Abstract

In the last decade, the plasmonic vortex field has been studied extensively due to intriguing properties such as high field enhancement, optical singularity, and orbital angular momentum. In this work, we propose metananoslots that consist of paired orthogonal nanoslots arranged in an Archimedes spiral distribution. The metananoslots work as a plasmonic vortex lens that enables the synthesis of a highly tunable plasmonic vortex via the strong interaction between the illumination and the slots etched on the gold film. By adjusting the orientation of the orthogonal nanoslots pair, the metananoslots exhibit strong and controllable spin-dependent effects. The topological charge of the plasmonic vortex is found to be determined by both the incident spin and the geometrical topological charge of the metananoslots, making it suitable for applications such as optical manipulation, optical trapping, and optical data storage.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  2. G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 305–310 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 299–313 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  4. G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Free-space information transfer using light beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Express 12, 5448–5456 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  5. W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  6. X. B. Yin, Z. L. Ye, J. Rho, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic spin Hall effect at metasurfaces,” Science 339, 1405–1407 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  7. X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349, 1310–1314 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  8. N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13, 139–150 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  9. D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345, 298–302 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  10. X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  11. F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347, 1342–1345 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  12. W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  13. G. Zheng, H. Muhlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  14. D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  15. Q. Zhang, H. Wang, L. Liu, and S. Teng, “Generation of vector beams using spatial variation nanoslits with linearly polarized light illumination,” Opt. Express 26, 24145–24153 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  16. Y. Zhang, R. Zhang, X. Li, L. Ma, C. Liu, C. He, and C. Cheng, “Radially polarized plasmonic vector vortex generated by a metasurface spiral in gold film,” Opt. Express 25, 32150–32160 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  17. Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, X. Li, L. Ma, C. X. Liu, C. W. He, and C. F. Cheng, “Generation of a plasmonic radially polarized vector beam with linearly polarized illumination,” Opt. Lett. 43, 4208–4211 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. Lin, J. P. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X. C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  19. S. Teng, Q. Zhang, H. Wang, L. Liu, and H. Lv, “Conversion between polarization states based on a metasurface,” Photon. Res. 7, 246–250 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  20. Y. Chen, J. Gao, and X. Yang, “Direction-controlled bifunctional metasurface polarizers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800198 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  21. Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, L. Ma, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, C. Chen, X. R. Ren, C. W. He, C. X. Liu, and C. F. Cheng, “Manipulation for superposition of orbital angular momentum states in surface plasmon polaritons,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7, 1900372 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  22. B. Tang, B. Zhang, and J. Ding, “Generating a plasmonic vortex field with arbitrary topological charges and positions by meta-nanoslits,” Appl. Opt. 58, 833–840 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  23. S. Y. Lee, S. J. Kim, H. Kwon, and B. Lee, “Spin-direction control of high-order plasmonic vortex with double-ring distributed nanoslits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 705–708 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  24. G. Rui, Q. Zhan, and Y. Cui, “Tailoring optical complex field with spiral blade plasmonic vortex lens,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13732 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  25. M. V. Berry, “The adiabatic phase and Pancharatnam’s phase for polarized light,” J. Mod. Opt. 34, 1401–1407 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  26. S. Y. Lee, K. Kim, G. Y. Lee, and B. Lee, “Polarization-multiplexed plasmonic phase generation with distributed nanoslits,” Opt. Express 23, 15598–15607 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  27. Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  28. Y. Sun, C. Zhao, G. Li, X. Li, and S. Wang, “Enlarging spin-dependent transverse displacement of surface plasmon polaritons focus,” Opt. Express 27, 11112–11121 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  29. R. Zhang, Y. Zhang, L. Ma, X. Zeng, X. Li, Z. Zhan, X. Ren, C. He, C. Liu, and C. Cheng, “Nanoscale optical lattices of arbitrary orders manipulated by plasmonic metasurfaces combining geometrical and dynamic phases,” Nanoscale 11, 14024–14031 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  30. F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector vortex beam generation with a single plasmonic metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1558–1563 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  31. N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  32. W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Experimental confirmation of miniature spiral plasmonic lens as a circular polarization analyzer,” Nano Lett. 10, 2075–2079 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  33. S. Y. Yang, W. B. Chen, R. L. Nelson, and Q. W. Zhan, “Miniature circular polarization analyzer with spiral plasmonic lens,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3047–3049 (2009).
    [Crossref]

2019 (5)

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, L. Ma, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, C. Chen, X. R. Ren, C. W. He, C. X. Liu, and C. F. Cheng, “Manipulation for superposition of orbital angular momentum states in surface plasmon polaritons,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7, 1900372 (2019).
[Crossref]

B. Tang, B. Zhang, and J. Ding, “Generating a plasmonic vortex field with arbitrary topological charges and positions by meta-nanoslits,” Appl. Opt. 58, 833–840 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Teng, Q. Zhang, H. Wang, L. Liu, and H. Lv, “Conversion between polarization states based on a metasurface,” Photon. Res. 7, 246–250 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Sun, C. Zhao, G. Li, X. Li, and S. Wang, “Enlarging spin-dependent transverse displacement of surface plasmon polaritons focus,” Opt. Express 27, 11112–11121 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. Zhang, Y. Zhang, L. Ma, X. Zeng, X. Li, Z. Zhan, X. Ren, C. He, C. Liu, and C. Cheng, “Nanoscale optical lattices of arbitrary orders manipulated by plasmonic metasurfaces combining geometrical and dynamic phases,” Nanoscale 11, 14024–14031 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (3)

2017 (1)

2016 (1)

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector vortex beam generation with a single plasmonic metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (8)

S. Y. Lee, K. Kim, G. Y. Lee, and B. Lee, “Polarization-multiplexed plasmonic phase generation with distributed nanoslits,” Opt. Express 23, 15598–15607 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Lee, S. J. Kim, H. Kwon, and B. Lee, “Spin-direction control of high-order plasmonic vortex with double-ring distributed nanoslits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 705–708 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Rui, Q. Zhan, and Y. Cui, “Tailoring optical complex field with spiral blade plasmonic vortex lens,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13732 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347, 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Zheng, H. Muhlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349, 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13, 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345, 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

J. Lin, J. P. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X. C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. B. Yin, Z. L. Ye, J. Rho, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic spin Hall effect at metasurfaces,” Science 339, 1405–1407 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Experimental confirmation of miniature spiral plasmonic lens as a circular polarization analyzer,” Nano Lett. 10, 2075–2079 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 299–313 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 305–310 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

M. V. Berry, “The adiabatic phase and Pancharatnam’s phase for polarized light,” J. Mod. Opt. 34, 1401–1407 (1987).
[Crossref]

Abeysinghe, D. C.

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Experimental confirmation of miniature spiral plasmonic lens as a circular polarization analyzer,” Nano Lett. 10, 2075–2079 (2010).
[Crossref]

Aieta, F.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347, 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Allen, L.

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 299–313 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Antoniou, N.

J. Lin, J. P. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X. C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bai, B.

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref]

Barnett, S.

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Berry, M. V.

M. V. Berry, “The adiabatic phase and Pancharatnam’s phase for polarized light,” J. Mod. Opt. 34, 1401–1407 (1987).
[Crossref]

Brongersma, M. L.

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345, 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cai, H.

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347, 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13, 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lin, J. P. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X. C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chan, K.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheah, K. W.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, L. Ma, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, C. Chen, X. R. Ren, C. W. He, C. X. Liu, and C. F. Cheng, “Manipulation for superposition of orbital angular momentum states in surface plasmon polaritons,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7, 1900372 (2019).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Experimental confirmation of miniature spiral plasmonic lens as a circular polarization analyzer,” Nano Lett. 10, 2075–2079 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. B.

Chen, X.

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector vortex beam generation with a single plasmonic metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, J. Gao, and X. Yang, “Direction-controlled bifunctional metasurface polarizers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800198 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cheng, C.

