Abstract

Modulation transfer spectroscopy (MTS) is widely used in an optical laboratory for laser frequency stabilization. There have been many theoretical and experimental papers on this spectroscopic method. However, most of the works focus on the cycling transitions like the D2 line of rubidium. In this paper, the MTS for noncycling transitions is investigated. We consider the D1 line of rubidium whose modulation transfer spectrum has been determined and compared to the polarization spectrum. It is found that the slope of the modulation transfer signal is sharper than the polarization spectrum. The performance of laser frequency locking based on the MTS method is better than that of the polarization spectroscopy method. The dependence of the signal amplitude on the temperature of the vapor cell was analyzed, and the high signal-to-noise-ratio spectra are achieved for D1 open transitions. The obtained results provide an effective spectroscopic method for the robust frequency locking of a laser at a wavelength of 795 nm.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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