Abstract

An optimized H1 photonic crystal (PhC) microcavity with a high quality factor ($\!Q$), small mode volume, wide measurement range, and high sensitivity is proposed, and its possibility in spectroscopic gas sensing is theoretically demonstrated. In the proposed structure, we have taken advantage of the air holes surrounding the defect region to optimize the resonance characteristics so as to detect the target gas, which is required for designing miniaturized spectroscopic gas sensors. By fine-tuning the structural parameters of several ring air holes surrounding the defect region, the results show that the sensitivity can be up to 3303 nm/RIU, along with a high $\!Q$ of ${10^4}$ and a detection limit as low as ${10^{- 4}}$ RIU for gas sensing. Also, it is theoretically verified that the optimized H1 PhC microcavity has the ability to maintain RI sensitivity over a wide RI range of gases, enabling detection of ${{\rm H}_e}$, ${{\rm N}_2}$, ${{\rm CO}_2}$, ${{\rm C}_2}{{\rm H}_2}$, and ${{\rm C}_3}{{\rm H}_8}$ gases. The main feature of this structure is that the enhanced electrical field is strongly localized in the defect region for any gas sample due to a small mode volume. Therefore, these findings provide useful design rules for applications involving compact and tunable spectroscopic gas sensor devices with high $\!Q$ and sensitivity.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Simultaneously high-Q and high-sensitivity slotted photonic crystal nanofiber cavity for complex refractive index sensing

Chao-Sheng Deng, Ming-Jun Li, Jie Peng, Wen-Liang Liu, and Jian-Xin Zhong
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(8) 1624-1631 (2017)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (7)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (2)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (3)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription