Abstract

Linear optical quantum gates have been proposed as a possible implementation for quantum computers. Most experimental linear optical quantum gates are constructed with free-space optical components with negligible loss. In this work, we analyze symmetric and asymmetric partially polarizing lossy beam splitters. Using the generalized beam splitter equations, we study the effects of loss on two linear optical quantum gates: the first is a commonly used CNOT gate, and the second is a W state expansion gate. Envisioning inherent loss in plasmonics and metamaterials as a new degree of freedom and those materials systems as a route for miniaturization, we reconsider the requirements of the lossy CNOT gate and show it is possible to simplify the three-beam-splitter design to a single beam splitter without sacrificing success probability.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
Supplement 1       Phases of transmission and reflection coefficients.

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