Abstract

The existence of high chaotic spiking in the dynamics of semiconductor lasers with an AC-coupled optical feedback is investigated experimentally. After chaos signal generation, the effect of attenuation feedback strength as a control parameter is studied, and the time evolution of photon density is analyzed. The chaotic instability is tested; our results exhibit monostability in dynamics. By applying different frequencies to observe the hidden regions, the chaotic dynamic results are indicated as a good candidate to hide information for satisfying the resonance phenomenon, to evaluate secure optical communication.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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2016 (4)

Y. T. Younis, S. K. Musa, S. F. Abdalah, A. K. Ahmed, R. Meucci, and K. A. Al Naimee, “The rule of bias current of semiconductor laser in chaos communications,” Res. Phys. 6, 243–251 (2016).

Y. T. Younis, S. K. Mousa, S. F. Abdalla, A. K. Ahmed, R. Meucci, K. M. Jameel, and K. A. Al Naimee, “Synchronization in optically coupled chaotic systems by optical feedback,” Int. J. Appl. Pharm. 12, 11–18 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. O. Rasheed, P. M. Aljaff, K. A. Al Naimee, M. H. Al Hasani, and R. Meucci, “High chaotic spiking rate in a closed loop semiconductor laser with optical feedback,” Res. Phys. 6, 401–406 (2016).

H. Al Husseini, “Control of nonlinear dynamics of quantum dot laser with external optical feedback,” J. Nanotech. Diag. Treat. 4, 5–14 (2016).

2015 (3)

M. H. Al-Hasani and K. A. Al Naimee, “Experimental evidence of the influence of an optical feedback in semiconductor laser,” Int. J. Numer. Anal. Methods Eng. 3, 53–56 (2015).

H. B. Al Husseini, K. A. Al Naimee, A. H. Al Khursan, S. F. Abdalah, A. H. Khedir, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Modulation response, mixed-mode oscillations and chaotic spiking in quantum dot light emitting diode,” Chaos Solitons Fractals 78, 229–237 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Sciamanna and K. A. Shore, “Physics and applications of laser diode chaos,” Nat. Photonics 9, 151–162 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

R. Kamran and Y. Muhammad, “Chaos based optical communication,” Int. J. Comp. Comm. Eng. 2, 97–100 (2013).

2010 (2)

S. F. Abdalah, K. A. Al-Naimee, and R. Meucci, “Experimental evidence of slow spiking rate in a semiconductor laser by electro-optical feedback: generation and control,” Appl. Phys. Res. 2, 170–175 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Z. Tronciu, C. Mirasso, P. Colet, M. Hamacher, M. Benedetti, V. Vercesi, and V. Annovazzi-Lodi, “Chaos generation and synchronization using an integrated source with an air gap,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1840–1846 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

F. T. Arecchi and R. Meucci, “Stochastic and coherence resonance in lasers: homoclinic chaos and polarization bistability,” Eur. Phys. J. B 67, 93–100 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Al-Naimee, F. Marino, M. Ciszak, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Chaotic spiking and incomplete homoclinic scenarios in semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback,” New J. Phys. 11, 073022 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

I. Fischer, R. Vicente, J. M. Buldu, M. Peil, C. R. Mirasso, M. C. Torrent, and J. Garcia-Ojalvo, “Zero-lag long-range synchronization via dynamical relaying,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 123902 (2006).

2004 (1)

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, M. Benedetti, S. Merlo, and M. Norgia, “Fiber optics setup of chaotic cryptographic communications,” C.R. Physique 5, 623–631 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

M. S. Baptista, E. E. Macau, and C. Grebogi, “Conditions for efficient chaos-based communication,” CHAOS 13, 145–150 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

J. Ohtsubo, “Chaos synchronization and chaotic signal masking in semiconductor lasers with optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1141–1154 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

C. R. Mirasso, P. Colet, and P. Garcia-Fernandez, “Synchronization of chaotic semiconductor lasers: application to encoded communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 299–301 (1996).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

H. L. Wang, M. J. Freeman, and D. G. Steel, “Squeezed light from injection-locked quantum-well lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3951–3954 (1993).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

1985 (1)

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, and G. Jacobsen, “FM noise suppression and line width reduction in an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 21, 696–697 (1985).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

K. Ikeda, “Multiple-valued stationary state and its instability of the transmitted light by a ring cavity system,” J. Opt. Commun. 30, 257–261 (1979).
[Crossref]

Abdalah, S. F.

