Abstract

High-intensity femtosecond pulses tunable in the 0.8–1.6-μm range have been generated by parametric amplification of a continuum white light in a new organic crystal, N-(4-nitrophenyl)-L-prolinol (NPP). The traditional concept of noncritical phase matching was revised in view of requirements linked to the observation of ultrafast subpicosecond nonlinear phenomena. The notions of θ (noncritical) and λ (noncritical) phase matching are introduced together with their applications. An experimental determination of phase-matching curves for both second-harmonic generation and three-wave mixing has been carried out. A θ noncritical phase-matching configuration for second-harmonic generation at 1.15 μm and a quasi-λ noncritical phase-matching configuration in the near IR for three-wave mixing were evidenced. Frequency and pump-intensity dependences of the gain have also been studied. Parametric emission at degeneracy was observed, with the emitted bandwidth extending from 1.0 to 1.4 μm. Time resolution of the amplified signal has been carried out by cross correlating the pump with the incoming signal, evidencing a reduced time broadening of the interacting pulses; a new spectroscopic method with subpicosecond time resolution is derived from the previous nonlinear optical characterization experiments by replacing the IR continuum from the water cell by any sample emitting in the same frequency range. This method, termed parametric amplification and sampling spectroscopy, was used for temporal analysis of amplified and emitted infrared signals generated in an NPP crystal.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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1986 (3)

I. Ledoux, D. Josse, P. Vidakovic, and J. Zyss, “Highly efficient single-crystalline organic thin film for quadratic nonlinear optics,’” Opt. Eng 25, 202–210 (1986).
[Crossref]

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Generation of high peak-power subpicosecond pulses in the 1.0–1.6-μ m range by parametric amplification in an organic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564–1566 (1986).
[Crossref]

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J.-L. Oudar, and J. Zyss, “Parametric amplification sampling spectroscopy of luminescence at the subpicosecond time scale in the 1.0–1.6-μ m spectral range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 761–763 (1986).
[Crossref]

1985 (2)

A. Migus, A. Antonetti, J. Etchepare, D. Hulin, and A. Orszag, “Femtosecond spectroscopy with high-power tunable optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 584–594 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, I. Ledoux, R. Hierle, R. K. Raj, and J.-L. Oudar, “Optical parametric interactions in 3-methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide single-crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1286–1295 (1985).
[Crossref]

1984 (3)

W. R. Donaldson and C. L. Tang, “Urea parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 25–27 (1984).
[Crossref]

R. Hierle, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, “Growth and characterization of a new material for nonlinear optics: methyl-3-nitro-4-pyridine-1-oxide,” J. Cryst. Growth 69, 545–554 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, J.-F. Nicoud, and M. Coquillay, “Chirality and hydrogen bonding in molecular crystals for phase-matched second harmonic generation: N(4-nitrophenyl)-L-prolinol (NPP),” J. Chem. Phys. 81, 4160–4167 (1984).
[Crossref]

1982 (7)

R. Twieg, A. Azema, K. Jain, and Y. Y. Cheng, “Organic materials for nonlinear optics. Nitropyridine derivatives,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 92, 208–211 (1982).
[Crossref]

A. F. Garito and K. D. Singer, “Organic crystals and polymers. A new class of nonlinear optical materials,” Laser Focus 18(12), 59 (1982).

J. Zyss and J.-L. Oudar, “Relations between microscopic and macroscopic lowest-order optical nonlinearities of molecular crystals with one- and two-dimensional units,” Phys. Rev. A 26, 2028–2048 (1982).
[Crossref]

M. F. Becker, Y. C. Kim, S. R. Gautam, and E. J. Powers, “Three-wave nonlinear optical interactions in dispersive media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 113–123 (1982).
[Crossref]

K. C. Rustagi, S. C. Mehendale, and S. Meenakshi, “Optical frequency conversion in quasi-phase-matched states of nonlinear crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1029–1041 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, “New organic molecular materials for nonlinear optics,” J. Noncryst. Solids 47, 211–226 (1982).
[Crossref]

M. Sigelle, J. Zyss, and R. Hierle, “A new material for nonlinear optics: 3-methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide,” J. Noncryst. Solids 47, 287–290 (1982).
[Crossref]

1981 (2)

J. Zyss, D. S. Chemla, and J.-F. Nicoud, “Demonstration of efficient nonlinear optical crystals with vanishing molecular dipole moment: second harmonic generation in 3-methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide,” J. Chem. Phys. 74, 4800–4811 (1981).
[Crossref]

K. Jain, J. I. Crowley, G. H. Hewig, Y. Y. Cheng, and R. J. Twieg, “Optically nonlinear organic materials,” Opt. Laser Technol. 13, 297–302 (1981).
[Crossref]

1979 (3)

B. F. Levine, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, “An organic crystal with an exceptionally large optical second-harmonic coefficient: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523–2527 (1979).
[Crossref]

J.-M. Halbout, S. Blit, W. Donaldson, and C. L. Tang, “Efficient phase-matched second harmonic generation and sum-frequency mixing in urea,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1176–1180 (1979).
[Crossref]

R. A. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 432–444 (1979).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

A. Selmeier, K. Spanner, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, “Narrow-band tunable infrared pulses with subpicosecond time resolution,” Opt. Commun. 24, 237–242 (1978).
[Crossref]

1977 (6)

P. G. Kryukov, Y. A. Matveiets, N. D. Nikogosyan, A. V. Sharkov, E. M. Gordeiev, and S. D. Franchenko, “Generation of frequency-tunable single ultrashort light pulses in a LiIO3crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 127–128 (1977).
[Crossref]

R. Danyelus, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and Y. Yasevichyute, “Parametric excitation of light in the picosecond-range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360–1368 (1977).
[Crossref]

A. Carenco, J. Jerphagnon, and A. Perigaud, “Nonlinear optical properties of some m-disubstituted benzene derivatives,” J. Chem. Phys. 66, 3806–3813 (1977).
[Crossref]

J.-L. Oudar and D. S. Chemla, “Hyperpolarisabilities of the nitroanilines and their relations to the excited state dipole moment,” J. Chem. Phys. 66, 2664–2668 (1977).
[Crossref]

V. D. Shigorin, “Issledovanie generatsii vtoroj opticheskoj garmoniki v molekulyarnykh crystallakh,” Acad. Nauk. SSSR, Fiz. Inst. Imeni P. N. Lebedeva SUN 98, 78–140 (1977).

J.-L. Oudar and R. Hierle, “An efficient organic crystal for nonlinear optics: methyl-(2,4 dinitrophenyl)-amino-propanoate,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 2699–2704 (1977).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. E. Gier, “Kx Rb1−x TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980–4985 (1976).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

D. S. Chemla, J.-L. Oudar, and J. Jerphagnon, “Origin of the second-order optical susceptibilities of crystalline substituted benzene,” Phys. Rev. B 12, 4534–4546 (1975).
[Crossref]

1972 (2)

P. P. Bey and C. L. Tang, “Plane-wave theory of parametric oscillator and coupled oscillator up-converter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 361–369 (1972).
[Crossref]

T. A. Rabson, H. G. Ruiz, P. L. Shah, and F. K. Kittel, “Stimulated parametric fluorescence induced by picosecond pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 129–131 (1972).
[Crossref]

1971 (1)

J. Jerphagnon, “Optical second harmonic generation in isocyclic and heterocyclic organic compounds,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 42–43 (1971).
[Crossref]

1970 (3)

A. I. Izrailenko, A. I. Kovrygin, and R. V. Nikles, “Parametric generation of light in high efficiency LiIO3and α-HIO3,” JETP Lett. 12, 331–333 (1970).

R. Asby, “Theory of optical parametric amplification from a focused Gaussian beam,” Phys. Rev. B 2, 4273–4282 (1970).
[Crossref]

B. L. Davydov, L. D. Derkacheva, V. V. Dunina, M. E. Zhabotinskii, V. K. Kolin, L. G. Koreneva, and M. A. Samokhina, “Connection between charge-transfer and laser second harmonic generation,” JETP Lett. 12, 16–18 (1970).

