Abstract

Phase-sensitive amplification (PSA) based on nonlinear parametric interaction provides low-noise amplification such that the noise figure can be 0 dB in principle. However, when an optical fiber is used as a nonlinear medium for PSA, multiple four-wave-mixing (FWM) processes other than the PSA process are induced, which can degrade the PSA noise performance, especially in dual-pump PSA with a narrow signal-pump wavelength separation. This paper investigates the influence of multiple FWM processes on quantum noise of dual-pump PSA in an optical fiber. The noise figure is calculated using quantum-mechanical operators, considering multiple FWM processes with the PSA process. Calculation examples are also presented, which indicate that the noise figure is degraded by 0.2–0.4 dB from the ideal 0 dB, depending on the signal-pump wavelength separation and fiber parameters.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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Equations (73)

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