Abstract

Photonic crystals are widely used in sensors, lasers, optical wavelength filters, and dispersion compensations used in optical communication networks. We propose to exploit the defect modes of one-dimensional ternary photonic crystals based on silicon, analyte, and silica layers for a refractive index sensor. The defect modes are created by inserting an analyte layer in the middle of the structure between two adjacent silica and silicon layers. Exploiting the defect modes in the transmission spectrum leads to hypersensitivity. The results show that the thicknesses of the layers and defect part are, respectively, about 155, 700, 155, and 1200 nm in optimum conditions. Our optimum structure is about 11 µm long, and sensitivity of this structure is more than 450 nm/RIU and 600 nm/RIU for the perpendicular light incident and incident angle of 45°, respectively. The effect of dispersion is investigated on the sensor operation, too. Numerical simulations exhibit that sensitivity is decreased to 410 nm/RIU for incident perpendicular rays. Also, the optimum thickness of the defect layer is changed significantly when considering the dispersion effects, so dispersion plays a significant role in the proposed sensor.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
High-sensitivity quasi-periodic photonic crystal biosensor based on multiple defective modes

Xiaoqing Wang, Lin Zhou, Tingting Zhao, Xing Liu, Shuai Feng, Xiao Chen, Honglian Guo, Chuanbo Li, and Yiquan Wang
Appl. Opt. 58(11) 2860-2866 (2019)

Conditions of near-zero dispersion of defect modes in one-dimensional photonic crystals containing negative-index materials

Yi-Hang Chen, Jian-Wen Dong, and He-Zhou Wang
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(4) 776-781 (2006)

Detection and sensing of hemoglobin using one-dimensional binary photonic crystals comprising a defect layer

Mazen M. Abadla and Hussein A. Elsayed
Appl. Opt. 59(2) 418-424 (2020)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (5)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (7)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription