harmonic generation in KTP crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 683 (1986).
[Crossref]

V. K. Yanovskii and V. I. Voronkova, “Ferroelectric phase transitions and properties of crystals of the KTiOPO4family,” Phys. Status Solidi A 93, 665 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. D. Bierlein and C. B. Arweiler, “Electro-optic and dielectric properties of KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 917 (1986).
[Crossref]

R. A. Laudise, R. J. Cava, and A. J. Caporaso, “Phase relations, solubility and growth of potassium titanyl phosphate, KTP,” J. Crystal Growth 74, 275 (1986).
[Crossref]

D. F. Cai and Z. T. Yang, “Investigation on some properties of KTiOPO4crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 79, 974 (1986).
[Crossref]

Y. G. Liui, B. Xu, J. R. Han, X. Y. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth of KTiOPO4crystal for high efficiency SHG devices and its main properties,” Chin. J. Lasers 13, 438 (1986).

A. A. Ballman, H. Brown, D. H. Olson, and C. E. Rice, “Growth of potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) from molten tungstate melts,” J. Crystal Growth 75, 390 (1986).
[Crossref]

T. Baer, “Frequency-doubled, diode pumped Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 610, 45 (1986).

H. Vanherzeele, L. De Vos, and P. Muys, “Tunable dye laser pumped by a frequency-doubled high power cw Nd:YAG laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3(13), P65 (1986).

1985 (4)

P. E. Perkins and T. S. Fahlen, “Half watt average power at 25 kHz from fourth harmonic of Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1636 (1985).
[Crossref]

A. L. Aleksandrovskii, S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. D’yakov, N. I. Zheludev, and V. I. Pryalkin, “Efficient nonlinear optical converters made of potassium titanyl phosphate crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 885 (1985).
[Crossref]

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, and Y. S. Liu, “KTP as a harmonic generator for Nd:YAG lasers,” Laser Focus 21, 110 (1985).

D. Z. Shen and C. E. Huang, “A new nonlinear optical crystal KTP,” Prog. Crystal Growth Characterization 11, 269 (1985).
[Crossref]

1984 (3)

J. C. Jacco, G. M. Loiacono, M. Jaso, G. Mizell, and B. Greenberg, “Flux growth and properties of KTiOPO4,” J. Crystal Growth 70, 484 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Q. Yao and T. S. Fahlen, “Calculations of optimum phase match parameters for the biaxial crystal KTiOPO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65 (1984).
[Crossref]

Y. S. Liu, D. Dentz, and R. Belt, “High-average-power intracavity second-harmonic generation using KTiOPO4in an acousto-optically Q-switched Nd:YAG laser oscillator at 5 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 9, 76 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1980 (2)

G. A. Massey, T. M. Loehr, L. J. Willis, and J. C. Johnson, “Raman and electrooptic properties of potassium titanate phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 19, 4136 (1980).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Seilmeier and W. Kaiser, “Generation of tunable picosecond light pulses covering the frequency range between 2,700 and 32,000 cm−1,” Appl. Phys. 23, 113 (1980).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. E. Gier, “Kx Rb1−x TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980 (1976).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

I. Tordjman, R. Masse, and J. C. Guitel, “Structure cristalline du monophosphate KTiPO5,” Z. Kristallogr. 139, 103 (1974).
[Crossref]

Adair, R.

L. L. Chase, R. Adair, and S. A. Payne, “Influence of structure and composition of the third-order susceptibility of inorganic optical materials,” Mat. Res. Soc. EA-12, 13 (1987).

Ahmed, F.

J. D. Bierlein and F. Ahmed, “Observation and poling of ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322 (1987).
[Crossref]

Akhmanov, S. A.

A. L. Aleksandrovskii, S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. D’yakov, N. I. Zheludev, and V. I. Pryalkin, “Efficient nonlinear optical converters made of potassium titanyl phosphate crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 885 (1985).
[Crossref]

Aleksandrovskii, A. L.

A. L. Aleksandrovskii, S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. D’yakov, N. I. Zheludev, and V. I. Pryalkin, “Efficient nonlinear optical converters made of potassium titanyl phosphate crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 885 (1985).
[Crossref]

Anthon, D. W.

D. W. Anthon and C. D. Crowder, “Wavelength dependent phase matching in KTP,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2650 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. W. Anthon, H. Nathel, D. M. Guthals, and J. H. Clark, “Scanning picosecond optical parametric source using potassium dihydrogen phosphate in the visible and near infrared,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 2054 (1987).
[Crossref]

Arweiler, C. B.

J. D. Bierlein and C. B. Arweiler, “Electro-optic and dielectric properties of KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 917 (1986).
[Crossref]

Badan, J.

Baer, T.

T. Baer, “Frequency-doubled, diode pumped Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 610, 45 (1986).

Ballman, A. A.

