Abstract

Efficient conversion of photons to electrical energy has a wide variety of applications including imaging, energy harvesting, and infrared detection. The coupling of electromagnetic radiation to free electron oscillations at a metal interface results in enhanced electric fields tightly confined to the surface. Taking advantage of this nonlinear light–matter interaction, this work presents resonant surfaces optimized for combining electrical and photonic excitations in order to liberate electrons in a vacuum-channel device for applications ranging from enhanced photoemission to infrared photodetection.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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