1969 (1)

S. E. Harris, “Tunable optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 57, 2096–2113 (1969).
[Crossref]

1968 (3)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interactions of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[Crossref]

A. G. Akhmanov, S. A. Akhmanov, R. V. Khokhlov, A. I. Kovrygin, S. A. Piskarkas, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Parametric interactions in optics and tunable light oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 828–831 (1968).
[Crossref]

S. K. Kurtz and T. T. Perry, “A powder technique for the evaluation of nonlinear optical materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3789–3813 (1968).
[Crossref]

1966 (5)

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrygin, V. A. Kolosov, A. S. Piskarkas, V. V. Fadeiev, and R. V. Khokhlov, “Tunable parametric generator with KDP crystal,” JETP Lett. 3, 241–245 (1966).

G. D. Boyd and A. Ashkin, “Theory of parametric oscillator threshold with single-mode optical masers and observation of amplification in LiNbO3,” Phys. Rev. 146, 187–198 (1966).
[Crossref]

A. Yariv and W. H. Louisell, “Theory of the optical parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 418–424 (1966).
[Crossref]

S. A. Akhmanov, A. P. Sukhorukov, and R. V. Khokhlov, “Theory of generation of optical harmonics in converging beams,” Sov. Phys. JETP 23, 316–323 (1966).

D. A. Kleinman, A. Ashkin, and G. D. Boyd, “Second harmonic generation of light by focused laser beams,” Phys. Rev. 145, 338–379 (1966).
[Crossref]

1965 (2)

G. D. F. Boyd, A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, and D. A. Kleinman, “Second harmonic generation of light with double refraction,” Phys. Rev. 137, A1305–A1320 (1965).
[Crossref]

C. C. Wang and R. C. Racette, “Measurement of parametric gain accompanying optical difference frequency generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 169–171 (1965).
[Crossref]

1964 (2)

L. S. Goldberg, “Optical parametric oscillation in lithium iodate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 234–236 (1964).

G. D. Boyd, R. C. Miller, K. Nassau, W. L. Bond, and A. Savage, “LiNbO3, an efficient phase-matched nonlinear optical material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 234–236 (1964).
[Crossref]

1963 (2)

S. A. Akhmanov and R. V. Khokhlov, “Concerning one possibility of amplification of light waves,” Sov. Phys. JETP 16, 252–257 (1963).

A. W. Smith and M. Braslau, “Observation of a optical difference frequency,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2105–2106 (1963).
[Crossref]

1962 (2)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
[Crossref]

N. Bloembergen and P. S. Pershan, “Light waves at the boundary of a nonlinear medium,” Phys. Rev. 128, 606–622 (1962).
[Crossref]

Akhmanov, A. G.

A. G. Akhmanov, S. A. Akhmanov, R. V. Khokhlov, A. I. Kovrygin, S. A. Piskarkas, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Parametric interactions in optics and tunable light oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 828–831 (1968).
[Crossref]

Akhmanov, S. A.

A. G. Akhmanov, S. A. Akhmanov, R. V. Khokhlov, A. I. Kovrygin, S. A. Piskarkas, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Parametric interactions in optics and tunable light oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 828–831 (1968).
[Crossref]

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrygin, V. A. Kolosov, A. S. Piskarkas, V. V. Fadeiev, and R. V. Khokhlov, “Tunable parametric generator with KDP crystal,” JETP Lett. 3, 241–245 (1966).

S. A. Akhmanov, A. P. Sukhorukov, and R. V. Khokhlov, “Theory of generation of optical harmonics in converging beams,” Sov. Phys. JETP 23, 316–323 (1966).

S. A. Akhmanov and R. V. Khokhlov, “Concerning one possibility of amplification of light waves,” Sov. Phys. JETP 16, 252–257 (1963).

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrygin, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Optical harmonic generation and optical frequency multipliers,” in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, B. H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Vol. 1, Chap. 8.

Antonetti, A.

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Generation of high peak-power subpicosecond pulses in the 1.0–1.6-μ m range by parametric amplification in an organic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564–1566 (1986).
[Crossref]

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J.-L. Oudar, and J. Zyss, “Parametric amplification sampling spectroscopy of luminescence at the subpicosecond time scale in the 1.0–1.6-μ m spectral range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 761–763 (1986).
[Crossref]

A. Migus, A. Antonetti, J. Etchepare, D. Hulin, and A. Orszag, “Femtosecond spectroscopy with high-power tunable optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 584–594 (1985).
[Crossref]

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, “Parametric amplification and sampling spectroscopy: a new technique for resolving near-IR luminescence on a subpicosecond time scale,” in Ultrafast Phenomena V, G. R. Fleming and A. E. Siegman, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J.-L. Oudar, J. Etchepare, D. Hulin, A. Migus, and A. Antonetti, “Parametric gain and emission with subpicosecond time-resolution in an organic crystal: application to IR spectroscopy,” Rev. Phys. Appl. (to be published).

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
[Crossref]

Asby, R.

R. Asby, “Theory of optical parametric amplification from a focused Gaussian beam,” Phys. Rev. B 2, 4273–4282 (1970).
[Crossref]

Ashkin, A.

G. D. Boyd and A. Ashkin, “Theory of parametric oscillator threshold with single-mode optical masers and observation of amplification in LiNbO3,” Phys. Rev. 146, 187–198 (1966).
[Crossref]

D. A. Kleinman, A. Ashkin, and G. D. Boyd, “Second harmonic generation of light by focused laser beams,” Phys. Rev. 145, 338–379 (1966).
[Crossref]

G. D. F. Boyd, A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, and D. A. Kleinman, “Second harmonic generation of light with double refraction,” Phys. Rev. 137, A1305–A1320 (1965).
[Crossref]

Azema, A.

R. Twieg, A. Azema, K. Jain, and Y. Y. Cheng, “Organic materials for nonlinear optics. Nitropyridine derivatives,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 92, 208–211 (1982).
[Crossref]

Badan, J.

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J.-L. Oudar, and J. Zyss, “Parametric amplification sampling spectroscopy of luminescence at the subpicosecond time scale in the 1.0–1.6-μ m spectral range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 761–763 (1986).
[Crossref]

R. Hierle, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, “Growth and characterization of a new material for nonlinear optics: methyl-3-nitro-4-pyridine-1-oxide,” J. Cryst. Growth 69, 545–554 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J.-L. Oudar, J. Etchepare, D. Hulin, A. Migus, and A. Antonetti, “Parametric gain and emission with subpicosecond time-resolution in an organic crystal: application to IR spectroscopy,” Rev. Phys. Appl. (to be published).

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, “Parametric amplification and sampling spectroscopy: a new technique for resolving near-IR luminescence on a subpicosecond time scale,” in Ultrafast Phenomena V, G. R. Fleming and A. E. Siegman, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
[Crossref]

Baden, J.

J. Baden, R. Hierle, A. Perigaud, and P. Vidakovic, in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Molecules and Crystals, D. S. Chemla and J. Zyss, eds. (Academic, New York, 1986), Chap. III-51.

Baumgartner, R. A.

R. A. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 432–444 (1979).
[Crossref]

Becker, M. F.

M. F. Becker, Y. C. Kim, S. R. Gautam, and E. J. Powers, “Three-wave nonlinear optical interactions in dispersive media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 113–123 (1982).
[Crossref]

Bernstein, J. L.

B. F. Levine, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, “An organic crystal with an exceptionally large optical second-harmonic coefficient: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523–2527 (1979).
[Crossref]

Bethea, C. G.

B. F. Levine, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, “An organic crystal with an exceptionally large optical second-harmonic coefficient: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523–2527 (1979).
[Crossref]

Bey, P. P.

P. P. Bey and C. L. Tang, “Plane-wave theory of parametric oscillator and coupled oscillator up-converter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 361–369 (1972).
[Crossref]

Bierlein, J. D.

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. E. Gier, “Kx Rb1−x TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980–4985 (1976).
[Crossref]

Blit, S.

J.-M. Halbout, S. Blit, W. Donaldson, and C. L. Tang, “Efficient phase-matched second harmonic generation and sum-frequency mixing in urea,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1176–1180 (1979).
[Crossref]

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
[Crossref]

N. Bloembergen and P. S. Pershan, “Light waves at the boundary of a nonlinear medium,” Phys. Rev. 128, 606–622 (1962).
[Crossref]

Bond, W. L.