A. A. Ballman, H. Brown, D. H. Olson, and C. E. Rice, “Growth of potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) from molten tungstate melts,” J. Crystal Growth 75, 390 (1986).
[Crossref]

Baumert, J.-C.

W. P. Risk, J.-C. Baumert, G. C. Bjorklund, F. M. Schellenberg, and W. Lenth, “Generation of blue light by intracavity frequency mixing of the laser and pump radiation of a miniature neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 85 (1988).
[Crossref]

J.-C. Baumert, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, W. P. Risk, and G. C. Bjorklund, “Generation of blue cw coherent radiation by sum frequency mixing in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 2192 (1987).
[Crossref]

Belt, R.

Y. S. Liu, D. Dentz, and R. Belt, “High-average-power intracavity second-harmonic generation using KTiOPO4in an acousto-optically Q-switched Nd:YAG laser oscillator at 5 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 9, 76 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. S. Liu, L. Drafall, D. Dentz, and R. Belt, “Nonlinear optical phase-matching properties of KTiOPO4,” (General Electric, Schenectady, N.Y., 1982).

Belt, R. F.

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, and R. A. Laudise, “Low temperature hydrothermal growth of KTiOPO4(KTP),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 968, 100 (1988).

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, and Y. S. Liu, “KTP as a harmonic generator for Nd:YAG lasers,” Laser Focus 21, 110 (1985).

G. Gashurov and R. F. Belt, “Growth of KTP,” in Tunable Solid State Lasers for Remote Sensing, R. L. Byer, E. K. Gustafson, and R. Frebino, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1985), p. 119.
[Crossref]

Bierlein, J. D.

J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, and M. Roelofs, “KTiOPO4(KTP): a new material for optical waveguide applications,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 994, 160 (1989).

H. Vanherzeele, J. D. Bierlein, and F. C. Zumsteg, “Index of refraction measurements and parametric generation in hydrothermally-grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3314 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, L. H. Brixner, and W. Y. Hsu, “Fabrication and characterization of optical waveguides in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1216 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. D. Bierlein and F. Ahmed, “Observation and poling of ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. D. Bierlein and C. B. Arweiler, “Electro-optic and dielectric properties of KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 917 (1986).
[Crossref]

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. E. Gier, “Kx Rb1−x TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. D. Bierlein and T. D. Gier, U.S. Patent3,949,323 (April6, 1976).

J. D. Bierlein, “Nonlinear wavelength conversion in KTiOPO4waveguides,” in Proceedings of the International Meeting on Advanced Materials (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1989).

Bjorklund, G. C.

W. P. Risk, J.-C. Baumert, G. C. Bjorklund, F. M. Schellenberg, and W. Lenth, “Generation of blue light by intracavity frequency mixing of the laser and pump radiation of a miniature neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 85 (1988).
[Crossref]

J.-C. Baumert, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, W. P. Risk, and G. C. Bjorklund, “Generation of blue cw coherent radiation by sum frequency mixing in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 2192 (1987).
[Crossref]

Bordui, P. F.

P. F. Bordui, J. C. Jacco, G. M. Loiacono, R. A. Stolzenberger, and J. J. Zola, “Growth of large single crystals of KTiOPO4(KTP) from high-temperature solution using heat pipe based furnace system,” J. Crystal Growth 84, 403 (1987).
[Crossref]

Brixner, L. H.

J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, L. H. Brixner, and W. Y. Hsu, “Fabrication and characterization of optical waveguides in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1216 (1987).
[Crossref]

Brown, H.

A. A. Ballman, H. Brown, D. H. Olson, and C. E. Rice, “Growth of potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) from molten tungstate melts,” J. Crystal Growth 75, 390 (1986).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

Cai, D. F.

D. F. Cai and Z. T. Yang, “Investigation on some properties of KTiOPO4crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 79, 974 (1986).
[Crossref]

Caporaso, A. J.

R. A. Laudise, R. J. Cava, and A. J. Caporaso, “Phase relations, solubility and growth of potassium titanyl phosphate, KTP,” J. Crystal Growth 74, 275 (1986).
[Crossref]

Cava, R. J.

R. A. Laudise, R. J. Cava, and A. J. Caporaso, “Phase relations, solubility and growth of potassium titanyl phosphate, KTP,” J. Crystal Growth 74, 275 (1986).
[Crossref]

Chase, L. L.

L. L. Chase, R. Adair, and S. A. Payne, “Influence of structure and composition of the third-order susceptibility of inorganic optical materials,” Mat. Res. Soc. EA-12, 13 (1987).

Chouinard, M. P.

D. B. Laubacher, V. L. Guerra, M. P. Chouinard, J.-Y. Liou, and P. H. Wyat, “Fabrication and performance of KTP optoelectronic modulators,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 993, 80 (1988).

Clark, J. H.

