Abstract

Spectra of 14 Fe-like ions from Ru18+ to Gd38+ were observed with laser-produced plasmas and grazing-incidence spectrographs. The wavelengths range from 26 to 78 Å. Line identifications were made for transitions of the 3p63d8–3p53d9 array. The number of identifications varied from 42 in Ru18+ to 10 in Gd38+. Experimental values for many of the energy levels of the 3p63d8 and 3p53d9 configurations were derived from the measured wavelengths. Predicted values for missing levels and for ions not observed in the isoelectronic sequence were obtained from parametric fits of the differences between the observed level values and relativistically calculated level values. Results are given for all ions of the sequence from Ru18+ to Yb44+. Wavelengths for magnetic dipole transitions within the 3p63d8 configuration calculated from the energy levels are given for several ions.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Uylings, Th. A. M. Van Kleef, Y. N. Joshi, L. I. Podobedova, A. N. Ryabtsev, “The analysis of the 3d8, 3d74p and 3p53d9configurations of the As viii spectrum,” Phys. Scr. 29, 330 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. N. Ryabtsev, “3p63d8–3p53d9transitions in Rb xiiand Sr xiii,” Phys. Scr. 28, 176 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Reader, A. Ryabtsev, “3p63d8–3p53d9transitions in Sr xii, Y xiv, Zr xv, Nb xvi, and Mo xvii,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 231 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Reader, A. Ryabtsev, “Revised 3p63d8 1S0level of Sr xiii, Y xvi, Zr xv, Nb xvi, and Mo xvii,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 1207 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. F. Wyart, M. Klapisch, J.-L. Schwob, N. Schweitzer, P. Mandelbaum, “Spectra of ironlike ions from Y xiv to Ag xxii,” Phys. Scr. 27, 275 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Ya. Kononov, L. I. Podobedova, S. S. Churilov, “Spectra of the 3–3 transitions in Ag xxii–Sn xxv ions of Fe iisoelectronic series,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 57, 15 (1985).
  7. J. F. Wyart, C. Bauche-Arnoult, E. Luc-KoenigTFR Group, “Identification of highly-ionized xenon spectra (Xe xxvi through xxxi) excited in the plasma of the TFR tokamak,” Phys. Scr. 32, 103 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. F. Seely, J. O. Ekberg, C. M. Brown, U. Feldman, W. E. Behring, J. Reader, M. C. Richardson, “Laser-produced spectra and QED effects for Fe-, Co-, Cu-, and Zn-like ions of Au, Pb, Bi, Th, and U,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2924 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Suckewer, E. Hinnov, S. Cohen, M. Finkenthal, K. Sato, “Identification of magnetic dipole lines above 2000 Å in several highly ionized Mo and Zr ions on the PLT tokamak,” Phys. Rev. A 26, 1161 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. H. Prior, “Forbidden lines from highly charged, metastable ion beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 144 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Reader, G. L. Epstein, J. O. Ekberg, “Spectra of Rb ii, Sr iii, Y iv, Zr v, Nb vi, and Mo vii in the vacuum ultraviolet,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 273 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. O. Ekberg, J. E. Hansen, J. Reader, “Analysis of the spectrum of seven-times-ionized molybdenum (Mo viii) and iso-electronic comparison of the spectra Y v–Mo viii,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1143 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Reader, G. Luther, N. Acquista, “Spectra and energy levels of thirteen-times ionized molybdenum (Mo xiv),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 144 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. L. Kelly, L. J. Palumbo, Atomic and Ionic Emission Lines below 2000 Angstroms, Hydrogen through Krypton, Naval Research Laboratory rep. no. 7599 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1973).
  15. N. J. Peacock, M. F. Stamp, J. D. Silver, “Highly-ionized atoms in fusion research plasmas,” Phys. Scr. T8, 10 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  16. N. Acquista, J. Reader, “4s2 1S0–4s 4p1P1transitions in zinclike ions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 649 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  17. B. Edlén, “Comparison of theoretical and experimental level values of the n= 2 complex in ions isoelectronic with Li, Be, O, and F,” Phys. Scr. 28, 51 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. L. McKenzie, P. B. Landecker, R. M. Broussard, H. R. Rugge, R. M. Young, U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, “Solar flare X-ray spectra between 7.8 and 23.0 angstroms,” Astrophys. J. 241, 409 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  19. V. I. Kovalev, E. Ya. Kononov, S. S. Churilov, “Accurate wavelength measurements of spectral lines of laser-produced plasmas in the EUV region,” in Autoionizing Effects in Atoms and Ions,Department of Physics and Astronomy, Scientific Committee on Spectroscopy (Academy Nauk, Moscow, 1983).
  20. J. O. Ekberg, U. Feldman, J. F. Seely, C. M. Brown, J. Reader, N. Acquista, “3p63d9–3p53d10transitions of cobaltlike ions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1913 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  21. W. E. Behring, R. J. Ugiansky, U. Feldman, “High resolution rocket EUV solar spectrograph,” Appl. Opt. 12, 528 (1973).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. R. D. Cowan, “The theory of atomic structure and spectra,” (U. California Press, Berkeley, Calif., 1981).
  23. I. P. Grant, B. J. McKenzie, P. H. Norrington, D. F. Mayers, N. C. Pyper, “An atomic multiconfigurational Dirac–Fock package,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 207 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  24. B. J. McKenzie, I. P. Grant, P. H. Norrington, “A program to calculate transverse Breit and QED corrections to energy levels in a multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock environment,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 233 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  25. E. P. Ivanova, M. A. Tsirekidze, “The effect of atomic core polarization on the states with vacancies in the core. Isoelectronic sequence of iron,” Phys. Scr. 34, 35 (1986).
    [CrossRef]