Y. T. Younis, S. K. Musa, S. F. Abdalah, A. K. Ahmed, R. Meucci, and K. A. Al Naimee, “The rule of bias current of semiconductor laser in chaos communications,” Res. Phys. 6, 243–251 (2016).

H. B. Al Husseini, K. A. Al Naimee, A. H. Al Khursan, S. F. Abdalah, A. H. Khedir, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Modulation response, mixed-mode oscillations and chaotic spiking in quantum dot light emitting diode,” Chaos Solitons Fractals 78, 229–237 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. F. Abdalah, K. A. Al-Naimee, and R. Meucci, “Experimental evidence of slow spiking rate in a semiconductor laser by electro-optical feedback: generation and control,” Appl. Phys. Res. 2, 170–175 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Al Naimee, H. Al Husseini, S. F. Abdalah, A. Al Khursan, A. H. Khedir, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Mixed mode oscillations and chaotic spiking in quantum dot light emitting diodes,” in Complexity in Engineering (COMPENG) (IEEE, 2014).

Abdalla, S. F.

Y. T. Younis, S. K. Mousa, S. F. Abdalla, A. K. Ahmed, R. Meucci, K. M. Jameel, and K. A. Al Naimee, “Synchronization in optically coupled chaotic systems by optical feedback,” Int. J. Appl. Pharm. 12, 11–18 (2016).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G.

G. Agrawal, Appliations of Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

Ahmed, A. K.

Y. T. Younis, S. K. Musa, S. F. Abdalah, A. K. Ahmed, R. Meucci, and K. A. Al Naimee, “The rule of bias current of semiconductor laser in chaos communications,” Res. Phys. 6, 243–251 (2016).

Y. T. Younis, S. K. Mousa, S. F. Abdalla, A. K. Ahmed, R. Meucci, K. M. Jameel, and K. A. Al Naimee, “Synchronization in optically coupled chaotic systems by optical feedback,” Int. J. Appl. Pharm. 12, 11–18 (2016).
[Crossref]

Al Hasani, M. H.

B. O. Rasheed, P. M. Aljaff, K. A. Al Naimee, M. H. Al Hasani, and R. Meucci, “High chaotic spiking rate in a closed loop semiconductor laser with optical feedback,” Res. Phys. 6, 401–406 (2016).

Al Husseini, H.

H. Al Husseini, “Control of nonlinear dynamics of quantum dot laser with external optical feedback,” J. Nanotech. Diag. Treat. 4, 5–14 (2016).

K. Al Naimee, H. Al Husseini, S. F. Abdalah, A. Al Khursan, A. H. Khedir, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Mixed mode oscillations and chaotic spiking in quantum dot light emitting diodes,” in Complexity in Engineering (COMPENG) (IEEE, 2014).

Al Husseini, H. B.

H. B. Al Husseini, K. A. Al Naimee, A. H. Al Khursan, S. F. Abdalah, A. H. Khedir, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Modulation response, mixed-mode oscillations and chaotic spiking in quantum dot light emitting diode,” Chaos Solitons Fractals 78, 229–237 (2015).
[Crossref]

Al Khursan, A.

K. Al Naimee, H. Al Husseini, S. F. Abdalah, A. Al Khursan, A. H. Khedir, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Mixed mode oscillations and chaotic spiking in quantum dot light emitting diodes,” in Complexity in Engineering (COMPENG) (IEEE, 2014).

Al Khursan, A. H.

H. B. Al Husseini, K. A. Al Naimee, A. H. Al Khursan, S. F. Abdalah, A. H. Khedir, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Modulation response, mixed-mode oscillations and chaotic spiking in quantum dot light emitting diode,” Chaos Solitons Fractals 78, 229–237 (2015).
[Crossref]

Al Naimee, K.

K. Al Naimee, H. Al Husseini, S. F. Abdalah, A. Al Khursan, A. H. Khedir, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Mixed mode oscillations and chaotic spiking in quantum dot light emitting diodes,” in Complexity in Engineering (COMPENG) (IEEE, 2014).

Al Naimee, K. A.

B. O. Rasheed, P. M. Aljaff, K. A. Al Naimee, M. H. Al Hasani, and R. Meucci, “High chaotic spiking rate in a closed loop semiconductor laser with optical feedback,” Res. Phys. 6, 401–406 (2016).