G. D. Boyd, R. C. Miller, K. Nassau, W. L. Bond, and A. Savage, “LiNbO3, an efficient phase-matched nonlinear optical material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 234–236 (1964).
[Crossref]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interactions of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[Crossref]

D. A. Kleinman, A. Ashkin, and G. D. Boyd, “Second harmonic generation of light by focused laser beams,” Phys. Rev. 145, 338–379 (1966).
[Crossref]

G. D. Boyd and A. Ashkin, “Theory of parametric oscillator threshold with single-mode optical masers and observation of amplification in LiNbO3,” Phys. Rev. 146, 187–198 (1966).
[Crossref]

G. D. Boyd, R. C. Miller, K. Nassau, W. L. Bond, and A. Savage, “LiNbO3, an efficient phase-matched nonlinear optical material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 234–236 (1964).
[Crossref]

Boyd, G. D. F.

G. D. F. Boyd, A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, and D. A. Kleinman, “Second harmonic generation of light with double refraction,” Phys. Rev. 137, A1305–A1320 (1965).
[Crossref]

Braslau, M.

A. W. Smith and M. Braslau, “Observation of a optical difference frequency,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2105–2106 (1963).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

R. A. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 432–444 (1979).
[Crossref]

R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillators,” in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise,” B. H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Vol. 1, pp. 587–702.

R. L. Byer, in Nonlinear Optics, P. G. Harper and B. S. Wherett, eds. (Academic, New York, 1979), Chap. 2.

Carenco, A.

A. Carenco, J. Jerphagnon, and A. Perigaud, “Nonlinear optical properties of some m-disubstituted benzene derivatives,” J. Chem. Phys. 66, 3806–3813 (1977).
[Crossref]

Chemla, D. S.

J. Zyss, D. S. Chemla, and J.-F. Nicoud, “Demonstration of efficient nonlinear optical crystals with vanishing molecular dipole moment: second harmonic generation in 3-methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide,” J. Chem. Phys. 74, 4800–4811 (1981).
[Crossref]

J.-L. Oudar and D. S. Chemla, “Hyperpolarisabilities of the nitroanilines and their relations to the excited state dipole moment,” J. Chem. Phys. 66, 2664–2668 (1977).
[Crossref]

D. S. Chemla, J.-L. Oudar, and J. Jerphagnon, “Origin of the second-order optical susceptibilities of crystalline substituted benzene,” Phys. Rev. B 12, 4534–4546 (1975).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss and D. S. Chemla, “Quadratic nonlinear optics and optimization of second-order nonlinear response of organic molecules and crystals,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Molecules and Crystals, D. S. Chemla and J. Zyss, eds. (Academic, New York, 1987).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y. Y.

R. Twieg, A. Azema, K. Jain, and Y. Y. Cheng, “Organic materials for nonlinear optics. Nitropyridine derivatives,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 92, 208–211 (1982).
[Crossref]

K. Jain, J. I. Crowley, G. H. Hewig, Y. Y. Cheng, and R. J. Twieg, “Optically nonlinear organic materials,” Opt. Laser Technol. 13, 297–302 (1981).
[Crossref]

Coquillay, M.

J. Zyss, J.-F. Nicoud, and M. Coquillay, “Chirality and hydrogen bonding in molecular crystals for phase-matched second harmonic generation: N(4-nitrophenyl)-L-prolinol (NPP),” J. Chem. Phys. 81, 4160–4167 (1984).
[Crossref]

Crowley, J. I.

K. Jain, J. I. Crowley, G. H. Hewig, Y. Y. Cheng, and R. J. Twieg, “Optically nonlinear organic materials,” Opt. Laser Technol. 13, 297–302 (1981).
[Crossref]

Danyelus, R.

R. Danyelus, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and Y. Yasevichyute, “Parametric excitation of light in the picosecond-range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360–1368 (1977).
[Crossref]

Davydov, B. L.

B. L. Davydov, L. D. Derkacheva, V. V. Dunina, M. E. Zhabotinskii, V. K. Kolin, L. G. Koreneva, and M. A. Samokhina, “Connection between charge-transfer and laser second harmonic generation,” JETP Lett. 12, 16–18 (1970).

Derkacheva, L. D.

B. L. Davydov, L. D. Derkacheva, V. V. Dunina, M. E. Zhabotinskii, V. K. Kolin, L. G. Koreneva, and M. A. Samokhina, “Connection between charge-transfer and laser second harmonic generation,” JETP Lett. 12, 16–18 (1970).

Dikchyus, G.

R. Danyelus, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and Y. Yasevichyute, “Parametric excitation of light in the picosecond-range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360–1368 (1977).
[Crossref]

Donaldson, W.

J.-M. Halbout, S. Blit, W. Donaldson, and C. L. Tang, “Efficient phase-matched second harmonic generation and sum-frequency mixing in urea,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1176–1180 (1979).
[Crossref]

Donaldson, W. R.

W. R. Donaldson and C. L. Tang, “Urea parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 25–27 (1984).
[Crossref]

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
[Crossref]

Dunina, V. V.

B. L. Davydov, L. D. Derkacheva, V. V. Dunina, M. E. Zhabotinskii, V. K. Kolin, L. G. Koreneva, and M. A. Samokhina, “Connection between charge-transfer and laser second harmonic generation,” JETP Lett. 12, 16–18 (1970).

Dziedzic, J. M.

G. D. F. Boyd, A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, and D. A. Kleinman, “Second harmonic generation of light with double refraction,” Phys. Rev. 137, A1305–A1320 (1965).
[Crossref]

Etchepare, J.

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Generation of high peak-power subpicosecond pulses in the 1.0–1.6-μ m range by parametric amplification in an organic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564–1566 (1986).
[Crossref]

A. Migus, A. Antonetti, J. Etchepare, D. Hulin, and A. Orszag, “Femtosecond spectroscopy with high-power tunable optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 584–594 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J.-L. Oudar, J. Etchepare, D. Hulin, A. Migus, and A. Antonetti, “Parametric gain and emission with subpicosecond time-resolution in an organic crystal: application to IR spectroscopy,” Rev. Phys. Appl. (to be published).

Fadeiev, V. V.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrygin, V. A. Kolosov, A. S. Piskarkas, V. V. Fadeiev, and R. V. Khokhlov, “Tunable parametric generator with KDP crystal,” JETP Lett. 3, 241–245 (1966).

Franchenko, S. D.

P. G. Kryukov, Y. A. Matveiets, N. D. Nikogosyan, A. V. Sharkov, E. M. Gordeiev, and S. D. Franchenko, “Generation of frequency-tunable single ultrashort light pulses in a LiIO3crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 127–128 (1977).
[Crossref]

Garito, A. F.

A. F. Garito and K. D. Singer, “Organic crystals and polymers. A new class of nonlinear optical materials,” Laser Focus 18(12), 59 (1982).

Gautam, S. R.

M. F. Becker, Y. C. Kim, S. R. Gautam, and E. J. Powers, “Three-wave nonlinear optical interactions in dispersive media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 113–123 (1982).
[Crossref]

Gier, T. E.

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. E. Gier, “Kx Rb1−x TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980–4985 (1976).
[Crossref]

Goldberg, L. S.

L. S. Goldberg, “Optical parametric oscillation in lithium iodate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 234–236 (1964).

Gordeiev, E. M.

P. G. Kryukov, Y. A. Matveiets, N. D. Nikogosyan, A. V. Sharkov, E. M. Gordeiev, and S. D. Franchenko, “Generation of frequency-tunable single ultrashort light pulses in a LiIO3crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 127–128 (1977).
[Crossref]

Grillon, G.

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Generation of high peak-power subpicosecond pulses in the 1.0–1.6-μ m range by parametric amplification in an organic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564–1566 (1986).
[Crossref]

Halbout, J.-M.

J.-M. Halbout, S. Blit, W. Donaldson, and C. L. Tang, “Efficient phase-matched second harmonic generation and sum-frequency mixing in urea,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1176–1180 (1979).
[Crossref]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, “Tunable optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 57, 2096–2113 (1969).
[Crossref]

Hewig, G. H.

K. Jain, J. I. Crowley, G. H. Hewig, Y. Y. Cheng, and R. J. Twieg, “Optically nonlinear organic materials,” Opt. Laser Technol. 13, 297–302 (1981).
[Crossref]

Hierle, R.

J. Zyss, I. Ledoux, R. Hierle, R. K. Raj, and J.-L. Oudar, “Optical parametric interactions in 3-methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide single-crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1286–1295 (1985).
[Crossref]

R. Hierle, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, “Growth and characterization of a new material for nonlinear optics: methyl-3-nitro-4-pyridine-1-oxide,” J. Cryst. Growth 69, 545–554 (1984).
[Crossref]

M. Sigelle, J. Zyss, and R. Hierle, “A new material for nonlinear optics: 3-methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide,” J. Noncryst. Solids 47, 287–290 (1982).
[Crossref]

J.-L. Oudar and R. Hierle, “An efficient organic crystal for nonlinear optics: methyl-(2,4 dinitrophenyl)-amino-propanoate,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 2699–2704 (1977).
[Crossref]

J. Baden, R. Hierle, A. Perigaud, and P. Vidakovic, in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Molecules and Crystals, D. S. Chemla and J. Zyss, eds. (Academic, New York, 1986), Chap. III-51.

Hulin, D.

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J.-L. Oudar, and J. Zyss, “Parametric amplification sampling spectroscopy of luminescence at the subpicosecond time scale in the 1.0–1.6-μ m spectral range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 761–763 (1986).
[Crossref]

A. Migus, A. Antonetti, J. Etchepare, D. Hulin, and A. Orszag, “Femtosecond spectroscopy with high-power tunable optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 584–594 (1985).
[Crossref]

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, “Parametric amplification and sampling spectroscopy: a new technique for resolving near-IR luminescence on a subpicosecond time scale,” in Ultrafast Phenomena V, G. R. Fleming and A. E. Siegman, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J.-L. Oudar, J. Etchepare, D. Hulin, A. Migus, and A. Antonetti, “Parametric gain and emission with subpicosecond time-resolution in an organic crystal: application to IR spectroscopy,” Rev. Phys. Appl. (to be published).

Izrailenko, A. I.

A. I. Izrailenko, A. I. Kovrygin, and R. V. Nikles, “Parametric generation of light in high efficiency LiIO3and α-HIO3,” JETP Lett. 12, 331–333 (1970).

Jain, K.

R. Twieg, A. Azema, K. Jain, and Y. Y. Cheng, “Organic materials for nonlinear optics. Nitropyridine derivatives,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 92, 208–211 (1982).
[Crossref]

K. Jain, J. I. Crowley, G. H. Hewig, Y. Y. Cheng, and R. J. Twieg, “Optically nonlinear organic materials,” Opt. Laser Technol. 13, 297–302 (1981).
[Crossref]

Jerphagnon, J.

A. Carenco, J. Jerphagnon, and A. Perigaud, “Nonlinear optical properties of some m-disubstituted benzene derivatives,” J. Chem. Phys. 66, 3806–3813 (1977).
[Crossref]

D. S. Chemla, J.-L. Oudar, and J. Jerphagnon, “Origin of the second-order optical susceptibilities of crystalline substituted benzene,” Phys. Rev. B 12, 4534–4546 (1975).
[Crossref]

J. Jerphagnon, “Optical second harmonic generation in isocyclic and heterocyclic organic compounds,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 42–43 (1971).
[Crossref]

Josse, D.

I. Ledoux, D. Josse, P. Vidakovic, and J. Zyss, “Highly efficient single-crystalline organic thin film for quadratic nonlinear optics,’” Opt. Eng 25, 202–210 (1986).
[Crossref]

Kabelka, V.

R. Danyelus, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and Y. Yasevichyute, “Parametric excitation of light in the picosecond-range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360–1368 (1977).
[Crossref]

Kaiser, W.

A. Selmeier, K. Spanner, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, “Narrow-band tunable infrared pulses with subpicosecond time resolution,” Opt. Commun. 24, 237–242 (1978).
[Crossref]

Khokhlov, R. V.

A. G. Akhmanov, S. A. Akhmanov, R. V. Khokhlov, A. I. Kovrygin, S. A. Piskarkas, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Parametric interactions in optics and tunable light oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 828–831 (1968).
[Crossref]

S. A. Akhmanov, A. P. Sukhorukov, and R. V. Khokhlov, “Theory of generation of optical harmonics in converging beams,” Sov. Phys. JETP 23, 316–323 (1966).

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrygin, V. A. Kolosov, A. S. Piskarkas, V. V. Fadeiev, and R. V. Khokhlov, “Tunable parametric generator with KDP crystal,” JETP Lett. 3, 241–245 (1966).

S. A. Akhmanov and R. V. Khokhlov, “Concerning one possibility of amplification of light waves,” Sov. Phys. JETP 16, 252–257 (1963).

Kim, Y. C.

M. F. Becker, Y. C. Kim, S. R. Gautam, and E. J. Powers, “Three-wave nonlinear optical interactions in dispersive media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 113–123 (1982).
[Crossref]

Kittel, F. K.

T. A. Rabson, H. G. Ruiz, P. L. Shah, and F. K. Kittel, “Stimulated parametric fluorescence induced by picosecond pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 129–131 (1972).
[Crossref]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interactions of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[Crossref]

D. A. Kleinman, A. Ashkin, and G. D. Boyd, “Second harmonic generation of light by focused laser beams,” Phys. Rev. 145, 338–379 (1966).
[Crossref]

G. D. F. Boyd, A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, and D. A. Kleinman, “Second harmonic generation of light with double refraction,” Phys. Rev. 137, A1305–A1320 (1965).
[Crossref]

Kolin, V. K.

B. L. Davydov, L. D. Derkacheva, V. V. Dunina, M. E. Zhabotinskii, V. K. Kolin, L. G. Koreneva, and M. A. Samokhina, “Connection between charge-transfer and laser second harmonic generation,” JETP Lett. 12, 16–18 (1970).

Kolosov, V. A.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrygin, V. A. Kolosov, A. S. Piskarkas, V. V. Fadeiev, and R. V. Khokhlov, “Tunable parametric generator with KDP crystal,” JETP Lett. 3, 241–245 (1966).

Koreneva, L. G.

B. L. Davydov, L. D. Derkacheva, V. V. Dunina, M. E. Zhabotinskii, V. K. Kolin, L. G. Koreneva, and M. A. Samokhina, “Connection between charge-transfer and laser second harmonic generation,” JETP Lett. 12, 16–18 (1970).

Kovrygin, A. I.

A. I. Izrailenko, A. I. Kovrygin, and R. V. Nikles, “Parametric generation of light in high efficiency LiIO3and α-HIO3,” JETP Lett. 12, 331–333 (1970).

A. G. Akhmanov, S. A. Akhmanov, R. V. Khokhlov, A. I. Kovrygin, S. A. Piskarkas, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Parametric interactions in optics and tunable light oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 828–831 (1968).
[Crossref]

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrygin, V. A. Kolosov, A. S. Piskarkas, V. V. Fadeiev, and R. V. Khokhlov, “Tunable parametric generator with KDP crystal,” JETP Lett. 3, 241–245 (1966).

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrygin, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Optical harmonic generation and optical frequency multipliers,” in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, B. H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Vol. 1, Chap. 8.

Kryukov, P. G.

P. G. Kryukov, Y. A. Matveiets, N. D. Nikogosyan, A. V. Sharkov, E. M. Gordeiev, and S. D. Franchenko, “Generation of frequency-tunable single ultrashort light pulses in a LiIO3crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 127–128 (1977).
[Crossref]

Kurtz, S. K.

S. K. Kurtz and T. T. Perry, “A powder technique for the evaluation of nonlinear optical materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3789–3813 (1968).
[Crossref]

S. K. Kurtz, “Measurement of nonlinear optical susceptibilities,” in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, A. H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Vol. 1, Chap. 3.

Laubereau, A.

A. Selmeier, K. Spanner, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, “Narrow-band tunable infrared pulses with subpicosecond time resolution,” Opt. Commun. 24, 237–242 (1978).
[Crossref]

Ledoux, I.