1987 (2)

1986 (2)

E. P. Ivanova, M. A. Tsirekidze, “The effect of atomic core polarization on the states with vacancies in the core. Isoelectronic sequence of iron,” Phys. Scr. 34, 35 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Seely, J. O. Ekberg, C. M. Brown, U. Feldman, W. E. Behring, J. Reader, M. C. Richardson, “Laser-produced spectra and QED effects for Fe-, Co-, Cu-, and Zn-like ions of Au, Pb, Bi, Th, and U,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2924 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (2)

E. Ya. Kononov, L. I. Podobedova, S. S. Churilov, “Spectra of the 3–3 transitions in Ag xxii–Sn xxv ions of Fe iisoelectronic series,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 57, 15 (1985).

J. F. Wyart, C. Bauche-Arnoult, E. Luc-KoenigTFR Group, “Identification of highly-ionized xenon spectra (Xe xxvi through xxxi) excited in the plasma of the TFR tokamak,” Phys. Scr. 32, 103 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (3)

P. Uylings, Th. A. M. Van Kleef, Y. N. Joshi, L. I. Podobedova, A. N. Ryabtsev, “The analysis of the 3d8, 3d74p and 3p53d9configurations of the As viii spectrum,” Phys. Scr. 29, 330 (1984).
[CrossRef]

N. Acquista, J. Reader, “4s2 1S0–4s 4p1P1transitions in zinclike ions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 649 (1984).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Peacock, M. F. Stamp, J. D. Silver, “Highly-ionized atoms in fusion research plasmas,” Phys. Scr. T8, 10 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (4)

A. N. Ryabtsev, “3p63d8–3p53d9transitions in Rb xiiand Sr xiii,” Phys. Scr. 28, 176 (1983).
[CrossRef]

B. Edlén, “Comparison of theoretical and experimental level values of the n= 2 complex in ions isoelectronic with Li, Be, O, and F,” Phys. Scr. 28, 51 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Wyart, M. Klapisch, J.-L. Schwob, N. Schweitzer, P. Mandelbaum, “Spectra of ironlike ions from Y xiv to Ag xxii,” Phys. Scr. 27, 275 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Reader, A. Ryabtsev, “Revised 3p63d8 1S0level of Sr xiii, Y xvi, Zr xv, Nb xvi, and Mo xvii,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 1207 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

S. Suckewer, E. Hinnov, S. Cohen, M. Finkenthal, K. Sato, “Identification of magnetic dipole lines above 2000 Å in several highly ionized Mo and Zr ions on the PLT tokamak,” Phys. Rev. A 26, 1161 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

