Abstract

To stabilize the combined pulse energy for coherent temporal pulse stacking using interferometer cavities, we have developed a direct cavity phase measurement method based on analysis of the response to modulated probe pulses. An experiment has demonstrated optical phase control within 50 mrad for four cavities, resulting in a combination of 25 pulses with 1.5% root mean square stability over 30 h.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
  3. G. Mourou, B. Brocklesby, T. Tajima, and J. Limpert, “The future is fibre accelerators,” Nat. Photonics 7, 258–261 (2013).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  22. D. Dahlen, R. Wilcox, and W. Leemans, “Modeling Herriott cells using the linear canonical transform,” Appl. Opt. 56, 267–272 (2017).
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2018 (2)

Y. Xu, R. Wilcox, J. Byrd, L. Doolittle, Q. Du, G. Huang, Y. Yang, T. Zhou, W. Leemans, A. Galvanauskas, J. Ruppe, C. Tang, and W. Huang, “FPGA-based optical cavity phase stabilization for coherent pulse stacking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 54, 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, W. L. Russell Wilcox, and A. Galvanauskas, “Near-complete stored energy extraction from fiber amplifiers in ultrashort > 10  mj energy pulses using coherent pulse stacking amplification,” Proc. SPIE 10512, 1051209 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

2015 (2)

T. Zhou, J. Ruppe, C. Zhu, I.-N. Hu, J. Nees, and A. Galvanauskas, “Coherent pulse stacking amplification using low-finesse Gires-Tournois interferometers,” Opt. Express 23, 7442–7462 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Zhou, J. Ruppe, P. Stanfield, J. Nees, R. Wilcox, and A. Galvanauskas, “Resonant cavity based time-domain multiplexing techniques for coherently combined fiber laser systems,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 224, 2585–2602 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

M. Kienel, A. Klenke, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Energy scaling of femtosecond amplifiers using actively controlled divided-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1049–1052 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Limpert, A. Klenke, M. Kienel, S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Performance scaling of ultrafast laser systems by coherent addition of femtosecond pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 268–277 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, A. Klenke, L. Von Grafenstein, H. Carstens, S. Holzberger, E. Fill, T. Schreiber, F. Krausz, A. Tünnermann, I. Pupeza, and J. Limpert, “A concept for multiterawatt fibre lasers based on coherent pulse stacking in passive cavities,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e211 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

2011 (1)

2009 (1)

E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and W. P. Leemans, “Physics of laser-driven plasma-based electron accelerators,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1229–1285 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Arbore, M. A.

Baumgartl, M.

Breitkopf, S.

J. Limpert, A. Klenke, M. Kienel, S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Performance scaling of ultrafast laser systems by coherent addition of femtosecond pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 268–277 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, A. Klenke, L. Von Grafenstein, H. Carstens, S. Holzberger, E. Fill, T. Schreiber, F. Krausz, A. Tünnermann, I. Pupeza, and J. Limpert, “A concept for multiterawatt fibre lasers based on coherent pulse stacking in passive cavities,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e211 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brocklesby, B.

G. Mourou, B. Brocklesby, T. Tajima, and J. Limpert, “The future is fibre accelerators,” Nat. Photonics 7, 258–261 (2013).
[Crossref]

Byrd, J.

Y. Xu, R. Wilcox, J. Byrd, L. Doolittle, Q. Du, G. Huang, Y. Yang, T. Zhou, W. Leemans, A. Galvanauskas, J. Ruppe, C. Tang, and W. Huang, “FPGA-based optical cavity phase stabilization for coherent pulse stacking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 54, 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, J. Byrd, J. Dawson, L. Doolittle, A. Galvanauskas, G. Huang, W. Leemans, D. Qiang, J. Ruppe, and R. Wilcox, “Multicavity coherent pulse stacking using Herriott cells,” in North American Particle Accelerator Conference (NAPAC) (JACOW, 2017), pp. 370–372.

Carhart, G. W.

Carstens, H.