I. Ledoux, D. Josse, P. Vidakovic, and J. Zyss, “Highly efficient single-crystalline organic thin film for quadratic nonlinear optics,’” Opt. Eng 25, 202–210 (1986).
[Crossref]

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Generation of high peak-power subpicosecond pulses in the 1.0–1.6-μ m range by parametric amplification in an organic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564–1566 (1986).
[Crossref]

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J.-L. Oudar, and J. Zyss, “Parametric amplification sampling spectroscopy of luminescence at the subpicosecond time scale in the 1.0–1.6-μ m spectral range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 761–763 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, I. Ledoux, R. Hierle, R. K. Raj, and J.-L. Oudar, “Optical parametric interactions in 3-methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide single-crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1286–1295 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J.-L. Oudar, J. Etchepare, D. Hulin, A. Migus, and A. Antonetti, “Parametric gain and emission with subpicosecond time-resolution in an organic crystal: application to IR spectroscopy,” Rev. Phys. Appl. (to be published).

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, “Parametric amplification and sampling spectroscopy: a new technique for resolving near-IR luminescence on a subpicosecond time scale,” in Ultrafast Phenomena V, G. R. Fleming and A. E. Siegman, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
[Crossref]

Levine, B. F.

B. F. Levine, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, “An organic crystal with an exceptionally large optical second-harmonic coefficient: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523–2527 (1979).
[Crossref]

Louisell, W. H.

A. Yariv and W. H. Louisell, “Theory of the optical parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 418–424 (1966).
[Crossref]

Lynch, R. T.

B. F. Levine, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, “An organic crystal with an exceptionally large optical second-harmonic coefficient: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523–2527 (1979).
[Crossref]

Matveiets, Y. A.

P. G. Kryukov, Y. A. Matveiets, N. D. Nikogosyan, A. V. Sharkov, E. M. Gordeiev, and S. D. Franchenko, “Generation of frequency-tunable single ultrashort light pulses in a LiIO3crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 127–128 (1977).
[Crossref]

Meenakshi, S.

K. C. Rustagi, S. C. Mehendale, and S. Meenakshi, “Optical frequency conversion in quasi-phase-matched states of nonlinear crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1029–1041 (1982).
[Crossref]

Mehendale, S. C.

K. C. Rustagi, S. C. Mehendale, and S. Meenakshi, “Optical frequency conversion in quasi-phase-matched states of nonlinear crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1029–1041 (1982).
[Crossref]

Migus, A.

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J.-L. Oudar, and J. Zyss, “Parametric amplification sampling spectroscopy of luminescence at the subpicosecond time scale in the 1.0–1.6-μ m spectral range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 761–763 (1986).
[Crossref]

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Generation of high peak-power subpicosecond pulses in the 1.0–1.6-μ m range by parametric amplification in an organic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564–1566 (1986).
[Crossref]

A. Migus, A. Antonetti, J. Etchepare, D. Hulin, and A. Orszag, “Femtosecond spectroscopy with high-power tunable optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 584–594 (1985).
[Crossref]

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, “Parametric amplification and sampling spectroscopy: a new technique for resolving near-IR luminescence on a subpicosecond time scale,” in Ultrafast Phenomena V, G. R. Fleming and A. E. Siegman, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J.-L. Oudar, J. Etchepare, D. Hulin, A. Migus, and A. Antonetti, “Parametric gain and emission with subpicosecond time-resolution in an organic crystal: application to IR spectroscopy,” Rev. Phys. Appl. (to be published).

Miller, R. C.

G. D. Boyd, R. C. Miller, K. Nassau, W. L. Bond, and A. Savage, “LiNbO3, an efficient phase-matched nonlinear optical material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 234–236 (1964).
[Crossref]

Nassau, K.

G. D. Boyd, R. C. Miller, K. Nassau, W. L. Bond, and A. Savage, “LiNbO3, an efficient phase-matched nonlinear optical material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 234–236 (1964).
[Crossref]

Nicoud, J.-F.

J. Zyss, J.-F. Nicoud, and M. Coquillay, “Chirality and hydrogen bonding in molecular crystals for phase-matched second harmonic generation: N(4-nitrophenyl)-L-prolinol (NPP),” J. Chem. Phys. 81, 4160–4167 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, D. S. Chemla, and J.-F. Nicoud, “Demonstration of efficient nonlinear optical crystals with vanishing molecular dipole moment: second harmonic generation in 3-methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide,” J. Chem. Phys. 74, 4800–4811 (1981).
[Crossref]

Nikles, R. V.

A. I. Izrailenko, A. I. Kovrygin, and R. V. Nikles, “Parametric generation of light in high efficiency LiIO3and α-HIO3,” JETP Lett. 12, 331–333 (1970).

Nikogosyan, N. D.

P. G. Kryukov, Y. A. Matveiets, N. D. Nikogosyan, A. V. Sharkov, E. M. Gordeiev, and S. D. Franchenko, “Generation of frequency-tunable single ultrashort light pulses in a LiIO3crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 127–128 (1977).
[Crossref]

Orszag, A.

Oudar, J.-L.

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J.-L. Oudar, and J. Zyss, “Parametric amplification sampling spectroscopy of luminescence at the subpicosecond time scale in the 1.0–1.6-μ m spectral range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 761–763 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, I. Ledoux, R. Hierle, R. K. Raj, and J.-L. Oudar, “Optical parametric interactions in 3-methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide single-crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1286–1295 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss and J.-L. Oudar, “Relations between microscopic and macroscopic lowest-order optical nonlinearities of molecular crystals with one- and two-dimensional units,” Phys. Rev. A 26, 2028–2048 (1982).
[Crossref]

J.-L. Oudar and D. S. Chemla, “Hyperpolarisabilities of the nitroanilines and their relations to the excited state dipole moment,” J. Chem. Phys. 66, 2664–2668 (1977).
[Crossref]

J.-L. Oudar and R. Hierle, “An efficient organic crystal for nonlinear optics: methyl-(2,4 dinitrophenyl)-amino-propanoate,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 2699–2704 (1977).
[Crossref]

D. S. Chemla, J.-L. Oudar, and J. Jerphagnon, “Origin of the second-order optical susceptibilities of crystalline substituted benzene,” Phys. Rev. B 12, 4534–4546 (1975).
[Crossref]

J.-L. Oudar and M. Sigelle, CNET, 196, avenue Henri Ravera, 92220 Bagneux, France (personal communication).

J. Zyss, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J.-L. Oudar, J. Etchepare, D. Hulin, A. Migus, and A. Antonetti, “Parametric gain and emission with subpicosecond time-resolution in an organic crystal: application to IR spectroscopy,” Rev. Phys. Appl. (to be published).

Perigaud, A.

A. Carenco, J. Jerphagnon, and A. Perigaud, “Nonlinear optical properties of some m-disubstituted benzene derivatives,” J. Chem. Phys. 66, 3806–3813 (1977).
[Crossref]

J. Baden, R. Hierle, A. Perigaud, and P. Vidakovic, in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Molecules and Crystals, D. S. Chemla and J. Zyss, eds. (Academic, New York, 1986), Chap. III-51.

Perry, T. T.

S. K. Kurtz and T. T. Perry, “A powder technique for the evaluation of nonlinear optical materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3789–3813 (1968).
[Crossref]

Pershan, P. S.

N. Bloembergen and P. S. Pershan, “Light waves at the boundary of a nonlinear medium,” Phys. Rev. 128, 606–622 (1962).
[Crossref]

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
[Crossref]

Piskarkas, A. S.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrygin, V. A. Kolosov, A. S. Piskarkas, V. V. Fadeiev, and R. V. Khokhlov, “Tunable parametric generator with KDP crystal,” JETP Lett. 3, 241–245 (1966).

Piskarkas, S. A.

A. G. Akhmanov, S. A. Akhmanov, R. V. Khokhlov, A. I. Kovrygin, S. A. Piskarkas, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Parametric interactions in optics and tunable light oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 828–831 (1968).
[Crossref]

Piskarskas, A.

R. Danyelus, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and Y. Yasevichyute, “Parametric excitation of light in the picosecond-range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360–1368 (1977).
[Crossref]

Powers, E. J.

M. F. Becker, Y. C. Kim, S. R. Gautam, and E. J. Powers, “Three-wave nonlinear optical interactions in dispersive media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 113–123 (1982).
[Crossref]

Rabson, T. A.

T. A. Rabson, H. G. Ruiz, P. L. Shah, and F. K. Kittel, “Stimulated parametric fluorescence induced by picosecond pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 129–131 (1972).
[Crossref]

Racette, R. C.

C. C. Wang and R. C. Racette, “Measurement of parametric gain accompanying optical difference frequency generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 169–171 (1965).
[Crossref]

Raj, R. K.

J. Zyss, I. Ledoux, R. Hierle, R. K. Raj, and J.-L. Oudar, “Optical parametric interactions in 3-methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide single-crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1286–1295 (1985).
[Crossref]

Ruiz, H. G.

T. A. Rabson, H. G. Ruiz, P. L. Shah, and F. K. Kittel, “Stimulated parametric fluorescence induced by picosecond pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 129–131 (1972).
[Crossref]

Rustagi, K. C.

K. C. Rustagi, S. C. Mehendale, and S. Meenakshi, “Optical frequency conversion in quasi-phase-matched states of nonlinear crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1029–1041 (1982).
[Crossref]

Samokhina, M. A.

B. L. Davydov, L. D. Derkacheva, V. V. Dunina, M. E. Zhabotinskii, V. K. Kolin, L. G. Koreneva, and M. A. Samokhina, “Connection between charge-transfer and laser second harmonic generation,” JETP Lett. 12, 16–18 (1970).

Savage, A.

G. D. Boyd, R. C. Miller, K. Nassau, W. L. Bond, and A. Savage, “LiNbO3, an efficient phase-matched nonlinear optical material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 234–236 (1964).
[Crossref]

Selmeier, A.

A. Selmeier, K. Spanner, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, “Narrow-band tunable infrared pulses with subpicosecond time resolution,” Opt. Commun. 24, 237–242 (1978).
[Crossref]

Shah, P. L.

T. A. Rabson, H. G. Ruiz, P. L. Shah, and F. K. Kittel, “Stimulated parametric fluorescence induced by picosecond pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 129–131 (1972).
[Crossref]

Sharkov, A. V.

P. G. Kryukov, Y. A. Matveiets, N. D. Nikogosyan, A. V. Sharkov, E. M. Gordeiev, and S. D. Franchenko, “Generation of frequency-tunable single ultrashort light pulses in a LiIO3crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 127–128 (1977).
[Crossref]

Shigorin, V. D.

V. D. Shigorin, “Issledovanie generatsii vtoroj opticheskoj garmoniki v molekulyarnykh crystallakh,” Acad. Nauk. SSSR, Fiz. Inst. Imeni P. N. Lebedeva SUN 98, 78–140 (1977).

Sigelle, M.

M. Sigelle, J. Zyss, and R. Hierle, “A new material for nonlinear optics: 3-methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide,” J. Noncryst. Solids 47, 287–290 (1982).
[Crossref]

J.-L. Oudar and M. Sigelle, CNET, 196, avenue Henri Ravera, 92220 Bagneux, France (personal communication).

Singer, K. D.

A. F. Garito and K. D. Singer, “Organic crystals and polymers. A new class of nonlinear optical materials,” Laser Focus 18(12), 59 (1982).

Smith, A. W.

A. W. Smith and M. Braslau, “Observation of a optical difference frequency,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2105–2106 (1963).
[Crossref]

Smith, R. G.

R. G. Smith, “Optical parametric oscillators,” in Laser Handbook, F. Arecchi and E. Schulz-Dubois, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1979), pp. 837–895.

Spanner, K.

A. Selmeier, K. Spanner, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, “Narrow-band tunable infrared pulses with subpicosecond time resolution,” Opt. Commun. 24, 237–242 (1978).
[Crossref]

Stabinis, A.

R. Danyelus, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and Y. Yasevichyute, “Parametric excitation of light in the picosecond-range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360–1368 (1977).
[Crossref]

Sukhorukov, A. P.

A. G. Akhmanov, S. A. Akhmanov, R. V. Khokhlov, A. I. Kovrygin, S. A. Piskarkas, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Parametric interactions in optics and tunable light oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 828–831 (1968).
[Crossref]

S. A. Akhmanov, A. P. Sukhorukov, and R. V. Khokhlov, “Theory of generation of optical harmonics in converging beams,” Sov. Phys. JETP 23, 316–323 (1966).

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrygin, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Optical harmonic generation and optical frequency multipliers,” in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, B. H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Vol. 1, Chap. 8.

Tang, C. L.

W. R. Donaldson and C. L. Tang, “Urea parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 25–27 (1984).
[Crossref]

J.-M. Halbout, S. Blit, W. Donaldson, and C. L. Tang, “Efficient phase-matched second harmonic generation and sum-frequency mixing in urea,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1176–1180 (1979).
[Crossref]

P. P. Bey and C. L. Tang, “Plane-wave theory of parametric oscillator and coupled oscillator up-converter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 361–369 (1972).
[Crossref]

Thurmond, C. D.

B. F. Levine, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, “An organic crystal with an exceptionally large optical second-harmonic coefficient: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523–2527 (1979).
[Crossref]

Twieg, R.

R. Twieg, A. Azema, K. Jain, and Y. Y. Cheng, “Organic materials for nonlinear optics. Nitropyridine derivatives,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 92, 208–211 (1982).
[Crossref]

Twieg, R. J.

K. Jain, J. I. Crowley, G. H. Hewig, Y. Y. Cheng, and R. J. Twieg, “Optically nonlinear organic materials,” Opt. Laser Technol. 13, 297–302 (1981).
[Crossref]

Vidakovic, P.

I. Ledoux, D. Josse, P. Vidakovic, and J. Zyss, “Highly efficient single-crystalline organic thin film for quadratic nonlinear optics,’” Opt. Eng 25, 202–210 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Baden, R. Hierle, A. Perigaud, and P. Vidakovic, in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Molecules and Crystals, D. S. Chemla and J. Zyss, eds. (Academic, New York, 1986), Chap. III-51.

Wang, C. C.

C. C. Wang and R. C. Racette, “Measurement of parametric gain accompanying optical difference frequency generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 169–171 (1965).
[Crossref]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv and W. H. Louisell, “Theory of the optical parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 418–424 (1966).
[Crossref]

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics, 2nd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1975).

Yasevichyute, Y.

R. Danyelus, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and Y. Yasevichyute, “Parametric excitation of light in the picosecond-range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360–1368 (1977).
[Crossref]

Zhabotinskii, M. E.

B. L. Davydov, L. D. Derkacheva, V. V. Dunina, M. E. Zhabotinskii, V. K. Kolin, L. G. Koreneva, and M. A. Samokhina, “Connection between charge-transfer and laser second harmonic generation,” JETP Lett. 12, 16–18 (1970).

Zumsteg, F. C.

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. E. Gier, “Kx Rb1−x TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980–4985 (1976).
[Crossref]

Zyss, J.

I. Ledoux, D. Josse, P. Vidakovic, and J. Zyss, “Highly efficient single-crystalline organic thin film for quadratic nonlinear optics,’” Opt. Eng 25, 202–210 (1986).
[Crossref]

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Generation of high peak-power subpicosecond pulses in the 1.0–1.6-μ m range by parametric amplification in an organic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564–1566 (1986).
[Crossref]

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J.-L. Oudar, and J. Zyss, “Parametric amplification sampling spectroscopy of luminescence at the subpicosecond time scale in the 1.0–1.6-μ m spectral range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 761–763 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, I. Ledoux, R. Hierle, R. K. Raj, and J.-L. Oudar, “Optical parametric interactions in 3-methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide single-crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1286–1295 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, J.-F. Nicoud, and M. Coquillay, “Chirality and hydrogen bonding in molecular crystals for phase-matched second harmonic generation: N(4-nitrophenyl)-L-prolinol (NPP),” J. Chem. Phys. 81, 4160–4167 (1984).
[Crossref]

R. Hierle, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, “Growth and characterization of a new material for nonlinear optics: methyl-3-nitro-4-pyridine-1-oxide,” J. Cryst. Growth 69, 545–554 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss and J.-L. Oudar, “Relations between microscopic and macroscopic lowest-order optical nonlinearities of molecular crystals with one- and two-dimensional units,” Phys. Rev. A 26, 2028–2048 (1982).
[Crossref]

M. Sigelle, J. Zyss, and R. Hierle, “A new material for nonlinear optics: 3-methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide,” J. Noncryst. Solids 47, 287–290 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, “New organic molecular materials for nonlinear optics,” J. Noncryst. Solids 47, 211–226 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, D. S. Chemla, and J.-F. Nicoud, “Demonstration of efficient nonlinear optical crystals with vanishing molecular dipole moment: second harmonic generation in 3-methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide,” J. Chem. Phys. 74, 4800–4811 (1981).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J.-L. Oudar, J. Etchepare, D. Hulin, A. Migus, and A. Antonetti, “Parametric gain and emission with subpicosecond time-resolution in an organic crystal: application to IR spectroscopy,” Rev. Phys. Appl. (to be published).