Y. T. Younis, S. K. Musa, S. F. Abdalah, A. K. Ahmed, R. Meucci, and K. A. Al Naimee, “The rule of bias current of semiconductor laser in chaos communications,” Res. Phys. 6, 243–251 (2016).

Y. T. Younis, S. K. Mousa, S. F. Abdalla, A. K. Ahmed, R. Meucci, K. M. Jameel, and K. A. Al Naimee, “Synchronization in optically coupled chaotic systems by optical feedback,” Int. J. Appl. Pharm. 12, 11–18 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. H. Al-Hasani and K. A. Al Naimee, “Experimental evidence of the influence of an optical feedback in semiconductor laser,” Int. J. Numer. Anal. Methods Eng. 3, 53–56 (2015).

H. B. Al Husseini, K. A. Al Naimee, A. H. Al Khursan, S. F. Abdalah, A. H. Khedir, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Modulation response, mixed-mode oscillations and chaotic spiking in quantum dot light emitting diode,” Chaos Solitons Fractals 78, 229–237 (2015).
[Crossref]

Al-Hasani, M. H.

M. H. Al-Hasani and K. A. Al Naimee, “Experimental evidence of the influence of an optical feedback in semiconductor laser,” Int. J. Numer. Anal. Methods Eng. 3, 53–56 (2015).

Aljaff, P. M.

B. O. Rasheed, P. M. Aljaff, K. A. Al Naimee, M. H. Al Hasani, and R. Meucci, “High chaotic spiking rate in a closed loop semiconductor laser with optical feedback,” Res. Phys. 6, 401–406 (2016).

Al-Naimee, K.

K. Al-Naimee, F. Marino, M. Ciszak, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Chaotic spiking and incomplete homoclinic scenarios in semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback,” New J. Phys. 11, 073022 (2009).
[Crossref]

Al-Naimee, K. A.

S. F. Abdalah, K. A. Al-Naimee, and R. Meucci, “Experimental evidence of slow spiking rate in a semiconductor laser by electro-optical feedback: generation and control,” Appl. Phys. Res. 2, 170–175 (2010).
[Crossref]

Annovazzi-Lodi, V.

V. Z. Tronciu, C. Mirasso, P. Colet, M. Hamacher, M. Benedetti, V. Vercesi, and V. Annovazzi-Lodi, “Chaos generation and synchronization using an integrated source with an air gap,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1840–1846 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, M. Benedetti, S. Merlo, and M. Norgia, “Fiber optics setup of chaotic cryptographic communications,” C.R. Physique 5, 623–631 (2004).
[Crossref]

Arecchi, F. T.

H. B. Al Husseini, K. A. Al Naimee, A. H. Al Khursan, S. F. Abdalah, A. H. Khedir, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Modulation response, mixed-mode oscillations and chaotic spiking in quantum dot light emitting diode,” Chaos Solitons Fractals 78, 229–237 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Al-Naimee, F. Marino, M. Ciszak, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Chaotic spiking and incomplete homoclinic scenarios in semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback,” New J. Phys. 11, 073022 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. T. Arecchi and R. Meucci, “Stochastic and coherence resonance in lasers: homoclinic chaos and polarization bistability,” Eur. Phys. J. B 67, 93–100 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Al Naimee, H. Al Husseini, S. F. Abdalah, A. Al Khursan, A. H. Khedir, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Mixed mode oscillations and chaotic spiking in quantum dot light emitting diodes,” in Complexity in Engineering (COMPENG) (IEEE, 2014).

Baptista, M. S.

M. S. Baptista, E. E. Macau, and C. Grebogi, “Conditions for efficient chaos-based communication,” CHAOS 13, 145–150 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ben Farah, M. A.

M. A. Ben Farah, A. Kachouri, and M. Samet, “Design of secure digital communication systems using DCSK chaotic modulation,” in International Conference on Design and Test of Integrated Systems in Nanoscale Technology (2006), pp. 200–204.

Benedetti, M.

V. Z. Tronciu, C. Mirasso, P. Colet, M. Hamacher, M. Benedetti, V. Vercesi, and V. Annovazzi-Lodi, “Chaos generation and synchronization using an integrated source with an air gap,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1840–1846 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, M. Benedetti, S. Merlo, and M. Norgia, “Fiber optics setup of chaotic cryptographic communications,” C.R. Physique 5, 623–631 (2004).
[Crossref]

Blondel, M.

Bourouis, A.