S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, A. Klenke, L. Von Grafenstein, H. Carstens, S. Holzberger, E. Fill, T. Schreiber, F. Krausz, A. Tünnermann, I. Pupeza, and J. Limpert, “A concept for multiterawatt fibre lasers based on coherent pulse stacking in passive cavities,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e211 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting 3.8  GW peak power,” Opt. Express 19, 255–260 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, W. L. Russell Wilcox, and A. Galvanauskas, “Near-complete stored energy extraction from fiber amplifiers in ultrashort > 10  mj energy pulses using coherent pulse stacking amplification,” Proc. SPIE 10512, 1051209 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, R. Wilcox, J. Nees, and A. Galvanauskas, “Multiplexed coherent pulse stacking of 27 pulses in a 4 + 1 gti resonator sequence,” in Proceedings of ASSL Conference (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM4A.6.

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, R. Wilcox, W. Leemans, and A. Galvanauskas, “10  mj energy extraction from Yb-doped 85  μm core CCC fiber using coherent pulse stacking amplification of fs pulses,” in Proceedings of ASSL Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper AW4 A.4.

Codemard, C. A.

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dahlen, D.

Daniault, L.

Dawson, J.

Y. Yang, J. Byrd, J. Dawson, L. Doolittle, A. Galvanauskas, G. Huang, W. Leemans, D. Qiang, J. Ruppe, and R. Wilcox, “Multicavity coherent pulse stacking using Herriott cells,” in North American Particle Accelerator Conference (NAPAC) (JACOW, 2017), pp. 370–372.

Doolittle, L.

Y. Xu, R. Wilcox, J. Byrd, L. Doolittle, Q. Du, G. Huang, Y. Yang, T. Zhou, W. Leemans, A. Galvanauskas, J. Ruppe, C. Tang, and W. Huang, “FPGA-based optical cavity phase stabilization for coherent pulse stacking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 54, 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, J. Byrd, J. Dawson, L. Doolittle, A. Galvanauskas, G. Huang, W. Leemans, D. Qiang, J. Ruppe, and R. Wilcox, “Multicavity coherent pulse stacking using Herriott cells,” in North American Particle Accelerator Conference (NAPAC) (JACOW, 2017), pp. 370–372.

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Druon, F.

Du, Q.

Y. Xu, R. Wilcox, J. Byrd, L. Doolittle, Q. Du, G. Huang, Y. Yang, T. Zhou, W. Leemans, A. Galvanauskas, J. Ruppe, C. Tang, and W. Huang, “FPGA-based optical cavity phase stabilization for coherent pulse stacking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 54, 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

Eidam, T.

J. Limpert, A. Klenke, M. Kienel, S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Performance scaling of ultrafast laser systems by coherent addition of femtosecond pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 268–277 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, A. Klenke, L. Von Grafenstein, H. Carstens, S. Holzberger, E. Fill, T. Schreiber, F. Krausz, A. Tünnermann, I. Pupeza, and J. Limpert, “A concept for multiterawatt fibre lasers based on coherent pulse stacking in passive cavities,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e211 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Kienel, A. Klenke, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Energy scaling of femtosecond amplifiers using actively controlled divided-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1049–1052 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Kienel, A. Klenke, T. Eidam, M. Baumgartl, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Analysis of passively combined divided-pulse amplification as an energy-scaling concept,” Opt. Express 21, 29031–29042 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting 3.8  GW peak power,” Opt. Express 19, 255–260 (2011).
[Crossref]

Esarey, E.

E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and W. P. Leemans, “Physics of laser-driven plasma-based electron accelerators,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1229–1285 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fejer, M. M.

Fill, E.

S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, A. Klenke, L. Von Grafenstein, H. Carstens, S. Holzberger, E. Fill, T. Schreiber, F. Krausz, A. Tünnermann, I. Pupeza, and J. Limpert, “A concept for multiterawatt fibre lasers based on coherent pulse stacking in passive cavities,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e211 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Galvanauskas, A.

