Abstract

We propose a fiber design consisting of ring-shaped erbium-doped core surrounded by circularly arranged holes of varying radius in fused silica glass to amplify higher-order orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes. We numerically demonstrate simultaneous amplification of 20 OAM modes ($l = {5}$, 6, 7, 8, 9) with more than 20 dB gain at 1550 nm wavelength while having differential modal gain of 0.12 dB. We also demonstrate amplification of modes over the C-band with gain excursion of less than 2 dB, differential modal gain of less than 0.2 dB, and noise figure less than 4.2 dB. The proposed erbium-doped fiber amplifier would be useful in high-data-rate space-division multiplexing optical-communication systems.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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