Abstract

The creation of single optical filaments in air is bound by constraints on laser power, divergence, wavelength, pulse duration, and atmospheric parameters. The consequential characteristics of the filaments produced limit some potential applications, particularly those related to a filament’s spatial and temporal extent. Here, we demonstrate, for the first time, the temporal concatenation or stitching of up to 32 filaments, each separated by times typically ${\sim}0.5\,\,{\rm{ns}}$, forming a single stream of coaxial filamenting laser pulses.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2018 (1)

D. Reyes, M. Baudelet, M. Richardson, and S. R. Fairchild, “Transition from linear- to nonlinear-focusing regime of laser filament plasma dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 124, 053103 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

F. Théberge, J.-F. Daigle, J.-C. Kieffer, F. Vidal, and M. Châteauneuf, “Laser-guided energetic discharges over large air gaps by electric-field enhanced plasma filaments,” Sci. Rep. 7, 40063 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

L. Arantchouk, B. Honnorat, E. Thouin, G. Point, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Prolongation of the lifetime of guided discharges triggered in atmospheric air by femtosecond laser filaments up to 130 μs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 173501 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

X. Lu, S.-Y. Chen, J.-L. Ma, L. Hou, G.-Q. Liao, J.-G. Wang, Y.-J. Han, X.-L. Liu, H. Teng, H.-N. Han, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Quasi-steady-state air plasma channel produced by a femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15515 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

K. Lim, M. Durand, M. Baudelet, and M. Richardson, “Transition from linear- to nonlinear-focusing regime in filamentation,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7217 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Scheller, M. Mills, M. Miri, W. Cheng, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. Christodoulies, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8, 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Scheller, N. Born, W. Cheng, and P. Polynkin, “Channeling the electrical breakdown of air by optically heated plasma filaments,” Optica 1, 125–128 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

Y. Ren, M. Alshershby, Z. Hao, Z. Zhao, and J. Lin, “Microwave guiding along double femtosecond filaments in air,” Phys. Rev. E 88, 013104 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

P. Polynkin, B. Pasenhow, N. Driscoll, M. Scheller, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Seeded optically driven avalanche ionization in molecular and noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 043410 (2012).
[Crossref]

X.-L. Liu, X. Lu, J.-L. Ma, L.-B. Feng, X. Ge, Y. Zheng, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Q.-L. Dong, W.-M. Wang, Z.-H. Wang, H. Teng, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Long lifetime air plasma channel generated by femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Opt. Express 20, 5968–5973 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low resistance and long lifetime plasma channel generated by filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 12, 295–299 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Manceau, M. Massaouti, and S. Tzortzakis, “Strong terahertz emission enhancement via femtosecond laser filament concatenation in air,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2424–2426 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441, 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2003 (2)

S. Tzortzakis, G. Mechain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Concatenation of plasma filaments created in air by femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 609–612 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. Moll, A. Gaeta, and G. Fibich, “Self-similar optical wave collapse: observation of the Townes profile,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 203902 (2003).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

Ackermann, R.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

Alshershby, M.

Y. Ren, M. Alshershby, Z. Hao, Z. Zhao, and J. Lin, “Microwave guiding along double femtosecond filaments in air,” Phys. Rev. E 88, 013104 (2013).
[Crossref]

André, Y.-B.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

Arantchouk, L.

L. Arantchouk, B. Honnorat, E. Thouin, G. Point, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Prolongation of the lifetime of guided discharges triggered in atmospheric air by femtosecond laser filaments up to 130 μs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 173501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Baudelet, M.

D. Reyes, M. Baudelet, M. Richardson, and S. R. Fairchild, “Transition from linear- to nonlinear-focusing regime of laser filament plasma dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 124, 053103 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. Lim, M. Durand, M. Baudelet, and M. Richardson, “Transition from linear- to nonlinear-focusing regime in filamentation,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7217 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bernath, R.

R. Bernath, “High-intensity ultra-fast laser interaction technologies,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Central Florida, 2007).

Born, N.

Bourayou, R.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bourrillon, J.-F.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

Campo, C.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cascelli, J.-P.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

Châteauneuf, M.