D. W. Anthon, H. Nathel, D. M. Guthals, and J. H. Clark, “Scanning picosecond optical parametric source using potassium dihydrogen phosphate in the visible and near infrared,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 2054 (1987).
[Crossref]

Crowder, C. D.

D’yakov, V. A.

A. L. Aleksandrovskii, S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. D’yakov, N. I. Zheludev, and V. I. Pryalkin, “Efficient nonlinear optical converters made of potassium titanyl phosphate crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 885 (1985).
[Crossref]

De Vos, L.

H. Vanherzeele, L. De Vos, and P. Muys, “Tunable dye laser pumped by a frequency-doubled high power cw Nd:YAG laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3(13), P65 (1986).

Dentz, D.

Y. S. Liu, D. Dentz, and R. Belt, “High-average-power intracavity second-harmonic generation using KTiOPO4in an acousto-optically Q-switched Nd:YAG laser oscillator at 5 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 9, 76 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. S. Liu, L. Drafall, D. Dentz, and R. Belt, “Nonlinear optical phase-matching properties of KTiOPO4,” (General Electric, Schenectady, N.Y., 1982).

Drafall, L.

Y. S. Liu, L. Drafall, D. Dentz, and R. Belt, “Nonlinear optical phase-matching properties of KTiOPO4,” (General Electric, Schenectady, N.Y., 1982).

Driscoll, T. A.

Eckardt, R. C.

Eggleston, J. M.

S. E. Moody, J. M. Eggleston, and J. F. Seamans, “Long-pulse second harmonic generation in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 335 (1987).
[Crossref]

Fabre, C.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, and C. Fabre, “Observation of quantum noise reduction of twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Reynaud, C. Fabre, and E. Giacobino, “Quantum fluctuations in a two-mode parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1520 (1987).
[Crossref]

Fahlen, T. S.

P. E. Perkins and T. S. Fahlen, “20-W average-power KTP intracavity-doubled Nd:YAG laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1066 (1987).
[Crossref]

P. E. Perkins and T. S. Fahlen, “Half watt average power at 25 kHz from fourth harmonic of Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1636 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. Q. Yao and T. S. Fahlen, “Calculations of optimum phase match parameters for the biaxial crystal KTiOPO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65 (1984).
[Crossref]

Fan, T. Y.

Fan, Y. X.

Feigelson, R. S.

Ferretti, A.

J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, and M. Roelofs, “KTiOPO4(KTP): a new material for optical waveguide applications,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 994, 160 (1989).

J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, L. H. Brixner, and W. Y. Hsu, “Fabrication and characterization of optical waveguides in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1216 (1987).
[Crossref]

Gashurov, G.

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, and R. A. Laudise, “Low temperature hydrothermal growth of KTiOPO4(KTP),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 968, 100 (1988).

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, and Y. S. Liu, “KTP as a harmonic generator for Nd:YAG lasers,” Laser Focus 21, 110 (1985).

G. Gashurov and R. F. Belt, “Growth of KTP,” in Tunable Solid State Lasers for Remote Sensing, R. L. Byer, E. K. Gustafson, and R. Frebino, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1985), p. 119.
[Crossref]

Giacobino, E.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, and C. Fabre, “Observation of quantum noise reduction of twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Reynaud, C. Fabre, and E. Giacobino, “Quantum fluctuations in a two-mode parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1520 (1987).
[Crossref]

Gier, T. D.

J. D. Bierlein and T. D. Gier, U.S. Patent3,949,323 (April6, 1976).

Gier, T. E.

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. E. Gier, “Kx Rb1−x TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980 (1976).
[Crossref]

T. E. Gier and F. C. Zumsteg, “KTP crystals for second harmonic generation,” written for contract F33615-77-C-1131 (E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Wilmington, Del., November1978).

Grangier, P.

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, “Pulsed squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, “Squeezed light-enhanced polarization interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Greenberg, B.

J. C. Jacco, G. M. Loiacono, M. Jaso, G. Mizell, and B. Greenberg, “Flux growth and properties of KTiOPO4,” J. Crystal Growth 70, 484 (1984).
[Crossref]

Guerra, V. L.

D. B. Laubacher, V. L. Guerra, M. P. Chouinard, J.-Y. Liou, and P. H. Wyat, “Fabrication and performance of KTP optoelectronic modulators,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 993, 80 (1988).

Guitel, J. C.

I. Tordjman, R. Masse, and J. C. Guitel, “Structure cristalline du monophosphate KTiPO5,” Z. Kristallogr. 139, 103 (1974).
[Crossref]

Guthals, D. M.

D. W. Anthon, H. Nathel, D. M. Guthals, and J. H. Clark, “Scanning picosecond optical parametric source using potassium dihydrogen phosphate in the visible and near infrared,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 2054 (1987).
[Crossref]

Han, J. R.

