Abstract

We present three novel phase-conjugate laser systems. A Nd, Cr:GSGG laser with a stimulated-Brillouin-scattering (SBS) mirror and plasma shutter has been investigated. A combined effect of SBS and optical breakdown allows us to control pulse duration in a wide range. A description of a Nd:YAG laser with a peak power of 1 GW in a 1-nsec pulse, achieved by means of SBS compression in CCI4, is given. A laser oscillator design with a SBS mirror arranged outside the main resonator has been studied experimentally. Nd:YA1O3 and Nd, Cr:GSGG lasers based on this design revealed efficient generation of near-diffraction-limited output.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Yu. Natarov, P. P. Pashinin, E. J. Shklovsky, I. A. Scher-bakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. 14, 477 (1987).
  2. Yu. S. Kasyanov, Yu. S. Leonov, G. M. Pleshkov, Sov. J. Tech. Phys. 7, 1386 (1984).
  3. K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 377 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. T. Hon, Opt. Eng. 21, 252 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. R. Buzyalis, A. S. Dementiev, E. K. Kosenko, Laser Optics (Optica Laserov, Moscow, 1984), p. 204.
  6. D. T. Hon, Opt. Lett. 5, 516 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. B. Paperny, V. F. Petrov, V. R. Startsev, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 7, 433 (1981).
  8. Yu. A. Ananiev. Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 1, 565 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. L. Herbst, H. Komine, R. L. Byer, Opt. Commun. 21, 7 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. H. Sarkies, Opt. Commun. 31, 189 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  11. N. N. Yl’ychev, A. A. Malyutin, P. P. Pashinin, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1803 (1982).
  12. B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, in Obraschenie Volnovogo Fronta (Nauka, Moscow, 1985), p. 219.
  13. A. A. Tarasov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1727 (1982).
  14. S. A. Lesnik, M. S. Soskin, A. I. Khizhnyak, Sov. J. Tech. Phys. 49, 2257 (1979).
  15. P. A. Belanger, Opt. Eng. 21, 266 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. I. Stepanov, ed., Soviet Calculation Method of Optical Quantum Generators (Nauka i Technika, Minsk, 1968), Vol. 2, p. 656.
  17. S. A. Mikhnov, A. N. Khozinsky, V. A. Kononov, Sov. J. Appl. Spectrosc. 37, 227 (1982).
  18. T. T. Basiev, I. Ya. Ytskkhoky, B. G. Lysoi, S. B. Mirov, O. B. Cherednichenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 619 (1983).

1987 (1)

S. Yu. Natarov, P. P. Pashinin, E. J. Shklovsky, I. A. Scher-bakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. 14, 477 (1987).

1986 (1)

K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 377 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

Yu. S. Kasyanov, Yu. S. Leonov, G. M. Pleshkov, Sov. J. Tech. Phys. 7, 1386 (1984).

1983 (1)

T. T. Basiev, I. Ya. Ytskkhoky, B. G. Lysoi, S. B. Mirov, O. B. Cherednichenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 619 (1983).

1982 (5)

D. T. Hon, Opt. Eng. 21, 252 (1982).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Yl’ychev, A. A. Malyutin, P. P. Pashinin, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1803 (1982).

A. A. Tarasov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1727 (1982).

P. A. Belanger, Opt. Eng. 21, 266 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Mikhnov, A. N. Khozinsky, V. A. Kononov, Sov. J. Appl. Spectrosc. 37, 227 (1982).

1981 (1)

S. B. Paperny, V. F. Petrov, V. R. Startsev, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 7, 433 (1981).

1980 (1)

1979 (2)

P. H. Sarkies, Opt. Commun. 31, 189 (1979).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Lesnik, M. S. Soskin, A. I. Khizhnyak, Sov. J. Tech. Phys. 49, 2257 (1979).

1977 (1)

R. L. Herbst, H. Komine, R. L. Byer, Opt. Commun. 21, 7 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

Yu. A. Ananiev. Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 1, 565 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Ananiev, Yu. A.

Yu. A. Ananiev. Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 1, 565 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Basiev, T. T.

T. T. Basiev, I. Ya. Ytskkhoky, B. G. Lysoi, S. B. Mirov, O. B. Cherednichenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 619 (1983).

Belanger, P. A.

P. A. Belanger, Opt. Eng. 21, 266 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Buzyalis, R. R.

R. R. Buzyalis, A. S. Dementiev, E. K. Kosenko, Laser Optics (Optica Laserov, Moscow, 1984), p. 204.

Byer, R. L.

R. L. Herbst, H. Komine, R. L. Byer, Opt. Commun. 21, 7 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Cherednichenko, O. B.

T. T. Basiev, I. Ya. Ytskkhoky, B. G. Lysoi, S. B. Mirov, O. B. Cherednichenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 619 (1983).

Dementiev, A. S.

R. R. Buzyalis, A. S. Dementiev, E. K. Kosenko, Laser Optics (Optica Laserov, Moscow, 1984), p. 204.

Eidmann, K.

K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 377 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Herbst, R. L.

R. L. Herbst, H. Komine, R. L. Byer, Opt. Commun. 21, 7 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Hon, D. T.

D. T. Hon, Opt. Eng. 21, 252 (1982).
[CrossRef]

D. T. Hon, Opt. Lett. 5, 516 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kasyanov, Yu. S.

Yu. S. Kasyanov, Yu. S. Leonov, G. M. Pleshkov, Sov. J. Tech. Phys. 7, 1386 (1984).

Khizhnyak, A. I.

S. A. Lesnik, M. S. Soskin, A. I. Khizhnyak, Sov. J. Tech. Phys. 49, 2257 (1979).

Khozinsky, A. N.

S. A. Mikhnov, A. N. Khozinsky, V. A. Kononov, Sov. J. Appl. Spectrosc. 37, 227 (1982).

Kishimoto, T.

K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 377 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Komine, H.

R. L. Herbst, H. Komine, R. L. Byer, Opt. Commun. 21, 7 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kononov, V. A.

S. A. Mikhnov, A. N. Khozinsky, V. A. Kononov, Sov. J. Appl. Spectrosc. 37, 227 (1982).

Kosenko, E. K.

R. R. Buzyalis, A. S. Dementiev, E. K. Kosenko, Laser Optics (Optica Laserov, Moscow, 1984), p. 204.

Leonov, Yu. S.

Yu. S. Kasyanov, Yu. S. Leonov, G. M. Pleshkov, Sov. J. Tech. Phys. 7, 1386 (1984).

Lesnik, S. A.

S. A. Lesnik, M. S. Soskin, A. I. Khizhnyak, Sov. J. Tech. Phys. 49, 2257 (1979).

Lysoi, B. G.

T. T. Basiev, I. Ya. Ytskkhoky, B. G. Lysoi, S. B. Mirov, O. B. Cherednichenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 619 (1983).

Malyutin, A. A.

N. N. Yl’ychev, A. A. Malyutin, P. P. Pashinin, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1803 (1982).

Mikhnov, S. A.

S. A. Mikhnov, A. N. Khozinsky, V. A. Kononov, Sov. J. Appl. Spectrosc. 37, 227 (1982).

Mirov, S. B.

T. T. Basiev, I. Ya. Ytskkhoky, B. G. Lysoi, S. B. Mirov, O. B. Cherednichenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 619 (1983).

Natarov, S. Yu.

S. Yu. Natarov, P. P. Pashinin, E. J. Shklovsky, I. A. Scher-bakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. 14, 477 (1987).

Paperny, S. B.

S. B. Paperny, V. F. Petrov, V. R. Startsev, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 7, 433 (1981).

Pashinin, P. P.

S. Yu. Natarov, P. P. Pashinin, E. J. Shklovsky, I. A. Scher-bakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. 14, 477 (1987).

N. N. Yl’ychev, A. A. Malyutin, P. P. Pashinin, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1803 (1982).

Petrov, V. F.

S. B. Paperny, V. F. Petrov, V. R. Startsev, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 7, 433 (1981).

Pilipetsky, N. F.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, in Obraschenie Volnovogo Fronta (Nauka, Moscow, 1985), p. 219.

Pleshkov, G. M.

Yu. S. Kasyanov, Yu. S. Leonov, G. M. Pleshkov, Sov. J. Tech. Phys. 7, 1386 (1984).

Sarkies, P. H.

P. H. Sarkies, Opt. Commun. 31, 189 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Scher-bakov, I. A.

S. Yu. Natarov, P. P. Pashinin, E. J. Shklovsky, I. A. Scher-bakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. 14, 477 (1987).

Shklovsky, E. J.

S. Yu. Natarov, P. P. Pashinin, E. J. Shklovsky, I. A. Scher-bakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. 14, 477 (1987).

Shkunov, V. V.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, in Obraschenie Volnovogo Fronta (Nauka, Moscow, 1985), p. 219.

Soskin, M. S.

S. A. Lesnik, M. S. Soskin, A. I. Khizhnyak, Sov. J. Tech. Phys. 49, 2257 (1979).

Startsev, V. R.

S. B. Paperny, V. F. Petrov, V. R. Startsev, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 7, 433 (1981).

Tarasov, A. A.

A. A. Tarasov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1727 (1982).

Yl’ychev, N. N.

N. N. Yl’ychev, A. A. Malyutin, P. P. Pashinin, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1803 (1982).

Ytskkhoky, I. Ya.

T. T. Basiev, I. Ya. Ytskkhoky, B. G. Lysoi, S. B. Mirov, O. B. Cherednichenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 619 (1983).