F. Théberge, J.-F. Daigle, J.-C. Kieffer, F. Vidal, and M. Châteauneuf, “Laser-guided energetic discharges over large air gaps by electric-field enhanced plasma filaments,” Sci. Rep. 7, 40063 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.-M.

X. Lu, S.-Y. Chen, J.-L. Ma, L. Hou, G.-Q. Liao, J.-G. Wang, Y.-J. Han, X.-L. Liu, H. Teng, H.-N. Han, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Quasi-steady-state air plasma channel produced by a femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15515 (2015).
[Crossref]

X.-L. Liu, X. Lu, J.-L. Ma, L.-B. Feng, X. Ge, Y. Zheng, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Q.-L. Dong, W.-M. Wang, Z.-H. Wang, H. Teng, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Long lifetime air plasma channel generated by femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Opt. Express 20, 5968–5973 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.-Y.

X. Lu, S.-Y. Chen, J.-L. Ma, L. Hou, G.-Q. Liao, J.-G. Wang, Y.-J. Han, X.-L. Liu, H. Teng, H.-N. Han, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Quasi-steady-state air plasma channel produced by a femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15515 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheng, W.

M. Scheller, N. Born, W. Cheng, and P. Polynkin, “Channeling the electrical breakdown of air by optically heated plasma filaments,” Optica 1, 125–128 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Scheller, M. Mills, M. Miri, W. Cheng, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. Christodoulies, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8, 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chin, S.

Christodoulies, D.

M. Scheller, M. Mills, M. Miri, W. Cheng, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. Christodoulies, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8, 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Couairon, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441, 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

Daigle, J.-F.

F. Théberge, J.-F. Daigle, J.-C. Kieffer, F. Vidal, and M. Châteauneuf, “Laser-guided energetic discharges over large air gaps by electric-field enhanced plasma filaments,” Sci. Rep. 7, 40063 (2017).
[Crossref]

Davoise, C.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dong, Q.-L.

Driscoll, N.

P. Polynkin, B. Pasenhow, N. Driscoll, M. Scheller, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Seeded optically driven avalanche ionization in molecular and noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 043410 (2012).
[Crossref]

Durand, M.

K. Lim, M. Durand, M. Baudelet, and M. Richardson, “Transition from linear- to nonlinear-focusing regime in filamentation,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7217 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fairchild, S. R.

D. Reyes, M. Baudelet, M. Richardson, and S. R. Fairchild, “Transition from linear- to nonlinear-focusing regime of laser filament plasma dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 124, 053103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Feng, L.-B.

Fibich, G.

K. Moll, A. Gaeta, and G. Fibich, “Self-similar optical wave collapse: observation of the Townes profile,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 203902 (2003).
[Crossref]

Franco, M.

S. Tzortzakis, G. Mechain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Concatenation of plasma filaments created in air by femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 609–612 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gaeta, A.

K. Moll, A. Gaeta, and G. Fibich, “Self-similar optical wave collapse: observation of the Townes profile,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 203902 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ge, X.

Han, H.-N.

X. Lu, S.-Y. Chen, J.-L. Ma, L. Hou, G.-Q. Liao, J.-G. Wang, Y.-J. Han, X.-L. Liu, H. Teng, H.-N. Han, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Quasi-steady-state air plasma channel produced by a femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15515 (2015).
[Crossref]

Han, Y.-J.

X. Lu, S.-Y. Chen, J.-L. Ma, L. Hou, G.-Q. Liao, J.-G. Wang, Y.-J. Han, X.-L. Liu, H. Teng, H.-N. Han, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Quasi-steady-state air plasma channel produced by a femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15515 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hao, Z.

Y. Ren, M. Alshershby, Z. Hao, Z. Zhao, and J. Lin, “Microwave guiding along double femtosecond filaments in air,” Phys. Rev. E 88, 013104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Honnorat, B.

L. Arantchouk, B. Honnorat, E. Thouin, G. Point, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Prolongation of the lifetime of guided discharges triggered in atmospheric air by femtosecond laser filaments up to 130 μs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 173501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hou, L.

