Abstract

We have observed a darkening effect and the formation of permanent volume gratings in CdSSe semiconductor-doped glasses, both phenomena being certainly due to the same photochemical mechanism. This allowed us to reconcile contradictory results concerning the speed of their nonlinear response. We also studied the frequency dependence of χ(3) below the gap and the intensity dependence of the reflectivity of these phase-conjugate mirrors. Our results can be interpreted in terms of the band-filling model with Boltzmann statistics. Finally, frequency- and time-resolved luminescence measurements helped us to interpret various results.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. A. B. Miller, C. T. Seaton, M. E. Prise, and S. D. Smith, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 197 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  2. D. S. Chemla, in Nonlinear Optics: Materials and Devices, C. Flytzanis and J. L. Oudar, eds. (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
  3. D. Ricard, P. Roussignol, and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Lett. 10, 511 (1985).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. F. Hache, D. Ricard, and C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1647 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  5. R. K. Jain and R. C. Lind, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 647 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  6. K. C. Rustagi and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Lett. 9, 344 (1984).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. S. S. Yao, C. Karaguleff, A. Gabel, R. Fortenberry, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 801 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  8. B. Danielzik, K. Nattermann, and D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 38, 31 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  9. G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, W. M. Hetherington, A. D. Boardman, and P. Egan, in Nonlinear Optics: Materials and Devices, C. Flytzanis and J. L. Oudar, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
  10. P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, K. C. Rustagi, and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Commun. 55, 143 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  11. G. R. Olbright and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. I. Ekimov and A. A. Onushchenko, JETP Lett. 34, 345 (1981); JETP Lett. 40, 1137 (1984).
  13. L. E. Brus, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 4403 (1984); P. Rossetti, R. Hull, J. M. Gibson, and L. E. Brus, J. Chem. Phys. 82, 552 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  14. H. Weller, H. M. Schmidt, U. Koch, A. Fojtik, S. Baral, A. Henglein, W. Kunath, K. Weiss, and E. Dieman, Chem. Phys. Lett. 124, 557 (1986), and references cited therein.
    [Crossref]
  15. J. Warnock and D. D. Awschalom, Phys. Rev. B. 32, 5529 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  16. J. Warnock and D. D. Awschalom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 425 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. P. Huignard and G. Roosen, in Nonlinear Optics: Materials and Devices, C. Flytzanis and J. L. Oudar, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
  18. J. Feinberg, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983).
  19. R. K. Jain and M. B. Klein, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983).
  20. D. M. Pepper and A. Yariv, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983).
  21. B. S. Wherrett and N. A. Higgins, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 379, 67 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  22. R. L. Abrams and R. C. Lind, Optics Lett. 2, 94 (1978); Optics Lett. 3, 205 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  23. C. Flytzanis, F. Hache, D. Ricard, and P. Roussignol, “The physics and fabrication of microstructures and microdevices,” in Fundamental Physics in Microstructures, M. J. Kelly and C. Weisbuch, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
  24. N. Chestnoy, T. D. Harris, R. Hull, and L. E. Brus, J. Phys. Chem. (to be published).
  25. A. Fojtik, H. Weller, U. Koch, and A. Henglein, Ber. Bunsenges Phys. Chem. 88, 969 (1984).
    [Crossref]

1986 (4)

F. Hache, D. Ricard, and C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1647 (1986).
[Crossref]

G. R. Olbright and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
[Crossref]

H. Weller, H. M. Schmidt, U. Koch, A. Fojtik, S. Baral, A. Henglein, W. Kunath, K. Weiss, and E. Dieman, Chem. Phys. Lett. 124, 557 (1986), and references cited therein.
[Crossref]

J. Warnock and D. D. Awschalom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 425 (1986).
[Crossref]

1985 (5)

J. Warnock and D. D. Awschalom, Phys. Rev. B. 32, 5529 (1985).
[Crossref]

S. S. Yao, C. Karaguleff, A. Gabel, R. Fortenberry, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 801 (1985).
[Crossref]

B. Danielzik, K. Nattermann, and D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 38, 31 (1985).
[Crossref]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, K. C. Rustagi, and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Commun. 55, 143 (1985).
[Crossref]

D. Ricard, P. Roussignol, and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Lett. 10, 511 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1984 (3)

K. C. Rustagi and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Lett. 9, 344 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. E. Brus, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 4403 (1984); P. Rossetti, R. Hull, J. M. Gibson, and L. E. Brus, J. Chem. Phys. 82, 552 (1985).
[Crossref]

