Abstract

The quantum controlled-NOT (CNOT) gate is a prototypical two-qubit quantum logic gate that provides the basic controlled logic for a set of gates for universal quantum computation. It has been shown that parity checking devices can be used to construct CNOT gates, and the fidelity of a CNOT operation is highly constrained by the fidelity of parity detection with this strategy. In this paper, a scheme to implement a CNOT operation on two stationary electron spins confined in quantum dots (QDs) inside double-sided optical microcavities is presented, based on the faithful parity detection achieved by a heralded and robust two-electron-spin quantum nondemolition (QND) parity detector. The QND parity detector is considerably different from previous implementations and experimentally more realizable, and works in the heralded and repeat-until-success fashion with robust fidelity, which enables our CNOT gate to be implemented deterministically with unity fidelity. Moreover, based on the features of the QND parity detector, a complete Bell-state analysis on two QD-confined electron spins can be realized without wrong judgment or any destruction of the analyzed entangled state. The efficiency of parity detection is also discussed by considering currently achievable system parameters.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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