Y. G. Liui, B. Xu, J. R. Han, X. Y. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth of KTiOPO4crystal for high efficiency SHG devices and its main properties,” Chin. J. Lasers 13, 438 (1986).

Heidmann, A.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, and C. Fabre, “Observation of quantum noise reduction of twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoffman, H. J.

Hon, D. T.

D. T. Hon, “High average power, efficient second harmonic generation,” in Laser Handbook, M. L. Stitch, ed. (North-Holland, New York, 1979), Vol. 3, p. 421.

Horowicz, R. J.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, and C. Fabre, “Observation of quantum noise reduction of twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, W. Y.

J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, L. H. Brixner, and W. Y. Hsu, “Fabrication and characterization of optical waveguides in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1216 (1987).
[Crossref]

Hu, B. Q.

Huang, C. E.

Huth, G.

G. Huth and D. Kuizenga, “Green light from doubled Nd:YAG lasers,” Lasers Optron. 6, 59 (1987).

Jacco, J. C.

P. F. Bordui, J. C. Jacco, G. M. Loiacono, R. A. Stolzenberger, and J. J. Zola, “Growth of large single crystals of KTiOPO4(KTP) from high-temperature solution using heat pipe based furnace system,” J. Crystal Growth 84, 403 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. C. Jacco, G. M. Loiacono, M. Jaso, G. Mizell, and B. Greenberg, “Flux growth and properties of KTiOPO4,” J. Crystal Growth 70, 484 (1984).
[Crossref]

Jaso, M.

J. C. Jacco, G. M. Loiacono, M. Jaso, G. Mizell, and B. Greenberg, “Flux growth and properties of KTiOPO4,” J. Crystal Growth 70, 484 (1984).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M. H.

Y. G. Liui, B. Xu, J. R. Han, X. Y. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth of KTiOPO4crystal for high efficiency SHG devices and its main properties,” Chin. J. Lasers 13, 438 (1986).

Johnson, J. C.

Kaiser, W.

A. Seilmeier and W. Kaiser, “Generation of tunable picosecond light pulses covering the frequency range between 2,700 and 32,000 cm−1,” Appl. Phys. 23, 113 (1980).
[Crossref]

Kato, K.

K. Kato, “Second harmonic and sum-frequency generation to 4950 and 4589 Å in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 3 (1988).
[Crossref]

Kortz, P.

P. Kortz, Adlas GmbH, Lubeck, Federal Republic of Germany (personal communication).

Kuizenga, D.

G. Huth and D. Kuizenga, “Green light from doubled Nd:YAG lasers,” Lasers Optron. 6, 59 (1987).

LaPorta, A.

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, “Pulsed squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, “Squeezed light-enhanced polarization interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laubacher, D. B.

D. B. Laubacher, V. L. Guerra, M. P. Chouinard, J.-Y. Liou, and P. H. Wyat, “Fabrication and performance of KTP optoelectronic modulators,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 993, 80 (1988).

Laudise, R. A.

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, and R. A. Laudise, “Low temperature hydrothermal growth of KTiOPO4(KTP),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 968, 100 (1988).

R. A. Laudise, R. J. Cava, and A. J. Caporaso, “Phase relations, solubility and growth of potassium titanyl phosphate, KTP,” J. Crystal Growth 74, 275 (1986).
[Crossref]

Ledoux, I.

Lenth, W.

W. P. Risk, J.-C. Baumert, G. C. Bjorklund, F. M. Schellenberg, and W. Lenth, “Generation of blue light by intracavity frequency mixing of the laser and pump radiation of a miniature neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 85 (1988).
[Crossref]

J.-C. Baumert, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, W. P. Risk, and G. C. Bjorklund, “Generation of blue cw coherent radiation by sum frequency mixing in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 2192 (1987).
[Crossref]

Liou, J.-Y.

D. B. Laubacher, V. L. Guerra, M. P. Chouinard, J.-Y. Liou, and P. H. Wyat, “Fabrication and performance of KTP optoelectronic modulators,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 993, 80 (1988).

Liu, X. Y.

Y. G. Liui, B. Xu, J. R. Han, X. Y. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth of KTiOPO4crystal for high efficiency SHG devices and its main properties,” Chin. J. Lasers 13, 438 (1986).

Liu, Y. S.

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, and Y. S. Liu, “KTP as a harmonic generator for Nd:YAG lasers,” Laser Focus 21, 110 (1985).

Y. S. Liu, D. Dentz, and R. Belt, “High-average-power intracavity second-harmonic generation using KTiOPO4in an acousto-optically Q-switched Nd:YAG laser oscillator at 5 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 9, 76 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. S. Liu, L. Drafall, D. Dentz, and R. Belt, “Nonlinear optical phase-matching properties of KTiOPO4,” (General Electric, Schenectady, N.Y., 1982).

Liui, Y. G.