R. Zhang, Y. Zhang, L. Ma, X. Zeng, X. Li, Z. Zhan, X. Ren, C. He, C. Liu, and C. Cheng, “Nanoscale optical lattices of arbitrary orders manipulated by plasmonic metasurfaces combining geometrical and dynamic phases,” Nanoscale 11, 14024–14031 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, R. Zhang, X. Li, L. Ma, C. Liu, C. He, and C. Cheng, “Radially polarized plasmonic vector vortex generated by a metasurface spiral in gold film,” Opt. Express 25, 32150–32160 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cheng, C. F.

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, L. Ma, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, C. Chen, X. R. Ren, C. W. He, C. X. Liu, and C. F. Cheng, “Manipulation for superposition of orbital angular momentum states in surface plasmon polaritons,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7, 1900372 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, X. Li, L. Ma, C. X. Liu, C. W. He, and C. F. Cheng, “Generation of a plasmonic radially polarized vector beam with linearly polarized illumination,” Opt. Lett. 43, 4208–4211 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chin, L. K.

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Courtial, J.

Cui, Y.

G. Rui, Q. Zhan, and Y. Cui, “Tailoring optical complex field with spiral blade plasmonic vortex lens,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13732 (2015).
[Crossref]

Deng, T. W.

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ding, J.

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fan, P.

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345, 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Franke-Arnold, S.

Gaburro, Z.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gao, J.

Y. Chen, J. Gao, and X. Yang, “Direction-controlled bifunctional metasurface polarizers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800198 (2018).
[Crossref]

Genevet, P.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347, 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gerardot, B. D.

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector vortex beam generation with a single plasmonic metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gibson, G.

Gorodetski, Y.

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gu, Y.

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hasman, E.

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345, 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[Crossref]

He, C.

R. Zhang, Y. Zhang, L. Ma, X. Zeng, X. Li, Z. Zhan, X. Ren, C. He, C. Liu, and C. Cheng, “Nanoscale optical lattices of arbitrary orders manipulated by plasmonic metasurfaces combining geometrical and dynamic phases,” Nanoscale 11, 14024–14031 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, R. Zhang, X. Li, L. Ma, C. Liu, C. He, and C. Cheng, “Radially polarized plasmonic vector vortex generated by a metasurface spiral in gold film,” Opt. Express 25, 32150–32160 (2017).
[Crossref]

He, C. W.

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, L. Ma, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, C. Chen, X. R. Ren, C. W. He, C. X. Liu, and C. F. Cheng, “Manipulation for superposition of orbital angular momentum states in surface plasmon polaritons,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7, 1900372 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, X. Li, L. Ma, C. X. Liu, C. W. He, and C. F. Cheng, “Generation of a plasmonic radially polarized vector beam with linearly polarized illumination,” Opt. Lett. 43, 4208–4211 (2018).
[Crossref]

Huang, L.

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, R.

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jin, G.

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kats, M. A.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347, 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kenney, M.

G. Zheng, H. Muhlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.

Kim, S. J.

S. Y. Lee, S. J. Kim, H. Kwon, and B. Lee, “Spin-direction control of high-order plasmonic vortex with double-ring distributed nanoslits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 705–708 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kleiner, V.

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kwon, H.

S. Y. Lee, S. J. Kim, H. Kwon, and B. Lee, “Spin-direction control of high-order plasmonic vortex with double-ring distributed nanoslits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 705–708 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kwong, D. L.

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, B.

S. Y. Lee, K. Kim, G. Y. Lee, and B. Lee, “Polarization-multiplexed plasmonic phase generation with distributed nanoslits,” Opt. Express 23, 15598–15607 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Lee, S. J. Kim, H. Kwon, and B. Lee, “Spin-direction control of high-order plasmonic vortex with double-ring distributed nanoslits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 705–708 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, G. Y.

Lee, S. Y.

