Abstract

In this paper, a simple structure dual-core photonic crystal fiber (SS-DC-PCF) polarization beam splitter (PBS) based on the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect and symmetric dual-core coupling mode theory is proposed. For the proposed SS-DC-PCF-1 PBS, the coupling lengths (CLs) and coupling length ratio (CLR) are analyzed, and the variations of the normalized output powers with the propagation length are investigated for the chosen wavelengths 1.434, 1.451, and 1.469 µm. The extinction ratio in cores A and B are compared at the three splitting lengths (SLs) 170, 173, and 176 µm. When the optimal SL is 176 µm, the splitting bandwidth (SB) is 255 nm (1.437–1.692 µm), and the insertion loss (IL) is less than 0.043 dB. The regulations of the CLs and CLR with the change of the structure parameters are analyzed. For the proposed SS-DC-PCF-2 PBS, the optimal SL is 232 µm, the SB is 201 nm (1.249–1.450 µm), and the IL is less than 0.042 dB. Finally, it is demonstrated that the total SB of the proposed SS-DC-PCF-1 PBS and SS-DC-PCF-2 PBS is 443 nm (1.249–1.692 µm), which can cover the ${\rm{O}} + {\rm{E}} + {\rm{S}} + {\rm{C}} + {\rm{L}} + {\rm{U}}$ band, even if the gold film thickness changes by ${{\pm}}\;{{1}}\;{\rm{nm}}$. The proposed SS-DC-PCF PBS has excellent performances, such as ultrashort SL, ultrawide SB, ultralow IL, and good error-tolerance rate. It will have important applications in all-fiber optical systems.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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