Y. G. Liui, B. Xu, J. R. Han, X. Y. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth of KTiOPO4crystal for high efficiency SHG devices and its main properties,” Chin. J. Lasers 13, 438 (1986).

Loehr, T. M.

Loiacono, G. M.

G. M. Loiacono and R. A. Stolzenberger, “Observations of complex domain walls in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1498 (1988); V. I. Voronkova, R. S. Gvozdover, and V. K. Vanovskii, “Ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4and RbTiOPO4crystals,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 390 (1987).
[Crossref]

P. F. Bordui, J. C. Jacco, G. M. Loiacono, R. A. Stolzenberger, and J. J. Zola, “Growth of large single crystals of KTiOPO4(KTP) from high-temperature solution using heat pipe based furnace system,” J. Crystal Growth 84, 403 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. C. Jacco, G. M. Loiacono, M. Jaso, G. Mizell, and B. Greenberg, “Flux growth and properties of KTiOPO4,” J. Crystal Growth 70, 484 (1984).
[Crossref]

Masse, R.

I. Tordjman, R. Masse, and J. C. Guitel, “Structure cristalline du monophosphate KTiPO5,” Z. Kristallogr. 139, 103 (1974).
[Crossref]

Massey, G. A.

Mizell, G.

J. C. Jacco, G. M. Loiacono, M. Jaso, G. Mizell, and B. Greenberg, “Flux growth and properties of KTiOPO4,” J. Crystal Growth 70, 484 (1984).
[Crossref]

Moody, S. E.

S. E. Moody, J. M. Eggleston, and J. F. Seamans, “Long-pulse second harmonic generation in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 335 (1987).
[Crossref]

Muys, P.

H. Vanherzeele, L. De Vos, and P. Muys, “Tunable dye laser pumped by a frequency-doubled high power cw Nd:YAG laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3(13), P65 (1986).

Nathel, H.

D. W. Anthon, H. Nathel, D. M. Guthals, and J. H. Clark, “Scanning picosecond optical parametric source using potassium dihydrogen phosphate in the visible and near infrared,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 2054 (1987).
[Crossref]

Olson, D. H.

A. A. Ballman, H. Brown, D. H. Olson, and C. E. Rice, “Growth of potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) from molten tungstate melts,” J. Crystal Growth 75, 390 (1986).
[Crossref]

Payne, S. A.

L. L. Chase, R. Adair, and S. A. Payne, “Influence of structure and composition of the third-order susceptibility of inorganic optical materials,” Mat. Res. Soc. EA-12, 13 (1987).

Perkins, P. E.

Potasek, M. J.

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, “Pulsed squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pryalkin, V. I.

A. L. Aleksandrovskii, S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. D’yakov, N. I. Zheludev, and V. I. Pryalkin, “Efficient nonlinear optical converters made of potassium titanyl phosphate crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 885 (1985).
[Crossref]

Reynaud, S.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, and C. Fabre, “Observation of quantum noise reduction of twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Reynaud, C. Fabre, and E. Giacobino, “Quantum fluctuations in a two-mode parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1520 (1987).
[Crossref]

Rice, C. E.

A. A. Ballman, H. Brown, D. H. Olson, and C. E. Rice, “Growth of potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) from molten tungstate melts,” J. Crystal Growth 75, 390 (1986).
[Crossref]

Risk, W. P.

W. P. Risk, J.-C. Baumert, G. C. Bjorklund, F. M. Schellenberg, and W. Lenth, “Generation of blue light by intracavity frequency mixing of the laser and pump radiation of a miniature neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 85 (1988).
[Crossref]

J.-C. Baumert, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, W. P. Risk, and G. C. Bjorklund, “Generation of blue cw coherent radiation by sum frequency mixing in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 2192 (1987).
[Crossref]

Roelofs, M.

J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, and M. Roelofs, “KTiOPO4(KTP): a new material for optical waveguide applications,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 994, 160 (1989).

Schellenberg, F. M.

W. P. Risk, J.-C. Baumert, G. C. Bjorklund, F. M. Schellenberg, and W. Lenth, “Generation of blue light by intracavity frequency mixing of the laser and pump radiation of a miniature neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 85 (1988).
[Crossref]

J.-C. Baumert, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, W. P. Risk, and G. C. Bjorklund, “Generation of blue cw coherent radiation by sum frequency mixing in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 2192 (1987).
[Crossref]

Seamans, J. F.

S. E. Moody, J. M. Eggleston, and J. F. Seamans, “Long-pulse second harmonic generation in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 335 (1987).
[Crossref]

Seilmeier, A.

A. Seilmeier and W. Kaiser, “Generation of tunable picosecond light pulses covering the frequency range between 2,700 and 32,000 cm−1,” Appl. Phys. 23, 113 (1980).
[Crossref]

Shen, D. Z.