A. Fojtik, H. Weller, U. Koch, and A. Henglein, Ber. Bunsenges Phys. Chem. 88, 969 (1984).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

1982 (1)

B. S. Wherrett and N. A. Higgins, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 379, 67 (1982).
[Crossref]

1981 (2)

D. A. B. Miller, C. T. Seaton, M. E. Prise, and S. D. Smith, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 197 (1981).
[Crossref]

A. I. Ekimov and A. A. Onushchenko, JETP Lett. 34, 345 (1981); JETP Lett. 40, 1137 (1984).

1978 (1)

R. L. Abrams and R. C. Lind, Optics Lett. 2, 94 (1978); Optics Lett. 3, 205 (1978).
[Crossref]

Abrams, R. L.

R. L. Abrams and R. C. Lind, Optics Lett. 2, 94 (1978); Optics Lett. 3, 205 (1978).
[Crossref]

Awschalom, D. D.

J. Warnock and D. D. Awschalom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 425 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Warnock and D. D. Awschalom, Phys. Rev. B. 32, 5529 (1985).
[Crossref]

Baral, S.

H. Weller, H. M. Schmidt, U. Koch, A. Fojtik, S. Baral, A. Henglein, W. Kunath, K. Weiss, and E. Dieman, Chem. Phys. Lett. 124, 557 (1986), and references cited therein.
[Crossref]

Boardman, A. D.

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, W. M. Hetherington, A. D. Boardman, and P. Egan, in Nonlinear Optics: Materials and Devices, C. Flytzanis and J. L. Oudar, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).

Brus, L. E.

L. E. Brus, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 4403 (1984); P. Rossetti, R. Hull, J. M. Gibson, and L. E. Brus, J. Chem. Phys. 82, 552 (1985).
[Crossref]

N. Chestnoy, T. D. Harris, R. Hull, and L. E. Brus, J. Phys. Chem. (to be published).

Chemla, D. S.

D. S. Chemla, in Nonlinear Optics: Materials and Devices, C. Flytzanis and J. L. Oudar, eds. (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1986).

Chestnoy, N.

N. Chestnoy, T. D. Harris, R. Hull, and L. E. Brus, J. Phys. Chem. (to be published).

Danielzik, B.

B. Danielzik, K. Nattermann, and D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 38, 31 (1985).
[Crossref]

Dieman, E.

H. Weller, H. M. Schmidt, U. Koch, A. Fojtik, S. Baral, A. Henglein, W. Kunath, K. Weiss, and E. Dieman, Chem. Phys. Lett. 124, 557 (1986), and references cited therein.
[Crossref]

Egan, P.

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, W. M. Hetherington, A. D. Boardman, and P. Egan, in Nonlinear Optics: Materials and Devices, C. Flytzanis and J. L. Oudar, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).

Ekimov, A. I.

A. I. Ekimov and A. A. Onushchenko, JETP Lett. 34, 345 (1981); JETP Lett. 40, 1137 (1984).

Feinberg, J.

J. Feinberg, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983).

Flytzanis, C.

F. Hache, D. Ricard, and C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1647 (1986).
[Crossref]

D. Ricard, P. Roussignol, and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Lett. 10, 511 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, K. C. Rustagi, and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Commun. 55, 143 (1985).
[Crossref]

K. C. Rustagi and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Lett. 9, 344 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Flytzanis, F. Hache, D. Ricard, and P. Roussignol, “The physics and fabrication of microstructures and microdevices,” in Fundamental Physics in Microstructures, M. J. Kelly and C. Weisbuch, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).

Fojtik, A.

H. Weller, H. M. Schmidt, U. Koch, A. Fojtik, S. Baral, A. Henglein, W. Kunath, K. Weiss, and E. Dieman, Chem. Phys. Lett. 124, 557 (1986), and references cited therein.
[Crossref]

A. Fojtik, H. Weller, U. Koch, and A. Henglein, Ber. Bunsenges Phys. Chem. 88, 969 (1984).
[Crossref]

Fortenberry, R.

S. S. Yao, C. Karaguleff, A. Gabel, R. Fortenberry, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 801 (1985).
[Crossref]

Gabel, A.

S. S. Yao, C. Karaguleff, A. Gabel, R. Fortenberry, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 801 (1985).
[Crossref]

Hache, F.

F. Hache, D. Ricard, and C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1647 (1986).
[Crossref]

C. Flytzanis, F. Hache, D. Ricard, and P. Roussignol, “The physics and fabrication of microstructures and microdevices,” in Fundamental Physics in Microstructures, M. J. Kelly and C. Weisbuch, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).

Harris, T. D.