1980 (3)

D. L. McKenzie, P. B. Landecker, R. M. Broussard, H. R. Rugge, R. M. Young, U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, “Solar flare X-ray spectra between 7.8 and 23.0 angstroms,” Astrophys. J. 241, 409 (1980).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Grant, B. J. McKenzie, P. H. Norrington, D. F. Mayers, N. C. Pyper, “An atomic multiconfigurational Dirac–Fock package,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 207 (1980).
[CrossRef]

B. J. McKenzie, I. P. Grant, P. H. Norrington, “A program to calculate transverse Breit and QED corrections to energy levels in a multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock environment,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 233 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1973 (1)

1972 (2)

Acquista, N.

Bauche-Arnoult, C.

J. F. Wyart, C. Bauche-Arnoult, E. Luc-KoenigTFR Group, “Identification of highly-ionized xenon spectra (Xe xxvi through xxxi) excited in the plasma of the TFR tokamak,” Phys. Scr. 32, 103 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Behring, W. E.

J. F. Seely, J. O. Ekberg, C. M. Brown, U. Feldman, W. E. Behring, J. Reader, M. C. Richardson, “Laser-produced spectra and QED effects for Fe-, Co-, Cu-, and Zn-like ions of Au, Pb, Bi, Th, and U,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2924 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. E. Behring, R. J. Ugiansky, U. Feldman, “High resolution rocket EUV solar spectrograph,” Appl. Opt. 12, 528 (1973).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Broussard, R. M.

D. L. McKenzie, P. B. Landecker, R. M. Broussard, H. R. Rugge, R. M. Young, U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, “Solar flare X-ray spectra between 7.8 and 23.0 angstroms,” Astrophys. J. 241, 409 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C. M.

J. O. Ekberg, U. Feldman, J. F. Seely, C. M. Brown, J. Reader, N. Acquista, “3p63d9–3p53d10transitions of cobaltlike ions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1913 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Seely, J. O. Ekberg, C. M. Brown, U. Feldman, W. E. Behring, J. Reader, M. C. Richardson, “Laser-produced spectra and QED effects for Fe-, Co-, Cu-, and Zn-like ions of Au, Pb, Bi, Th, and U,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2924 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Churilov, S. S.

E. Ya. Kononov, L. I. Podobedova, S. S. Churilov, “Spectra of the 3–3 transitions in Ag xxii–Sn xxv ions of Fe iisoelectronic series,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 57, 15 (1985).

V. I. Kovalev, E. Ya. Kononov, S. S. Churilov, “Accurate wavelength measurements of spectral lines of laser-produced plasmas in the EUV region,” in Autoionizing Effects in Atoms and Ions,Department of Physics and Astronomy, Scientific Committee on Spectroscopy (Academy Nauk, Moscow, 1983).

Cohen, S.

S. Suckewer, E. Hinnov, S. Cohen, M. Finkenthal, K. Sato, “Identification of magnetic dipole lines above 2000 Å in several highly ionized Mo and Zr ions on the PLT tokamak,” Phys. Rev. A 26, 1161 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Cowan, R. D.

R. D. Cowan, “The theory of atomic structure and spectra,” (U. California Press, Berkeley, Calif., 1981).

Doschek, G. A.

D. L. McKenzie, P. B. Landecker, R. M. Broussard, H. R. Rugge, R. M. Young, U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, “Solar flare X-ray spectra between 7.8 and 23.0 angstroms,” Astrophys. J. 241, 409 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Edlén, B.

B. Edlén, “Comparison of theoretical and experimental level values of the n= 2 complex in ions isoelectronic with Li, Be, O, and F,” Phys. Scr. 28, 51 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ekberg, J. O.

Epstein, G. L.

Feldman, U.