Y. Xu, R. Wilcox, J. Byrd, L. Doolittle, Q. Du, G. Huang, Y. Yang, T. Zhou, W. Leemans, A. Galvanauskas, J. Ruppe, C. Tang, and W. Huang, “FPGA-based optical cavity phase stabilization for coherent pulse stacking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 54, 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, W. L. Russell Wilcox, and A. Galvanauskas, “Near-complete stored energy extraction from fiber amplifiers in ultrashort > 10  mj energy pulses using coherent pulse stacking amplification,” Proc. SPIE 10512, 1051209 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Zhou, J. Ruppe, C. Zhu, I.-N. Hu, J. Nees, and A. Galvanauskas, “Coherent pulse stacking amplification using low-finesse Gires-Tournois interferometers,” Opt. Express 23, 7442–7462 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Zhou, J. Ruppe, P. Stanfield, J. Nees, R. Wilcox, and A. Galvanauskas, “Resonant cavity based time-domain multiplexing techniques for coherently combined fiber laser systems,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 224, 2585–2602 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Galvanauskas, A. Hariharan, D. Harter, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, “High-energy femtosecond pulse amplification in a quasi-phase-matched parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 23, 210–212 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, R. Wilcox, J. Nees, and A. Galvanauskas, “Multiplexed coherent pulse stacking of 27 pulses in a 4 + 1 gti resonator sequence,” in Proceedings of ASSL Conference (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM4A.6.

Y. Yang, J. Byrd, J. Dawson, L. Doolittle, A. Galvanauskas, G. Huang, W. Leemans, D. Qiang, J. Ruppe, and R. Wilcox, “Multicavity coherent pulse stacking using Herriott cells,” in North American Particle Accelerator Conference (NAPAC) (JACOW, 2017), pp. 370–372.

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, R. Wilcox, W. Leemans, and A. Galvanauskas, “10  mj energy extraction from Yb-doped 85  μm core CCC fiber using coherent pulse stacking amplification of fs pulses,” in Proceedings of ASSL Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper AW4 A.4.

Georges, P.

Guichard, F.

Hädrich, S.

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Hanna, M.

Hariharan, A.

Harter, D.

Holzberger, S.

S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, A. Klenke, L. Von Grafenstein, H. Carstens, S. Holzberger, E. Fill, T. Schreiber, F. Krausz, A. Tünnermann, I. Pupeza, and J. Limpert, “A concept for multiterawatt fibre lasers based on coherent pulse stacking in passive cavities,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e211 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hönninger, C.

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Hu, I.-N.

Huang, G.

Y. Xu, R. Wilcox, J. Byrd, L. Doolittle, Q. Du, G. Huang, Y. Yang, T. Zhou, W. Leemans, A. Galvanauskas, J. Ruppe, C. Tang, and W. Huang, “FPGA-based optical cavity phase stabilization for coherent pulse stacking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 54, 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, J. Byrd, J. Dawson, L. Doolittle, A. Galvanauskas, G. Huang, W. Leemans, D. Qiang, J. Ruppe, and R. Wilcox, “Multicavity coherent pulse stacking using Herriott cells,” in North American Particle Accelerator Conference (NAPAC) (JACOW, 2017), pp. 370–372.

Huang, W.

Y. Xu, R. Wilcox, J. Byrd, L. Doolittle, Q. Du, G. Huang, Y. Yang, T. Zhou, W. Leemans, A. Galvanauskas, J. Ruppe, C. Tang, and W. Huang, “FPGA-based optical cavity phase stabilization for coherent pulse stacking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 54, 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jansen, F.

Jauregui, C.

Kienel, M.

Klenke, A.

M. Kienel, A. Klenke, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Energy scaling of femtosecond amplifiers using actively controlled divided-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1049–1052 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Limpert, A. Klenke, M. Kienel, S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Performance scaling of ultrafast laser systems by coherent addition of femtosecond pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 268–277 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, A. Klenke, L. Von Grafenstein, H. Carstens, S. Holzberger, E. Fill, T. Schreiber, F. Krausz, A. Tünnermann, I. Pupeza, and J. Limpert, “A concept for multiterawatt fibre lasers based on coherent pulse stacking in passive cavities,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e211 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Kienel, A. Klenke, T. Eidam, M. Baumgartl, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Analysis of passively combined divided-pulse amplification as an energy-scaling concept,” Opt. Express 21, 29031–29042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Krausz, F.

S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, A. Klenke, L. Von Grafenstein, H. Carstens, S. Holzberger, E. Fill, T. Schreiber, F. Krausz, A. Tünnermann, I. Pupeza, and J. Limpert, “A concept for multiterawatt fibre lasers based on coherent pulse stacking in passive cavities,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e211 (2014).
[Crossref]

Leemans, W.