N. Chestnoy, T. D. Harris, R. Hull, and L. E. Brus, J. Phys. Chem. (to be published).

Henglein, A.

H. Weller, H. M. Schmidt, U. Koch, A. Fojtik, S. Baral, A. Henglein, W. Kunath, K. Weiss, and E. Dieman, Chem. Phys. Lett. 124, 557 (1986), and references cited therein.
[Crossref]

A. Fojtik, H. Weller, U. Koch, and A. Henglein, Ber. Bunsenges Phys. Chem. 88, 969 (1984).
[Crossref]

Hetherington, W. M.

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, W. M. Hetherington, A. D. Boardman, and P. Egan, in Nonlinear Optics: Materials and Devices, C. Flytzanis and J. L. Oudar, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).

Higgins, N. A.

B. S. Wherrett and N. A. Higgins, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 379, 67 (1982).
[Crossref]

Huignard, J. P.

J. P. Huignard and G. Roosen, in Nonlinear Optics: Materials and Devices, C. Flytzanis and J. L. Oudar, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).

Hull, R.

N. Chestnoy, T. D. Harris, R. Hull, and L. E. Brus, J. Phys. Chem. (to be published).

Jain, R. K.

R. K. Jain and R. C. Lind, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 647 (1983).
[Crossref]

R. K. Jain and M. B. Klein, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983).

Karaguleff, C.

S. S. Yao, C. Karaguleff, A. Gabel, R. Fortenberry, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 801 (1985).
[Crossref]

Klein, M. B.

R. K. Jain and M. B. Klein, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983).

Koch, U.

H. Weller, H. M. Schmidt, U. Koch, A. Fojtik, S. Baral, A. Henglein, W. Kunath, K. Weiss, and E. Dieman, Chem. Phys. Lett. 124, 557 (1986), and references cited therein.
[Crossref]

A. Fojtik, H. Weller, U. Koch, and A. Henglein, Ber. Bunsenges Phys. Chem. 88, 969 (1984).
[Crossref]

Kunath, W.

H. Weller, H. M. Schmidt, U. Koch, A. Fojtik, S. Baral, A. Henglein, W. Kunath, K. Weiss, and E. Dieman, Chem. Phys. Lett. 124, 557 (1986), and references cited therein.
[Crossref]

Lind, R. C.

R. K. Jain and R. C. Lind, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 647 (1983).
[Crossref]

R. L. Abrams and R. C. Lind, Optics Lett. 2, 94 (1978); Optics Lett. 3, 205 (1978).
[Crossref]

Miller, D. A. B.

D. A. B. Miller, C. T. Seaton, M. E. Prise, and S. D. Smith, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 197 (1981).
[Crossref]

Nattermann, K.

B. Danielzik, K. Nattermann, and D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 38, 31 (1985).
[Crossref]

Olbright, G. R.

G. R. Olbright and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
[Crossref]

Onushchenko, A. A.

A. I. Ekimov and A. A. Onushchenko, JETP Lett. 34, 345 (1981); JETP Lett. 40, 1137 (1984).

Pepper, D. M.

D. M. Pepper and A. Yariv, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983).

Peyghambarian, N.

G. R. Olbright and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
[Crossref]

Prise, M. E.

D. A. B. Miller, C. T. Seaton, M. E. Prise, and S. D. Smith, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 197 (1981).
[Crossref]

Ricard, D.

F. Hache, D. Ricard, and C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1647 (1986).
[Crossref]

D. Ricard, P. Roussignol, and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Lett. 10, 511 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, K. C. Rustagi, and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Commun. 55, 143 (1985).
[Crossref]

C. Flytzanis, F. Hache, D. Ricard, and P. Roussignol, “The physics and fabrication of microstructures and microdevices,” in Fundamental Physics in Microstructures, M. J. Kelly and C. Weisbuch, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).

Roosen, G.

J. P. Huignard and G. Roosen, in Nonlinear Optics: Materials and Devices, C. Flytzanis and J. L. Oudar, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).

Roussignol, P.

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, K. C. Rustagi, and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Commun. 55, 143 (1985).
[Crossref]

D. Ricard, P. Roussignol, and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Lett. 10, 511 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Flytzanis, F. Hache, D. Ricard, and P. Roussignol, “The physics and fabrication of microstructures and microdevices,” in Fundamental Physics in Microstructures, M. J. Kelly and C. Weisbuch, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).

Rustagi, K. C.

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, K. C. Rustagi, and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Commun. 55, 143 (1985).
[Crossref]

K. C. Rustagi and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Lett. 9, 344 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, H. M.