J. O. Ekberg, U. Feldman, J. F. Seely, C. M. Brown, J. Reader, N. Acquista, “3p63d9–3p53d10transitions of cobaltlike ions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1913 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Seely, J. O. Ekberg, C. M. Brown, U. Feldman, W. E. Behring, J. Reader, M. C. Richardson, “Laser-produced spectra and QED effects for Fe-, Co-, Cu-, and Zn-like ions of Au, Pb, Bi, Th, and U,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2924 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. L. McKenzie, P. B. Landecker, R. M. Broussard, H. R. Rugge, R. M. Young, U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, “Solar flare X-ray spectra between 7.8 and 23.0 angstroms,” Astrophys. J. 241, 409 (1980).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Behring, R. J. Ugiansky, U. Feldman, “High resolution rocket EUV solar spectrograph,” Appl. Opt. 12, 528 (1973).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Finkenthal, M.

S. Suckewer, E. Hinnov, S. Cohen, M. Finkenthal, K. Sato, “Identification of magnetic dipole lines above 2000 Å in several highly ionized Mo and Zr ions on the PLT tokamak,” Phys. Rev. A 26, 1161 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Grant, I. P.

B. J. McKenzie, I. P. Grant, P. H. Norrington, “A program to calculate transverse Breit and QED corrections to energy levels in a multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock environment,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 233 (1980).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Grant, B. J. McKenzie, P. H. Norrington, D. F. Mayers, N. C. Pyper, “An atomic multiconfigurational Dirac–Fock package,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 207 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, J. E.

Hinnov, E.

S. Suckewer, E. Hinnov, S. Cohen, M. Finkenthal, K. Sato, “Identification of magnetic dipole lines above 2000 Å in several highly ionized Mo and Zr ions on the PLT tokamak,” Phys. Rev. A 26, 1161 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ivanova, E. P.

E. P. Ivanova, M. A. Tsirekidze, “The effect of atomic core polarization on the states with vacancies in the core. Isoelectronic sequence of iron,” Phys. Scr. 34, 35 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Joshi, Y. N.

P. Uylings, Th. A. M. Van Kleef, Y. N. Joshi, L. I. Podobedova, A. N. Ryabtsev, “The analysis of the 3d8, 3d74p and 3p53d9configurations of the As viii spectrum,” Phys. Scr. 29, 330 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, R. L.

R. L. Kelly, L. J. Palumbo, Atomic and Ionic Emission Lines below 2000 Angstroms, Hydrogen through Krypton, Naval Research Laboratory rep. no. 7599 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1973).

Klapisch, M.

J. F. Wyart, M. Klapisch, J.-L. Schwob, N. Schweitzer, P. Mandelbaum, “Spectra of ironlike ions from Y xiv to Ag xxii,” Phys. Scr. 27, 275 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kononov, E. Ya.

E. Ya. Kononov, L. I. Podobedova, S. S. Churilov, “Spectra of the 3–3 transitions in Ag xxii–Sn xxv ions of Fe iisoelectronic series,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 57, 15 (1985).

V. I. Kovalev, E. Ya. Kononov, S. S. Churilov, “Accurate wavelength measurements of spectral lines of laser-produced plasmas in the EUV region,” in Autoionizing Effects in Atoms and Ions,Department of Physics and Astronomy, Scientific Committee on Spectroscopy (Academy Nauk, Moscow, 1983).

Kovalev, V. I.

V. I. Kovalev, E. Ya. Kononov, S. S. Churilov, “Accurate wavelength measurements of spectral lines of laser-produced plasmas in the EUV region,” in Autoionizing Effects in Atoms and Ions,Department of Physics and Astronomy, Scientific Committee on Spectroscopy (Academy Nauk, Moscow, 1983).

Landecker, P. B.

D. L. McKenzie, P. B. Landecker, R. M. Broussard, H. R. Rugge, R. M. Young, U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, “Solar flare X-ray spectra between 7.8 and 23.0 angstroms,” Astrophys. J. 241, 409 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Luc-Koenig, E.

J. F. Wyart, C. Bauche-Arnoult, E. Luc-KoenigTFR Group, “Identification of highly-ionized xenon spectra (Xe xxvi through xxxi) excited in the plasma of the TFR tokamak,” Phys. Scr. 32, 103 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Luther, G.

Mandelbaum, P.

J. F. Wyart, M. Klapisch, J.-L. Schwob, N. Schweitzer, P. Mandelbaum, “Spectra of ironlike ions from Y xiv to Ag xxii,” Phys. Scr. 27, 275 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Mayers, D. F.