X. Lu, S.-Y. Chen, J.-L. Ma, L. Hou, G.-Q. Liao, J.-G. Wang, Y.-J. Han, X.-L. Liu, H. Teng, H.-N. Han, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Quasi-steady-state air plasma channel produced by a femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15515 (2015).
[Crossref]

Houard, A.

L. Arantchouk, B. Honnorat, E. Thouin, G. Point, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Prolongation of the lifetime of guided discharges triggered in atmospheric air by femtosecond laser filaments up to 130 μs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 173501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jiabin, Z.

J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low resistance and long lifetime plasma channel generated by filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 12, 295–299 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jiansheng, L.

J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low resistance and long lifetime plasma channel generated by filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 12, 295–299 (2010).
[Crossref]

Karparian, J.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kieffer, J.-C.

F. Théberge, J.-F. Daigle, J.-C. Kieffer, F. Vidal, and M. Châteauneuf, “Laser-guided energetic discharges over large air gaps by electric-field enhanced plasma filaments,” Sci. Rep. 7, 40063 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kolesik, M.

M. Scheller, M. Mills, M. Miri, W. Cheng, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. Christodoulies, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8, 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.-T.

X. Lu, S.-Y. Chen, J.-L. Ma, L. Hou, G.-Q. Liao, J.-G. Wang, Y.-J. Han, X.-L. Liu, H. Teng, H.-N. Han, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Quasi-steady-state air plasma channel produced by a femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15515 (2015).
[Crossref]

X.-L. Liu, X. Lu, J.-L. Ma, L.-B. Feng, X. Ge, Y. Zheng, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Q.-L. Dong, W.-M. Wang, Z.-H. Wang, H. Teng, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Long lifetime air plasma channel generated by femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Opt. Express 20, 5968–5973 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liao, G.-Q.

X. Lu, S.-Y. Chen, J.-L. Ma, L. Hou, G.-Q. Liao, J.-G. Wang, Y.-J. Han, X.-L. Liu, H. Teng, H.-N. Han, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Quasi-steady-state air plasma channel produced by a femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15515 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lim, K.

K. Lim, M. Durand, M. Baudelet, and M. Richardson, “Transition from linear- to nonlinear-focusing regime in filamentation,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7217 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, J.

Y. Ren, M. Alshershby, Z. Hao, Z. Zhao, and J. Lin, “Microwave guiding along double femtosecond filaments in air,” Phys. Rev. E 88, 013104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

Liu, X.-L.

X. Lu, S.-Y. Chen, J.-L. Ma, L. Hou, G.-Q. Liao, J.-G. Wang, Y.-J. Han, X.-L. Liu, H. Teng, H.-N. Han, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Quasi-steady-state air plasma channel produced by a femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15515 (2015).
[Crossref]

X.-L. Liu, X. Lu, J.-L. Ma, L.-B. Feng, X. Ge, Y. Zheng, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Q.-L. Dong, W.-M. Wang, Z.-H. Wang, H. Teng, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Long lifetime air plasma channel generated by femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Opt. Express 20, 5968–5973 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lu, X.

X. Lu, S.-Y. Chen, J.-L. Ma, L. Hou, G.-Q. Liao, J.-G. Wang, Y.-J. Han, X.-L. Liu, H. Teng, H.-N. Han, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Quasi-steady-state air plasma channel produced by a femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15515 (2015).
[Crossref]

X.-L. Liu, X. Lu, J.-L. Ma, L.-B. Feng, X. Ge, Y. Zheng, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Q.-L. Dong, W.-M. Wang, Z.-H. Wang, H. Teng, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Long lifetime air plasma channel generated by femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Opt. Express 20, 5968–5973 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ma, J.-L.

X. Lu, S.-Y. Chen, J.-L. Ma, L. Hou, G.-Q. Liao, J.-G. Wang, Y.-J. Han, X.-L. Liu, H. Teng, H.-N. Han, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Quasi-steady-state air plasma channel produced by a femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15515 (2015).
[Crossref]

X.-L. Liu, X. Lu, J.-L. Ma, L.-B. Feng, X. Ge, Y. Zheng, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Q.-L. Dong, W.-M. Wang, Z.-H. Wang, H. Teng, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Long lifetime air plasma channel generated by femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Opt. Express 20, 5968–5973 (2012).
[Crossref]

Manceau, J.