M. Sciamanna, S. H. S. Mousavi, and A. Bourouis, “Deterministic coherence resonance in chaotic lasers with time-delay,” in EOS, TOM 6-Nonlinear Optics, Paris, France (2008).

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (2007), pp. 473–508.

Buldu, J. M.

I. Fischer, R. Vicente, J. M. Buldu, M. Peil, C. R. Mirasso, M. C. Torrent, and J. Garcia-Ojalvo, “Zero-lag long-range synchronization via dynamical relaying,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 123902 (2006).

Chen, G.

G. Chen and X. Dong, From Chaos to Order: Methodologies, Perspectives, and Applications, Vol. 24 of World Scientific Series on Nonlinear Science, Series A (World Scientific, 1998).

Ciszak, M.

K. Al-Naimee, F. Marino, M. Ciszak, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Chaotic spiking and incomplete homoclinic scenarios in semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback,” New J. Phys. 11, 073022 (2009).
[Crossref]

Colet, P.

V. Z. Tronciu, C. Mirasso, P. Colet, M. Hamacher, M. Benedetti, V. Vercesi, and V. Annovazzi-Lodi, “Chaos generation and synchronization using an integrated source with an air gap,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1840–1846 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. R. Mirasso, P. Colet, and P. Garcia-Fernandez, “Synchronization of chaotic semiconductor lasers: application to encoded communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 299–301 (1996).
[Crossref]

Deparis, O.

Dong, X.

G. Chen and X. Dong, From Chaos to Order: Methodologies, Perspectives, and Applications, Vol. 24 of World Scientific Series on Nonlinear Science, Series A (World Scientific, 1998).

Erneux, T.

Fischer, I.

I. Fischer, R. Vicente, J. M. Buldu, M. Peil, C. R. Mirasso, M. C. Torrent, and J. Garcia-Ojalvo, “Zero-lag long-range synchronization via dynamical relaying,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 123902 (2006).

Freeman, M. J.

H. L. Wang, M. J. Freeman, and D. G. Steel, “Squeezed light from injection-locked quantum-well lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3951–3954 (1993).
[Crossref]

Garcia-Fernandez, P.

C. R. Mirasso, P. Colet, and P. Garcia-Fernandez, “Synchronization of chaotic semiconductor lasers: application to encoded communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 299–301 (1996).
[Crossref]

Garcia-Ojalvo, J.

I. Fischer, R. Vicente, J. M. Buldu, M. Peil, C. R. Mirasso, M. C. Torrent, and J. Garcia-Ojalvo, “Zero-lag long-range synchronization via dynamical relaying,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 123902 (2006).

Grebogi, C.

M. S. Baptista, E. E. Macau, and C. Grebogi, “Conditions for efficient chaos-based communication,” CHAOS 13, 145–150 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hamacher, M.

V. Z. Tronciu, C. Mirasso, P. Colet, M. Hamacher, M. Benedetti, V. Vercesi, and V. Annovazzi-Lodi, “Chaos generation and synchronization using an integrated source with an air gap,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1840–1846 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ikeda, K.

K. Ikeda, “Multiple-valued stationary state and its instability of the transmitted light by a ring cavity system,” J. Opt. Commun. 30, 257–261 (1979).
[Crossref]

Jacobsen, G.

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, and G. Jacobsen, “FM noise suppression and line width reduction in an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 21, 696–697 (1985).
[Crossref]

Jameel, K. M.

Y. T. Younis, S. K. Mousa, S. F. Abdalla, A. K. Ahmed, R. Meucci, K. M. Jameel, and K. A. Al Naimee, “Synchronization in optically coupled chaotic systems by optical feedback,” Int. J. Appl. Pharm. 12, 11–18 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kachouri, A.

M. A. Ben Farah, A. Kachouri, and M. Samet, “Design of secure digital communication systems using DCSK chaotic modulation,” in International Conference on Design and Test of Integrated Systems in Nanoscale Technology (2006), pp. 200–204.

Kamran, R.

R. Kamran and Y. Muhammad, “Chaos based optical communication,” Int. J. Comp. Comm. Eng. 2, 97–100 (2013).

Khedir, A. H.

H. B. Al Husseini, K. A. Al Naimee, A. H. Al Khursan, S. F. Abdalah, A. H. Khedir, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Modulation response, mixed-mode oscillations and chaotic spiking in quantum dot light emitting diode,” Chaos Solitons Fractals 78, 229–237 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Al Naimee, H. Al Husseini, S. F. Abdalah, A. Al Khursan, A. H. Khedir, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Mixed mode oscillations and chaotic spiking in quantum dot light emitting diodes,” in Complexity in Engineering (COMPENG) (IEEE, 2014).