I. P. Grant, B. J. McKenzie, P. H. Norrington, D. F. Mayers, N. C. Pyper, “An atomic multiconfigurational Dirac–Fock package,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 207 (1980).
[CrossRef]

McKenzie, B. J.

I. P. Grant, B. J. McKenzie, P. H. Norrington, D. F. Mayers, N. C. Pyper, “An atomic multiconfigurational Dirac–Fock package,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 207 (1980).
[CrossRef]

B. J. McKenzie, I. P. Grant, P. H. Norrington, “A program to calculate transverse Breit and QED corrections to energy levels in a multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock environment,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 233 (1980).
[CrossRef]

McKenzie, D. L.

D. L. McKenzie, P. B. Landecker, R. M. Broussard, H. R. Rugge, R. M. Young, U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, “Solar flare X-ray spectra between 7.8 and 23.0 angstroms,” Astrophys. J. 241, 409 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Norrington, P. H.

B. J. McKenzie, I. P. Grant, P. H. Norrington, “A program to calculate transverse Breit and QED corrections to energy levels in a multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock environment,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 233 (1980).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Grant, B. J. McKenzie, P. H. Norrington, D. F. Mayers, N. C. Pyper, “An atomic multiconfigurational Dirac–Fock package,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 207 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Palumbo, L. J.

R. L. Kelly, L. J. Palumbo, Atomic and Ionic Emission Lines below 2000 Angstroms, Hydrogen through Krypton, Naval Research Laboratory rep. no. 7599 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1973).

Peacock, N. J.

N. J. Peacock, M. F. Stamp, J. D. Silver, “Highly-ionized atoms in fusion research plasmas,” Phys. Scr. T8, 10 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Podobedova, L. I.

E. Ya. Kononov, L. I. Podobedova, S. S. Churilov, “Spectra of the 3–3 transitions in Ag xxii–Sn xxv ions of Fe iisoelectronic series,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 57, 15 (1985).

P. Uylings, Th. A. M. Van Kleef, Y. N. Joshi, L. I. Podobedova, A. N. Ryabtsev, “The analysis of the 3d8, 3d74p and 3p53d9configurations of the As viii spectrum,” Phys. Scr. 29, 330 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Prior, M. H.

Pyper, N. C.

I. P. Grant, B. J. McKenzie, P. H. Norrington, D. F. Mayers, N. C. Pyper, “An atomic multiconfigurational Dirac–Fock package,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 207 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Reader, J.

Richardson, M. C.

J. F. Seely, J. O. Ekberg, C. M. Brown, U. Feldman, W. E. Behring, J. Reader, M. C. Richardson, “Laser-produced spectra and QED effects for Fe-, Co-, Cu-, and Zn-like ions of Au, Pb, Bi, Th, and U,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2924 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rugge, H. R.

D. L. McKenzie, P. B. Landecker, R. M. Broussard, H. R. Rugge, R. M. Young, U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, “Solar flare X-ray spectra between 7.8 and 23.0 angstroms,” Astrophys. J. 241, 409 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ryabtsev, A.

Ryabtsev, A. N.

P. Uylings, Th. A. M. Van Kleef, Y. N. Joshi, L. I. Podobedova, A. N. Ryabtsev, “The analysis of the 3d8, 3d74p and 3p53d9configurations of the As viii spectrum,” Phys. Scr. 29, 330 (1984).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Ryabtsev, “3p63d8–3p53d9transitions in Rb xiiand Sr xiii,” Phys. Scr. 28, 176 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Sato, K.

S. Suckewer, E. Hinnov, S. Cohen, M. Finkenthal, K. Sato, “Identification of magnetic dipole lines above 2000 Å in several highly ionized Mo and Zr ions on the PLT tokamak,” Phys. Rev. A 26, 1161 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Schweitzer, N.

J. F. Wyart, M. Klapisch, J.-L. Schwob, N. Schweitzer, P. Mandelbaum, “Spectra of ironlike ions from Y xiv to Ag xxii,” Phys. Scr. 27, 275 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Schwob, J.-L.

J. F. Wyart, M. Klapisch, J.-L. Schwob, N. Schweitzer, P. Mandelbaum, “Spectra of ironlike ions from Y xiv to Ag xxii,” Phys. Scr. 27, 275 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Seely, J. F.

J. O. Ekberg, U. Feldman, J. F. Seely, C. M. Brown, J. Reader, N. Acquista, “3p63d9–3p53d10transitions of cobaltlike ions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1913 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Seely, J. O. Ekberg, C. M. Brown, U. Feldman, W. E. Behring, J. Reader, M. C. Richardson, “Laser-produced spectra and QED effects for Fe-, Co-, Cu-, and Zn-like ions of Au, Pb, Bi, Th, and U,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2924 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silver, J. D.

N. J. Peacock, M. F. Stamp, J. D. Silver, “Highly-ionized atoms in fusion research plasmas,” Phys. Scr. T8, 10 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Stamp, M. F.

N. J. Peacock, M. F. Stamp, J. D. Silver, “Highly-ionized atoms in fusion research plasmas,” Phys. Scr. T8, 10 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Suckewer, S.

S. Suckewer, E. Hinnov, S. Cohen, M. Finkenthal, K. Sato, “Identification of magnetic dipole lines above 2000 Å in several highly ionized Mo and Zr ions on the PLT tokamak,” Phys. Rev. A 26, 1161 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Tsirekidze, M. A.

E. P. Ivanova, M. A. Tsirekidze, “The effect of atomic core polarization on the states with vacancies in the core. Isoelectronic sequence of iron,” Phys. Scr. 34, 35 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ugiansky, R. J.

Uylings, P.

P. Uylings, Th. A. M. Van Kleef, Y. N. Joshi, L. I. Podobedova, A. N. Ryabtsev, “The analysis of the 3d8, 3d74p and 3p53d9configurations of the As viii spectrum,” Phys. Scr. 29, 330 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Van Kleef, Th. A. M.

P. Uylings, Th. A. M. Van Kleef, Y. N. Joshi, L. I. Podobedova, A. N. Ryabtsev, “The analysis of the 3d8, 3d74p and 3p53d9configurations of the As viii spectrum,” Phys. Scr. 29, 330 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Wyart, J. F.

J. F. Wyart, C. Bauche-Arnoult, E. Luc-KoenigTFR Group, “Identification of highly-ionized xenon spectra (Xe xxvi through xxxi) excited in the plasma of the TFR tokamak,” Phys. Scr. 32, 103 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Wyart, M. Klapisch, J.-L. Schwob, N. Schweitzer, P. Mandelbaum, “Spectra of ironlike ions from Y xiv to Ag xxii,” Phys. Scr. 27, 275 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Young, R. M.

D. L. McKenzie, P. B. Landecker, R. M. Broussard, H. R. Rugge, R. M. Young, U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, “Solar flare X-ray spectra between 7.8 and 23.0 angstroms,” Astrophys. J. 241, 409 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Astrophys. J. (1)

D. L. McKenzie, P. B. Landecker, R. M. Broussard, H. R. Rugge, R. M. Young, U. Feldman, G. A. Doschek, “Solar flare X-ray spectra between 7.8 and 23.0 angstroms,” Astrophys. J. 241, 409 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Comput. Phys. Commun. (2)

I. P. Grant, B. J. McKenzie, P. H. Norrington, D. F. Mayers, N. C. Pyper, “An atomic multiconfigurational Dirac–Fock package,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 207 (1980).
[CrossRef]

B. J. McKenzie, I. P. Grant, P. H. Norrington, “A program to calculate transverse Breit and QED corrections to energy levels in a multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock environment,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 233 (1980).
[CrossRef]

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Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) (1)

E. Ya. Kononov, L. I. Podobedova, S. S. Churilov, “Spectra of the 3–3 transitions in Ag xxii–Sn xxv ions of Fe iisoelectronic series,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 57, 15 (1985).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. Suckewer, E. Hinnov, S. Cohen, M. Finkenthal, K. Sato, “Identification of magnetic dipole lines above 2000 Å in several highly ionized Mo and Zr ions on the PLT tokamak,” Phys. Rev. A 26, 1161 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. F. Seely, J. O. Ekberg, C. M. Brown, U. Feldman, W. E. Behring, J. Reader, M. C. Richardson, “Laser-produced spectra and QED effects for Fe-, Co-, Cu-, and Zn-like ions of Au, Pb, Bi, Th, and U,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2924 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Scr. (7)