S. Y. Lee, K. Kim, G. Y. Lee, and B. Lee, “Polarization-multiplexed plasmonic phase generation with distributed nanoslits,” Opt. Express 23, 15598–15607 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Lee, S. J. Kim, H. Kwon, and B. Lee, “Spin-direction control of high-order plasmonic vortex with double-ring distributed nanoslits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 705–708 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

Y. Sun, C. Zhao, G. Li, X. Li, and S. Wang, “Enlarging spin-dependent transverse displacement of surface plasmon polaritons focus,” Opt. Express 27, 11112–11121 (2019).
[Crossref]

G. Zheng, H. Muhlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector vortex beam generation with a single plasmonic metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, K. F.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

Lin, D.

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345, 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, J.

J. Lin, J. P. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X. C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, A. Q.

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

R. Zhang, Y. Zhang, L. Ma, X. Zeng, X. Li, Z. Zhan, X. Ren, C. He, C. Liu, and C. Cheng, “Nanoscale optical lattices of arbitrary orders manipulated by plasmonic metasurfaces combining geometrical and dynamic phases,” Nanoscale 11, 14024–14031 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, R. Zhang, X. Li, L. Ma, C. Liu, C. He, and C. Cheng, “Radially polarized plasmonic vector vortex generated by a metasurface spiral in gold film,” Opt. Express 25, 32150–32160 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, C. X.

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, L. Ma, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, C. Chen, X. R. Ren, C. W. He, C. X. Liu, and C. F. Cheng, “Manipulation for superposition of orbital angular momentum states in surface plasmon polaritons,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7, 1900372 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, X. Li, L. Ma, C. X. Liu, C. W. He, and C. F. Cheng, “Generation of a plasmonic radially polarized vector beam with linearly polarized illumination,” Opt. Lett. 43, 4208–4211 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

Lo, G. Q.

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lv, H.

Ma, L.

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, L. Ma, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, C. Chen, X. R. Ren, C. W. He, C. X. Liu, and C. F. Cheng, “Manipulation for superposition of orbital angular momentum states in surface plasmon polaritons,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7, 1900372 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. Zhang, Y. Zhang, L. Ma, X. Zeng, X. Li, Z. Zhan, X. Ren, C. He, C. Liu, and C. Cheng, “Nanoscale optical lattices of arbitrary orders manipulated by plasmonic metasurfaces combining geometrical and dynamic phases,” Nanoscale 11, 14024–14031 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, X. Li, L. Ma, C. X. Liu, C. W. He, and C. F. Cheng, “Generation of a plasmonic radially polarized vector beam with linearly polarized illumination,” Opt. Lett. 43, 4208–4211 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, R. Zhang, X. Li, L. Ma, C. Liu, C. He, and C. Cheng, “Radially polarized plasmonic vector vortex generated by a metasurface spiral in gold film,” Opt. Express 25, 32150–32160 (2017).
[Crossref]

Molina-Terriza, G.

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 305–310 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mrejen, M.

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349, 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mueller, J. P.

J. Lin, J. P. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X. C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref]

Muhlenbernd, H.

G. Zheng, H. Muhlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nelson, R. L.

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Experimental confirmation of miniature spiral plasmonic lens as a circular polarization analyzer,” Nano Lett. 10, 2075–2079 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Yang, W. B. Chen, R. L. Nelson, and Q. W. Zhan, “Miniature circular polarization analyzer with spiral plasmonic lens,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3047–3049 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ni, X.

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349, 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref]

Niv, A.

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M.

Pas’ko, V.

Pun, E. Y.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

Qiu, C. W.

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ren, X.

R. Zhang, Y. Zhang, L. Ma, X. Zeng, X. Li, Z. Zhan, X. Ren, C. He, C. Liu, and C. Cheng, “Nanoscale optical lattices of arbitrary orders manipulated by plasmonic metasurfaces combining geometrical and dynamic phases,” Nanoscale 11, 14024–14031 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ren, X. R.

