Abstract

The semi-classical Dicke model and the ideal parametric amplifier are described by Hamiltonians linear in the SU(2) and SU(1, 1) group generators, respectively. We use the usual pseudospin vector as well as its SU(1, 1) analog to give a unified description of the dynamics of the coherent states in these models. The pseudospin vector obeys a precession (or pseudoprecession) equation; hence simple geometrical arguments can be used to relate its evolution to that of the coherent-state parameters. To study fluctuations and squeezing we introduce the pseudospin tensor, which is a higher-order generalization of the pseudospin vector. The pseudospin tensor obeys a generalized precession equation that can be factored into scalar, vector, and quadrupole parts and solved exactly by application of the Cayley–Hamilton theorem. Squeezing is related directly to the behavior of the. pseudospin tensor and can therefore be calculated without invoking the group-theoretical disentangling formulas. Our approach is thus elementary in character. It also provides an attractive and closely parallel geometrical account of coherent-state evolution and squeezing in the two models.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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