Abstract

We present a general framework capable of describing the nonlinear propagation of pulsed optical beams of arbitrary shapes and phase fronts inside a graded-index (GRIN) fiber. The main assumption made is that the spatial self-imaging features of the beam are not affected by the temporal evolution of optical pulses. A propagation kernel known from the work done in the 1970s is used to obtain a distance-dependent nonlinear coefficient that captures all spatial effects within an effective nonlinear Schrödinger equation. We consider three specific beam shapes (Gaussian, circular, and square) to study the impact of the shape, position, and curvature of optical beams on the complex spatiotemporal dynamics specific to GRIN fibers. In particular, we focus on the impact of an input beam’s shape on the modulation-instability sidebands and the generation of multiple dispersive waves when higher-order solitons form inside a GRIN fiber. The results of our numerical analysis indicate that for beam widths chosen to yield the same value of the effective mode area at the input end of the fiber, the nonlinear effects are pronounced considerably when a Gaussian beam is launched into the fiber. We also found that even though the self-imaging period is doubled when an off-centered Gaussian beam is launched into a GRIN fiber, it does not affect the nonlinear evolution because the effective beam area still maintains the same periodicity, as long as the shift in the beam’s center is not so large that it does not remain confined to the fiber’s core.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Change in phase singularities of a partially coherent Gaussian vortex beam propagating in a GRIN fiber

Jing Wang, Shuai Yang, Miaojun Guo, Zhifang Feng, and Jinhong Li
Opt. Express 28(4) 4661-4673 (2020)

Wavefront shaping for optimized many-mode Kerr beam self-cleaning in graded-index multimode fiber

E. Deliancourt, M. Fabert, A. Tonello, K. Krupa, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, G. Millot, A. Barthélémy, S. Wabnitz, and V. Couderc
Opt. Express 27(12) 17311-17321 (2019)

Investigation on saturable absorbers based on nonlinear Kerr beam cleanup effect

B. Zhang, S. Ma, Q. He, J. Guo, Z. Jiao, and B. Wang
Opt. Express 28(5) 6367-6377 (2020)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (9)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (1)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (38)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription