Abstract

In a planar organic light-emitting diode (OLED), over 50% of emitted lights are trapped as a waveguide mode in the organic-indium tin oxide layer and as a surface plasmon polariton mode at the metal and organic layer interface. The light extraction efficiency into the glass substrate is greatly enhanced when the organic/Al interface of the OLED is patterned with a graded photonic super-crystal (GPSC), by destroying the plasmonic resonance condition through graded patterns and by scattering the surface plasmon polariton into the glass. The light extraction efficiency increases with the area fraction of graded regions in the GPSC. The efficiency can reach above 68.5%, 72.9%, and 78.9% for octagonal, square, and triangular GPSCs with area fractions of the graded regions of 53.9%, 78.5%, and 90.7%, respectively. The light extraction efficiency goes up to 83.0%, 81.2%, and 79.0% at the wavelengths of 447, 507, and 608 nm, respectively, in OLED patterned with triangular GPSC, compared with the targeted efficiency of 70%.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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