Abstract

Nonlinear microscopy has evolved over the last few decades to become a powerful tool for imaging and spectroscopic applications in biological sciences. In this study, ${{\rm i}^2}{\rm PIE}$, a novel spectral phase control technique, was implemented in order to compress broad-bandwidth supercontinuum light pulses generated in an all-normal-dispersion (ANDi) photonic crystal fiber (PCF). The technique, based on time-domain ptychography, is demonstrated here in a nonlinear microscopy application for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. The first real-world application of this technique for second-harmonic generation and two-photon excitation fluorescence microscopies in biological samples is presented. We further show that in our implementation, ${{\rm i}^2}{\rm PIE}$ leads to improved contrast and signal-to-noise ratios in the generated images, compared to conventional compression techniques used in nonlinear microscopy.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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