H. Weller, H. M. Schmidt, U. Koch, A. Fojtik, S. Baral, A. Henglein, W. Kunath, K. Weiss, and E. Dieman, Chem. Phys. Lett. 124, 557 (1986), and references cited therein.
[Crossref]

Seaton, C. T.

S. S. Yao, C. Karaguleff, A. Gabel, R. Fortenberry, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 801 (1985).
[Crossref]

D. A. B. Miller, C. T. Seaton, M. E. Prise, and S. D. Smith, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 197 (1981).
[Crossref]

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, W. M. Hetherington, A. D. Boardman, and P. Egan, in Nonlinear Optics: Materials and Devices, C. Flytzanis and J. L. Oudar, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).

Smith, S. D.

D. A. B. Miller, C. T. Seaton, M. E. Prise, and S. D. Smith, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 197 (1981).
[Crossref]

Stegeman, G. I.

S. S. Yao, C. Karaguleff, A. Gabel, R. Fortenberry, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 801 (1985).
[Crossref]

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, W. M. Hetherington, A. D. Boardman, and P. Egan, in Nonlinear Optics: Materials and Devices, C. Flytzanis and J. L. Oudar, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).

von der Linde, D.

B. Danielzik, K. Nattermann, and D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 38, 31 (1985).
[Crossref]

Warnock, J.

J. Warnock and D. D. Awschalom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 425 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Warnock and D. D. Awschalom, Phys. Rev. B. 32, 5529 (1985).
[Crossref]

Weiss, K.

H. Weller, H. M. Schmidt, U. Koch, A. Fojtik, S. Baral, A. Henglein, W. Kunath, K. Weiss, and E. Dieman, Chem. Phys. Lett. 124, 557 (1986), and references cited therein.
[Crossref]

Weller, H.

H. Weller, H. M. Schmidt, U. Koch, A. Fojtik, S. Baral, A. Henglein, W. Kunath, K. Weiss, and E. Dieman, Chem. Phys. Lett. 124, 557 (1986), and references cited therein.
[Crossref]

A. Fojtik, H. Weller, U. Koch, and A. Henglein, Ber. Bunsenges Phys. Chem. 88, 969 (1984).
[Crossref]

Wherrett, B. S.

B. S. Wherrett and N. A. Higgins, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 379, 67 (1982).
[Crossref]

Yao, S. S.

S. S. Yao, C. Karaguleff, A. Gabel, R. Fortenberry, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 801 (1985).
[Crossref]

Yariv, A.

D. M. Pepper and A. Yariv, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

B. Danielzik, K. Nattermann, and D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 38, 31 (1985).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

S. S. Yao, C. Karaguleff, A. Gabel, R. Fortenberry, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 801 (1985).
[Crossref]

G. R. Olbright and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Warnock and D. D. Awschalom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 425 (1986).
[Crossref]

Ber. Bunsenges Phys. Chem. (1)

A. Fojtik, H. Weller, U. Koch, and A. Henglein, Ber. Bunsenges Phys. Chem. 88, 969 (1984).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Weller, H. M. Schmidt, U. Koch, A. Fojtik, S. Baral, A. Henglein, W. Kunath, K. Weiss, and E. Dieman, Chem. Phys. Lett. 124, 557 (1986), and references cited therein.
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

L. E. Brus, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 4403 (1984); P. Rossetti, R. Hull, J. M. Gibson, and L. E. Brus, J. Chem. Phys. 82, 552 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

JETP Lett. (1)

A. I. Ekimov and A. A. Onushchenko, JETP Lett. 34, 345 (1981); JETP Lett. 40, 1137 (1984).

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, K. C. Rustagi, and C. Flytzanis, Opt. Commun. 55, 143 (1985).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optics Lett. (1)

R. L. Abrams and R. C. Lind, Optics Lett. 2, 94 (1978); Optics Lett. 3, 205 (1978).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B. (1)

J. Warnock and D. D. Awschalom, Phys. Rev. B. 32, 5529 (1985).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. A. B. Miller, C. T. Seaton, M. E. Prise, and S. D. Smith, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 197 (1981).
[Crossref]

Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A (1)

B. S. Wherrett and N. A. Higgins, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 379, 67 (1982).
[Crossref]

Other (8)

C. Flytzanis, F. Hache, D. Ricard, and P. Roussignol, “The physics and fabrication of microstructures and microdevices,” in Fundamental Physics in Microstructures, M. J. Kelly and C. Weisbuch, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).