D. Z. Shen and C. E. Huang, “A new nonlinear optical crystal KTP,” Prog. Crystal Growth Characterization 11, 269 (1985).
[Crossref]

Slusher, R. E.

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, “Pulsed squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, “Squeezed light-enhanced polarization interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stolzenberger, R. A.

G. M. Loiacono and R. A. Stolzenberger, “Observations of complex domain walls in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1498 (1988); V. I. Voronkova, R. S. Gvozdover, and V. K. Vanovskii, “Ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4and RbTiOPO4crystals,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 390 (1987).
[Crossref]

P. F. Bordui, J. C. Jacco, G. M. Loiacono, R. A. Stolzenberger, and J. J. Zola, “Growth of large single crystals of KTiOPO4(KTP) from high-temperature solution using heat pipe based furnace system,” J. Crystal Growth 84, 403 (1987).
[Crossref]

Stone, R. E.

Tordjman, I.

I. Tordjman, R. Masse, and J. C. Guitel, “Structure cristalline du monophosphate KTiPO5,” Z. Kristallogr. 139, 103 (1974).
[Crossref]

Vanherzeele, H.

H. Vanherzeele, “Optical parametric conversion of picosecond pulses in KTiOPO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5(13), P87 (1988).

H. Vanherzeele, J. D. Bierlein, and F. C. Zumsteg, “Index of refraction measurements and parametric generation in hydrothermally-grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3314 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Vanherzeele, “Optimization of a cw mode-locked and frequency-doubled Nd:YLF laser,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3608 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Vanherzeele, L. De Vos, and P. Muys, “Tunable dye laser pumped by a frequency-doubled high power cw Nd:YAG laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3(13), P65 (1986).

Voronkova, V. I.

V. K. Yanovskii and V. I. Voronkova, “Ferroelectric phase transitions and properties of crystals of the KTiOPO4family,” Phys. Status Solidi A 93, 665 (1986).
[Crossref]

Willis, L. J.

Wyat, P. H.

D. B. Laubacher, V. L. Guerra, M. P. Chouinard, J.-Y. Liou, and P. H. Wyat, “Fabrication and performance of KTP optoelectronic modulators,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 993, 80 (1988).

Xu, B.

Y. G. Liui, B. Xu, J. R. Han, X. Y. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth of KTiOPO4crystal for high efficiency SHG devices and its main properties,” Chin. J. Lasers 13, 438 (1986).

Yang, Z. T.

D. F. Cai and Z. T. Yang, “Investigation on some properties of KTiOPO4crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 79, 974 (1986).
[Crossref]

Yanovskii, V. K.

V. K. Yanovskii and V. I. Voronkova, “Ferroelectric phase transitions and properties of crystals of the KTiOPO4family,” Phys. Status Solidi A 93, 665 (1986).
[Crossref]

Yao, J. Q.

J. Q. Yao and T. S. Fahlen, “Calculations of optimum phase match parameters for the biaxial crystal KTiOPO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65 (1984).
[Crossref]

Yurke, B.

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, “Squeezed light-enhanced polarization interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, “Pulsed squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheludev, N. I.

A. L. Aleksandrovskii, S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. D’yakov, N. I. Zheludev, and V. I. Pryalkin, “Efficient nonlinear optical converters made of potassium titanyl phosphate crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 885 (1985).
[Crossref]

Zola, J. J.

P. F. Bordui, J. C. Jacco, G. M. Loiacono, R. A. Stolzenberger, and J. J. Zola, “Growth of large single crystals of KTiOPO4(KTP) from high-temperature solution using heat pipe based furnace system,” J. Crystal Growth 84, 403 (1987).
[Crossref]

Zumsteg, F. C.

H. Vanherzeele, J. D. Bierlein, and F. C. Zumsteg, “Index of refraction measurements and parametric generation in hydrothermally-grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3314 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. E. Gier, “Kx Rb1−x TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980 (1976).
[Crossref]

F. C. Zumsteg, E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Wilmington, Delaware 19880 (personal communicaton).

T. E. Gier and F. C. Zumsteg, “KTP crystals for second harmonic generation,” written for contract F33615-77-C-1131 (E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Wilmington, Del., November1978).

Zyss, J.