Liu, Y.

Macau, E. E.

M. S. Baptista, E. E. Macau, and C. Grebogi, “Conditions for efficient chaos-based communication,” CHAOS 13, 145–150 (2003).
[Crossref]

Marino, F.

K. Al-Naimee, F. Marino, M. Ciszak, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Chaotic spiking and incomplete homoclinic scenarios in semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback,” New J. Phys. 11, 073022 (2009).
[Crossref]

Megret, P.

Merlo, S.

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, M. Benedetti, S. Merlo, and M. Norgia, “Fiber optics setup of chaotic cryptographic communications,” C.R. Physique 5, 623–631 (2004).
[Crossref]

Meucci, R.

Y. T. Younis, S. K. Mousa, S. F. Abdalla, A. K. Ahmed, R. Meucci, K. M. Jameel, and K. A. Al Naimee, “Synchronization in optically coupled chaotic systems by optical feedback,” Int. J. Appl. Pharm. 12, 11–18 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. T. Younis, S. K. Musa, S. F. Abdalah, A. K. Ahmed, R. Meucci, and K. A. Al Naimee, “The rule of bias current of semiconductor laser in chaos communications,” Res. Phys. 6, 243–251 (2016).

B. O. Rasheed, P. M. Aljaff, K. A. Al Naimee, M. H. Al Hasani, and R. Meucci, “High chaotic spiking rate in a closed loop semiconductor laser with optical feedback,” Res. Phys. 6, 401–406 (2016).

H. B. Al Husseini, K. A. Al Naimee, A. H. Al Khursan, S. F. Abdalah, A. H. Khedir, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Modulation response, mixed-mode oscillations and chaotic spiking in quantum dot light emitting diode,” Chaos Solitons Fractals 78, 229–237 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. F. Abdalah, K. A. Al-Naimee, and R. Meucci, “Experimental evidence of slow spiking rate in a semiconductor laser by electro-optical feedback: generation and control,” Appl. Phys. Res. 2, 170–175 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. T. Arecchi and R. Meucci, “Stochastic and coherence resonance in lasers: homoclinic chaos and polarization bistability,” Eur. Phys. J. B 67, 93–100 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Al-Naimee, F. Marino, M. Ciszak, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Chaotic spiking and incomplete homoclinic scenarios in semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback,” New J. Phys. 11, 073022 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Al Naimee, H. Al Husseini, S. F. Abdalah, A. Al Khursan, A. H. Khedir, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Mixed mode oscillations and chaotic spiking in quantum dot light emitting diodes,” in Complexity in Engineering (COMPENG) (IEEE, 2014).

Mirasso, C.

V. Z. Tronciu, C. Mirasso, P. Colet, M. Hamacher, M. Benedetti, V. Vercesi, and V. Annovazzi-Lodi, “Chaos generation and synchronization using an integrated source with an air gap,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1840–1846 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mirasso, C. R.

I. Fischer, R. Vicente, J. M. Buldu, M. Peil, C. R. Mirasso, M. C. Torrent, and J. Garcia-Ojalvo, “Zero-lag long-range synchronization via dynamical relaying,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 123902 (2006).

C. R. Mirasso, P. Colet, and P. Garcia-Fernandez, “Synchronization of chaotic semiconductor lasers: application to encoded communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 299–301 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mogensen, F.

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, and G. Jacobsen, “FM noise suppression and line width reduction in an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 21, 696–697 (1985).
[Crossref]

Mousa, S. K.

Y. T. Younis, S. K. Mousa, S. F. Abdalla, A. K. Ahmed, R. Meucci, K. M. Jameel, and K. A. Al Naimee, “Synchronization in optically coupled chaotic systems by optical feedback,” Int. J. Appl. Pharm. 12, 11–18 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mousavi, S. H. S.

M. Sciamanna, S. H. S. Mousavi, and A. Bourouis, “Deterministic coherence resonance in chaotic lasers with time-delay,” in EOS, TOM 6-Nonlinear Optics, Paris, France (2008).

Muhammad, Y.

R. Kamran and Y. Muhammad, “Chaos based optical communication,” Int. J. Comp. Comm. Eng. 2, 97–100 (2013).

Musa, S. K.

