Abstract

The performance of on-chip gas sensors based on light absorption is mainly determined by the light–gas interaction. In this paper, slow-light Bloch slot waveguides (BSW) are proposed to improve sensing performance. The sensing performance is enhanced in two mechanisms. On the one hand, light is confined in the slot to increase the overlap of the mode field and the gas; on the other hand, the slow-light effect is achieved by adjusting the subwavelength grating period to increase the group index. By joint engineering the evanescent fields and group index, for a low pump power of 10 mW and a propagation loss of 3 dB/cm, the detection limit of 0.034 ppm in the near-infrared and the detection limit of 0.29 ppm in the mid-infrared at the optimum propagation length of 1.45 cm are obtained, respectively. The proposed BSW provides a promising platform for high-performance gas sensing.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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