Abstract

Although the group delay of classical pulses through a barrier may suggest superluminality, the information transfer is limited by the precursor, which propagates at the vacuum light speed. Single photons, however, have infinite tails, and the question of causality becomes meaningless. We solve this problem by introducing strictly localized states close to single photons, which are examples of optical states produced by on-demand single-photon sources. These states can be arbitrarily close to single photons while demonstrating causality for their leading edge.

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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