Abstract

We present a combined numerical and theoretical study of atomic photoionization in the time domain. We show how a photoelectron wave packet rapidly changes its shape after being emitted, from a complex multipeak structure to eventually a relatively simple single-peak structure. This time-domain shape evolution provides information beyond the time-dependent average position of the wave packet, which for example has been used to retrieve the Wigner time delay. For few-cycle laser pulses, the asymptotic velocity of the photoelectron can be different from long-pulse-based expectations due to non-negligible changes of the dipole matrix element within the spectra of the laser pulses.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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