Massaouti, M.

Mechain, G.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Tzortzakis, G. Mechain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Concatenation of plasma filaments created in air by femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 609–612 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mejean, G.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mills, M.

M. Scheller, M. Mills, M. Miri, W. Cheng, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. Christodoulies, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8, 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Miri, M.

M. Scheller, M. Mills, M. Miri, W. Cheng, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. Christodoulies, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8, 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mlejnek, M.

Moll, K.

K. Moll, A. Gaeta, and G. Fibich, “Self-similar optical wave collapse: observation of the Townes profile,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 203902 (2003).
[Crossref]

Moloney, J.

M. Scheller, M. Mills, M. Miri, W. Cheng, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. Christodoulies, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8, 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Mlejnek, E. Wright, and J. Moloney, “Dynamic spatial replenishment of femtosecond pulses propagating in air,” Opt. Lett. 23, 382–384 (1998).
[Crossref]

Moloney, J. V.

P. Polynkin, B. Pasenhow, N. Driscoll, M. Scheller, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Seeded optically driven avalanche ionization in molecular and noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 043410 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mysyrowicz, A.

L. Arantchouk, B. Honnorat, E. Thouin, G. Point, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Prolongation of the lifetime of guided discharges triggered in atmospheric air by femtosecond laser filaments up to 130 μs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 173501 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441, 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Tzortzakis, G. Mechain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Concatenation of plasma filaments created in air by femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 609–612 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pasenhow, B.

P. Polynkin, B. Pasenhow, N. Driscoll, M. Scheller, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Seeded optically driven avalanche ionization in molecular and noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 043410 (2012).
[Crossref]

Patalano, G.

S. Tzortzakis, G. Mechain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Concatenation of plasma filaments created in air by femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 609–612 (2003).
[Crossref]

Point, G.

L. Arantchouk, B. Honnorat, E. Thouin, G. Point, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Prolongation of the lifetime of guided discharges triggered in atmospheric air by femtosecond laser filaments up to 130 μs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 173501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Polynkin, P.

M. Scheller, M. Mills, M. Miri, W. Cheng, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. Christodoulies, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8, 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Scheller, N. Born, W. Cheng, and P. Polynkin, “Channeling the electrical breakdown of air by optically heated plasma filaments,” Optica 1, 125–128 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Polynkin, B. Pasenhow, N. Driscoll, M. Scheller, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Seeded optically driven avalanche ionization in molecular and noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 043410 (2012).
[Crossref]

Prade, B.

S. Tzortzakis, G. Mechain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Concatenation of plasma filaments created in air by femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 609–612 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ren, Y.

Y. Ren, M. Alshershby, Z. Hao, Z. Zhao, and J. Lin, “Microwave guiding along double femtosecond filaments in air,” Phys. Rev. E 88, 013104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Reyes, D.

D. Reyes, M. Baudelet, M. Richardson, and S. R. Fairchild, “Transition from linear- to nonlinear-focusing regime of laser filament plasma dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 124, 053103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Richardson, M.

D. Reyes, M. Baudelet, M. Richardson, and S. R. Fairchild, “Transition from linear- to nonlinear-focusing regime of laser filament plasma dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 124, 053103 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. Lim, M. Durand, M. Baudelet, and M. Richardson, “Transition from linear- to nonlinear-focusing regime in filamentation,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7217 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rodriguez, M.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ruxin, L.

J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low resistance and long lifetime plasma channel generated by filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 12, 295–299 (2010).
[Crossref]

Salmon, E.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sauerbrey, R.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

Scheller, M.

M. Scheller, M. Mills, M. Miri, W. Cheng, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. Christodoulies, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8, 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Scheller, N. Born, W. Cheng, and P. Polynkin, “Channeling the electrical breakdown of air by optically heated plasma filaments,” Optica 1, 125–128 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Polynkin, B. Pasenhow, N. Driscoll, M. Scheller, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Seeded optically driven avalanche ionization in molecular and noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 043410 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stelmaszczyk, K.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tamin, L.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

Teng, H.