J. Zyss and D. S. Chemla, “Quadratic nonlinear optics and optimization of second-order nonlinear response of organic molecules and crystals,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Molecules and Crystals, D. S. Chemla and J. Zyss, eds. (Academic, New York, 1987).
[Crossref]

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, “Parametric amplification and sampling spectroscopy: a new technique for resolving near-IR luminescence on a subpicosecond time scale,” in Ultrafast Phenomena V, G. R. Fleming and A. E. Siegman, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, “A molecular engineering approach towards the design of efficient organic crystals for three-wave mixing,” in Current Trends in Optics, F. T. Arecchi and F. R. Aussenegg, eds. (Taylor and Francis, London, 1981), pp. 122–133.

Acad. Nauk. SSSR, Fiz. Inst. Imeni P. N. Lebedeva SUN (1)

V. D. Shigorin, “Issledovanie generatsii vtoroj opticheskoj garmoniki v molekulyarnykh crystallakh,” Acad. Nauk. SSSR, Fiz. Inst. Imeni P. N. Lebedeva SUN 98, 78–140 (1977).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

G. D. Boyd, R. C. Miller, K. Nassau, W. L. Bond, and A. Savage, “LiNbO3, an efficient phase-matched nonlinear optical material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 234–236 (1964).
[Crossref]

T. A. Rabson, H. G. Ruiz, P. L. Shah, and F. K. Kittel, “Stimulated parametric fluorescence induced by picosecond pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 129–131 (1972).
[Crossref]

C. C. Wang and R. C. Racette, “Measurement of parametric gain accompanying optical difference frequency generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 169–171 (1965).
[Crossref]

L. S. Goldberg, “Optical parametric oscillation in lithium iodate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 234–236 (1964).

W. R. Donaldson and C. L. Tang, “Urea parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 25–27 (1984).
[Crossref]

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Generation of high peak-power subpicosecond pulses in the 1.0–1.6-μ m range by parametric amplification in an organic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564–1566 (1986).
[Crossref]

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J.-L. Oudar, and J. Zyss, “Parametric amplification sampling spectroscopy of luminescence at the subpicosecond time scale in the 1.0–1.6-μ m spectral range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 761–763 (1986).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Twieg, A. Azema, K. Jain, and Y. Y. Cheng, “Organic materials for nonlinear optics. Nitropyridine derivatives,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 92, 208–211 (1982).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (9)

J. Zyss, I. Ledoux, R. Hierle, R. K. Raj, and J.-L. Oudar, “Optical parametric interactions in 3-methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide single-crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1286–1295 (1985).
[Crossref]

J.-M. Halbout, S. Blit, W. Donaldson, and C. L. Tang, “Efficient phase-matched second harmonic generation and sum-frequency mixing in urea,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1176–1180 (1979).
[Crossref]

R. A. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 432–444 (1979).
[Crossref]

M. F. Becker, Y. C. Kim, S. R. Gautam, and E. J. Powers, “Three-wave nonlinear optical interactions in dispersive media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 113–123 (1982).
[Crossref]

K. C. Rustagi, S. C. Mehendale, and S. Meenakshi, “Optical frequency conversion in quasi-phase-matched states of nonlinear crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1029–1041 (1982).
[Crossref]

A. Yariv and W. H. Louisell, “Theory of the optical parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 418–424 (1966).
[Crossref]

A. G. Akhmanov, S. A. Akhmanov, R. V. Khokhlov, A. I. Kovrygin, S. A. Piskarkas, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Parametric interactions in optics and tunable light oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 828–831 (1968).
[Crossref]

P. P. Bey and C. L. Tang, “Plane-wave theory of parametric oscillator and coupled oscillator up-converter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 361–369 (1972).
[Crossref]

J. Jerphagnon, “Optical second harmonic generation in isocyclic and heterocyclic organic compounds,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 42–43 (1971).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (6)

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. E. Gier, “Kx Rb1−x TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980–4985 (1976).
[Crossref]

S. K. Kurtz and T. T. Perry, “A powder technique for the evaluation of nonlinear optical materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3789–3813 (1968).
[Crossref]

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interactions of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[Crossref]

A. W. Smith and M. Braslau, “Observation of a optical difference frequency,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2105–2106 (1963).
[Crossref]

B. F. Levine, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, “An organic crystal with an exceptionally large optical second-harmonic coefficient: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523–2527 (1979).
[Crossref]

J.-L. Oudar and R. Hierle, “An efficient organic crystal for nonlinear optics: methyl-(2,4 dinitrophenyl)-amino-propanoate,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 2699–2704 (1977).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (4)

J. Zyss, J.-F. Nicoud, and M. Coquillay, “Chirality and hydrogen bonding in molecular crystals for phase-matched second harmonic generation: N(4-nitrophenyl)-L-prolinol (NPP),” J. Chem. Phys. 81, 4160–4167 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, D. S. Chemla, and J.-F. Nicoud, “Demonstration of efficient nonlinear optical crystals with vanishing molecular dipole moment: second harmonic generation in 3-methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide,” J. Chem. Phys. 74, 4800–4811 (1981).
[Crossref]

A. Carenco, J. Jerphagnon, and A. Perigaud, “Nonlinear optical properties of some m-disubstituted benzene derivatives,” J. Chem. Phys. 66, 3806–3813 (1977).
[Crossref]

J.-L. Oudar and D. S. Chemla, “Hyperpolarisabilities of the nitroanilines and their relations to the excited state dipole moment,” J. Chem. Phys. 66, 2664–2668 (1977).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

R. Hierle, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, “Growth and characterization of a new material for nonlinear optics: methyl-3-nitro-4-pyridine-1-oxide,” J. Cryst. Growth 69, 545–554 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Noncryst. Solids (2)

J. Zyss, “New organic molecular materials for nonlinear optics,” J. Noncryst. Solids 47, 211–226 (1982).
[Crossref]

M. Sigelle, J. Zyss, and R. Hierle, “A new material for nonlinear optics: 3-methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide,” J. Noncryst. Solids 47, 287–290 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

JETP Lett. (3)

A. I. Izrailenko, A. I. Kovrygin, and R. V. Nikles, “Parametric generation of light in high efficiency LiIO3and α-HIO3,” JETP Lett. 12, 331–333 (1970).

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrygin, V. A. Kolosov, A. S. Piskarkas, V. V. Fadeiev, and R. V. Khokhlov, “Tunable parametric generator with KDP crystal,” JETP Lett. 3, 241–245 (1966).

B. L. Davydov, L. D. Derkacheva, V. V. Dunina, M. E. Zhabotinskii, V. K. Kolin, L. G. Koreneva, and M. A. Samokhina, “Connection between charge-transfer and laser second harmonic generation,” JETP Lett. 12, 16–18 (1970).

Laser Focus (1)

A. F. Garito and K. D. Singer, “Organic crystals and polymers. A new class of nonlinear optical materials,” Laser Focus 18(12), 59 (1982).

