Abstract

Measurements of second-harmonic generation (SHG) from powders have indicated that 2-(N, N-dimethylamino)-5-nitroacetanilide (DAN) has a high second-order optical nonlinearity. This has been confirmed by the observation of efficient phase-matched SHG from a DAN single crystal. For 1-mJ pulses at 1.064 μm, a conversion efficiency of 20% has been measured for a crystal 2 mm thick. X-ray crystallographic analysis suggests that this high efficiency derives from a favorable molecular packing.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. J. Williams, ed., Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic and Polymeric Materials, ACS Symp. Ser. No. 233 (American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 1983).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. F. Garito, C. C. Teng, K. Y. Wong, and O. Zammani’Khamiri, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 106, 219 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  3. B. F. Levy, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523(1979).
    [Crossref]
  4. G. M. Carter, J. V. Hryniewicz, M. K. Thakur, Y. J. Chen, and S. E. Meyler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 998 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  5. R. Hierle, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, J. Cryst. Growth 69, 545 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. A. Driscoll, H. J. Hoffman, R. E. Stone, and P. E. Perkins, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 3, 683 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. Azema, R. Twieg, and K. Jain, in New Optical Materials, S. Musikant and J. Dupuy, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.400, 183 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  8. D. P. Ainsworth and H. Suschitzky, J. Chem. Soc. 111 (1966).
  9. I. Ledoux, D. Josse, P. Vidakovic, and J. Zyss, Opt. Eng. 25, 202 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. Zyss and J. L. Oudar, Phys. Rev. A 26, 2028 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. Zyss, J. F. Nicoud, and M. Coquillay, J. Chem. Phys. 81, 4160 (1984).
    [Crossref]

1986 (3)

G. M. Carter, J. V. Hryniewicz, M. K. Thakur, Y. J. Chen, and S. E. Meyler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 998 (1986).
[Crossref]

T. A. Driscoll, H. J. Hoffman, R. E. Stone, and P. E. Perkins, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 3, 683 (1986).
[Crossref]

I. Ledoux, D. Josse, P. Vidakovic, and J. Zyss, Opt. Eng. 25, 202 (1986).
[Crossref]

1984 (3)

R. Hierle, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, J. Cryst. Growth 69, 545 (1984).
[Crossref]

A. F. Garito, C. C. Teng, K. Y. Wong, and O. Zammani’Khamiri, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 106, 219 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, J. F. Nicoud, and M. Coquillay, J. Chem. Phys. 81, 4160 (1984).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

J. Zyss and J. L. Oudar, Phys. Rev. A 26, 2028 (1982).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

B. F. Levy, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523(1979).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

D. P. Ainsworth and H. Suschitzky, J. Chem. Soc. 111 (1966).

Ainsworth, D. P.

D. P. Ainsworth and H. Suschitzky, J. Chem. Soc. 111 (1966).

Azema, A.

A. Azema, R. Twieg, and K. Jain, in New Optical Materials, S. Musikant and J. Dupuy, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.400, 183 (1983).
[Crossref]

Badan, J.

R. Hierle, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, J. Cryst. Growth 69, 545 (1984).
[Crossref]

Bernstein, J. L.

B. F. Levy, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523(1979).
[Crossref]

Bethea, C. G.

B. F. Levy, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523(1979).
[Crossref]

Carter, G. M.

G. M. Carter, J. V. Hryniewicz, M. K. Thakur, Y. J. Chen, and S. E. Meyler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 998 (1986).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. J.

G. M. Carter, J. V. Hryniewicz, M. K. Thakur, Y. J. Chen, and S. E. Meyler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 998 (1986).
[Crossref]

Coquillay, M.

J. Zyss, J. F. Nicoud, and M. Coquillay, J. Chem. Phys. 81, 4160 (1984).
[Crossref]

Driscoll, T. A.

T. A. Driscoll, H. J. Hoffman, R. E. Stone, and P. E. Perkins, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 3, 683 (1986).
[Crossref]

Garito, A. F.

A. F. Garito, C. C. Teng, K. Y. Wong, and O. Zammani’Khamiri, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 106, 219 (1984).
[Crossref]

Hierle, R.

R. Hierle, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, J. Cryst. Growth 69, 545 (1984).
[Crossref]

Hoffman, H. J.

T. A. Driscoll, H. J. Hoffman, R. E. Stone, and P. E. Perkins, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 3, 683 (1986).
[Crossref]

Hryniewicz, J. V.

G. M. Carter, J. V. Hryniewicz, M. K. Thakur, Y. J. Chen, and S. E. Meyler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 998 (1986).
[Crossref]

Jain, K.

A. Azema, R. Twieg, and K. Jain, in New Optical Materials, S. Musikant and J. Dupuy, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.400, 183 (1983).
[Crossref]

Josse, D.

I. Ledoux, D. Josse, P. Vidakovic, and J. Zyss, Opt. Eng. 25, 202 (1986).
[Crossref]

Ledoux, I.