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, L. Ma, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, C. Chen, X. R. Ren, C. W. He, C. X. Liu, and C. F. Cheng, “Manipulation for superposition of orbital angular momentum states in surface plasmon polaritons,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7, 1900372 (2019).
[Crossref]

Rho, J.

X. B. Yin, Z. L. Ye, J. Rho, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic spin Hall effect at metasurfaces,” Science 339, 1405–1407 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rui, G.

G. Rui, Q. Zhan, and Y. Cui, “Tailoring optical complex field with spiral blade plasmonic vortex lens,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13732 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shen, Z. X.

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Song, Q.

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Spreeuw, R. J.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Sun, Y.

Tan, Q.

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tang, B.

Teng, S.

Tetienne, J. P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ting, S. K.

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Torner, L.

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 305–310 (2007).
[Crossref]

Torres, J. P.

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 305–310 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tsai, D. P.

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Vasnetsov, M.

Wang, H.

Wang, Q.

J. Lin, J. P. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X. C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

Wang, Y.

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349, 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. B. Yin, Z. L. Ye, J. Rho, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic spin Hall effect at metasurfaces,” Science 339, 1405–1407 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wen, D.

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector vortex beam generation with a single plasmonic metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Wong, P. W.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wong, Z. J.

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349, 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, P. C.

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xin, J.

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector vortex beam generation with a single plasmonic metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yan, L.

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, S. Y.

Yang, X.

Y. Chen, J. Gao, and X. Yang, “Direction-controlled bifunctional metasurface polarizers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800198 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z. C.

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ye, Z. L.

X. B. Yin, Z. L. Ye, J. Rho, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic spin Hall effect at metasurfaces,” Science 339, 1405–1407 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yin, X. B.

X. B. Yin, Z. L. Ye, J. Rho, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic spin Hall effect at metasurfaces,” Science 339, 1405–1407 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yu, N.

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13, 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yuan, G.

J. Lin, J. P. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X. C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yuan, X. C.

J. Lin, J. P. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X. C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yue, F.

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector vortex beam generation with a single plasmonic metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zeng, X.

R. Zhang, Y. Zhang, L. Ma, X. Zeng, X. Li, Z. Zhan, X. Ren, C. He, C. Liu, and C. Cheng, “Nanoscale optical lattices of arbitrary orders manipulated by plasmonic metasurfaces combining geometrical and dynamic phases,” Nanoscale 11, 14024–14031 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zeng, X. Y.

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, L. Ma, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, C. Chen, X. R. Ren, C. W. He, C. X. Liu, and C. F. Cheng, “Manipulation for superposition of orbital angular momentum states in surface plasmon polaritons,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7, 1900372 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, X. Li, L. Ma, C. X. Liu, C. W. He, and C. F. Cheng, “Generation of a plasmonic radially polarized vector beam with linearly polarized illumination,” Opt. Lett. 43, 4208–4211 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zentgraf, T.

G. Zheng, H. Muhlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhan, Q.

G. Rui, Q. Zhan, and Y. Cui, “Tailoring optical complex field with spiral blade plasmonic vortex lens,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13732 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Experimental confirmation of miniature spiral plasmonic lens as a circular polarization analyzer,” Nano Lett. 10, 2075–2079 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhan, Q. W.

Zhan, Z.

R. Zhang, Y. Zhang, L. Ma, X. Zeng, X. Li, Z. Zhan, X. Ren, C. He, C. Liu, and C. Cheng, “Nanoscale optical lattices of arbitrary orders manipulated by plasmonic metasurfaces combining geometrical and dynamic phases,” Nanoscale 11, 14024–14031 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhan, Z. J.

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, L. Ma, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, C. Chen, X. R. Ren, C. W. He, C. X. Liu, and C. F. Cheng, “Manipulation for superposition of orbital angular momentum states in surface plasmon polaritons,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7, 1900372 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, X. Li, L. Ma, C. X. Liu, C. W. He, and C. F. Cheng, “Generation of a plasmonic radially polarized vector beam with linearly polarized illumination,” Opt. Lett. 43, 4208–4211 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, R.