Y. T. Younis, S. K. Musa, S. F. Abdalah, A. K. Ahmed, R. Meucci, and K. A. Al Naimee, “The rule of bias current of semiconductor laser in chaos communications,” Res. Phys. 6, 243–251 (2016).

Norgia, M.

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, M. Benedetti, S. Merlo, and M. Norgia, “Fiber optics setup of chaotic cryptographic communications,” C.R. Physique 5, 623–631 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ohtsubo, J.

J. Ohtsubo, “Chaos synchronization and chaotic signal masking in semiconductor lasers with optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1141–1154 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Takiguchi, Y. Liu, and J. Ohtsubo, “Low-frequency fluctuation induced by injection-current modulation in semiconductor lasers with optical feedback,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1369–1371 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Ohtsubo and Y. Liu, “Optical bistability and multistability in an active interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 15, 731–733 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Ohtsubo, Semiconductor Lasers Stability, Instability and Chaos (Springer, 2012).

Olesen, H.

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, and G. Jacobsen, “FM noise suppression and line width reduction in an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 21, 696–697 (1985).
[Crossref]

Peil, M.

I. Fischer, R. Vicente, J. M. Buldu, M. Peil, C. R. Mirasso, M. C. Torrent, and J. Garcia-Ojalvo, “Zero-lag long-range synchronization via dynamical relaying,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 123902 (2006).

Peucheret, C.

C. Peucheret, “Direct and external modulation of light,” in Experimental Course in Optical Communication, 2009, http://web-files.ait.dtu.dk/cpeu/download/34129_E2009_CPEU_DML_EML.pdf .

Rasheed, B. O.

B. O. Rasheed, P. M. Aljaff, K. A. Al Naimee, M. H. Al Hasani, and R. Meucci, “High chaotic spiking rate in a closed loop semiconductor laser with optical feedback,” Res. Phys. 6, 401–406 (2016).

Rogister, F.

Samet, M.

M. A. Ben Farah, A. Kachouri, and M. Samet, “Design of secure digital communication systems using DCSK chaotic modulation,” in International Conference on Design and Test of Integrated Systems in Nanoscale Technology (2006), pp. 200–204.

Sciamanna, M.

M. Sciamanna and K. A. Shore, “Physics and applications of laser diode chaos,” Nat. Photonics 9, 151–162 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Sciamanna, S. H. S. Mousavi, and A. Bourouis, “Deterministic coherence resonance in chaotic lasers with time-delay,” in EOS, TOM 6-Nonlinear Optics, Paris, France (2008).

Shore, K. A.

M. Sciamanna and K. A. Shore, “Physics and applications of laser diode chaos,” Nat. Photonics 9, 151–162 (2015).
[Crossref]

Steel, D. G.

H. L. Wang, M. J. Freeman, and D. G. Steel, “Squeezed light from injection-locked quantum-well lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3951–3954 (1993).
[Crossref]

Takiguchi, Y.

Torrent, M. C.

I. Fischer, R. Vicente, J. M. Buldu, M. Peil, C. R. Mirasso, M. C. Torrent, and J. Garcia-Ojalvo, “Zero-lag long-range synchronization via dynamical relaying,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 123902 (2006).

Tronciu, V. Z.

V. Z. Tronciu, C. Mirasso, P. Colet, M. Hamacher, M. Benedetti, V. Vercesi, and V. Annovazzi-Lodi, “Chaos generation and synchronization using an integrated source with an air gap,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1840–1846 (2010).
[Crossref]

Uchida, A.

A. Uchida, “Part one: basic physics of chaos and synchronization in lasers,” in Optical Communication with Chaotic Lasers: Applications of Nonlinear Dynamics and Synchronization (Wiley-VCH, 2012), pp. 1–17.

Vercesi, V.

V. Z. Tronciu, C. Mirasso, P. Colet, M. Hamacher, M. Benedetti, V. Vercesi, and V. Annovazzi-Lodi, “Chaos generation and synchronization using an integrated source with an air gap,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1840–1846 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vicente, R.

I. Fischer, R. Vicente, J. M. Buldu, M. Peil, C. R. Mirasso, M. C. Torrent, and J. Garcia-Ojalvo, “Zero-lag long-range synchronization via dynamical relaying,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 123902 (2006).

Wang, H. L.

H. L. Wang, M. J. Freeman, and D. G. Steel, “Squeezed light from injection-locked quantum-well lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3951–3954 (1993).
[Crossref]

Younis, Y. T.