Y. Xu, R. Wilcox, J. Byrd, L. Doolittle, Q. Du, G. Huang, Y. Yang, T. Zhou, W. Leemans, A. Galvanauskas, J. Ruppe, C. Tang, and W. Huang, “FPGA-based optical cavity phase stabilization for coherent pulse stacking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 54, 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Dahlen, R. Wilcox, and W. Leemans, “Modeling Herriott cells using the linear canonical transform,” Appl. Opt. 56, 267–272 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, R. Wilcox, W. Leemans, and A. Galvanauskas, “10  mj energy extraction from Yb-doped 85  μm core CCC fiber using coherent pulse stacking amplification of fs pulses,” in Proceedings of ASSL Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper AW4 A.4.

Y. Yang, J. Byrd, J. Dawson, L. Doolittle, A. Galvanauskas, G. Huang, W. Leemans, D. Qiang, J. Ruppe, and R. Wilcox, “Multicavity coherent pulse stacking using Herriott cells,” in North American Particle Accelerator Conference (NAPAC) (JACOW, 2017), pp. 370–372.

Leemans, W. P.

E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and W. P. Leemans, “Physics of laser-driven plasma-based electron accelerators,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1229–1285 (2009).
[Crossref]

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, A. Klenke, M. Kienel, S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Performance scaling of ultrafast laser systems by coherent addition of femtosecond pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 268–277 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, A. Klenke, L. Von Grafenstein, H. Carstens, S. Holzberger, E. Fill, T. Schreiber, F. Krausz, A. Tünnermann, I. Pupeza, and J. Limpert, “A concept for multiterawatt fibre lasers based on coherent pulse stacking in passive cavities,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e211 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Kienel, A. Klenke, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Energy scaling of femtosecond amplifiers using actively controlled divided-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1049–1052 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Kienel, A. Klenke, T. Eidam, M. Baumgartl, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Analysis of passively combined divided-pulse amplification as an energy-scaling concept,” Opt. Express 21, 29031–29042 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Mourou, B. Brocklesby, T. Tajima, and J. Limpert, “The future is fibre accelerators,” Nat. Photonics 7, 258–261 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting 3.8  GW peak power,” Opt. Express 19, 255–260 (2011).
[Crossref]

Morin, F.

Mottay, E.

Mourou, G.

G. Mourou, B. Brocklesby, T. Tajima, and J. Limpert, “The future is fibre accelerators,” Nat. Photonics 7, 258–261 (2013).
[Crossref]

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Nees, J.

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, W. L. Russell Wilcox, and A. Galvanauskas, “Near-complete stored energy extraction from fiber amplifiers in ultrashort > 10  mj energy pulses using coherent pulse stacking amplification,” Proc. SPIE 10512, 1051209 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Zhou, J. Ruppe, C. Zhu, I.-N. Hu, J. Nees, and A. Galvanauskas, “Coherent pulse stacking amplification using low-finesse Gires-Tournois interferometers,” Opt. Express 23, 7442–7462 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Zhou, J. Ruppe, P. Stanfield, J. Nees, R. Wilcox, and A. Galvanauskas, “Resonant cavity based time-domain multiplexing techniques for coherently combined fiber laser systems,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 224, 2585–2602 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, R. Wilcox, J. Nees, and A. Galvanauskas, “Multiplexed coherent pulse stacking of 27 pulses in a 4 + 1 gti resonator sequence,” in Proceedings of ASSL Conference (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM4A.6.

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, R. Wilcox, W. Leemans, and A. Galvanauskas, “10  mj energy extraction from Yb-doped 85  μm core CCC fiber using coherent pulse stacking amplification of fs pulses,” in Proceedings of ASSL Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper AW4 A.4.

Ouzounov, D. G.

Pei, H.

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, W. L. Russell Wilcox, and A. Galvanauskas, “Near-complete stored energy extraction from fiber amplifiers in ultrashort > 10  mj energy pulses using coherent pulse stacking amplification,” Proc. SPIE 10512, 1051209 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, R. Wilcox, W. Leemans, and A. Galvanauskas, “10  mj energy extraction from Yb-doped 85  μm core CCC fiber using coherent pulse stacking amplification of fs pulses,” in Proceedings of ASSL Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper AW4 A.4.

Pupeza, I.

