Abstract

We study the periodic potential of a one-dimensional optical lattice originating from a scalar shift and vector shift by manipulating the lattice polarizations. The ac Stark shift of an optical lattice is measured by Kapitza–Dirac scattering of $^{87}{\rm Rb}$ Bose–Einstein condensate, and the characteristics of a spin-dependent optical lattice are presented by scanning the lattice wavelength between the D1 and D2 lines. At the same time, tune-out wavelengths that the ac Stark shift cancels can be probed by the optical lattice. We give the tune-out wavelengths in more general cases of balancing the contributions of both scalar and vector shifts. Our results provide a clear interpretation for a spin-dependent optical lattice and tune-out wavelengths, and help to design it by choosing the appropriate lattice wavelength.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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