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Seilmeier and W. Kaiser, “Generation of tunable picosecond light pulses covering the frequency range between 2,700 and 32,000 cm−1,” Appl. Phys. 23, 113 (1980).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

J.-C. Baumert, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, W. P. Risk, and G. C. Bjorklund, “Generation of blue cw coherent radiation by sum frequency mixing in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 2192 (1987).
[Crossref]

W. P. Risk, J.-C. Baumert, G. C. Bjorklund, F. M. Schellenberg, and W. Lenth, “Generation of blue light by intracavity frequency mixing of the laser and pump radiation of a miniature neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 85 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. D. Bierlein and C. B. Arweiler, “Electro-optic and dielectric properties of KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 917 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, L. H. Brixner, and W. Y. Hsu, “Fabrication and characterization of optical waveguides in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1216 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. D. Bierlein and F. Ahmed, “Observation and poling of ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322 (1987).
[Crossref]

G. M. Loiacono and R. A. Stolzenberger, “Observations of complex domain walls in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1498 (1988); V. I. Voronkova, R. S. Gvozdover, and V. K. Vanovskii, “Ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4and RbTiOPO4crystals,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 390 (1987).
[Crossref]

Chin. J. Lasers (1)

Y. G. Liui, B. Xu, J. R. Han, X. Y. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth of KTiOPO4crystal for high efficiency SHG devices and its main properties,” Chin. J. Lasers 13, 438 (1986).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

P. E. Perkins and T. S. Fahlen, “Half watt average power at 25 kHz from fourth harmonic of Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1636 (1985).
[Crossref]

S. E. Moody, J. M. Eggleston, and J. F. Seamans, “Long-pulse second harmonic generation in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 335 (1987).
[Crossref]

K. Kato, “Second harmonic and sum-frequency generation to 4950 and 4589 Å in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 3 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J. Q. Yao and T. S. Fahlen, “Calculations of optimum phase match parameters for the biaxial crystal KTiOPO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65 (1984).
[Crossref]

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. E. Gier, “Kx Rb1−x TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. Crystal Growth (5)

R. A. Laudise, R. J. Cava, and A. J. Caporaso, “Phase relations, solubility and growth of potassium titanyl phosphate, KTP,” J. Crystal Growth 74, 275 (1986).
[Crossref]

D. F. Cai and Z. T. Yang, “Investigation on some properties of KTiOPO4crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 79, 974 (1986).
[Crossref]

A. A. Ballman, H. Brown, D. H. Olson, and C. E. Rice, “Growth of potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) from molten tungstate melts,” J. Crystal Growth 75, 390 (1986).
[Crossref]

P. F. Bordui, J. C. Jacco, G. M. Loiacono, R. A. Stolzenberger, and J. J. Zola, “Growth of large single crystals of KTiOPO4(KTP) from high-temperature solution using heat pipe based furnace system,” J. Crystal Growth 84, 403 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. C. Jacco, G. M. Loiacono, M. Jaso, G. Mizell, and B. Greenberg, “Flux growth and properties of KTiOPO4,” J. Crystal Growth 70, 484 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

H. Vanherzeele, L. De Vos, and P. Muys, “Tunable dye laser pumped by a frequency-doubled high power cw Nd:YAG laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3(13), P65 (1986).

H. Vanherzeele, “Optical parametric conversion of picosecond pulses in KTiOPO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5(13), P87 (1988).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

Laser Focus (1)

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, and Y. S. Liu, “KTP as a harmonic generator for Nd:YAG lasers,” Laser Focus 21, 110 (1985).

Lasers Optron. (1)

G. Huth and D. Kuizenga, “Green light from doubled Nd:YAG lasers,” Lasers Optron. 6, 59 (1987).

Mat. Res. Soc. (1)

L. L. Chase, R. Adair, and S. A. Payne, “Influence of structure and composition of the third-order susceptibility of inorganic optical materials,” Mat. Res. Soc. EA-12, 13 (1987).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, and C. Fabre, “Observation of quantum noise reduction of twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2555 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, “Squeezed light-enhanced polarization interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, “Pulsed squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

V. K. Yanovskii and V. I. Voronkova, “Ferroelectric phase transitions and properties of crystals of the KTiOPO4family,” Phys. Status Solidi A 93, 665 (1986).
[Crossref]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (4)

J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, and M. Roelofs, “KTiOPO4(KTP): a new material for optical waveguide applications,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 994, 160 (1989).

D. B. Laubacher, V. L. Guerra, M. P. Chouinard, J.-Y. Liou, and P. H. Wyat, “Fabrication and performance of KTP optoelectronic modulators,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 993, 80 (1988).

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, and R. A. Laudise, “Low temperature hydrothermal growth of KTiOPO4(KTP),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 968, 100 (1988).

T. Baer, “Frequency-doubled, diode pumped Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 610, 45 (1986).

Prog. Crystal Growth Characterization (1)

D. Z. Shen and C. E. Huang, “A new nonlinear optical crystal KTP,” Prog. Crystal Growth Characterization 11, 269 (1985).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

D. W. Anthon, H. Nathel, D. M. Guthals, and J. H. Clark, “Scanning picosecond optical parametric source using potassium dihydrogen phosphate in the visible and near infrared,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 2054 (1987).
[Crossref]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. L. Aleksandrovskii, S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. D’yakov, N. I. Zheludev, and V. I. Pryalkin, “Efficient nonlinear optical converters made of potassium titanyl phosphate crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 885 (1985).
[Crossref]