S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, A. Klenke, L. Von Grafenstein, H. Carstens, S. Holzberger, E. Fill, T. Schreiber, F. Krausz, A. Tünnermann, I. Pupeza, and J. Limpert, “A concept for multiterawatt fibre lasers based on coherent pulse stacking in passive cavities,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e211 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qiang, D.

Y. Yang, J. Byrd, J. Dawson, L. Doolittle, A. Galvanauskas, G. Huang, W. Leemans, D. Qiang, J. Ruppe, and R. Wilcox, “Multicavity coherent pulse stacking using Herriott cells,” in North American Particle Accelerator Conference (NAPAC) (JACOW, 2017), pp. 370–372.

Ricklin, J. C.

Rothhardt, J.

Ruppe, J.

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, W. L. Russell Wilcox, and A. Galvanauskas, “Near-complete stored energy extraction from fiber amplifiers in ultrashort > 10  mj energy pulses using coherent pulse stacking amplification,” Proc. SPIE 10512, 1051209 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Xu, R. Wilcox, J. Byrd, L. Doolittle, Q. Du, G. Huang, Y. Yang, T. Zhou, W. Leemans, A. Galvanauskas, J. Ruppe, C. Tang, and W. Huang, “FPGA-based optical cavity phase stabilization for coherent pulse stacking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 54, 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Zhou, J. Ruppe, C. Zhu, I.-N. Hu, J. Nees, and A. Galvanauskas, “Coherent pulse stacking amplification using low-finesse Gires-Tournois interferometers,” Opt. Express 23, 7442–7462 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Zhou, J. Ruppe, P. Stanfield, J. Nees, R. Wilcox, and A. Galvanauskas, “Resonant cavity based time-domain multiplexing techniques for coherently combined fiber laser systems,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 224, 2585–2602 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, J. Byrd, J. Dawson, L. Doolittle, A. Galvanauskas, G. Huang, W. Leemans, D. Qiang, J. Ruppe, and R. Wilcox, “Multicavity coherent pulse stacking using Herriott cells,” in North American Particle Accelerator Conference (NAPAC) (JACOW, 2017), pp. 370–372.

J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, R. Wilcox, J. Nees, and A. Galvanauskas, “Multiplexed coherent pulse stacking of 27 pulses in a 4 + 1 gti resonator sequence,” in Proceedings of ASSL Conference (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM4A.6.

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, R. Wilcox, W. Leemans, and A. Galvanauskas, “10  mj energy extraction from Yb-doped 85  μm core CCC fiber using coherent pulse stacking amplification of fs pulses,” in Proceedings of ASSL Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper AW4 A.4.

J. Ruppe, “Theoretical and experimental foundations of coherent pulse stacking amplification,” Ph.D. thesis (University of Michigan, 2017).

Russell Wilcox, W. L.

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, W. L. Russell Wilcox, and A. Galvanauskas, “Near-complete stored energy extraction from fiber amplifiers in ultrashort > 10  mj energy pulses using coherent pulse stacking amplification,” Proc. SPIE 10512, 1051209 (2018).
[Crossref]

Schreiber, T.

S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, A. Klenke, L. Von Grafenstein, H. Carstens, S. Holzberger, E. Fill, T. Schreiber, F. Krausz, A. Tünnermann, I. Pupeza, and J. Limpert, “A concept for multiterawatt fibre lasers based on coherent pulse stacking in passive cavities,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e211 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schroeder, C. B.

E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and W. P. Leemans, “Physics of laser-driven plasma-based electron accelerators,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1229–1285 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sheikhsofla, M.

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, W. L. Russell Wilcox, and A. Galvanauskas, “Near-complete stored energy extraction from fiber amplifiers in ultrashort > 10  mj energy pulses using coherent pulse stacking amplification,” Proc. SPIE 10512, 1051209 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, R. Wilcox, W. Leemans, and A. Galvanauskas, “10  mj energy extraction from Yb-doped 85  μm core CCC fiber using coherent pulse stacking amplification of fs pulses,” in Proceedings of ASSL Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper AW4 A.4.

J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, R. Wilcox, J. Nees, and A. Galvanauskas, “Multiplexed coherent pulse stacking of 27 pulses in a 4 + 1 gti resonator sequence,” in Proceedings of ASSL Conference (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM4A.6.

Stanfield, P.

