Abstract

A polarization beam splitter (PBS) based on a four-layer slab waveguide is proposed, where a sub-wavelength grating is embedded between the waveguide core and the cladding. This grating not only affords Bragg momentum to tune the propagation constant of guiding modes but also converts the forward zero-order waveguide mode to the backward first one for a specific polarization. Thus, the incident light with polarization that satisfies the phase-matching condition is highly reflected in the waveguide, while other light with orthogonal polarization keeps intact and passes through it efficiently. Numerical simulations show that one can make the compact PBS for both polarizations with an extinction ratio higher than 35 dB, a waveband larger than 80 nm, a grating period tolerance of 20 nm, and a waveguide height tolerance of 80 nm. The revealed mode conversion mechanism via the sub-wavelength grating enriches the design of PBSs for integrated silicon waveguide chips.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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