N. Chestnoy, T. D. Harris, R. Hull, and L. E. Brus, J. Phys. Chem. (to be published).

D. S. Chemla, in Nonlinear Optics: Materials and Devices, C. Flytzanis and J. L. Oudar, eds. (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1986).

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, W. M. Hetherington, A. D. Boardman, and P. Egan, in Nonlinear Optics: Materials and Devices, C. Flytzanis and J. L. Oudar, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).

J. P. Huignard and G. Roosen, in Nonlinear Optics: Materials and Devices, C. Flytzanis and J. L. Oudar, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).

J. Feinberg, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983).

R. K. Jain and M. B. Klein, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983).

D. M. Pepper and A. Yariv, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Linear plot of the reciprocal time constant (in minutes) for erasure of the permanent holographic gratings versus the energy of the readout pulses. The beam cross section was 0.25 cm2, the pulse duration 10 nsec, and the laser repetition rate 5 Hz.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Log–log plot of the diffracted-beam intensity (off the permanent grating) as a function of the readout-pulse energy. The laser characteristics are the same as for Fig. 1. The filled circles correspond to the measurement, and the solid line is a theoretical fit (see text).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Linear plot of the conjugate-beam intensity versus the delay of the backward-pump pulse for a darkened Corning 3.68 glass. The inset shows oscillograms of the spectrally integrated luminescence excited by a picosecond pulse for such a glass.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Same as Fig. 3 but for a darkened Schott OG 530 glass.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Semilog plot of the third-order Kerr susceptibility χ3 (filled circles) and of the absorption coefficient α (filled squares) versus frequency for a Schott OG 570 glass. The solid lines are two parallel straight lines.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Log–log plot of the phase-conjugate reflectivity as a function of the pump-beams energy fluence for a Corning 3.68 glass. The solid line of slope 2 corresponds to the unsaturated regime.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Luminescence spectra obtained with a cw Ar+ laser for (a) a nondarkened Schott OG 570 glass and (b) a darkened Schott OG 570 glass. For (b), the vertical scale has been expanded ~5 times.

Equations (26)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d A d d z = η A b + i ω 2 n c 12 π χ ( 3 ) A b A b * A d ,
K = i ω 2 n c 12 π χ ( 3 ) A b A b * ,
A d ( z ) = η A b e K z 1 K .
F = 4 e α L / ( α L + 2 ) 2 ,
ω k = ω g + ћ k 2 / 2 m e h ,
χ 3 ( ω g ω ) 3 / 2 .
Δ N = α I τ / ћ ω ,
χ 3 α / ( ω g ω )
α ( ω ) ( ћ ω E g ) 1 / 2 [ 1 f e ( E c ) f h ( E υ ) ]
Δ f c ( E c ) = 4 π 3 / 2 ( ћ 2 / 2 m e ) 3 / 2 Δ N / [ ( k B T ) 3 / 2 ] exp ( E c / k B T ) ,
Δ α ( ω ) Δ N ( ћ ω E g ) 1 / 2 exp [ m e h ( ћ ω E g ) m e k B T ] .
Δ n ( ω ) = c π 0 Δ α ( ω ) ω 2 ω 2 d ω ,
n 2 α ( ω ) ω 3 J [ m e h ( ћ ω E g ) m e k B T ] ,
J ( a ) = 0 x 1 / 2 e x x a d x .
K * = ω 2 n c 12 π χ ( 3 ) A f A b ,
K * = α 0 δ + i ( 1 + δ 2 ) 1 / 2 2 I / I s [ 1 + δ 2 + 4 I / I s ] 3 / 2 ,
ω k = ω g + ћ k 2 / 2 m e h .
0 4 π k 2 d k 4 π 3 { } ,
x 2 = ћ k 2 T 2 / 2 m e h ,
I 1 = 0 x 2 ( Δ + x 2 ) 2 I / I s [ 1 + ( Δ + x 2 ) 2 ] 1 / 2 [ 1 + 4 I / I s + ( Δ + x 2 ) 2 ] 3 / 2 d x ,
Re K * I x ,
α ( ω ) = α 1 ( ω ) ( 1 f e f h ) ,
α ( ω ) = α 1 ( ω ) 1 + I / I s ,
I s = 1 4 π 3 / 2 [ 2 m e k B T ћ 2 ] 3 / 2 ћ ω α 1 ( ω ) τ exp ( E c / k T ) .
Δ α ( ω ) = α 1 ( ω ) α ( ω ) I τ ћ ω 4 π 3 / 2 ( ћ 2 2 m e k B T ) 3 / 2 exp ( E c / k B T ) .
Δ n = α I ( ω ) I 1 + I / I s J ,

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