X. Lu, S.-Y. Chen, J.-L. Ma, L. Hou, G.-Q. Liao, J.-G. Wang, Y.-J. Han, X.-L. Liu, H. Teng, H.-N. Han, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Quasi-steady-state air plasma channel produced by a femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15515 (2015).
[Crossref]

X.-L. Liu, X. Lu, J.-L. Ma, L.-B. Feng, X. Ge, Y. Zheng, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Q.-L. Dong, W.-M. Wang, Z.-H. Wang, H. Teng, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Long lifetime air plasma channel generated by femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Opt. Express 20, 5968–5973 (2012).
[Crossref]

Théberge, F.

F. Théberge, J.-F. Daigle, J.-C. Kieffer, F. Vidal, and M. Châteauneuf, “Laser-guided energetic discharges over large air gaps by electric-field enhanced plasma filaments,” Sci. Rep. 7, 40063 (2017).
[Crossref]

Thouin, E.

L. Arantchouk, B. Honnorat, E. Thouin, G. Point, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Prolongation of the lifetime of guided discharges triggered in atmospheric air by femtosecond laser filaments up to 130 μs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 173501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tzortzakis, S.

J. Manceau, M. Massaouti, and S. Tzortzakis, “Strong terahertz emission enhancement via femtosecond laser filament concatenation in air,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2424–2426 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Tzortzakis, G. Mechain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Concatenation of plasma filaments created in air by femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 609–612 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tzortzkis, S.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vidal, F.

F. Théberge, J.-F. Daigle, J.-C. Kieffer, F. Vidal, and M. Châteauneuf, “Laser-guided energetic discharges over large air gaps by electric-field enhanced plasma filaments,” Sci. Rep. 7, 40063 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.-G.

X. Lu, S.-Y. Chen, J.-L. Ma, L. Hou, G.-Q. Liao, J.-G. Wang, Y.-J. Han, X.-L. Liu, H. Teng, H.-N. Han, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Quasi-steady-state air plasma channel produced by a femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15515 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.-M.

Wang, Z.-H.

Wei, Z.-Y.

X. Lu, S.-Y. Chen, J.-L. Ma, L. Hou, G.-Q. Liao, J.-G. Wang, Y.-J. Han, X.-L. Liu, H. Teng, H.-N. Han, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Quasi-steady-state air plasma channel produced by a femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15515 (2015).
[Crossref]

X.-L. Liu, X. Lu, J.-L. Ma, L.-B. Feng, X. Ge, Y. Zheng, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Q.-L. Dong, W.-M. Wang, Z.-H. Wang, H. Teng, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Long lifetime air plasma channel generated by femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Opt. Express 20, 5968–5973 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wenyue, W.

J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low resistance and long lifetime plasma channel generated by filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 12, 295–299 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wolf, J.-P.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wöste, L.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wright, E.

Wright, E. M.

P. Polynkin, B. Pasenhow, N. Driscoll, M. Scheller, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Seeded optically driven avalanche ionization in molecular and noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 043410 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xiaochun, G.

J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low resistance and long lifetime plasma channel generated by filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 12, 295–299 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

X. Lu, S.-Y. Chen, J.-L. Ma, L. Hou, G.-Q. Liao, J.-G. Wang, Y.-J. Han, X.-L. Liu, H. Teng, H.-N. Han, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Quasi-steady-state air plasma channel produced by a femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15515 (2015).
[Crossref]

X.-L. Liu, X. Lu, J.-L. Ma, L.-B. Feng, X. Ge, Y. Zheng, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Q.-L. Dong, W.-M. Wang, Z.-H. Wang, H. Teng, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Long lifetime air plasma channel generated by femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Opt. Express 20, 5968–5973 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhanxin, W.

