Abstract

Squeezed light generated by four-wave mixing near the Na atomic resonance is compared with a full quantum-theoretical model. Losses and dephasing that are due to spontaneous emission near the atomic resonance are included in this theoretical treatment. The experimental results show noise reduction greater than 1 dB below the standard quantum limits and are in good agreement with the quantum model at low pump intensities and large detuning. Theory and experiment show that limits to squeezed-light noise reduction resulting from spontaneous-emission losses can be largely avoided by using nondegenerate four-wave mixing and pump intensities near the atomic saturation values.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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