Zel’dovich, B. Ya.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, in Obraschenie Volnovogo Fronta (Nauka, Moscow, 1985), p. 219.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 377 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kvantovaya Elektron. (1)

S. Yu. Natarov, P. P. Pashinin, E. J. Shklovsky, I. A. Scher-bakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. 14, 477 (1987).

Opt. Commun. (2)

R. L. Herbst, H. Komine, R. L. Byer, Opt. Commun. 21, 7 (1977).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Sarkies, Opt. Commun. 31, 189 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (2)

D. T. Hon, Opt. Eng. 21, 252 (1982).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Belanger, Opt. Eng. 21, 266 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. (1)

S. B. Paperny, V. F. Petrov, V. R. Startsev, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 7, 433 (1981).

Sov. J. Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

S. A. Mikhnov, A. N. Khozinsky, V. A. Kononov, Sov. J. Appl. Spectrosc. 37, 227 (1982).

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (4)

T. T. Basiev, I. Ya. Ytskkhoky, B. G. Lysoi, S. B. Mirov, O. B. Cherednichenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 619 (1983).

Yu. A. Ananiev. Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 1, 565 (1972).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Tarasov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1727 (1982).

N. N. Yl’ychev, A. A. Malyutin, P. P. Pashinin, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1803 (1982).

Sov. J. Tech. Phys. (2)

S. A. Lesnik, M. S. Soskin, A. I. Khizhnyak, Sov. J. Tech. Phys. 49, 2257 (1979).

Yu. S. Kasyanov, Yu. S. Leonov, G. M. Pleshkov, Sov. J. Tech. Phys. 7, 1386 (1984).

Other (3)

R. R. Buzyalis, A. S. Dementiev, E. K. Kosenko, Laser Optics (Optica Laserov, Moscow, 1984), p. 204.

B. I. Stepanov, ed., Soviet Calculation Method of Optical Quantum Generators (Nauka i Technika, Minsk, 1968), Vol. 2, p. 656.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, in Obraschenie Volnovogo Fronta (Nauka, Moscow, 1985), p. 219.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Generation of variable pulse width by the combined effect of optical breakdown and SBS. a, Optical schematic: 1, polarizer; 2, λ/4 plate; 3, 5, lenses; 4, breakdown region; 6, SBS mirror, b, Incident pulse (solid curve) and Stokes pulse as recorded after reflection from the polarizer (dashed curve).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser-system schematic: 1, oscillator; 2, 8, polarizers; 3, amplifier A1; 4,10, Fresnel rhombs; 5, telescope; 6, positive lens with F = 15 cm; 7, SBS cell with TiCl4; 9, amplifier A2; 11, dielectric mirror; 12, lens; 13, SBS cell with CCl4.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse shape/width evolution: a, oscillator output; b, after reflection from the SBS mirror (no breakdown); c, after traveling through the breakdown region (at SBS-mirror input); d, e, obtained by combined action of breakdown and SBS in TiCl4 at amplifier A2 input (L′ = 55 and L′ = 90 cm, respectively).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SBS compression of laser pulses shaped by the combined shutter: a, pump width tp = 9 nsec, compressed pulse width tp = 0.8 nsec; b, pump width tp = 1 nsec, compressed pulse width tp = 0.4 nsec (FWHM).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical schematic: 1, TEM00-mode single-frequency oscillator; 2, telescope; 3, polarizer; 4,5, preamplifiers; 6, Fresnel rhomb; 7, SBS mirror; 8, deflecting mirror; 9,10, final amplifier stages.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Oscilloscope trace of the output, tp = 1.1 nsec (FWHM), as recorded with a Tektronix 7104.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Average power versus repetition rate.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Optical schematic of the laser with the SBS mirror switched by self-injection: 1, 4, wedged plates (mirrors of the slave resonator cavity); 2, LiF:F2 shutter; 3, active element; 5, lens; 6, SBS cell with TiCl4.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Oscilloscope trace of laser output: a, with the SBS mirror blocked; b, with SBS mirror switched.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Pulse Energy in Some Points of the Laser Systema

Tables Icon

Table 2 Pulse Energy Buildup in Amplifier Stagesa

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

η = K r ( K 0 K m ) K 0 K n ,
K m K n ( 1.2 K n K 0 0.2 ) .
K ̂ r = 1 2 l ln 1 r , K ̂ 0 = 1 2 l ln 1 r 2 + 1 l ln 1 T 0 + β , K ̂ n = 1 2 l ln 1 R r + δ l ln 1 T 0 + β .
η ̂ = 0.67 ( R = 1 ) , η ̂ = 0.55 ( R = 0.8 ) , η ̂ = 0.42 ( R = 0.6 ) , η ̂ = 0.26 ( R = 0.4 ) , η ̂ = 0.06 ( R = 0.2 ) .

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