J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low resistance and long lifetime plasma channel generated by filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 12, 295–299 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

Y. Ren, M. Alshershby, Z. Hao, Z. Zhao, and J. Lin, “Microwave guiding along double femtosecond filaments in air,” Phys. Rev. E 88, 013104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Y.

Zhonggang, J.

J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low resistance and long lifetime plasma channel generated by filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 12, 295–299 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

R. Ackermann, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, R. Bourayou, M. Rodriguez, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Karparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Tzortzkis, Y.-B. André, J.-F. Bourrillon, L. Tamin, J.-P. Cascelli, C. Campo, C. Davoise, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Influence of negative leader propagation on the triggering and guiding of high voltage discharges by laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 561–566 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Tzortzakis, G. Mechain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Concatenation of plasma filaments created in air by femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 609–612 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. Arantchouk, B. Honnorat, E. Thouin, G. Point, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Prolongation of the lifetime of guided discharges triggered in atmospheric air by femtosecond laser filaments up to 130 μs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 173501 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. Reyes, M. Baudelet, M. Richardson, and S. R. Fairchild, “Transition from linear- to nonlinear-focusing regime of laser filament plasma dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 124, 053103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. Scheller, M. Mills, M. Miri, W. Cheng, J. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. Christodoulies, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8, 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441, 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

P. Polynkin, B. Pasenhow, N. Driscoll, M. Scheller, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Seeded optically driven avalanche ionization in molecular and noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 043410 (2012).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

Y. Ren, M. Alshershby, Z. Hao, Z. Zhao, and J. Lin, “Microwave guiding along double femtosecond filaments in air,” Phys. Rev. E 88, 013104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

K. Moll, A. Gaeta, and G. Fibich, “Self-similar optical wave collapse: observation of the Townes profile,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 203902 (2003).
[Crossref]

Plasma Sci. Technol. (1)

J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low resistance and long lifetime plasma channel generated by filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 12, 295–299 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (3)

X. Lu, S.-Y. Chen, J.-L. Ma, L. Hou, G.-Q. Liao, J.-G. Wang, Y.-J. Han, X.-L. Liu, H. Teng, H.-N. Han, Y.-T. Li, L.-M. Chen, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Quasi-steady-state air plasma channel produced by a femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15515 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Lim, M. Durand, M. Baudelet, and M. Richardson, “Transition from linear- to nonlinear-focusing regime in filamentation,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7217 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Théberge, J.-F. Daigle, J.-C. Kieffer, F. Vidal, and M. Châteauneuf, “Laser-guided energetic discharges over large air gaps by electric-field enhanced plasma filaments,” Sci. Rep. 7, 40063 (2017).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

R. Bernath, “High-intensity ultra-fast laser interaction technologies,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Central Florida, 2007).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) This diagram depicts a train of $n$ pulses, each with a duration of ${\tau _{\rm{p}}}$ , separated by an intrapulse time, ${\rm{t}}_{\rm{ip}}$ . The burst of pulses lasts for a window of time spanning ${\rm{t}}_{\rm{b}}$ . Each burst is separated from the next by the repetition period of ${\rm{T}}_{\rm{rep}}$ . (b) The first pulse, p1, forms a filament, leaving an expanding density wave in its wake. After a time ${\rm{t}}_{\rm{ip}}$ , the second pulse, p2, is incident centrally on the expanding density wave of the previous filament, producing an elongation of the perturbation.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Experimental setup for the streak camera beam profile imaging and diagnostics.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Multiple streak camera beam profiles, each 2 ns long, placed end to end to display the full burst of filaments. (b) A plot of a typical filament Townes profile with boxes indicating the approximate extent of the core ( ${\sim}{100}\,\,\unicode{x00B5} {\rm{m}}$ in diameter) and surrounding energy reservoir (defined by the region where the intensity is one order of magnitude lower than the peak). (c) An example photodiode signal plotted alongside the vertical integration of the streak image in (a), both normalized with respect to the first pulse. (d) The spatial variation in peak intensity from one pulse to the next, relative to the mean location.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Radial and temporal variation of the filament electron density with time. (b) The on-axis electron density variation with time. (c) The measured and simulated decay of the first filament in the burst.

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