Z. Kristallogr. (1)

I. Tordjman, R. Masse, and J. C. Guitel, “Structure cristalline du monophosphate KTiPO5,” Z. Kristallogr. 139, 103 (1974).
[Crossref]

Other (10)

G. Gashurov and R. F. Belt, “Growth of KTP,” in Tunable Solid State Lasers for Remote Sensing, R. L. Byer, E. K. Gustafson, and R. Frebino, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1985), p. 119.
[Crossref]

J. D. Bierlein and T. D. Gier, U.S. Patent3,949,323 (April6, 1976).

F. C. Zumsteg, E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Wilmington, Delaware 19880 (personal communicaton).

T. E. Gier and F. C. Zumsteg, “KTP crystals for second harmonic generation,” written for contract F33615-77-C-1131 (E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Wilmington, Del., November1978).

Y. S. Liu, L. Drafall, D. Dentz, and R. Belt, “Nonlinear optical phase-matching properties of KTiOPO4,” (General Electric, Schenectady, N.Y., 1982).

D. T. Hon, “High average power, efficient second harmonic generation,” in Laser Handbook, M. L. Stitch, ed. (North-Holland, New York, 1979), Vol. 3, p. 421.

P. Kortz, Adlas GmbH, Lubeck, Federal Republic of Germany (personal communication).

K. H. Hellwege, ed., Landolt–Bornstein Tables, Nonlinear Dielectric Susceptibilities (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1979), Vol. 2, Group 3, Sec. 6.; Sellmeier equations in this reference are constructed from only a limited refractive-index data set from Ref. 2 for hydrothermally grown KTP.

See, e.g., D. A. Auston and K. B. Eisenthal eds., Proceedings of the Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena IV, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984); G. R. Fleming and A. E. Siegman, eds., Proceedings of the Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena V (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
[Crossref]

J. D. Bierlein, “Nonlinear wavelength conversion in KTiOPO4waveguides,” in Proceedings of the International Meeting on Advanced Materials (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1989).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

KTP crystal structure: (a) ac projection, (b) ab projection. Shaded elements are the Ti octahedra, open elements are the P tetrahedra, and open circles are the K. The short Ti–O bond is are shown as bold lines.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Natural KTP crystal morphology.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SHG phase-matching curves for propagation in the three principal planes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Phase-matching angles for difference-frequency mixing between a tunable dye laser and the 1.053-μm radiation of a Nd:YLF laser.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Alternatively, SHG can be used in KTP for upconverting IR radiation with a wavelength in the range 1–3.4 μm, as shown in Fig. 3.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Angle-tuning curve in the xz plane for a KTP parametric generator pumped by a 1.053-μm beam.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Angle tuning curves in (a) the xy plane, (b) the yz plane, and (c) the xz plane for a KTP parametric generator pumped by the second harmonic of a Nd:YLF laser (526 nm). The dots in (b) and (c) represent the experimental data.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Single-pass amplification at 630 nm in a 20-mm-long KTP crystal, pumped by 526 nm as a function of pump energy. The squares represent the experimental data.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Frequency dependence of dielectric constants 33′ and 33″ for (F) flux-grown and (H) low-temperature hydrothermally grown KTP.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Depth profile for Rb ion exchange in KTP.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Top view of a TI-exchanged channel waveguide in KTP.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

End view of a Ba/Rb-exchanged channel waveguide in KTP.

Tables (7)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Nonlinear-Optical and Thermal Properties of KTP

Tables Icon

Table 2 Sellmeier Equation Coefficients

Tables Icon

Table 3 Electro-Optic and Dielectric Constants of KTP

Tables Icon

Table 4 Electro-Optic Modulator Materials

Tables Icon

Table 5 Electro-Optic Waveguide Materials

Tables Icon

Table 6 Ion-Exchanged Waveguides in KTiOPO4

Tables Icon

Table 7 Effect of Divalent Ion on KTP Waveguide Properties (Rb+/M++ Ion Exchange, 300°C, 2 h)

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n 2 = A + B / [ 1 - ( C / λ ) 2 ] - D λ 2 ,
d eff ( I I ) ( d 24 - d 15 ) sin 2 ϕ sin 2 θ - ( d 15 sin 2 ϕ + d 24 cos 2 ϕ ) sin θ .
λ dye - 1 - λ YLF - 1 = λ IR - 1 ,
λ IR - 1 + λ dye - 1 = λ VIS - 1 .
λ YLF - 1 = λ s - 1 + λ i - 1 ,
G = cosh 2 ( l Γ ) ,
Γ = ( 8 π 2 I p n s n i n p c 0 λ s λ i ) 1 / 2 d eff .
G = ¼ exp ( 2 l Γ ) .
r c 1 = r 33 - ( n 1 / n 3 ) 3 r 13
r c 2 = r 33 - ( n 2 / n 3 ) 3 r 23

Metrics