T. Zhou, J. Ruppe, P. Stanfield, J. Nees, R. Wilcox, and A. Galvanauskas, “Resonant cavity based time-domain multiplexing techniques for coherently combined fiber laser systems,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 224, 2585–2602 (2015).
[Crossref]

Stutzki, F.

Tajima, T.

G. Mourou, B. Brocklesby, T. Tajima, and J. Limpert, “The future is fibre accelerators,” Nat. Photonics 7, 258–261 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tang, C.

Y. Xu, R. Wilcox, J. Byrd, L. Doolittle, Q. Du, G. Huang, Y. Yang, T. Zhou, W. Leemans, A. Galvanauskas, J. Ruppe, C. Tang, and W. Huang, “FPGA-based optical cavity phase stabilization for coherent pulse stacking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 54, 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

M. Kienel, A. Klenke, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Energy scaling of femtosecond amplifiers using actively controlled divided-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1049–1052 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Limpert, A. Klenke, M. Kienel, S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Performance scaling of ultrafast laser systems by coherent addition of femtosecond pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 268–277 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, A. Klenke, L. Von Grafenstein, H. Carstens, S. Holzberger, E. Fill, T. Schreiber, F. Krausz, A. Tünnermann, I. Pupeza, and J. Limpert, “A concept for multiterawatt fibre lasers based on coherent pulse stacking in passive cavities,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e211 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Kienel, A. Klenke, T. Eidam, M. Baumgartl, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Analysis of passively combined divided-pulse amplification as an energy-scaling concept,” Opt. Express 21, 29031–29042 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting 3.8  GW peak power,” Opt. Express 19, 255–260 (2011).
[Crossref]

Von Grafenstein, L.

S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, A. Klenke, L. Von Grafenstein, H. Carstens, S. Holzberger, E. Fill, T. Schreiber, F. Krausz, A. Tünnermann, I. Pupeza, and J. Limpert, “A concept for multiterawatt fibre lasers based on coherent pulse stacking in passive cavities,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e211 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vorontsov, M. A.

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Wilcox, R.

Y. Xu, R. Wilcox, J. Byrd, L. Doolittle, Q. Du, G. Huang, Y. Yang, T. Zhou, W. Leemans, A. Galvanauskas, J. Ruppe, C. Tang, and W. Huang, “FPGA-based optical cavity phase stabilization for coherent pulse stacking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 54, 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Dahlen, R. Wilcox, and W. Leemans, “Modeling Herriott cells using the linear canonical transform,” Appl. Opt. 56, 267–272 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Zhou, J. Ruppe, P. Stanfield, J. Nees, R. Wilcox, and A. Galvanauskas, “Resonant cavity based time-domain multiplexing techniques for coherently combined fiber laser systems,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 224, 2585–2602 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, R. Wilcox, W. Leemans, and A. Galvanauskas, “10  mj energy extraction from Yb-doped 85  μm core CCC fiber using coherent pulse stacking amplification of fs pulses,” in Proceedings of ASSL Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper AW4 A.4.

J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, R. Wilcox, J. Nees, and A. Galvanauskas, “Multiplexed coherent pulse stacking of 27 pulses in a 4 + 1 gti resonator sequence,” in Proceedings of ASSL Conference (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM4A.6.

Y. Yang, J. Byrd, J. Dawson, L. Doolittle, A. Galvanauskas, G. Huang, W. Leemans, D. Qiang, J. Ruppe, and R. Wilcox, “Multicavity coherent pulse stacking using Herriott cells,” in North American Particle Accelerator Conference (NAPAC) (JACOW, 2017), pp. 370–372.

Wise, F. W.

Xu, Y.

Y. Xu, R. Wilcox, J. Byrd, L. Doolittle, Q. Du, G. Huang, Y. Yang, T. Zhou, W. Leemans, A. Galvanauskas, J. Ruppe, C. Tang, and W. Huang, “FPGA-based optical cavity phase stabilization for coherent pulse stacking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 54, 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Y. Xu, R. Wilcox, J. Byrd, L. Doolittle, Q. Du, G. Huang, Y. Yang, T. Zhou, W. Leemans, A. Galvanauskas, J. Ruppe, C. Tang, and W. Huang, “FPGA-based optical cavity phase stabilization for coherent pulse stacking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 54, 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, W. L. Russell Wilcox, and A. Galvanauskas, “Near-complete stored energy extraction from fiber amplifiers in ultrashort > 10  mj energy pulses using coherent pulse stacking amplification,” Proc. SPIE 10512, 1051209 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, R. Wilcox, W. Leemans, and A. Galvanauskas, “10  mj energy extraction from Yb-doped 85  μm core CCC fiber using coherent pulse stacking amplification of fs pulses,” in Proceedings of ASSL Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper AW4 A.4.