Y. T. Younis, S. K. Mousa, S. F. Abdalla, A. K. Ahmed, R. Meucci, K. M. Jameel, and K. A. Al Naimee, “Synchronization in optically coupled chaotic systems by optical feedback,” Int. J. Appl. Pharm. 12, 11–18 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. T. Younis, S. K. Musa, S. F. Abdalah, A. K. Ahmed, R. Meucci, and K. A. Al Naimee, “The rule of bias current of semiconductor laser in chaos communications,” Res. Phys. 6, 243–251 (2016).

Appl. Phys. Res. (1)

S. F. Abdalah, K. A. Al-Naimee, and R. Meucci, “Experimental evidence of slow spiking rate in a semiconductor laser by electro-optical feedback: generation and control,” Appl. Phys. Res. 2, 170–175 (2010).
[Crossref]

C.R. Physique (1)

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, M. Benedetti, S. Merlo, and M. Norgia, “Fiber optics setup of chaotic cryptographic communications,” C.R. Physique 5, 623–631 (2004).
[Crossref]

CHAOS (1)

M. S. Baptista, E. E. Macau, and C. Grebogi, “Conditions for efficient chaos-based communication,” CHAOS 13, 145–150 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chaos Solitons Fractals (1)

H. B. Al Husseini, K. A. Al Naimee, A. H. Al Khursan, S. F. Abdalah, A. H. Khedir, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Modulation response, mixed-mode oscillations and chaotic spiking in quantum dot light emitting diode,” Chaos Solitons Fractals 78, 229–237 (2015).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, and G. Jacobsen, “FM noise suppression and line width reduction in an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 21, 696–697 (1985).
[Crossref]

Eur. Phys. J. B (1)

F. T. Arecchi and R. Meucci, “Stochastic and coherence resonance in lasers: homoclinic chaos and polarization bistability,” Eur. Phys. J. B 67, 93–100 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

V. Z. Tronciu, C. Mirasso, P. Colet, M. Hamacher, M. Benedetti, V. Vercesi, and V. Annovazzi-Lodi, “Chaos generation and synchronization using an integrated source with an air gap,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1840–1846 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Ohtsubo, “Chaos synchronization and chaotic signal masking in semiconductor lasers with optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1141–1154 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. R. Mirasso, P. Colet, and P. Garcia-Fernandez, “Synchronization of chaotic semiconductor lasers: application to encoded communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 299–301 (1996).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Appl. Pharm. (1)

Y. T. Younis, S. K. Mousa, S. F. Abdalla, A. K. Ahmed, R. Meucci, K. M. Jameel, and K. A. Al Naimee, “Synchronization in optically coupled chaotic systems by optical feedback,” Int. J. Appl. Pharm. 12, 11–18 (2016).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Comp. Comm. Eng. (1)

R. Kamran and Y. Muhammad, “Chaos based optical communication,” Int. J. Comp. Comm. Eng. 2, 97–100 (2013).

Int. J. Numer. Anal. Methods Eng. (1)

M. H. Al-Hasani and K. A. Al Naimee, “Experimental evidence of the influence of an optical feedback in semiconductor laser,” Int. J. Numer. Anal. Methods Eng. 3, 53–56 (2015).

J. Nanotech. Diag. Treat. (1)

H. Al Husseini, “Control of nonlinear dynamics of quantum dot laser with external optical feedback,” J. Nanotech. Diag. Treat. 4, 5–14 (2016).

J. Opt. Commun. (1)

K. Ikeda, “Multiple-valued stationary state and its instability of the transmitted light by a ring cavity system,” J. Opt. Commun. 30, 257–261 (1979).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. Sciamanna and K. A. Shore, “Physics and applications of laser diode chaos,” Nat. Photonics 9, 151–162 (2015).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (1)

K. Al-Naimee, F. Marino, M. Ciszak, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Chaotic spiking and incomplete homoclinic scenarios in semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback,” New J. Phys. 11, 073022 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

I. Fischer, R. Vicente, J. M. Buldu, M. Peil, C. R. Mirasso, M. C. Torrent, and J. Garcia-Ojalvo, “Zero-lag long-range synchronization via dynamical relaying,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 123902 (2006).