R. Zhang, Y. Zhang, L. Ma, X. Zeng, X. Li, Z. Zhan, X. Ren, C. He, C. Liu, and C. Cheng, “Nanoscale optical lattices of arbitrary orders manipulated by plasmonic metasurfaces combining geometrical and dynamic phases,” Nanoscale 11, 14024–14031 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, R. Zhang, X. Li, L. Ma, C. Liu, C. He, and C. Cheng, “Radially polarized plasmonic vector vortex generated by a metasurface spiral in gold film,” Opt. Express 25, 32150–32160 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, R. R.

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, L. Ma, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, C. Chen, X. R. Ren, C. W. He, C. X. Liu, and C. F. Cheng, “Manipulation for superposition of orbital angular momentum states in surface plasmon polaritons,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7, 1900372 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, X. Li, L. Ma, C. X. Liu, C. W. He, and C. F. Cheng, “Generation of a plasmonic radially polarized vector beam with linearly polarized illumination,” Opt. Lett. 43, 4208–4211 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

G. Zheng, H. Muhlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349, 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. B. Yin, Z. L. Ye, J. Rho, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic spin Hall effect at metasurfaces,” Science 339, 1405–1407 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

R. Zhang, Y. Zhang, L. Ma, X. Zeng, X. Li, Z. Zhan, X. Ren, C. He, C. Liu, and C. Cheng, “Nanoscale optical lattices of arbitrary orders manipulated by plasmonic metasurfaces combining geometrical and dynamic phases,” Nanoscale 11, 14024–14031 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, R. Zhang, X. Li, L. Ma, C. Liu, C. He, and C. Cheng, “Radially polarized plasmonic vector vortex generated by a metasurface spiral in gold film,” Opt. Express 25, 32150–32160 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, L. Ma, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, C. Chen, X. R. Ren, C. W. He, C. X. Liu, and C. F. Cheng, “Manipulation for superposition of orbital angular momentum states in surface plasmon polaritons,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7, 1900372 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, X. Li, L. Ma, C. X. Liu, C. W. He, and C. F. Cheng, “Generation of a plasmonic radially polarized vector beam with linearly polarized illumination,” Opt. Lett. 43, 4208–4211 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

Zheludev, N.

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheng, G.

G. Zheng, H. Muhlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, W.

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

ACS Photon. (1)

F. Yue, D. Wen, J. Xin, B. D. Gerardot, J. Li, and X. Chen, “Vector vortex beam generation with a single plasmonic metasurface,” ACS Photon. 3, 1558–1563 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

W. Zhu, Q. Song, L. Yan, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, L. K. Chin, H. Cai, D. P. Tsai, Z. X. Shen, T. W. Deng, S. K. Ting, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, Z. C. Yang, R. Huang, A. Q. Liu, and N. Zheludev, “A flat lens with tunable phase gradient by using random access reconfigurable metamaterial,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4739–4743 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

Y. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, L. Ma, R. R. Zhang, Z. J. Zhan, C. Chen, X. R. Ren, C. W. He, C. X. Liu, and C. F. Cheng, “Manipulation for superposition of orbital angular momentum states in surface plasmon polaritons,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7, 1900372 (2019).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Y. Lee, S. J. Kim, H. Kwon, and B. Lee, “Spin-direction control of high-order plasmonic vortex with double-ring distributed nanoslits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 705–708 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

M. V. Berry, “The adiabatic phase and Pancharatnam’s phase for polarized light,” J. Mod. Opt. 34, 1401–1407 (1987).
[Crossref]

Laser Photon. Rev. (2)

Y. Chen, J. Gao, and X. Yang, “Direction-controlled bifunctional metasurface polarizers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800198 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 299–313 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Experimental confirmation of miniature spiral plasmonic lens as a circular polarization analyzer,” Nano Lett. 10, 2075–2079 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale (1)

