Abstract

We present measurements of the nonlinear refraction coefficients for the D1 line of cesium vapor. A variant of the z-scan technique is applied for which we scan the laser frequency across resonance for different sample positions and detect the transmission after an aperture in the far field. From the spectra for different positions we reconstruct the position-dependent transmission z-scan curve for a given laser detuning. This technique allows obtaining the vapor Kerr coefficient over a large and continuous range of frequencies. From the saturation of the Kerr coefficient, n2, with beam power we obtain n4, the next term in the refraction index expansion. A theoretical model is used to calculate n2 and n4 giving values consistent with experimental ones.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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