H. L. Wang, M. J. Freeman, and D. G. Steel, “Squeezed light from injection-locked quantum-well lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3951–3954 (1993).
[Crossref]

Res. Phys. (2)

Y. T. Younis, S. K. Musa, S. F. Abdalah, A. K. Ahmed, R. Meucci, and K. A. Al Naimee, “The rule of bias current of semiconductor laser in chaos communications,” Res. Phys. 6, 243–251 (2016).

B. O. Rasheed, P. M. Aljaff, K. A. Al Naimee, M. H. Al Hasani, and R. Meucci, “High chaotic spiking rate in a closed loop semiconductor laser with optical feedback,” Res. Phys. 6, 401–406 (2016).

Other (9)

M. Sciamanna, S. H. S. Mousavi, and A. Bourouis, “Deterministic coherence resonance in chaotic lasers with time-delay,” in EOS, TOM 6-Nonlinear Optics, Paris, France (2008).

C. Peucheret, “Direct and external modulation of light,” in Experimental Course in Optical Communication, 2009, http://web-files.ait.dtu.dk/cpeu/download/34129_E2009_CPEU_DML_EML.pdf .

J. Ohtsubo, Semiconductor Lasers Stability, Instability and Chaos (Springer, 2012).

M. A. Ben Farah, A. Kachouri, and M. Samet, “Design of secure digital communication systems using DCSK chaotic modulation,” in International Conference on Design and Test of Integrated Systems in Nanoscale Technology (2006), pp. 200–204.

G. Agrawal, Appliations of Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

G. Chen and X. Dong, From Chaos to Order: Methodologies, Perspectives, and Applications, Vol. 24 of World Scientific Series on Nonlinear Science, Series A (World Scientific, 1998).

K. Al Naimee, H. Al Husseini, S. F. Abdalah, A. Al Khursan, A. H. Khedir, R. Meucci, and F. T. Arecchi, “Mixed mode oscillations and chaotic spiking in quantum dot light emitting diodes,” in Complexity in Engineering (COMPENG) (IEEE, 2014).

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (2007), pp. 473–508.

A. Uchida, “Part one: basic physics of chaos and synchronization in lasers,” in Optical Communication with Chaotic Lasers: Applications of Nonlinear Dynamics and Synchronization (Wiley-VCH, 2012), pp. 1–17.

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Figures (17)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental setup with OFB for investigating chaotic dynamics. SC, 1310 nm semiconductor laser; OF, optical fiber; DC 5050, single-mode 2×2 directional coupler; VOA, variable optical attenuator; PD, photodetector; DSO, digital storage oscilloscope; PC, personal computer.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Experimental setup for chaos modulation. SC, 850 nm semiconductor laser; FG, function generator; DC 5050, multimode 2×2 optical fiber directional coupler; C, adaptor; FC, FC connector; VGA, variable gain amplifier; DSO, digital storage oscilloscope; PC, personal computer.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Effect of feedback strength attenuation of 0 dB on the (a) time series, (b) attractor, and (c) FFT.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Effect of feedback strength attenuation of 3 dB on the (a) time series, (b) attractor, and (c) FFT.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Effect of feedback strength attenuation of 8.5 dB on the (a) time series, (b) attractor, and (c) FFT.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Effect of feedback strength attenuation of 15 dB on the (a) time series, (b) attractor, and (c) FFT.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Bifurcation diagram of the chaotic laser intensity as a function of the feedback strength attenuation (dB).
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Chaotic instability of optical feedback as a function of the feedback strength attenuation (dB).
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Results of the chaos modulation experiment for 5 MHz. (a) Time series and (b) FFT.
Fig. 10.
Fig. 10. Results of the chaos modulation experiment for 22 MHz. (a) Time series and (b) FFT.
Fig. 11.
Fig. 11. Results of the chaos modulation experiment for 65 MHz. (a) Time series and (b) FFT.
Fig. 12.
Fig. 12. Results of the chaos modulation experiment for 145 MHz. (a) Time series and (b) FFT.
Fig. 13.
Fig. 13. Results of the chaos modulation experiment for 338 MHz. (a) Time series and (b) FFT.
Fig. 14.
Fig. 14. Results of the chaos modulation experiment for 200 MHz. (a) Time series and (b) FFT.
Fig. 15.
Fig. 15. Results of the chaos modulation experiment for 325 MHz. (a) Time series and (b) FFT.
Fig. 16.
Fig. 16. Results of the chaos modulation experiment for 404 MHz. (a) Time series and (b) FFT.
Fig. 17.
Fig. 17. Bifurcation diagram of the laser intensity as a function of the external modulation frequency.