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Selmeier, K. Spanner, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, “Narrow-band tunable infrared pulses with subpicosecond time resolution,” Opt. Commun. 24, 237–242 (1978).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng (1)

I. Ledoux, D. Josse, P. Vidakovic, and J. Zyss, “Highly efficient single-crystalline organic thin film for quadratic nonlinear optics,’” Opt. Eng 25, 202–210 (1986).
[Crossref]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

K. Jain, J. I. Crowley, G. H. Hewig, Y. Y. Cheng, and R. J. Twieg, “Optically nonlinear organic materials,” Opt. Laser Technol. 13, 297–302 (1981).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (5)

D. A. Kleinman, A. Ashkin, and G. D. Boyd, “Second harmonic generation of light by focused laser beams,” Phys. Rev. 145, 338–379 (1966).
[Crossref]

G. D. Boyd and A. Ashkin, “Theory of parametric oscillator threshold with single-mode optical masers and observation of amplification in LiNbO3,” Phys. Rev. 146, 187–198 (1966).
[Crossref]

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
[Crossref]

N. Bloembergen and P. S. Pershan, “Light waves at the boundary of a nonlinear medium,” Phys. Rev. 128, 606–622 (1962).
[Crossref]

G. D. F. Boyd, A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, and D. A. Kleinman, “Second harmonic generation of light with double refraction,” Phys. Rev. 137, A1305–A1320 (1965).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. Zyss and J.-L. Oudar, “Relations between microscopic and macroscopic lowest-order optical nonlinearities of molecular crystals with one- and two-dimensional units,” Phys. Rev. A 26, 2028–2048 (1982).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

R. Asby, “Theory of optical parametric amplification from a focused Gaussian beam,” Phys. Rev. B 2, 4273–4282 (1970).
[Crossref]

D. S. Chemla, J.-L. Oudar, and J. Jerphagnon, “Origin of the second-order optical susceptibilities of crystalline substituted benzene,” Phys. Rev. B 12, 4534–4546 (1975).
[Crossref]

Proc. IEEE (1)

S. E. Harris, “Tunable optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 57, 2096–2113 (1969).
[Crossref]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (2)

P. G. Kryukov, Y. A. Matveiets, N. D. Nikogosyan, A. V. Sharkov, E. M. Gordeiev, and S. D. Franchenko, “Generation of frequency-tunable single ultrashort light pulses in a LiIO3crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 127–128 (1977).
[Crossref]

R. Danyelus, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and Y. Yasevichyute, “Parametric excitation of light in the picosecond-range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360–1368 (1977).
[Crossref]

Sov. Phys. JETP (2)

S. A. Akhmanov and R. V. Khokhlov, “Concerning one possibility of amplification of light waves,” Sov. Phys. JETP 16, 252–257 (1963).

S. A. Akhmanov, A. P. Sukhorukov, and R. V. Khokhlov, “Theory of generation of optical harmonics in converging beams,” Sov. Phys. JETP 23, 316–323 (1966).

Other (14)

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics, 2nd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1975).

R. L. Byer, in Nonlinear Optics, P. G. Harper and B. S. Wherett, eds. (Academic, New York, 1979), Chap. 2.

S. K. Kurtz, “Measurement of nonlinear optical susceptibilities,” in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, A. H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Vol. 1, Chap. 3.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrygin, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Optical harmonic generation and optical frequency multipliers,” in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, B. H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Vol. 1, Chap. 8.

R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillators,” in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise,” B. H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Vol. 1, pp. 587–702.

R. G. Smith, “Optical parametric oscillators,” in Laser Handbook, F. Arecchi and E. Schulz-Dubois, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1979), pp. 837–895.

J. Zyss, “A molecular engineering approach towards the design of efficient organic crystals for three-wave mixing,” in Current Trends in Optics, F. T. Arecchi and F. R. Aussenegg, eds. (Taylor and Francis, London, 1981), pp. 122–133.

J. Baden, R. Hierle, A. Perigaud, and P. Vidakovic, in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Molecules and Crystals, D. S. Chemla and J. Zyss, eds. (Academic, New York, 1986), Chap. III-51.

J. Zyss and D. S. Chemla, “Quadratic nonlinear optics and optimization of second-order nonlinear response of organic molecules and crystals,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Molecules and Crystals, D. S. Chemla and J. Zyss, eds. (Academic, New York, 1987).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J.-L. Oudar, J. Etchepare, D. Hulin, A. Migus, and A. Antonetti, “Parametric gain and emission with subpicosecond time-resolution in an organic crystal: application to IR spectroscopy,” Rev. Phys. Appl. (to be published).

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, “Parametric amplification and sampling spectroscopy: a new technique for resolving near-IR luminescence on a subpicosecond time scale,” in Ultrafast Phenomena V, G. R. Fleming and A. E. Siegman, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
[Crossref]

D. J. Williams ed., Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic and Polymeric Materials, Vol. 233 of ACS Symposium Series (American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 1983).
[Crossref]

J.-L. Oudar and M. Sigelle, CNET, 196, avenue Henri Ravera, 92220 Bagneux, France (personal communication).

D. S. Chemla and J. Zyss, eds., Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Molecules and Crystals (Academic, New York, 1986).

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Phase-matching curve with θ noncritical phase-matching configuration. (b) Phase-matching curve with λ noncritical phase-matching configuration. (c) Occurrence of λ noncritical phase-matching at λ0 shown in an eω + eωo2ω type I phase-matching configuration. The slope of the harmonic (ordinary) index dispersion curve is twice that of the fundamental (extraordinary) curve. (d) A λ noncritical phase-matching configuration entails the conservation of the group velocities of the interacting waves projected along the common wave-vector orientation. In a θ noncritical configuration, group velocities are parallel, but their moduli may differ significantly.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup: M’s, mirrors; BS’s, beam splitters; L’s, lenses; F’s, filters; ND, neutral density; DL, delay line; PD, photodiode; C, nonlinear crystal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SHG phase-matching curve of NPP in the ZX and ZY planes, exhibiting a room-temperature θ noncritical phase-matching at 1.15 μm. θ and φ are the external incidence angles of the IR beam. Point D corresponds to the 0.62-μm SHG (degeneracy of parametric amplification).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Phase-matching curve of parametric interaction in NPP relating the idler and signal wavelengths (λi, λs) to the external angle for a pump wavelength λp = 0.62 μm. The upper inset indicates the polarizations of the interacting beams. The lower inset depicts the 0 noncritical parametric configuration at λp = 0.575 m.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Variation of the parametric gain G in a 1.5-mm-thick NPP sample with respect to the square root of incident pump intensity Ip.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Wavelength dispersion of the parametric gain exhibiting a maximum at degeneracy (λ = 1.24 μm).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Variation of the emitted parametric intensity at degeneracy (λ = 1.24 μm) with respect to the incident pump intensity.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Cross-correlation plot of the pump and signal by amplification in a 1.4-mm-thick NPP sample and a 4-mm-thick POM sample at degeneracy (λ = 1.24 μm)0.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Cross-correlation of the pump and signal in NPP at a wavelength significantly away from degeneracy (λs = 0.75 μm).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Time-resolved luminescence at 1.44 μm of an AlAs/InAlAs MQWS at 15 K excited with a 0.62-μm pump beam.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Temporal profile of the parametric emission of NPP at λ = 1.106 μm.

Equations (17)

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Δ k = k 2 ω - 2 k ω = 4 π ( n 2 ω - n ω ) / λ ,
- 1 < Δ k ( θ , λ ) l < 1.
- 1 / l < [ ( Δ k ) / θ ] θ 0 , λ 0 Δ θ + [ θ ( Δ k ) / λ ] θ 0 , λ 0 Δ λ < 1 / l ,
2 ( n e / λ ) λ 0 = ( n o / λ ) λ 0 / 2 ,
l ( u 2 ω - 1 - u ω - 1 ) τ ,
u = c n + λ ( n / λ ) ( tan ρ u 1 + u ) ,
( u 2 ω o - u ω e ) u = 0.
n a ω p ω p = n b c ω i ( θ ) ω i + n b c ω s ( θ ) ω s ,
P a ω p = d eff E b c ω i E b c ω s ,
ln ( 4 G ) E p ( n i n s ω i ω s ) 1 / 2 0 c l = d eff ,
G = ¼ exp ( 2 Γ l ) ,
Γ = ( μ 0 0 ) 3 / 4 ( 4 π ω i ω s c n p n i n s ) 1 / 2 d eff I p ,
d ln I s d ln I p = Γ l ,
C = N + S N ,
N = n τ l
S = n τ p G ,
C = 1 + G τ p τ l ~ 10.

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