Y. Yang, J. Byrd, J. Dawson, L. Doolittle, A. Galvanauskas, G. Huang, W. Leemans, D. Qiang, J. Ruppe, and R. Wilcox, “Multicavity coherent pulse stacking using Herriott cells,” in North American Particle Accelerator Conference (NAPAC) (JACOW, 2017), pp. 370–372.

Zaouter, Y.

Zervas, M. N.

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, S.

Zhou, T.

Y. Xu, R. Wilcox, J. Byrd, L. Doolittle, Q. Du, G. Huang, Y. Yang, T. Zhou, W. Leemans, A. Galvanauskas, J. Ruppe, C. Tang, and W. Huang, “FPGA-based optical cavity phase stabilization for coherent pulse stacking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 54, 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Zhou, J. Ruppe, P. Stanfield, J. Nees, R. Wilcox, and A. Galvanauskas, “Resonant cavity based time-domain multiplexing techniques for coherently combined fiber laser systems,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 224, 2585–2602 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Zhou, J. Ruppe, C. Zhu, I.-N. Hu, J. Nees, and A. Galvanauskas, “Coherent pulse stacking amplification using low-finesse Gires-Tournois interferometers,” Opt. Express 23, 7442–7462 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, C.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. (1)

T. Zhou, J. Ruppe, P. Stanfield, J. Nees, R. Wilcox, and A. Galvanauskas, “Resonant cavity based time-domain multiplexing techniques for coherently combined fiber laser systems,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 224, 2585–2602 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Xu, R. Wilcox, J. Byrd, L. Doolittle, Q. Du, G. Huang, Y. Yang, T. Zhou, W. Leemans, A. Galvanauskas, J. Ruppe, C. Tang, and W. Huang, “FPGA-based optical cavity phase stabilization for coherent pulse stacking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 54, 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Limpert, A. Klenke, M. Kienel, S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, “Performance scaling of ultrafast laser systems by coherent addition of femtosecond pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 268–277 (2014).
[Crossref]

Light: Sci. Appl. (1)

S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, A. Klenke, L. Von Grafenstein, H. Carstens, S. Holzberger, E. Fill, T. Schreiber, F. Krausz, A. Tünnermann, I. Pupeza, and J. Limpert, “A concept for multiterawatt fibre lasers based on coherent pulse stacking in passive cavities,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e211 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

G. Mourou, B. Brocklesby, T. Tajima, and J. Limpert, “The future is fibre accelerators,” Nat. Photonics 7, 258–261 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. SPIE (1)

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, W. L. Russell Wilcox, and A. Galvanauskas, “Near-complete stored energy extraction from fiber amplifiers in ultrashort > 10  mj energy pulses using coherent pulse stacking amplification,” Proc. SPIE 10512, 1051209 (2018).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and W. P. Leemans, “Physics of laser-driven plasma-based electron accelerators,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1229–1285 (2009).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

J. Ruppe, “Theoretical and experimental foundations of coherent pulse stacking amplification,” Ph.D. thesis (University of Michigan, 2017).

J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, R. Wilcox, J. Nees, and A. Galvanauskas, “Multiplexed coherent pulse stacking of 27 pulses in a 4 + 1 gti resonator sequence,” in Proceedings of ASSL Conference (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AM4A.6.

Y. Yang, J. Byrd, J. Dawson, L. Doolittle, A. Galvanauskas, G. Huang, W. Leemans, D. Qiang, J. Ruppe, and R. Wilcox, “Multicavity coherent pulse stacking using Herriott cells,” in North American Particle Accelerator Conference (NAPAC) (JACOW, 2017), pp. 370–372.

H. Pei, J. Ruppe, S. Chen, M. Sheikhsofla, J. Nees, Y. Yang, R. Wilcox, W. Leemans, and A. Galvanauskas, “10  mj energy extraction from Yb-doped 85  μm core CCC fiber using coherent pulse stacking amplification of fs pulses,” in Proceedings of ASSL Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper AW4 A.4.

