Abstract

We propose a simple photonic waveguide structure that exhibits light propagation modes with vanishing group velocity via mode degeneracy. This enables stationary inflection point dispersion leading to the frozen mode and a true time delay device suitable for ultra-wide-band beamforming for millimeter wave (mmWave) phased arrays. The structure consists of three silicon ridge waveguides in proximity with periodic gaps introduced in the outer waveguides to create a band gap. The structure is complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor compatible with a very small footprint of only about $56 \; {\unicode{x00B5}{\rm m}^2}$ and more resilient to fabrication uncertainties as compared to the previously studied structures. Simulation results show transmission of 70% of the incident wave for the frozen mode at the 1.55 µm (193.6 THz) wavelength through the waveguide. It also enables a delay-bandwidth product of 6.75 along with unprecedented frequency independent bandwidth of about 0.5 THz for RF-mmWave–terahertz beamforming.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Corrections

6 April 2021: A typographical correction was made to the title.


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Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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