Abstract

We numerically study the linear and nonlinear spatial propagation dynamics of multi-Joule 10.6 µm square beams in the atmosphere for various square obscuration locations. We show that the spatial reshaping process of these square frame shaped beams, a process normally driven by strong linear diffraction, can be significantly altered in the nonlinear regime. Depending on the input power, linear dynamics can be mostly preserved or overpowered by the optical Kerr effect, leading to the formation of single or multi-filament patterns, at propagation distances of a few tens of meters in the atmosphere. Optimal power delivery downstream is dependent on the location of the square obscuration and overall input power. Our results offer significant insight into ongoing efforts of high peak power ${{\rm CO}_2}$ mid-IR lasers generated in unstable resonators for atmospheric applications.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Supplementary Material (11)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       Linear center obscuration: visualizations of the XY-fluence versus propagation distance z.
» Visualization 2       Linear edge obscuration: visualizations of the XY-fluence versus propagation distance z.
» Visualization 3       Linear corner obscuration: visualizations of the XY-fluence versus propagation distance z.
» Visualization 4       Linear center obscuration with initial perturbations: visualizations of the XY-fluence versus propagation distance z.
» Visualization 5       Realistic power center obscuration: visualizations of the XY-fluence versus propagation distance z.
» Visualization 6       Realistic power edge obscuration: visualizations of the XY-fluence versus propagation distance z.
» Visualization 7       Realistic power corner obscuration: visualizations of the XY-fluence versus propagation distance z.
» Visualization 8       High power center obscuration: visualizations of the XY-fluence versus propagation distance z.
» Visualization 9       High power edge obscuration: visualizations of the XY-fluence versus propagation distance z.
» Visualization 10       High power corner obscuration: visualizations of the XY-fluence versus propagation distance z.
» Visualization 11       Realistic power, MBEID included, center obscuration: visualizations of the XY-fluence versus propagation distance z.

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Figures (8)

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