J. F. Wyart, M. Klapisch, J.-L. Schwob, N. Schweitzer, P. Mandelbaum, “Spectra of ironlike ions from Y xiv to Ag xxii,” Phys. Scr. 27, 275 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Wyart, C. Bauche-Arnoult, E. Luc-KoenigTFR Group, “Identification of highly-ionized xenon spectra (Xe xxvi through xxxi) excited in the plasma of the TFR tokamak,” Phys. Scr. 32, 103 (1985).
[CrossRef]

P. Uylings, Th. A. M. Van Kleef, Y. N. Joshi, L. I. Podobedova, A. N. Ryabtsev, “The analysis of the 3d8, 3d74p and 3p53d9configurations of the As viii spectrum,” Phys. Scr. 29, 330 (1984).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Isoelectronic comparison of the energy differences between the Co-like transition 3 p 6 3 d 9 D 2 5 / 2 3 p 5 3 d 10 P 2 ° 3 / 2 and the Fe-like transitions (1) 3p63d8 [4, 4]4–3p53d9 (3/2, 5/2)3, (2) [3, 5]3–(3/2, 3/2)2, (3) [4, 4]2–(3/2, 5/2)1, (4) [3, 5]2–(3/2, 3/2)1 and (5) [3, 5]3–(3/2, 3/2)3.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Term diagram of 3p63d8 configuration in Sm36+.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Term diagram of 3p53d9 configuration in Sm36+.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Isoelectronic comparison of the deviation of the 3p53d9 (1/2, 3/2)2 and (1/2, 5/2)2 levels from their mean value. The solid lines are experimental data, and the dashed lines are from theoretical calculations.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison of observed and calculated level values for the 3p63d8 [4, 4] term. The curves represent least-squares fits of the differences.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison of observed and calculated level values for the 3p63d8 [3, 5] term. The curves represent least-squares fits of the differences.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Comparison of observed and calculated level values for the 3p63d8 [2, 6] term. The curves represent least-squares fits of the differences.

Tables (11)

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Table 1 Observed Wavelengths (in Angstroms) for 3p63d8–3p53d9 Transitions in Ru18+, Rh19+, Pd20+, Ag21+, and Cd22+

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Table 2 Observed Wavelengths (in Angstroms) for 3p63d8–3p53d9 Transitions in In23+, Sn24+, Sb25+, Ba30+, and La31+

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Table 3 Observed Wavelengths (in Angstroms) for 3p63d8–3p53d9 Transitions in Nd34+, Sm36+, Eu37+, and Gd38+

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Table 4 Energy Levels (in 1000 cm−1) of the 3p63d8 and 3p53d9 Configurations in Ru18+, Rh19+, Pd20+, Ag21+, and Cd22+

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Table 5 Energy Levels (in 1000 cm−1) of the 3p63d8 and 3p53d9 configurations in In23+, Sn24+, Sb25+, Xe28+, and Ba30+

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Table 6 Energy Levels (in 1000 cm−1) of the 3p63d8 and 3p53d9 Configurations in La31+, Nd34+, Sm36+, Eu37+, and Gd38+

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Table 7 Eigenvector Compositions for Ru18+, Xe28+, and Gd38+

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Table 8 Formulas and Fitted Constants for the Differences Between Observed and Calculated Level Values

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Table 9 Predicted Energy-Level Values (in 1000 cm−1) of the 3p63d8 and 3p53d9 Configurations

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Table 10 Predicted Energy-Level Values (in 1000 cm−1) of the 3p63d8 and 3p53d9 Configurations

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Table 11 Wavelengths and Transition Probabilities for the Strongest Magnetic Dipole Transitions in the 3p63d8 Configurations of Ru18+. Xe28+. and Gd38+

Equations (1)

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Δ E = a + b Z , Δ E = a + b Z + c Z 2 , Δ E = a + b ( z + c ) 1 , Δ E = a + b z + c ( Z + d ) 1 ,

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