R. Zhang, Y. Zhang, L. Ma, X. Zeng, X. Li, Z. Zhan, X. Ren, C. He, C. Liu, and C. Cheng, “Nanoscale optical lattices of arbitrary orders manipulated by plasmonic metasurfaces combining geometrical and dynamic phases,” Nanoscale 11, 14024–14031 (2019).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (2)

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13, 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

G. Zheng, H. Muhlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 305–310 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Photon. Res. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

G. Rui, Q. Zhan, and Y. Cui, “Tailoring optical complex field with spiral blade plasmonic vortex lens,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13732 (2015).
[Crossref]

Science (6)

J. Lin, J. P. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X. C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340, 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347, 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345, 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. B. Yin, Z. L. Ye, J. Rho, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic spin Hall effect at metasurfaces,” Science 339, 1405–1407 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349, 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Diagram of the metananoslots and the coordinate setup for the plasmonic field calculation. The metananoslots consist of paired orthogonal nanoslots arranged in an Archimedes spiral distribution with $q$ segment and pitch of $m$ in the units of ${\lambda _{\text{spp}}}$.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Analytical calculation results of the (a)–(e) intensity and (f)–(j) phase distributions for metananoslots with different parameters (${\sigma,\tau,m,q}$).
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Simulation results of the (a)–(e) intensity and (f)–(j) phase distributions for metananoslots with different parameters ($\sigma$, $\tau$, $m$, $q$).
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Scheme of the two-dimensional array of the metananoslots with different structural parameters and spin dependencies. Simulation results of the intensity and phase distributions of the metananoslots 2-by-2 array for (b) LHC- and (c) RHC-polarized illumination.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Topological Charge of the Plasmonic Vortex Field for Metananoslots with Different Parameters ( σ , τ , m , q )

Equations (13)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

r ( θ ) = r 0 + τ m λ spp 2 π mod ( q θ , 2 π ) = r 0 + τ m λ spp Δ θ [ θ ( q 1 ) Δ θ ] for ( a 1 ) Δ θ < θ < a Δ θ and a = 1 : q ,
u 1 = sin ( θ + δ ) e x + cos ( θ + δ ) e y , u 2 = cos ( θ + δ ) e x sin ( θ + δ ) e y .
E u = E u 1 + E u 2 e i k spp d .
E u 1 = E inc u 1 = E 0 2 e i ( π 2 θ δ ) , E u 2 = E inc u 2 = E 0 2 e ± i ( θ + δ ) ,
E u = { E 0 2 [ e i ( π 2 θ δ ) + e i ( θ + δ + k spp d ) ] ( incident:RCP ) E 0 2 [ e i ( π 2 θ δ ) + e i ( θ + δ + k spp d ) ] ( incident:LCP ) ,
E u = { 2 E 0 e i ( π 2 θ δ ) ( incident:RCP ) 0 ( incident:LCP ) .
E t = 0 2 π E u e i k spp ( ρ r ) d θ ,
E t = 0 2 π E 0 e i ( π 2 θ δ ) e i k spp r e i k spp ρ cos ( β θ ) d θ .
E t = 0 2 π E 0 e i ( π 2 θ δ ) e i k spp ( r 0 + τ m λ 2 π mod ( q ϕ , 2 π ) ) × e i k spp ρ cos ( β θ ) d θ = E 0 e i ( π 2 δ ) e i k spp r 0 e i 2 π ( 1 1 q ) × 0 2 π e i ( τ m q 1 ) e i k spp ρ cos ( β θ ) d θ J τ m q 1 ( k spp ρ ) e i ( τ m q 1 ) β .
u 1 = cos ( θ + δ ) e x sin ( θ + δ ) e y , u 2 = sin ( θ + δ ) e x + cos ( θ + δ ) e y .
E u = E u 1 + E u 2 e i k spp d = E inc u 1 + E inc u 2 e i k spp λ spp 4 = { 2 E 0 e i ( δ + θ ) 0 ( incident:LCP ) ( incident:RCP ) .
E t J τ m q + 1 ( k spp ρ ) e i ( τ m q + 1 ) β .
l = τ m q + σ ,