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Figures (17)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. GTI optical cavity used for coherent pulse stacking. Four pulses with appropriate phase modulation are stacked into one pulse when ϕ cav = π 2 .
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Sequence of M cascaded pulse stackers combining N = 2 M + 1 pulses into one high-intensity pulse.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Multiplexed 2 + 2 stacking schemes. The optical cavity in stage two is 5 × as long as in stage one; 25 pulses can be approximately stacked into one pulse with enhancement over 20.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Normalized enhancement versus single-cavity phase offset. Stacking sets with different numbers of cavities are compared. Only one optical cavity is offset from the exact value in this simulation.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Calculated stacked pulse energy stability versus cavity phase noise level per cavity in (a) sequence of one-stage stackers and (b) contour plot of stability percentage in a cascaded 2 + 2 pulse stacking scheme. The horizontal and vertical axes are the RMS cavity phase error.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. In-phase response versus quadrature response at a single cavity, and resultant phase plot.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. In-phase and quadrature responses at cascaded, multi-cavity stackers.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Actual experimental calibration data of O I and O Q based on Eq. (15).
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Phase readout data while sweeping the cavity phase using the piezo controller.
Fig. 10.
Fig. 10. Time-resolved step response measurement of a cavity with step applied to the piezo controlled mirror.
Fig. 11.
Fig. 11. 2 + 2 stacking experiment setup, showing the pulse burst source and two stacking stages.
Fig. 12.
Fig. 12. Data flow in the CPS controller.
Fig. 13.
Fig. 13. Time multiplexing of multiple pulse bursts, occurring at different repetition rates.
Fig. 14.
Fig. 14. Phase noise spectrum comparison of (a)  1 × cavity and (b)  5 × cavity between open-loop and closed-loop cases.
Fig. 15.
Fig. 15. The 25-pulse stacking experimental result. The output (blue curve), stage-two input (green curve), and stage-one input (red curve) are compared.
Fig. 16.
Fig. 16. Stacked pulse energy noise spectrum (blue curve) is compared with the laser pulse energy stability (red curve) and the spectrum derived from cavity phase errors (green curve). The integrals based on the blue curve and green curve are also shown.
Fig. 17.
Fig. 17. Long-term stability measurements. (a) Final pulse enhancement value. (b) RMS phase noise of all optical cavities.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Energy Enhancement with an Increasing Number of Optical Cavities a

Tables Icon

Table 2. Comparison of Three Kinds of Optimized Cascaded Multi-Sage Stacking Schemes

Equations (18)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

( o n c n ) = ( r i t i t r ) ( i n c n ) ,
c n = α e j ϕ cav · c n 1 ,
o n r α e j ϕ cav · o n 1 = r i n α e j ϕ cav · i n 1 .
N = 2 M + 1 .
o n = r n + 1 e j n ϕ u [ n ] ,
i n = δ [ n + 1 ] + δ [ n ] e j θ ,
o 0 = r e j θ ( 1 r 2 ) e j ϕ ,
O 0 = ( 1 r 2 ) 2 + r 2 2 r ( 1 r 2 ) cos ( ϕ θ ) ,
i n = δ [ n + 1 ] + δ [ n ] e j ( θ + π 2 ) ,
o 0 = ( r e j ( θ + π 2 ) ( 1 r 2 ) e j ϕ ) .
O 0 = ( 1 r 2 ) 2 + r 2 2 r ( 1 r 2 ) sin ( ϕ θ ) ,
i n = δ [ n + 1 ] + k δ [ n ] e j θ .
O 0 = ( 1 r 2 ) 2 + k 2 r 2 2 k r ( 1 r 2 ) cos ( ϕ θ ) ,
O I = A + B cos ( ϕ θ 1 ) ,
O Q = C + D cos ( ϕ θ 2 ) ,
2 cos ( θ 1 θ 2 2 ) cos ( ϕ θ 1 + θ 2 2 ) = D O I + B O Q K 1 B D ,
2 sin ( θ 1 θ 2 2 ) sin ( ϕ θ 1 + θ 2 2 ) = D O I B O Q K 2 B D ,
δ ϕ = ( p I δ O I B ) 2 + ( p Q δ O Q D ) 2 ,

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