I. Ledoux, D. Josse, P. Vidakovic, and J. Zyss, Opt. Eng. 25, 202 (1986).
[Crossref]

Levy, B. F.

B. F. Levy, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523(1979).
[Crossref]

Lynch, R. T.

B. F. Levy, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523(1979).
[Crossref]

Meyler, S. E.

G. M. Carter, J. V. Hryniewicz, M. K. Thakur, Y. J. Chen, and S. E. Meyler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 998 (1986).
[Crossref]

Nicoud, J. F.

J. Zyss, J. F. Nicoud, and M. Coquillay, J. Chem. Phys. 81, 4160 (1984).
[Crossref]

Oudar, J. L.

J. Zyss and J. L. Oudar, Phys. Rev. A 26, 2028 (1982).
[Crossref]

Perkins, P. E.

T. A. Driscoll, H. J. Hoffman, R. E. Stone, and P. E. Perkins, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 3, 683 (1986).
[Crossref]

Stone, R. E.

T. A. Driscoll, H. J. Hoffman, R. E. Stone, and P. E. Perkins, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 3, 683 (1986).
[Crossref]

Suschitzky, H.

D. P. Ainsworth and H. Suschitzky, J. Chem. Soc. 111 (1966).

Teng, C. C.

A. F. Garito, C. C. Teng, K. Y. Wong, and O. Zammani’Khamiri, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 106, 219 (1984).
[Crossref]

Thakur, M. K.

G. M. Carter, J. V. Hryniewicz, M. K. Thakur, Y. J. Chen, and S. E. Meyler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 998 (1986).
[Crossref]

Thurmond, C. D.

B. F. Levy, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523(1979).
[Crossref]

Twieg, R.

A. Azema, R. Twieg, and K. Jain, in New Optical Materials, S. Musikant and J. Dupuy, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.400, 183 (1983).
[Crossref]

Vidakovic, P.

I. Ledoux, D. Josse, P. Vidakovic, and J. Zyss, Opt. Eng. 25, 202 (1986).
[Crossref]

Wong, K. Y.

A. F. Garito, C. C. Teng, K. Y. Wong, and O. Zammani’Khamiri, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 106, 219 (1984).
[Crossref]

Zammani’Khamiri, O.

A. F. Garito, C. C. Teng, K. Y. Wong, and O. Zammani’Khamiri, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 106, 219 (1984).
[Crossref]

Zyss, J.

I. Ledoux, D. Josse, P. Vidakovic, and J. Zyss, Opt. Eng. 25, 202 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss, J. F. Nicoud, and M. Coquillay, J. Chem. Phys. 81, 4160 (1984).
[Crossref]

R. Hierle, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, J. Cryst. Growth 69, 545 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Zyss and J. L. Oudar, Phys. Rev. A 26, 2028 (1982).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. M. Carter, J. V. Hryniewicz, M. K. Thakur, Y. J. Chen, and S. E. Meyler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 998 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. F. Levy, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523(1979).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. Zyss, J. F. Nicoud, and M. Coquillay, J. Chem. Phys. 81, 4160 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Soc. (1)

D. P. Ainsworth and H. Suschitzky, J. Chem. Soc. 111 (1966).

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

R. Hierle, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, J. Cryst. Growth 69, 545 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. (1)

T. A. Driscoll, H. J. Hoffman, R. E. Stone, and P. E. Perkins, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 3, 683 (1986).
[Crossref]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

A. F. Garito, C. C. Teng, K. Y. Wong, and O. Zammani’Khamiri, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 106, 219 (1984).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

I. Ledoux, D. Josse, P. Vidakovic, and J. Zyss, Opt. Eng. 25, 202 (1986).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. Zyss and J. L. Oudar, Phys. Rev. A 26, 2028 (1982).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

D. J. Williams, ed., Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic and Polymeric Materials, ACS Symp. Ser. No. 233 (American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 1983).
[Crossref]

A. Azema, R. Twieg, and K. Jain, in New Optical Materials, S. Musikant and J. Dupuy, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.400, 183 (1983).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Projection of DAN molecule perpendicular to the molecular plane, showing the conformation adopted in the solid state.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Apparatus for the determination of SHG efficiency of DAN crystal: ND, variable neutral-density filter; POL1, POL2, polarizers; BS, Babinet compensator; RG830, visible-stop filter; EM1, EM2, energy meters; L1, lens; KG3, infrared-stop filter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

X-ray structure of DAN; stereoscopic pair showing the view along the x axis.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Orientation of DAN single crystal with respect to the incident infrared-laser beam.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Variation of SHG as a function of rotation angles θ and ϕ defined in Fig. 4. a, θ variation; b, ϕ variation.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Unit-Cell Parameters of 2-(N, N-Dimethylamino)-5-Dinitroacetanilide at 20°C

Metrics